Paracatu, Minas Gerais

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Paracatu
Municipality
Localization of Paracatu in Minas Gerais
Localization of Paracatu in Minas Gerais
Paracatu is located in Brazil
Paracatu
Paracatu
Localization of Paracatu in Brazil
Coordinates: 17°13′19″S 46°52′30″W / 17.22194°S 46.87500°W / -17.22194; -46.87500
Country  Brazil
Region Southeast
State Bandeira de Minas Gerais.svg Minas Gerais
Founded October 20, 1798
Government
 • Mayor Olavo Remígio Condé (PSDB)
(2013-2016)
Area
 • Total 8.229,588 km2 (3.177462 sq mi)
Elevation 688 m (2,257 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 84,718
 • Density 10.29/km2 (26.7/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Paracatuense
Time zone UTC-3 (UTC-3)
 • Summer (DST) UTC-2 (UTC-2)
Postal Code (CEP) 38600-000
Area code(s) +55 38
Website www.paracatu.mg.gov.br

Paracatu is a municipality in the state of Minas Gerais, Brazil.

History[edit]

The region of Paracatu has been explored by Europeans since the end of the 16th century. In the middle of the 18th century deposits of gold and silver were discovered, and the area was settled. The settlement became the town Vila de Paracatu do Príncipe by royal charter in 1798.[2]

The economy[edit]

The economy is centered on gold mining and agriculture.

Mining[edit]

In Paracatu, gold has been mined since 1722.[3] The Morro do Ouro (Paracatu) open-pit mine is operated by Rio Paracatu Mineração (RPM), a 100% owned subsidiary of the Canadian company Kinross Gold Corporation. The gold content of the ore is comparatively low, about 0.41 gram of gold for every ton of ore extracted. Annual production is about 15 tonnes of gold and 5 tonnes of silver.[4][5]

Kinross Gold owns the open-pit Paracatu gold mine operated as Kinross Brasil Mineração S.A. that includes two process plants, two tailings facilities, as well as accompanying infrastructure.[6] This mine is the region's largest employer.[7] In 2015, Paracatu produced 477,662 gold equivalent ounces.[8]

Agriculture[edit]

Cattle raising is the main agricultural activity with 231,000 head (1996). The main breeds are: Zebu (Gir, Indu-Brasil, Guzerá and Nelore), Girolanda, Frisian and Brown-Swiss. There is also large production of soybeans, corn, rice, beans, and also some coffee. Paracatu is the commercial center for an area one third the size of Portugal. In 2006 there were 6 banking branches: Banco do Brasil, Itaú, Bradesco, Banco Mercantil, Banco Bamerindus, and Caixa Econômica Federal.[9] The GDP was R$754,090,000 (2005).[10]

In 1978 the municipality began to receive investments from the Brazilian and the Japanese government to develop the cerrado soils, through the PRODECER-Programa de Cooperação Nipo-Brasileiro para o Desenvolviemnto do Cerrado.

Because of new technologies used to develop the cerrado, agriculture in Paracatu became efficient and profitable in many properties. Nowadays, the cultivated area in the municipality surpasses 1000 square kilometres, with 300 square kilometres irrigated by central pivot sprinklers. This number has raised Paracatu to the position of greatest continuous area irrigated by center pivot irrigation in South America, using 318 center pivot sprinklers.[11]

Agricultural data[edit]

In 2006 there were 995 rural producers with total agricultural land of 389,095 ha. Of the total 85,000 ha. were planted, 180,000 ha. were in natural pasture, and 113,000 were in forest or woodland. Around 4,500 persons were employed in agriculture. There were 768 tractors. The planted area of some of the main crops in hectares was:

  • Corn: 12,000
  • Soybeans: 30,000
  • Sorghum: 2,000
  • Rice: 2,670
  • Coffee: 1,050
  • Cotton: 3,000
  • Sugarcane: 1,600
  • Beans: 9,100
  • Watermelon: 1,050 [10]

Quilombola population[edit]

Many quilombola (descendants of escaped slaves) communities live in and near Paracatu, often in poverty.[12][13]

Health and education[edit]

In 2005 there were 29 health establishments, 19 of which were public and 10 of which were private. There was 1 hospital with 139 beds.[10] The score on the Municipal Human Development Index was 0.760. This ranked Paracatu 207 out of 853 municipalities in the state, with Poços de Caldas in first place with 0.841 and Setubinha in last place with 0.568.[14]

Paracatu has 4 faculties with undergraduation and graduation courses: Faculdade Tecsoma, FINOM – Faculdade do Noroeste de Minas, Faculdade Unimontes, and Faculdade Atenas.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Estimativas das Populações Residentes, em 31.12.2010, Segundo os Municípios" (in Portuguese). IBGE. Retrieved 2012-08-20. 
  2. ^ IBGE, history
  3. ^ www.theguardian.com: Canadian Mininig commany spied on opponents and activists in Brazil. (13-May-2015)
  4. ^ "Kinross: Operation: Paracatu Brazil". Kinross Gold Corporation. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  5. ^ Henderson, R. D. (July 31, 2006). "Paracatu Mine Technical Report" (PDF). Kinross Gold Corporation. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  6. ^ Canadian and American Mines Handbook. Business Information Group. 2005. ISBN 978-0-919336-63-6. 
  7. ^ "Metso to supply grinding equipment to Kinross Gold's Paracatu in Brazil". International Mining. International Mining. Retrieved 23 September 2016. 
  8. ^ See page MDA 20 of 2015 Kinross Gold Annual Report http://s2.q4cdn.com/496390694/files/doc_financials/annual/2016/2015-Kinross-Gold-Annual-Report.pdf
  9. ^ "Agências bancárias". Prefeitura Municipal Paracatu. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  10. ^ a b c "IBGE". IBGE. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  11. ^ "Prefeitura Municipal de Paracatu". Paracatu.mg.gov.br. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  12. ^ Colitt, Raymond (July 4, 2007). "Descendants of slaves still suffer in Brazil". Reuters. Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  13. ^ Pyl, Bianca (May 3, 2010). "Incra não cumpre meta e titula 2 territórios quilombolas em 2009". Repórter Brasil (in Portuguese). Retrieved July 23, 2010. 
  14. ^ "Frigoletto". Frigoletto. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 
  15. ^ "Cidades On Line – Paracatu". Paracatuonline.com.br. Retrieved 2010-07-23. 

External links[edit]