Park Tae-hwan

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This is a Korean name; the family name is Park.
Park Tae-hwan
Taehwan Park in Incheon Asiangame.jpg
Park at the Incheon Asian games
Personal information
Full name 박태환
Park Tae-hwan
Nickname(s) Marine Boy[1]
National team  South Korea
Born (1989-09-27) September 27, 1989 (age 27)
Seoul, South Korea
Height 183 cm (6 ft 0 in)[2]
Weight 76 kg (168 lb)[2]
Sport
Sport Swimming
Strokes Freestyle
Club Incheon City Government
College team Dankook University
Korean name
Hangul 박태환
Hanja 朴泰桓
Revised Romanization Bak Tae-hwan
McCune–Reischauer Pak T'ae-hwan

Park Tae-hwan (Korean: 박태환, born September 27, 1989) is a South Korean competitive swimmer who is an Olympic gold medalist and world champion. He has four Olympic medals, two world titles, and 20 Asian Games medals. He won a gold medal in the 400-meter freestyle and a silver in the 200-meter freestyle events at the 2008 Summer Olympics. He also won two silver medals at the 2012 Summer Olympics in the 200- and 400-meter freestyle. He is the first Asian swimmer to claim a gold medal in the men's 400-meter freestyle, and the first Korean to win an Olympic medal in swimming. He is known for his impressive range and versatility, as he is able to compete at international level in 100-, 200-, 400- and 1,500-meter freestyle.

[3] He was hit by a steroid scandal as prosecutors confirmed on January 27, 2015 that he tested positive in a doping test because he took Nebido, a relatively new anabolic steroid. In mid Aug, 2016, Seoul Central District Court of final appeal ruled the doctor who injected Park with the steroid Nebido guilty of breaching medical code for failing to log into her patient's records, but cleared of the more serious charge of causing Park bodily harm. The doctor was fined $10,000 won for the incident which resulted in an 18-month ban by FINA for Park, the former Olympic champion. Park Tae-hwan is still guilty in this incident.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Park received a tailor-made birthday cake from Sun Yang to celebrate Park's birthday in 2014 Asian Games

On September 27, 1989, Park was born in Seoul, South Korea to a middle class family. His father is a saxophone player and his mother is a dancer. He has an elder sister.[5]

Park started to learn swimming at the age of 5. He idolizes Ian Thorpe as his role model.[6][7]

Park is an alumnus of Kyunggi High School and Dankook University. He graduated from Dankook University in February 2012,[8] where he majored in physical education.

In 2012, Park released an autobiography 박태환: Freestyle Hero.[9]

Park met his first love when they were in Dankook University. The couple split in 2010.[10]

He currently serves as a goodwill ambassador for 'Dynamic Korea', South Korea's international image-making campaign, alongside international figure skater Kim Yuna.[11] Park Tae-hwan is one of Asia's top men's freestyle swimmers. He was voted Most Valuable Player at the 2006 Asian Games in Qatar where he won seven medals including three gold. He was voted Swimming World's Pacific Rim Swimmer of the Year in 2006.

Park, as an Olympic and Asian Games medalist, was granted an exemption from two years of mandatory military service. However, he was still required to undergo four weeks of basic training, which he reported for on October 4, 2012.[12]

Park is a good friend of Chinese swimmer Sun Yang.[13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20] [21]

Difficulties[edit]

Park in LG campaign

Park has allegedly faced many financial difficulties, despite being a world-class athlete. SK Telecom had sponsored Park from 2007 to 2012 but when his contract expired in 2012, SK Telecom decided to discontinue their sponsorship. Park was left to support his own athletic career for half a year. In the same year, Korea Swimming Federation (KSF) refused to give Park his 50 million won (approximately $44,950 USD) for winning two silver medals in the London Olympics. He received this award money in 2014. In 2013, it was revealed that Park did not have a swimming pool to train in. Within Seoul, there were only 7 swimming pools with a 50-meter lane, the international standard. These pools were either all booked or did not fulfill basic conditions like the water temperature which made it impossible to train in. In March 2013, Park signed with the Incheon Metropolitan City’s swimming team. Park has since been receiving an annual salary from the city.

Career[edit]

Early career[edit]

Park in 2011
Park and Son Yeon-jae in LG campaign

Park began swimming at the age of 5 when his doctor suggested it would be good for his asthma. He began his competitive swimming career at the age of 7, earning several medals in junior competitions.[22] This early success led to Park's selection to the Korean Swimming Federation as a national team member in 2003. At the 2004 Summer Olympics, which was his first ever international competition, however, Park was disqualified for a false start in the preliminary heat of the men's 400-meter freestyle.[23] Park later confessed that he disappointment over this fuelled him to improve his starts, and he now has one of the fastest reaction times among top elite swimmers, consistently posting under 0.70 of a second. Shortly thereafter at the 2004 FINA Swimming World Cup, Park was the runner-up in the men's 400-meter freestyle event.

