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Dublin Airport

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Dublin Airport
Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath
Dublin Airport Logo.png
Aerfort-bac.jpg
IATA: DUBICAO: EIDW
Summary
Airport type Public
Owner Government of Ireland
Operator DAA
Serves Dublin, Ireland
Location Collinstown,[1] Fingal, Ireland
Opened 19 January 1940 (1940-01-19)[1]
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 242 ft / 74 m
Coordinates 53°25′17″N 006°16′12″W / 53.42139°N 6.27000°W / 53.42139; -6.27000Coordinates: 53°25′17″N 006°16′12″W / 53.42139°N 6.27000°W / 53.42139; -6.27000
Website www.dublinairport.com
Map
DUB is located in Ireland
DUB
DUB
Location within Ireland
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
10/28 2,637 8,652 Asphalt
16/34 2,072 6,798 Asphalt
Statistics (2015)
Passengers 25,049,335
Passenger change 14–15 Increase15.4%
Aircraft movements 191,233
Movements change 14–15 Increase10%

Dublin Airport, (Irish: Aerfort Bhaile Átha Cliath) (IATA: DUBICAO: EIDW), is an international airport serving Dublin, the capital city of Ireland. It is operated by Dublin Airport Authority (DAA).[5] The airport is located 5.4 nmi (10.0 km; 6.2 mi) north[2] of Dublin in Collinstown, County Fingal. In 2015, over 25 million passengers passed through the airport making it the airport's busiest year on record.[6] It is also the busiest of the state's airports by total passenger traffic. It also has the greatest traffic levels on the island of Ireland followed by Belfast International Airport, County Antrim.

The airport has an extensive short and medium haul network, served by an array of carriers as well as some intercontinental routes focused in the Middle East and North America. It serves as the headquarters of Ireland's flag carrierAer Lingus, regional airline Stobart Air, Europe's largest low-cost carrierRyanair, ASL Airlines Ireland, together with a fifth airline, CityJet, which does not maintain major operations here.

United States border preclearance services are available at the airport for US-bound passengers. Shannon Airport is the only other airport in Europe to offer this facility.

History[edit]

The beginnings in the 1930s and early 1940s[edit]

The original international style passenger terminal, completed in 1940

In 1936 the Executive Council of the Irish Free State established a new civil airline, Aer Lingus, which began operating from the military aerodrome, Casement Aerodrome, at Baldonnel to the southwest of Dublin. A decision was made that a civil airport should replace Baldonnel as Dublin's airport The townlands of Collinstown, Rock and Corballis in the Barony of Coolock were selected as the location for the new civil aerodrome. Collinstown's first association with aviation was as a British military air base during World War I, but that field had been unused since 1922. Construction of the new airport began in 1937. By the end of 1939, a grass airfield surface, internal roads, car parks and electrical power and lighting were set up. The inaugural flight from Dublin took place on 19 January 1940 to Liverpool. In August 1938, work began on a new airport terminal building. The terminal building was designed by architect Desmond FitzGerald, brother of politician Garret FitzGerald.[7] It opened in early 1941, with its design heavily influenced by the bridges of the luxury ocean liners of the time. The terminal was awarded the Triennial Gold Medal of the Royal Hibernian Institute of Architects and is today a listed building.

An Aer Lingus DC-3 plane at Dublin Airport's original Terminal 1 in May 1950.

Upon the outbreak of World War II, services were severely restricted at Dublin Airport until late 1945 and the only international scheduled route operated during this time was by Aer Lingus to Liverpool (and for a period to Manchester's Barton Aerodrome). Three new concrete runways were completed by 1947.[citation needed]

Expanding in the 1950s[edit]

Throughout the 1950s Dublin Airport expanded with virtually uninterrupted traffic growth. Runway extensions and terminal enhancements were carried out to deal with the influx of traffic and passengers. New airlines began serving the airport also. These included British European Airways, Sabena and BKS. In 1958 a new transatlantic service was started by Aer Lingus via Shannon Airport. During the 1960s the number of scheduled carriers continued to grow and aircraft continued to evolve with technological advancement. By the close of the 1960s, a sizeable number of Boeing 737s, BAC One-Elevens, Boeing 707s and Hawker Siddeley Tridents were using the airport on a regular basis. During 1969, it handled 1,737,151 passengers.

