Opium in Iran
Opium in Iran is widely available, and the country has been estimated to have the highest per capita number of opioid addicts in the world at a rate of 2.8% of Iranians over age 15. The Iranian government estimates the number of addicts at 2 million. Opium and heroin from Afghanistan and Pakistan—known collectively as the Golden Crescent—pass through Iran's eastern borders in large amounts.
Total annual opium intercepts by the Iranian authorities are larger than in any other country. The Iranian government admits that they can only intercept a tiny proportion of the thousands of tonnes that are trafficked through Iran every year. Opium costs far less in Iran than in the West, and is cheaper than beer.
In Zahedan, an Iranian town near the Pakistani border, 3 grams of opium can be purchased for 10,000 Iranian rials, equivalent to less than ~$0.25 USD (based on an exchange rate of 42,000 IRR = $1 USD), and 1 kg costs the equivalent of ~$85. In Zabol, $1 buys 5 grams of Afghan opium. According to official Iranian government reports, within Tehran the daily consumption of opium is 4 metric tons. According to UNODC estimates, 450 metric tons of opium are consumed in Iran each year.
- 2010 Khorasan shootout
- CIA transnational anti-crime and anti-drug activities
- Crime in Iran
- Golden Crescent
- Health care in Iran
- Illegal drug trade
- List of countries by prevalence of opiates use
- Opium production in Afghanistan
- Marlowe, Lara (17 June 2014). "Hooked in Iran, where addiction rates are world's highest". Irish Times. The Irish Times.
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- "United Nations World Drug Report 2010 and Iran". payvand.com blog. 2010-06-24.