2006 World Championships[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 400 m freestyle Silver Medal 3:40.43
Men's 1500m freestyle Silver Medal 14:33.28

The 8th FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m) swam April 5–9, 2006 at the Qizhong Forest Sports City Arena in Shanghai, China.

2006 Asian Games[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 100 m freestyle Silver Medal 50.02
Men's 200 m freestyle Gold Medal 1:47.12 (AS)
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:48.44
Men's 1500 m freestyle Gold Medal 14:55.03 (AS)
Men's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay Bronze Medal 3:22.16
Men's 4 × 200 m freestyle relay Bronze Medal 7:23.61
Men's 4 × 100 m medley relay Bronze Medal 3:41.33

The Swimming competition at the 2006 Asian Games took place December 2–9 at the Hamad Aquatic Centre in Doha, Qatar. It featured 38 events (19 male, 19 female), all conducted in a long course (50m) pool. Park continued his competitive success in subsequent years, most notably at the 2006 Asian Games in Doha, where he won three golds, one silver and three bronze medals, the most medals won by a single athlete at the Games. He also set two Asian Records. For his success, Park was named an Athlete of the Games.[24]

2006 Pan Pacific Championships[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 200 m freestyle Silver Medal 1:47.51
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:45.72
Men's 1500m Freestyle Gold Medal 15:06.11

The tenth edition of the Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, a long course (50 m) event, was held in 2006 in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada, from August 17–20. At this event, Park won two gold medals (in the 1500 meter freestyle and the 400 meter freestyle) and one silver medal (200 m freestyle).

Park was named the 2006 Pacific Rim Male Swimmer of the Year by Swimming World Magazine, beating out Olympic medalist (and 2005 awardee) Australian Grant Hackett for the honor.

2007 World Championships[edit]

Event Results Time
200 m freestyle Bronze Medal 1:46:73 (AS)
400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:44:30 (AS)

The Swimming competition at the 12th FINA World Aquatics Championships was held in Rod Laver Arena in Melbourne, Australia, from 25 March to 1 April 2007. This portion of the 2007 Worlds featured 40 events (20 for males, 20 for females), all swum in a long course (50 m) pool.

2007 FINA Swimming World Cup[edit]

Meet Date Event Results Time
Sydney 2 + 3 November 2007 Men's 200 m freestyle Gold Medal 1:43.38
Sydney 2 + 3 November 2007 Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:39.99
Sydney 2 + 3 November 2007 Men's 1500 m freestyle Gold Medal 14:49.94
Stockholm 13 + 14 November 2007 Men's 200 m freestyle Gold Medal 1:43.87
Stockholm 13 + 14 November 2007 Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:42.14
Stockholm 13 + 14 November 2007 Men's 1500 m freestyle Gold Medal 14:36.42
Berlin 17 + 18 November 2007 Men's 200 m freestyle Gold Medal 1:42.22
Berlin 17 + 18 November 2007 Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:36.68
Berlin 17 + 18 November 2007 Men's 1500 m freestyle Gold Medal 14:34.39

Park won triple gold at the FINA Swimming World Cup 2007 in Berlin. This was his third consecutive triple crown after bringing three golds home in the third leg of the Cup in Sydney and another three in the fifth in Stockholm. Park's record in the 200-meter freestyle is threatening the world record of 1:41.10 set by Australian swimmer Ian Thorpe in February 2000.[25]

2008 Summer Olympics[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 200 m freestyle Silver Medal 1:44.85
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:41.86

At the 2008 Summer Olympics in Beijing, Park won a gold medal in the 400-meter freestyle event and a silver medal in the 200-meter freestyle event. He is the first Asian swimmer to claim a gold medal in the men's 400-meter freestyle, and the only Korean to win an Olympic medal in swimming to date.

His winning time of 3:41.86 made him the second fastest man ever in this distance in history, only behind then-world record holder Ian Thorpe whose time was 3:40.08. In swimming 1:44.85 in the 200-meter freestyle final, Park joined Michael Phelps, Ian Thorpe, and Pieter van den Hoogenband as the only men to have ever swum under 1:45 in the event.

2009 World Championships[edit]

Date (in Rome) Event Results Time
July 26 400 m freestyle 12th place 3:46.04
July 28 200 m freestyle 13th place 1:46.68
August 1 1500 m freestyle 9th place 15:00.87

At the 2009 World Aquatics Championships held in Rome, Italy, Park surprised many after failing to qualify to swim in the finals of the 200- and 400-meter freestyle.[26] Some blame Park's poor performance on his decision to wear Speedo's LZR Racer in the championships.[27][28]

2010 Pan Pacific Championships[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 200 m freestyle Silver Medal 1:46.27
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:44.73

The eleventh edition of the Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, also known as the 2010 Mutual of Omaha Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, a long course (50 m) event, was held in Irvine, California, United States, from August 18–22.