The advent of wide-body aircraft posed opportunities and challenges for aviation. In 1971, Aer Lingus took delivery of two new Boeing 747 aircraft; the first one arrived in March and, shortly afterwards, performed a flyover above O'Connell Street in Dublin on Saint Patrick's Day; a third Boeing 747 was delivered later that decade. To cope with this, a new passenger terminal capable of handling five million passengers per year was opened in 1972. The growth which was anticipated at Dublin's airport (and provided for through heavy investment by the airport and Aer Lingus) during the 1970s did not materialise immediately.

Two of the airport's largest operators side-by-side, a Ryanair BAC 1-11 (front) and an Aer Lingus Boeing 737 (rear) in 1993
An Aer Lingus Boeing 737-200 and a Ryanair BAC-111 in July 1992
An Aer Lingus Boeing 747 in May 1994
An Aer Lingus Boeing 737-400 and a British Airways ATR 42

Continuing in the 1980s[edit]

In 1983 Aer Lingus opened its 'Aer Lingus Commuter' division which took delivery of Shorts, Saab AB and Fokker turboprop aircraft to open regular daily domestic services to and from Ireland's smaller regional airports for the first time, as well as to serve existing routes to smaller regional airports in the United Kingdom. At various stages of its operations, flights were operated to several Irish regional airports to feed passengers into Aer Lingus's international network. These domestic destinations included Cork Airport, Shannon Airport, Kerry Airport, Galway Airport, Ireland West Airport Knock, Waterford Airport, Sligo Airport and City of Derry Airport. Aer Lingus Commuter has since been re-absorbed into the main company. The domestic routes, with the exception of Dublin-Shannon, were taken over by Aer Arann. Most of these routes have since been discontinued as the development of the motorway network in Ireland has resulted in significant reductions in travelling time by road. Aer Lingus has continued with the remaining Dublin–UK flights.

During the 1980s, major competition, especially on the Dublin–London routes, resulted in passenger numbers swelling to 5.1 million in 1989. In the same year a new 8,650 ft (2,640 m) runway and a state-of-the-art air traffic control centre were opened. Dublin Airport continued to expand rapidly in the 1990s. Pier A, which had been the first extension to the old terminal building, was significantly extended. A new Pier C, complete with air bridges, was built and as soon as this was completed, work commenced to extend it to double its capacity. The ground floor of the original terminal building was returned to passenger service after many years to provide additional departure gates. Pier D, completed in October 2007, is a dedicated low-fares boarding area and provides 14 quick turn-around stands and departure gates; these are not served by air bridges.

The Bilateral Air Transport Agreement[edit]

In 1993, a major milestone for the airport was the signing of a new United States – Ireland bilateral agreement which allowed airlines to operate some direct transatlantic services for the first time to/from Dublin Airport instead of touching down en route at Shannon Airport on the west coast of Ireland. (Shannon had once been a major transatlantic refuelling stop for pre-jet aircraft, and this agreement was designed to protect the interests of the Shannon region when modern jets no longer required a refuelling stop and Shannon saw a fall-off in traffic.) Airlines still had to provide an equal number of flights either to or through Shannon as to Dublin. A gradual further watering down of Shannon's so-called 'stopover' status came into effect in November 2006 when more direct flights to Dublin were allowed. The stopover requirement disappeared completely in 2008. At that time, airlines were allowed to fly direct to the US from Dublin without having to match these with any to/from Shannon. It was expected that this would result in a huge increase in services between Dublin and the US and Aer Lingus has identified 16 destinations that it would like to serve directly from Dublin.

Recent history[edit]

With the success of Ireland's 'Celtic Tiger' economy, Dublin Airport saw growth in the 1990s and 2000s. This demand was driven by an increased demand for business travel[citation needed] to and from the country, together with an increase in inward tourism and a surge in demand for foreign holidays and city breaks from the Irish.[citation needed]

Finally, the demand from Ireland's migrant workers, principally those from Eastern Europe, has resulted in a large number of new routes opening to destinations in the European Union accession states. Ireland was one of only three European Union countries (as well as the United Kingdom and Sweden) to open its borders freely to workers from the ten accession states that joined the European Union in 2004. This resulted in hundreds of thousands of people moving to Ireland from these countries since then.

The airport saw significant declines in traffic in 2009 and 2010, although since 2011 the airport has seen an increase in traffic. During 2012, this increase continued with passenger numbers growing by 1.9%. During 2013, passenger numbers at Dublin Airport were above the 20 million mark for the first time since 2009 with a 5.6% increase year on year. During 2014, this positive trend continued with an 8% increase over 2013. As of early December 2015, passenger figures have increased by 16% compared to 2014, and the previous record of 23.46 million passengers set in 2008 has already been passed.[8]

Long-haul traffic[edit]

DAA has ambitious long-haul expansion plans and has successfully added new routes to North America and the Middle East in recent years. It has yet to secure a direct route to East Asia.

