Santa Rita do Sapucaí

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Santa Rita do Sapucaí
Municipality
Vista de Santa Rita do Sapucaí.JPG
Official seal of Santa Rita do Sapucaí
Seal
Nickname(s): 
Santa Rita
Location in the State of Minas Gerais
Location in the State of Minas Gerais
Coordinates: 22°15′07″S 45°42′10″W / 22.25194°S 45.70278°W / -22.25194; -45.70278Coordinates: 22°15′07″S 45°42′10″W / 22.25194°S 45.70278°W / -22.25194; -45.70278
Brasil Brazil
SudesteSoutheast
Minas Gerais Minas Gerais
FoundedMay 24, 1892
Area
 • Total350.874 km2 (135.473 sq mi)
Elevation
821 m (2,693 ft)
Population
 (2020 [1])
 • Total43,753
 • Density123.29/km2 (319.32/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-3 (BST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-2 (BDT)
Postal Code
37540-000
Websitehttp://www.pmsrs.mg.gov.br/

Santa Rita do Sapucaí (Portuguese pronunciation: [ˈsɐ̃tɐ ˈʁitɐ ðu sɐpukɐˈi]) is a municipality situated in the southernmost part of the State of Minas Gerais. The city is known as the "electronic valley", since it has plenty of electronic industries, and both a technical school (ETE - Escola Técnica de Eletrônica Francisco Moreira da Costa) and a University (Inatel - Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicações) which hold courses in electronic knowledge. It also has another university – FAI, which has majors in administration and informatics.

It has an area of 350,874 km2 (135.473 sq mi).

Santa Rita has an old freemasonry fraternity, called Loja Caridade Sul Mineira.

According to the last estimate (2020), it has a population of 43,753 people.

The town holds the Festa de Santa Rita every year in May, which attracts people to the town.

Carnival (Portuguese: Carnaval) in Santa Rita is also a very celebrated party, traditionally Bloco do Ride and Bloco dos Democráticos are the major street amusers, and for the young adults there is Bloco do Urso, which brings thousands of young people each year to the city in February.

In July 2012, Santa Rita do Sapucaí became the first jurisdiction in Minas Gerais to adopt same-sex marriage, and the first municipality in Brazil to individually legalize it. (See: Same-sex marriage in Brazil).[2][3]

History[edit]

Santa Rita do Sapucaí is a municipality in the southern region of Minas Gerais state (MG) in Brazil. Traditionally, the foundation date of Santa Rita, short name for the city, is considered to be 1825-05-22, when the first mass was held in the chapel built on orders of Dona Genoveva Maria Martins da Fonseca, honoring a promise made by her late husband Manoel José da Fonseca. The Fonseca family arrived in the region in the early 19th century and is considered the founding family of Santa Rita do Sapucaí.

Location[edit]

Santa Rita is located in a privileged site, a few hundred kilometers away from the states of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo, in one of Minas Gerais' richest regions. It dwells between mountains and has a pleasant weather, with mild and dry winters, warm and dry springs, warm and wet summers and mild and wet autumns as typical of historically Atlantic Forest-covered Southeastern Brazil, throughout the year. It is warmer than São Paulo, but colder than Rio de Janeiro, Volta Redonda, Juiz de Fora and Belo Horizonte (Brazilians call the climate of the town tropical de altitude, which means it is kind of subtropical for such low latitude).

The municipality contains the 305 hectares (750 acres) Santa Rita Biological Reserve, a strictly protected conservation unit created in 1980.[4]

Notable people[edit]

Economy[edit]

Although located in a rich coffee-growing region, Santa Rita is known for its high technology industries, being home to one of Brazil's foremost electronic, telecommunications and computer engineering colleges, INATEL [1] - Instituto Nacional de Telecomunicações, which was founded in 1965.

As to the Escola Técnica de Eletrônica "Francisco Moreira da Costa" [2], the first electronic technical school of Latin América, it was founded in 1959 by lady Sinha Moreira. The city possesses today more than 110 companies of technological bases.

Santa Rita uses prisoners to power street lamps in a local plaza. Inmates are offered the opportunity to shorten their sentences by pedaling a bike that is connected to a car battery, which then are used to power the lighting grid.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ IBGE 2020
  2. ^ "Após liberação da Justiça, Santa Rita do Sapucaí tem 1º casamento gay". g1.globo.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  3. ^ "Casamento homossexual é liberado pela Justiça em cidade no Sul de MG". g1.globo.com (in Portuguese). Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  4. ^ Reserva Biológica de Serra de Santa Rita Mítzi Brandão (in Portuguese), Prefeitura Municipal de Santa Rita do Sapucaí, retrieved 2016-04-28
  5. ^ http://edition.cnn.com/2012/07/14/world/americas/brazil-alternative-sentence-reduction