Pakistan–Tajikistan relations

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Pakistan–Tajikistan relations
Map indicating locations of Pakistan and Tajikistan

Pakistan

Tajikistan
Diplomatic mission
Pakistani Embassy, Dushanbe [1]Tajik Embassy, Islamabad
Envoy
Ambassador Mr. Tariq Iqbal Soomro [1]Ambassador Jononov Sherali Saydamirovich [2]

Pakistan–Tajikistan relations are the foreign relations between Pakistan and Tajikistan.

The two countries are only 16 kilometres (10 mi) apart at their closest point. The Wakhan Corridor is a narrow strip of territory in northeastern Afghanistan that extends to China and separates Tajikistan from Pakistan.[3]

Country Comparison[edit]

Common Name Pakistan Tajikistan
Official Name Islamic Republic of Pakistan Republic of Tajikistan
Coat of Arms State emblem of Pakistan.svg Emblem of Tajikistan.svg
Flag Pakistan Tajikistan
Area 881,913 km² (340,509 sq mi) 143,100 km² (55,300 sq mi)
Population 212,742,631[4] 9,275,827
Population Density 244.4/km² (633/sq mi) 48.6/km2 (125.9/sq mi)
Capital Islamabad Dushanbe
Largest Metropolitan Area Karachi (14,910,352)[5] Dushanbe (843,252)
Government Federal Parliamentary Republic Unitary Presidential Republic
Current Leader Arif Alvi Emomali Rahmon
Official Languages Urdu Tajik
GDP (nominal) $324.73 Billion[6] $7.350 Billion
GDP (PPP) $1.195 Trillion[7] $30.547 Billion
GDP (nominal) per Capita $1,650 $807
GDP (PPP) per Capita $5,839 $3,354
Human Development Index Increase 0.562 (Medium) Increase 0.650 (Medium)
Military Expenditures $9.6 Billion[8] $53 Million

History of Relations[edit]

Relations between the two states were established when the republic of Tajikistan became independent following the collapse of the USSR. Trade and cooperation has steadily grown between the two nations, with several summits being held on how to improve bilateral trade.[9][10] In March 2008 Said Saidbaig, the Tajik Ambassador, announced that his country would be able to export cheap electricity to Pakistan and Iran.[11]

In 2019, Pakistan announced visa-on-arrival facilities for Tajik passport holders.[12]

Tajiks in Pakistan[edit]

There are at least 1.2 million Tajiks living in Pakistan.[citation needed] In recent years, many Tajiks from Tajikistan have settled in Pakistan due to the economic conditions prevalent in their home country, many have settled in the northern city of Ishkuman. In 1979, with the invasion by the Soviet Union of Afghanistan, a large number of Tajik refugees from that country came and settled throughout Pakistan. Exact numbers are difficult to ascertain as many don't have official identity cards or are counted as being Chitrali or Gilgiti in official census figures.[citation needed] There also large number of Tajiks from Afghanistan that have settled in Pakistan permanently.[citation needed] Many Tajik refugees from Tajikistan lived in Pakistan and some of them returned to Tajikistan.[13]

Strategic commitments[edit]

In a meeting held at Governor house Islamabad, the Tajik President and Pakistani Prime Minister affirmed plans to connect Pakistan and Tajikistan through road networks, such as from Chitral-Ishkashim-Dushanbe.[14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Embassy of Pakistan, Dushanbe, Tajikistan
  2. ^ Embassy of the Republic of Tajikistan in the Islamic Republic of Pakistan
  3. ^ Mughal, M. A. Z. (2013). "Pamir Alpine Desert and Tundra." In: Biomes & Ecosystems, vol. 1, pp. 978-980. Robert Warren Howarth (ed.). Ipswich, MA: Salem Press.
  4. ^ "http://www.pbscensus.gov.pk/content/provisional-summary-results-5th-population-and-housing-census-2017-0". pbscensus.gov.pk. External link in |title= (help)
  5. ^ "PROVISIONAL SUMMARY RESULTS OF 6TH POPULATION AND HOUSING CENSUS-2017". Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 21 October 2017.
  6. ^ http://statisticstimes.com/economy/countries-by-projected-gdp.php
  7. ^ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018". www.imf.org.
  8. ^ https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/20-increase-in-pakistan-defence-budget-signals-neighbours-intent/articleshow/63966279.cms
  9. ^ "Pakistan, Tajikistan agree to boost trade". Dawn.com. 2002-06-03. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  10. ^ "Musharraf leaves for Tajikistan on Sunday". Dawn.com. 2002-05-31. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  11. ^ "Tajikistan to supply cheap power to Pakistan". Dawn. 2008-03-30. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  12. ^ "Pakistan visa". Caravanistan. Retrieved 2019-08-15.
  13. ^ United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (2002-10-01). "Long-time Tajik refugees return home from Pakistan". Unhcr.org. Retrieved 2014-02-16.
  14. ^ http://www.dawn.com/news/1219412