Dublin Airport operates Intercontinental routes to North America, Africa and the Middle East. In total, 22 Intercontinental destinations are connected directly to Dublin Airport.[9] In 2007, Etihad Airways opened a flight between Dublin Airport and Abu Dhabi with 10 flights weekly in operation since March 2010. In addition, Emirates have operated a direct connection to Dubai since January 2012. In total, there are 17 destinations in North America connected directly to Dublin Airport by Aer Lingus, Air Canada Rouge, American Airlines, Delta, United Airlines and Ethiopian Airlines. WestJet and AirTransat also operate seasonal routes to the Canadian cities of Motreal, Toronto and St. John's.[9] In 2015 Ethiopian Airlines open the first direct link between Dublin and Africa,[1] excluding holiday services to Morocco, Tunisia and Egypt.

Open Skies and the Shannon Stopover[edit]

In the mid twentieth century, the Irish government introduced a rule stating that all air traffic between Ireland and the United States must transit through Shannon airport. In return, the United States government placed a limit of four airports in the US that Aer Lingus could operate to. On 22 March 2007, the Open skies agreement between the US and EU was ratified. This resulted in the immediate cancellation of the long-running 'Shannon Stopover' requirement, whereby the Irish government had insisted that 50% of all transatlantic flights between Ireland and the United States must pass through Shannon Airport.[10]

US border preclearance[edit]

Dublin Airport is one of only two airports in Europe with United States border preclearance services for US-bound passengers (the other being Shannon Airport). It allows passengers to have their paperwork dealt with before departure saving time upon arrival in the United States.[11]

Aer Rianta and DAA/Dublin Airport Authority[edit]

DAA headquarters at Dublin Airport

In October 2004, Aer Rianta (which means 'Air Ways' or 'Air Tracks' in Irish) was renamed as the Dublin Airport Authority plc, following the State Airports Act 2004. All assets and liabilities previously owned by Aer Rianta were transferred to Dublin Airport Authority. The State Airports Act 2004 also established new airport authorities at Shannon and Cork Airports. The Shannon Airport Authority and the Cork Airport Authority had separate boards of directors and were authorised under the Act to prepare business plans, which may have in time lead to their full separation from the Dublin Airport Authority. Following a decision by the Irish Government, Shannon Airport became a separate publicly owned airport on 31 December 2012.

In July 2013, the Dublin Airport Authority was officially renamed "DAA plc" by the Irish Government. The rename was principally to remove the "Dublin" and "Authority" elements of the name which were seen to have little relevance to the overall functions of the DAA.[12] The name change announced in July 2013 took effect on 6 November 2014.[13]

As the largest gateway to Ireland, over 21.1 million passengers travelled through the airport in 2006, a 2.7 million (or 15%) increase over 2005. The main contributors to the growth in traffic in 2005 were the airport's routes to continental Europe (particularly Poland and the Baltic region), North America and the Middle East. Domestic and UK traffic had showed a small decline in 2005, but grew by 25% and 4% respectively in 2006. The decline in 2005 was due to a reduction in connecting traffic between Ireland's regional airports and the UK. This was as a result of a growing direct network of routes between those airports and the UK and continental Europe, dispensing with the need to transit at Dublin. But the organic demand at Dublin resulted in a net increase in those markets in 2006. Dublin Airport also welcomes over one million passengers per annum from Northern Ireland[citation needed], whose largest airport is less than a quarter the size of Dublin in terms of passenger numbers.

Passenger terminals[edit]

Terminal 1[edit]

Terminal 1 departures level

The current Terminal 1 building opened in 1972 was designed to handle five million passengers per year. The original design included a second pier which would have been identical to the current decagon-shaped boarding Pier B, but this was never built. A car park was originally located on the upper floor of the building and the access ramps are still in place but it was closed for security reasons in the 1970s and converted into offices. Terminal 1 has been regularly extended and improved over the last two decades. In October 2007, a new pier designed by Larry Oltmanns, while design director of the London office of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill,[14] who also designed graphics for its interior, was opened to the north of terminal 1.[15] This pier caters for the majority of Ryanair flights. In 2009, a new extension featuring new food and retail outlets was added to the side of Terminal 1. Terminal 1 is currently home to all short haul flights, except those of Aer Lingus. Air Canada Rouge, WestJet, Air Transat and Ethiopian Airlines are the sole long haul operators based out of Terminal 1, with WestJet and Air Transat only operating seasonal services. As of 2016, Terminal 1 offers free Wi-Fi access.[16] Pier C was demolished during the construction of Terminal 2.

