Kwara State

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Kwara
Nickname(s): 
Location of the State of Kwara in Nigeria
Location of the State of Kwara in Nigeria
Coordinates: 8°30′N 5°00′E / 8.500°N 5.000°E / 8.500; 5.000Coordinates: 8°30′N 5°00′E / 8.500°N 5.000°E / 8.500; 5.000
Country Nigeria
Geopolitical ZoneNorth Central
Date created27 May 1967
CapitalIlorin
Number of LGAs16
Government
 • Governor
(List)
Abdulrazaq Abdulrahman (APC)
 • Deputy GovernorKayode Alabi
 • Senators
 • LegislatureKwara State House of Assembly
Area
 • Total36,825 km2 (14,218 sq mi)
Area rank9th of 36
Population
 (2006 census)
 • Total2,365,353[1]
 • Rank30th of 36
GDP
 • Year2007
 • Total$3.84 billion[2]
 • Per capita$1,910[2]
Time zoneUTC+01 (WAT)
postal code
240001
ISO 3166 codeNG-KW
HDI (2018)0.567[3]
medium · 20th of 37
Website"Kwara State Government"

Kwara (Yoruba: Ìpínlẹ̀ Kwárà) is a state in Western Nigeria. Its capital is Ilorin. Kwara is located within the North Central geopolitical zone. The primary ethnic group is Yoruba, with significant Nupe, Bariba, and Fulani minorities.[4]

History[edit]

Kwara State was created on 27 May 1967, when the Federal Military Government of General Yakubu Gowon broke the four regions that then constituted the Federation of Nigeria into 12 states. At its creation, the state was made up of the former Ilorin and Kabba provinces of the then Northern Region and was initially named the West Central State but later changed to "Kwara", a local name for the River Niger, in the Nupe language.[5]

Kwara State has since 1976 reduced considerably in size as a result of further state creation exercises in Nigeria. On 13 February 1976, the Idah/Dekina part of the state was carved out and merged with a part of the then Benue/Plateau State to form Benue State.

On 27 August 1991, five local government areas, namely Oyi, Yagba, Okene, Okehi and Kogi were also excised to form part of the new Kogi State, while a sixth, Borgu Local Government Area, was merged with Niger State. The major populated local governments are Ilorin and Offa.

Kwara state has numerous mineral resources such as tourmaline, tantalite, and many mineral deposits in the northern part. Cocoa and Kolanut in the Southern parts Oke - Ero, Ekiti and Isin LGA.[6]

Population[edit]

As of 2006, the population of Kwarans was 2.37 million based on the Nigeria 2006 Census.[1] This population size constitutes about 1.69% of the Nation's total population having relied upon immigration for population growth and socioeconomic development.[7]

Residents of the state are sometimes referred to as Kwarans.[8]

Languages[edit]

Languages of Kwara State listed by LGA:[9]

LGA Languages
Asa Yoruba
Baruten Baatonum and Bokobaru
Edu Nupe
Ekiti Yoruba
Ifelodun Yoruba
Ilorin East Yoruba
Ilorin South Yoruba
Ilorin West Yoruba
Isin Yoruba
Irepodun Yoruba
Kaiama Bokobaru
Moro Yoruba
Offa Yoruba
Oke Ero Yoruba
Oyun Yoruba
Pategi Nupe

Local Government Areas[edit]

Kwara State consists of sixteen Local Government Areas. They are:

Tourism[edit]

Drummers in Ijomu Oro village, Kwara State.

Important tourist attractions in Kwara State include Esie Museum, Owu waterfalls, Imoleboja Rock Shelter, Ogunjokoro, Kainji Lake National Parks and Agbonna Hill Awon Mass Wedding in Shao. There is also Sobi Hill amongst others which is the largest landform in Ilorin, the state capital.[citation needed] A huge natural reserve also divides the state into East and West.

Transport[edit]

The Nigerian Railway Corporation extends services from Lagos through the state to the northern part of the country. The Ilorin Airport is a major center for both domestic and international flights and has now been built up into a hub for transportation of cargoes.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

Agriculture is the main source of the economy and the principal cash crops are: cotton, cocoa, coffee, Kolanut, tobacco, beniseed and palm produce. Kwara is home to Shonga Farms, a product of the Back-to-Farm project of one of its governments and made up of 13 commercial farmers. Mineral resources in the state are Petroleum, Gold, limestone, marble, feldspar, clay, kaolin, quartz and granite rocks.[10]

Industry[edit]

Industries in the state include ●Dangote Flour Mill, ●Lubcon Lubricant Company, ●Kam Industries Nigeria Ltd, ●Tuyil Pharmacy Nig Ltd, ●Padson Industries NiG Ltd,[11] ●Kwara Breweries, ●Peace Standard Pharmaceutical Industrial Limited, ●Ijagbo Global Soap and Detergent Industry, ●United Match Company, ●Tate and Lyle Company, ●Resinoplast Plastic Industry, ●Latbash interiors, ●LandB group, ●Phamatech Nigeria Limited, ●Kwara Textiles ●Kwara Furniture Company all in Ilorin.

