King of the Heavens, Supreme King of the Gods, Sky, Earth, Universe
|Member of Orisha|
|Other names||Olorun, Olodumare, Olofi|
|Venerated in||Yoruba religion, Umbanda, Candomble, Santeria, Haitian Vodou, Folk Catholicism|
|Region||Nigeria, Benin, Latin America|
Olorun is the ruler of (or in) the Heavens. The Supreme God or Supreme Being in the Yoruba pantheon, Olorun, has three manifestations: Olodumare, the Creator; Olorun, ruler of the heavens; and Olofi, who is the conduit between Orún (Heaven) and aye(Earth). Olorun rules the Orún and works through the Orishas, and thus reaching humans in the Ayé. The vital energy of Olorun manifests in humans as Ashé, which is the life force that runs through all living things.
Olodumare carries the responsibility of coordinating the Universe by way of it, while Olofi is identified with Olofin Oduduwa (a different divine entity, born of Akamara) who brings existence to earth on orders from Olodumare.
Humans do not worship Olorun directly, there are no sacred areas of worship or ordained person. Olorun is outlying, distant and does not partake in human rituals. There are no shrines or sacrifices dedicated directly to him, although followers can send prayers in his direction.
For Yoruba traditions there is no centralized authority, because of this and the way the traditions were spread through the slave trade to other areas of the world, there are many different ways that Yorubans can understand the idea of Olorun.
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|Yoruba religion (Òrìṣà-Ifá)|
- OGUMEFU, M. I., Yorùbá Legends, London, The Sheldon Press, 1929.
- IDOWU, E. BÔLAJI., Olódùmarè: God in Yorùbá Belief, London, Longmans, 1962.===References===
- Adebola Omolara Adebileje, ' A Comparative Description of Affixation Processes in English and Yoruba
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