Terminal 2[edit]

Terminal 2

Terminal 2 is a 75,000 m2 (810,000 sq ft) terminal and pier (Pier E) which provides 19 air bridges for aircraft and is capable of handling 15 million passengers annually, thereby allowing the airport to handle 35 million passengers a year. The project was designed by Pascall+Watson architects and the total cost is put at €600 million. Another pier (Pier F) is planned to be built to the south of Terminal 2 when required. The majority of long-haul carriers have moved to Terminal 2,[17] including Aer Lingus, which has relocated all its mainline operations. Terminal 2 also features the US pre-clearance immigration facility which was previously housed in Terminal 1. Construction of Terminal 2 began on 1 October 2007, and it was officially opened on 19 November 2010 by the then Taoiseach Brian Cowen T.D. When the project was commissioned, it had seemed like a reasonable investment.[18] But, after the opening, the project was subject to some criticism, as it had opened at a time when air traffic at Dublin airport had been subject to decline due to the economic downturn.[19] However, by 2015 the airport was again seeing record numbers of passengers.[20]

Mainline carriers such as Aer Lingus, American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, Emirates, Etihad Airways and United Airlines use Terminal 2.[21]

Safety and security[edit]

DAA has its own branch of the Airport Police Service which is mandated to provide aviation and general policing at the airport. The Airport Police Station is centrally located on the Arrivals road between Terminals 1 and 2. The airport also has its own Airport Fire and Rescue Service which provides cover to the entire campus, its roadways and lands.

The Office of the Revenue Commissioners provide a customs service to both passenger and cargo terminals, while the Department of Agriculture also has a presence in the airport. Garda Síochána (GNIB) provides an Immigration service for all international passengers arriving at the airport. The Gardaí also have a small sub-station located beside the old terminal.

In 2016 it was confirmed that armed Garda Regional Support Units (RSU) would be deployed overtly to patrol Dublin Airport and Dublin Port full-time on foot inside terminal buildings and via vehicles outside and surrounding the perimeter to counter the rising threat of terrorist attacks in Europe.[22] The decision was made as a direct result of the 2016 Brussels bombings in Belgium.[23]

Maintenance facilities[edit]

Aer Lingus, Ryanair, CityJet, Eirtech and Dublin Aerospace have aircraft maintenance hangars and facilities at Dublin Airport. In 2010 Etihad Airways announced a new maintenance hangar which will handle the Airbus A330-200 which the airline uses on their route from Abu Dhabi to Dublin. In time the airline will allow other airlines to use this facility.[24]

Airport developments[edit]

Capacity[edit]

Due to the growth experienced at Dublin Airport in recent years, the facility became congested. One part or another of the airport has been a building site for the past two decades. Despite the building works and extensions, it is widely accepted by the DAA that Terminal 1 and its infrastructure were insufficient to deal with the volume of passengers. Both the Irish Government and the DAA have come under pressure from airlines and passengers alike to once-and-for-all provide a realistic increase in capacity for the future. As a result, the DAA plan to invest €2 billion in a 10-year capital development programme to effectively double the size of the passenger facilities of Dublin Airport.[25]

Criticism[edit]

View of the Airport in 2008, prior to the construction of Terminal 2

The plans for Terminal 2 have been met with ongoing criticism from those who argued that, once built, it could not be extended to provide any additional capacity, owing to its location. A third terminal, which is in the blueprint for the future of the airport, would most likely be located between the parallel runways.[26]

The greatest objections continue to come from Ryanair.[27][28][29] The no-frills carrier has long lobbied for Terminal 2 to be built as a low-cost facility and run by a competing operator. They have even offered to build and operate such a facility.[30] However, the Irish government decided that the DAA would build T2 and that its operation would be put out to tender. In March 2010 it was decided that T2 would be operated by the DAA as the other applicants did not meet the requirements for operating the terminal.[31]

New air traffic control complex[edit]

Planning is currently under way for a new air traffic control complex and control tower which will replace the existing structure. The new facility has been designed by Scott Tallon Walker architects. A planning application was submitted in August 2009.[32] The new control tower will be 86.9 m (285 ft) in height. The new control tower is necessary because the construction of the future parallel runway will obstruct visibility of certain parts of the airport from the existing control tower.[33]

New runway[edit]

Main Apron seen from the air Pier C (centre, now replaced by Terminal 2) clearly visible with Cargo ramp and Ryanair Maintenance facilities.