Others are ●Paper Manufacturing Industry, Jebba, ●Okin Foam and Okin Biscuits, Offa, ●Kay Plastic, Ganmo ●Kwara Paper Converters Limited, Erin-ile. ●Sugar Producing Company, Bacita, ●Kwara animal Feed Mall, Ilorin ●Agricultural Products Company.[citation needed]

Infrastructure[edit]

  • Hygiene and Sanitation

The Government of Nigeria is increasingly aware of problems emanating from poor environmental sanitation and Kwara state is working on improving its environment and sanitation.[12] On September 22, 2020, Kwara state governor, officially commenced the 'Clean Kwara' Campaign to end open defecation and promote good hygiene in the state.[13] The state government is working to fix all the roads and waterways to ensure free water flow,[14] putting in efforts to ensure water sanitation,[15] building toilets and making clean water accessible.[15] This is also to promote Sustainable Development Goals 3 & 6 (general access to safe and affordable drinking water and access to adequate and equitable sanitation, hygiene for all, and end open defecation by 2030)[13]

Education[edit]

Kwara has a federal university, the University of Ilorin, a state university, Kwara State University,[16] two polytechnics, Kwara State Polytechnic and Federal Polytechnic Offa, three colleges: the college of education, Ilorin, Kwara State College of education, Oro, School of Health technology, Offa, Kwara State College of Nursing, Òkè ode and college of Nursing, Ilorin. It is also home to four Private universities; Landmark University, Omu-Aran, Crown Hill University, Eiye N'korin, Al-Hikmah University, Ilorin and Summit University, Offa. There is also a navy school, Nigerian Navy School of Health Science Irra Road Offa and aviation college, International Aviation College, Ilorin.[17]

Sports[edit]

Sporting activities are managed by the State Sports Council. The importance attached to sports led to the construction of a stadium complex. The facilities available at the stadium complex are mainbowl, indoor sports hall, hostel, recreational press center as well as an Olympic size swimming pool. The state is actively represented both in football and basketball. The state is the home to the Kwara United Football Club, ABS FC and Kwara Falcons Basketball Club.

Notable people from Kwara State[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2006 PHC Priority Tables – NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION". population.gov.ng. Archived from the original on 2017-10-10. Retrieved 2017-10-10.
  2. ^ a b "C-GIDD (Canback Global Income Distribution Database)". Canback Dangel. Retrieved 2008-08-20.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018-09-13.
  4. ^ "About Kwara State". Kwara State Government.[permanent dead link]
  5. ^ Abiola Adekunle (2020-05-31). "Kwara State – Local Governments, Facts & History". PropertyPro. Retrieved 2021-03-08.
  6. ^ "Kwara State". Nigerian Investment Promotion Commission. 2019-01-09. Retrieved 2020-05-30.
  7. ^ "Nigeria 2006 Census Figures". Nigeria master web. Archived from the original on August 21, 2014. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  8. ^ "No plans to impose fresh taxes on Kwarans". The Nation News. Retrieved June 3, 2015.
  9. ^ "Nigeria". Ethnologue (22 ed.). Retrieved 2020-01-10.
  10. ^ Atulegwu, David (2020-09-08). "List of Natural Mineral Resources Found in Kwara State". Nigerian Infopedia. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  11. ^ "Padson Industries". Padson Industries.
  12. ^ Adedibu, Afolabi A. (1986-03-01). "Solid waste management and a new environmental edict: a case study from Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria". Environmentalist. 6 (1): 63–68. doi:10.1007/BF02240232. ISSN 1573-2991. S2CID 84938959.
  13. ^ a b Olesin, Abdullahi (2020-09-22). "Nigeria: Abdulrazaq Launches Clean Kwara Campaign, to End Open Defecation". allAfrica.com. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  14. ^ "Environmental Sanitation: Govt assures of a clean Kwara, to supply waste receptacle containers – RoyalFM 95.1MHz, Ilorin". Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  15. ^ a b Alhaji (2019-11-19). "Nigeria inaugurates water plants in Kwara State". Construction Review Online. Retrieved 2020-09-22.
  16. ^ "Exclusive: How Kwara North lost KWASU VC slot". The Informant247 News. 2020-04-03. Retrieved 2021-01-17.
  17. ^ "Welcome to International Aviation College, Ilorin". aviation.africhoice.website.