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King of the Heavens, Supreme King of the Gods, Sky, Earth, Universe
Member of Orisha
Other namesOlorun, Olodumare, Olofi
Venerated inYoruba religion, Umbanda, Candomble, Santeria, Haitian Vodou, Folk Catholicism
RegionNigeria, Benin, Latin America
Ethnic groupYoruba

Olorun is the ruler of (or in) the Heavens. The Supreme God or Supreme Being in the Yoruba pantheon, Olorun, has three manifestations: Olodumare, the Creator; Olorun, ruler of the heavens; and Olofi, who is the conduit between Orún (Heaven) and aye(Earth). Olorun rules the Orún and works through the Orishas, and thus reaching humans in the Ayé.[1] The vital energy of Olorun manifests in humans as Ashé, which is the life force that runs through all living things.

Olodumare carries the responsibility of coordinating the Universe by way of it, while Olofi is identified with Olofin Oduduwa (a different divine entity, born of Akamara) who brings existence to earth on orders from Olodumare.

Humans do not worship Olorun directly, there are no sacred areas of worship or ordained person. Olorun is outlying, distant and does not partake in human rituals. There are no shrines or sacrifices dedicated directly to him, although followers can send prayers in his direction.[2]

Among the Yoruba Christians and Muslims, meanwhile, the word Ọlọrun is also commonly used to denote their faith in God as The Almighty Divine, The Absolute Sovereign."

For Yoruba traditions there is no centralized authority, because of this and the way the traditions were spread through the slave trade to other areas of the world, there are many different ways that Yorubans can understand the idea of Olorun.[2]


From the Yoruba Language. A contraction of the words Olo (which denotes ownership or rulership) and Orun (which means the Heavens, abode of the spirits).


  1. ^ "Yoruba Orishas: Olorun | beudeeful". beudeeful. 2015-02-28. Retrieved 2018-10-06.
  2. ^ a b R.,, Prothero, Stephen. God is not one : the eight rival religions that run the world (First HarperCollins paperback ed.). [New York, New York]. ISBN 9780061571282. OCLC 726921148.