A new runway measuring 3,110 m (10,203 ft) is planned to be built parallel to the existing runway 10/28, which opened in 1989.[34] Planning permission for the runway was granted in August 2007, with 31 planning conditions attached.[35]

The new runway will replace runway 11/29 (which is no longer in use as a runway and is now used for aircraft parking) and will be built 1,690 m (5,545 ft) to the north of and parallel to the existing runway 10/28. The new runway will allow the airport to accommodate 30 million passengers per annum once in operation, and it will be 3,110 m (10,203 ft) long.[36] In March 2009 the DAA announced in a proposal for consultation that the new runway may be built to a length of 3,660 m (12,008 ft) following consultation with potential long-haul carriers. A runway of this length would allow direct flights from Dublin to the Far East.[37] The runway was expected to cost in the region of €300 million.

In the meantime, the company has invested heavily in extending aprons and creating rapid exit taxiways to derive maximum efficiency from the existing main runway. Runway 11/29, the shortest and one of the oldest runways, is closed to allow overspill aircraft parking. This runway will disappear under the new parallel runway in due course.

After a delay of several years due to the global financial crisis and predictions of falling consumer demand, it was announced in April 2016 that the new runway would start construction in 2017 and to be completed by 2020.[38][39]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

Airlines Destinations Terminal
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens 1
Aer Lingus Agadir, Alicante, Amsterdam, Barcelona, Berlin-Tegel, Birmingham, Bordeaux, Boston, Brussels, Budapest, Chicago-O'Hare, Düsseldorf, Faro, Frankfurt, Geneva, Gran Canaria, Hamburg, Lanzarote, Lisbon, London-Gatwick, London-Heathrow, Los Angeles, Lyon, Madrid, Málaga, Manchester, Milan-Linate, Milan-Malpensa, Munich, New York-JFK, Newark (resumes 1 September 2016),[40] Nice, Orlando–International, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Prague, Rome-Fiumicino, San Francisco, Tenerife-South, Toulouse, Venice, Verona, Vienna, Warsaw-Chopin, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Bilbao, Bologna, Burgas, Catania, Corfu, Dubrovnik, Fuerteventura, İzmir, Marseille, Montpellier, Murcia, Nantes, Naples, Palma de Mallorca, Perpignan, Pisa, Pula, Santiago de Compostela, Stuttgart, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal charter: Reykjavík-Keflavík,[41] Salzburg[42]
2
Aer Lingus
operated by ASL Airlines Ireland
Hartford (begins 28 September 2016),[40] Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Boston, New York-JFK, Newark (resumes 1 November 2016), Washington-Dulles
2
Aer Lingus
operated by BA CityFlyer
Seasonal: Bilbao, Nice, Perpignan, Santiago de Compostela 2
Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
Aberdeen, Birmingham, Bristol, Cardiff, Doncaster/Sheffield, Donegal, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Glasgow, Isle of Man, Kerry, Leeds/Bradford, Liverpool, Manchester, Newcastle upon Tyne, Newquay
Seasonal: Jersey, Rennes
2
AlbaStar Seasonal charter: Verona[43] 1
Air Canada Rouge Toronto-Pearson
Seasonal: Vancouver
1
Air Europa Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca[44] 1
Air France
operated by CityJet
Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
Air Moldova Chișinău 1
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal-Trudeau, Toronto-Pearson 1
American Airlines Philadelphia
Seasonal: Charlotte, Chicago-O'Hare, New York-JFK
2
Arkia Seasonal: Tel Aviv-Ben Gurion 1
ASL Airlines France Seasonal: Halifax, Paris-Charles de Gaulle 1
ASL Airlines Ireland Charter: Salzburg
Seasonal charter: Burgas,[44] Dalaman (ends 15 August 2016),[44] Dubrovnik, Faro,[45] Fuerteventura,[45] Funchal,[45] Lanzarote, Menorca,[45] Naples,[46] Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Split,[47] Turin, Verona,[48] Zakynthos
1
Blue Air Bacău, Bucharest, Cluj-Napoca 1
British Airways London-Heathrow 1
British Airways
operated by BA CityFlyer
London-City
Seasonal charter: Chambéry (begins 24 December 2016)[49]
1
Bulgaria Air Seasonal charter: Burgas[50] 1
CityJet London-City
Seasonal charter: Dubrovnik[51]
1
Cobalt Air Seasonal: Larnaca 1
Delta Air Lines New York-JFK
Seasonal: Atlanta
2
Emirates Dubai-International 2
Ethiopian Airlines1 Addis Ababa, Los Angeles 1
Etihad Airways Abu Dhabi 2
Eurowings
operated by Germanwings
Cologne/Bonn
Seasonal: Düsseldorf
1
Finnair Helsinki (begins 26 March 2017) 1
Finnair
operated by Nordic Regional Airlines
Helsinki 1
Flybe Cardiff, Exeter, Southampton 1
Flybe
operated by Loganair
Inverness 1
FlyOne Seasonal: Chișinău[52] 1
Iberia Express Madrid 1
Icelandair Seasonal charter: Reykjavík-Keflavík[53] 1
KLM
operated by KLM Cityhopper
Amsterdam (begins 30 October 2016)[54] 1
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich 1
Luxair Luxembourg
Seasonal charter: Faro[45]
1
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Helsinki, Oslo-Gardermoen 1
Ryanair Alicante, Amsterdam, Athens, Barcelona, Basel/Mulhouse, Beauvais, Bergamo, Berlin-Schönefeld, Birmingham, Bologna, Bratislava, Bristol, Brussels, Bucharest, Budapest, Bydgoszcz, Carcassonne, Charleroi, Cologne/Bonn, Copenhagen, East Midlands, Edinburgh, Eindhoven, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Glasgow, Gran Canaria, Hahn, Hamburg (begins 31 October 2016),[55] Katowice, Kaunas, Kraków, Lanzarote, Leeds/Bradford, Lisbon, Liverpool, Łódź, London-Gatwick, London-Luton, London-Stansted, Lublin, Madrid, Málaga, Malta, Manchester, Marrakesh, Memmingen, Moss (ends 29 October 2016),[56] Murcia, Nantes, Newcastle upon Tyne, Nice, Pisa, Porto, Poznań, Prague, Riga, Rome-Ciampino, Rzeszów, Seville, Sofia (begins 1 November 2016),[55] Szczecin, Tenerife-South, Treviso, Vilnius, Warsaw-Modlin, Wrocław
Seasonal: Almería, Bari, Bremen, Biarritz, Chania, Comiso, Girona, Grenoble, Ibiza, La Rochelle, Palermo, Palma de Mallorca, Reus, Rodez, Salzburg, Santander, Tallinn, Tours, Turin, Valencia, Vigo, Zadar
1
S7 Airlines Seasonal: Moscow-Domodedovo 1
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo-Gardermoen, Stockholm-Arlanda 1
SmartWings
operated by Travel Service Airlines
Seasonal charter: Lanzarote[45] 1
Swiss International Air Lines Geneva, Zürich 1
Thomson Airways Charter: Gran Canaria, Lanzarote
Seasonal charter: Burgas, Cancún,[57] Corfu, Faro, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kos, Montego Bay,[57] Palma de Mallorca, Rhodes, Tenerife-South, Toulouse, Turin,[49] Zakynthos
1
Transavia France Paris-Orly 1
Turkish Airlines Istanbul-Atatürk 1
United Airlines Newark, Washington-Dulles
Seasonal: Chicago-O'Hare
2
Vueling Barcelona 1
WestJet Seasonal: St. John's, Toronto-Pearson 1
WOW air Reykjavík-Keflavík 1

^1 Ethiopian Airlines has a fuel stop on its flights from Addis Ababa to Toronto-Pearson and Washington-Dulles via Dublin on outbound flights only, due to weight restrictions on departure from ADD. The airline has no rights to transport passengers solely between DUB and IAD or YYZ and thus does not carry passengers from Dublin on these flights.

Cargo[edit]

Airlines Destinations
Air France Cargo Chicago-O'Hare, Paris-Charles de Gaulle
Bluebird Cargo Reykjavík-Keflavik
DHL Aviation
operated by EAT Leipzig
East Midlands, London-Luton
FedEx Express Paris-Charles de Gaulle, London-Stansted
TNT Airways
operated by Bluebird Cargo
Liège
UPS Airlines
operated by Star Air (Maersk)
Cologne/Bonn, Shannon
West Atlantic Coventry
Woodgate Aviation East Midlands, Isle of Man

Statistics[edit]

Passenger numbers[edit]

Passenger numbers at Dublin Airport increased every year during the 10 years between 1998 and 2008, by an average of 10.2% per annum from around 11.6 million to over 23.4 million. Passenger numbers fell however during the subsequent two years to around 18.4 million in 2010, with a small increase to 18.7 million in 2011[58] and 19.1 million in 2012,[59] then 2013 saw a significant increase of 5.6% to 20.2 million.[60] In 2014, passenger numbers increased by almost 8% to over 21.7 million.[61] Traffic growth of over 15% during 2015 has resulted in traffic exceeding 25 million making it the bussiest year on record for the airport. The previous record of 23.46 million (set in 2008) was exceeded during the first week of December 2015.[62]

Dublin Airport Passenger Totals 1998–2015 (millions)
Updated: 20 January 2016.
Year Passengers Passengers
Change
YoY %
1998 11,641,100
1999 12,802,031 Increase10.0
2000 13,843,528 Increase08.1
2001 14,333,555 Increase03.5
2002 15,084,667 Increase05.2
2003 15,856,084 Increase05.1
2004 17,138,373 Increase08.1
2005 18,450,439 Increase07.7
2006 21,196,382 Increase14.9
2007 23,287,438 Increase09.9
2008 23,466,711 Increase00.8
2009 20,503,677 Decrease12.6
2010 18,431,064 Decrease10.1
2011 18,740,593 Increase01.7
2012 19,099,649 Increase01.9
2013 20,166,783 Increase05.6
2014 21,712,173 Increase07.7
2015 25,049,335 Increase015.4
Sources:
1998–2001 – Aer Rianta[63]
2002–2005 – DAA[64]
2006–2012 – DAA[59]
2013–2015 – DAA[60]


Busiest routes[edit]

As can be seen from the list below, the top three routes from Dublin are all to London airports. As of 2014 the Dublin–London route is one of the worlds busiest international air routes, with 640 weekly flights between the two cities.

50 busiest international routes at Dublin Airport (2015)
Rank Airport Passengers
Handled
 % Change
2014/15
1 London Heathrow 1,683,041 Increase01.9
2 London Gatwick 1,086,940 Increase09.3
3 London Stansted 879,552 Increase08.7
4 Manchester 862,928 Increase013.7
5 Birmingham 785,376 Increase018.0
6 Paris Charles de Gaulle 702,945 Increase05.5
7 New York JFK 626,508 Increase04.4
8 Amsterdam 611,600 Increase018.6
9 Edinburgh 540,495 Increase012.9
10 Frankfurt 514,932 Increase01.5
11 Madrid 472,168 Increase025.9
12 Barcelona 468,464 Increase031.9
13 Málaga 465,597 Increase07.0
14 London City 452,941 Increase094.6
15 Brussels 449,489 Increase079.4
16 Glasgow International 449,341 Increase0111.7
17 Faro 410,486 Increase013.8
18 Dubai 401,541 Increase039.1
19 Bristol 378,077 Increase013.9
20 London Luton 340,713 Increase03.7
21 Chicago O'Hare 339,707 Increase08.7
22 Liverpool 338,495 Increase021.7
23 Boston 332,569 Increase07.2
24 Abu Dhabi 315,471 Increase04.5
25 Copenhagen 315,057 Increase016.7
26 Lanzarote 306,520 Increase015.3
27 Leeds Bradford 285,957 Increase042.3
28 Munich 268,996 Increase020.9
29 Berlin Schönefeld 262,802 Increase07.3
30 Toronto 256,914 Increase031.5
31 Rome Ciampino 247,713 Increase066.3
32 Bergamo 242,821 Increase062.7
33 Beauvais 229,181 Increase09.6
34 Lisbon 219,458 Increase022.6
35 Zürich 213,499 Increase07.7
36 Newcastle 199,888 Increase010.4
37 Düsseldorf 199,566 Decrease00.1
38 Prague 198,822 Increase030.8
39 Budapest 195,269 Increase08.7
40 Nice 180,412 Increase014.2
41 East Midlands 176,186 Increase052.0
42 Alicante 175,224 Increase04.1
43 Rome Fiumicino 168,459 Decrease02.3
44 Kraków 167,529 Increase025.0
45 Istanbul Atatürk 167,160 Increase012.2
46 Cologne Bonn 155,660 Increase0175.3
47 Tenerife South 151,755 Increase09.9
48 Newark 147,205 Increase05.9
49 San Francisco 135,813 Increase054.2
50 Philadelphia 133,102 Increase02.7
Source: Central Statistics Office[65]

Ground transport[edit]

Outside the airport

Dublin Airport is located just off the M1 and the M50 10 km (6.2 mi)[2] north from the city centre and 2 km (1.2 mi) south of the town of Swords. The airport is approximately 210 kilometres (130 mi) away from both Limerick and Galway and 266 kilometres (165 mi) from Cork. Belfast is around 158 kilometres (98 mi) away. Until the Metro North rail link to Dublin city centre is completed (see below), the public transport options to the city are taxis, buses and private transport. Passengers can however connect by bus or taxi to Dublin's railway stations.

Bus services[edit]

Dublin Airport is served by a large network of bus and coach routes, serving both the wider Dublin area and intercity links to the rest of Ireland.[66] More than 700 buses a day service Dublin Airport. In Dublin city, Dublin Bus is the main provider of transport to and from the airport operating Airlink Express route 747 to the city centre terminus of Busáras and the railway stations of Dublin Connolly and Dublin Heuston.[67] In addition, Dublin Bus runs local stopping services that serve such residential areas as Santry, Swords, Rathfarnham, Sutton, Malahide, Beaumont, Harold's Cross, Drumcondra and Portmarnock.

Aircoach offers a number of coach services from the Airport to the Dublin area, serving both the city centre and surrounding areas including Donnybrook, Leopardstown, Sandyford, Dalkey, Greystones. Bray, Blackrock, Dún Laoghaire Killiney and Sandymount.[68]

At a national level, Bus Éireann offers a large number of routes from Dublin Airport to 18 destinations such as Galway, Wexford, Sligo, Donegal, Drogheda, Navan, Cork, Wicklow and Letterkenny.[69] Bus Éireann and Ulsterbus Goldline jointly offer cross-border bus services, namely X1/X2 to Belfast and 274/X33/X4 to Derry.

Citylink and Gobus offer services to Galway while Éirebus and JJ Kavanagh operate regular services to Limerick, Kilkenny and Waterford. Wexfordbus connects the airport with Wexford.

Taxi[edit]

Taxis are available at Taxi Ranks located directly outside of Terminal 1 and Terminal 2. Should passengers require any further assistance, a taxi dispatcher is available at both taxi ranks.[70]

Rail[edit]

Iarnród Éireann (Irish Rail) provide suburban and intercity railway services from Dublin Connolly and Dublin Heuston railway stations. There are direct regular bus services to both stations from the airport. Some city bus services serve Drumcondra suburban railway station, which is on the Connolly to Maynooth railway line while the 102 route connects Dublin Airport to Sutton DART station. Bus services to Busáras/Dublin Connolly and Dublin Heuston railway stations connect with the Luas Red Line.

Plans for rail link[edit]

For many years, it was expected that Iarnród Éireann, the state railway company, would extend the Dublin Area Rapid Transit (DART) with a spur off the Dublin to Belfast line that would serve the airport and Swords. These plans were replaced with plans for an underground metro line, which would run from the city centre to Swords via the airport. The route for the line, Metro North, was announced on 19 October 2006 and was designed to connect with several other modes of transport. On 12 August 2011, it was announced that the Metro North plan would be deferred indefinitely due to a lack of resources to fund the project.[71]

In September 2015, after several years of delays due to funding constraints in light of the economic crisis, it was announced that Metro North would finally proceed. The line would begin underground at St Stephen's Green, where an interchange would be possible with the Luas Green Line, providing a fast link to the airport from many suburbs in South Dublin. In the future, once the DART Underground project is constructed, a DART station will be built at St Stephen's Green, allowing seamless interchange from Metro North to the DART and Irish Rail network.

The second key station in the city centre will be on O'Connell Street, where the metro will interchange with the Luas Green Line. Metro North continues underground through Drumcondra, where another interchange with the Irish Rail network will be possible.

After resurfacing in the Glasnevin area, the line passes through Ballymun and Dardistown, and goes back underground just before the airport where a station will be located, and then resurfaces north of the airport and continues onwards to Swords.

The journey time from the City Centre to the airport will be 19 minutes.

Construction will begin in 2021, with the line scheduled to open in 2026 or 2027.

Dublin Airport City[edit]

In 2008, The Dublin Airport Authority announced plans for an ambitious development of the Dublin Airport area and surrounding environs.[72] This ambitious project might develop a 350-acre (1.4 km2) land reserve situated to the east of Dublin Airport and might cost in the region of €4 billion. Of this 350 acres (1.4 km2), 90% is already owned by the Dublin Airport Authority, and they are confident that they will be able to purchase the remaining pockets. The development might be mainly high rise and could be completed by 2028. There may be 600,000 m2 (6,500,000 sq ft) of office space along with 40,000 m2 (430,000 sq ft) of retail, hotel and conference facilities. It is expected that the journey time from office to airport will be in the region of 6 minutes.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]