2010 Asian Games[edit]

Event Results
Men's 100 m freestyle Gold Medal
Men's 200 m freestyle Gold Medal (AS)
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal
Men's 1500 m freestyle Silver Medal
Men's 4 × 100 m medley relay Silver Medal
Men's 4 × 100 m freestyle relay Bronze Medal
Men's 4 × 200 m Freestyle Relay Bronze Medal

2011 World Championships[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:42.04

The swimming portion of the 2011 FINA World Championships was held July 24–31 at the Shanghai Oriental Sports Center in Shanghai, China.

2012 Summer Olympics[edit]

Park Tae-hwan swimming in the 400-metre final at the 2012 Summer Olympics
Park in 2012 Summer Olympics
Event Results Time
Men's 200 m freestyle Silver Medal 1:44.93
Men's 400 m freestyle Silver Medal 3:42.06

During the 400-meter qualifying heat race, Park was initially disqualified for a false start, which was wrongfully called. Shortly after the South Korean Federation met with the FINA bureau the ruling was successfully overturned and Park was reinstated into the race. FINA was unable to explain why the judge on the pool deck called it a false start, and a FINA official called the wrong call as a "human error maybe."[29] He won silver in the finals of the 400-meter race.[30]

In the 200-meter freestyle, Park managed to repeat his silver medal from Beijing by tying China's Sun Yang with a matching time of 1:44.93.[31][32]

In his third and final event, 1500-meter freestyle, Park posted a South Korean record of 14:50.61, but missed the podium by a 10.3-second margin behind defending Olympic champion Oussama Mellouli of Tunisia.[33]

2014 Pan Pacific Championships[edit]

Event Results Time
Men's 400 m freestyle Gold Medal 3:43.15

The 2014 Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, also known as the 2014 Hancock Prospecting Pan Pacific Swimming Championships, a long course (50 m) event, was held in Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia, from 21 to 25 August 2014. In this event, Tae Hwan Park became the first man to ever win the 400-meter free Pan Pacs title three straight times (2006, 2010, 2014) as he put up a 3:43.15 in the finale. Not only is Park the first to win the title three straight times with titles in 2006 and 2010, he’s also the first three-time winner period. He broke a tie with Ian Thorpe (1999, 2002) with his victory tonight.[34]

2014 Asian Games[edit]

Park with Sun Yang of China, in 2014 Incheon Asian Games
Park and his teammates in 2014 Incheon Asian Games

Park, a national icon who remains the only South Korean with an Olympic swimming gold, had previously argued that a Seoul-based doctor named Kim had given him an injection without fully disclosing that it could contain a banned substance. The doctor was later indicted on charges of professional negligence and will stand trial next month. FINA also stripped Park of all medals earned after September 3. The suspension cost Park six medals he captured at the Incheon Asian Games, when all swimming races were held at an arena bearing Park's name. Three of those medals came in relays, and Park's teammates in those races will lose their medals because of Park's suspension.[35]

2016 Summer Olympics[edit]

In July 2016, the Court of Arbitration for Sport ruled that Park would be eligible for the Olympics, after the Korean Olympic Committee had intended to ban Park from representing the national team after his doping ban ended. That doping ban, following a positive test for testosterone in 2014, had ended several months before the Olympics.[36][37]

In Rio 2016, Park had a poor meet due to the insufficient training. In the heats of 100 m, 200 m and 400 m in men's freestyle, Park failed to qualify for the next rounds. He withdrew in the men's 1500 m, his final event. Park stated that he would continue his swimming career.[38][39][40][41]

2016 South Korean National Sports Festival[edit]

In October 2016, Park attended South Korean National Sports Festival. At this domestic sports festival, Park won two gold medals. His winning time of 1:45.01 in the 200 m freestyle made him the second fastest man in 2016 worldwide, only behind Sun Yang whose time is 1:44:65.[42] One day later, his winning time of 3:43.68 in the 400 m freestyle was also one of the fastest in this distance in 2016 worldwide.[43][44] His times were significantly faster than those at the Olympic two months before.[45]

2016 Asian Swimming Championships[edit]

In 10th Asian Swimming Championships in Japan, Park won 5 medals, included 4 gold medals in singles and 1 bronze medal in relay.[46][47][48][49] His performance in the Men's 200m freestyle set a new record of Asian Swimming Championships in history.[50]

2016 FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m)[edit]

In the 13th FINA World Swimming Championships (25 m), Park won 2 gold medals, one in Men's 200 metre freestyle, one in Men's 400 metre freestyle.[51]

Personal bests[edit]

  • 100m 48.42 (2014) Swimming at New South Wales Championships Final; won a bronze medal
  • 200m 1:44.80 (2010) 2010 Asian Games Final; won a gold medal
  • 400m 3:41.53 (2010) 2010 Asian Games Final; won a gold medal
  • 1500m 14:47.38 (2012) Swimming at a race in Sydney

References[edit]

  1. ^ Marine Boy, will become the first Gold medalist?(Korean), Korean Sports Council, Retrieved on August 4, 2008
  2. ^ a b "Park Tae-Hwan". Olympics at Sports-Reference.com. Sports Reference LLC. Retrieved 25 November 2016. 
  3. ^ http://www.swimmingworldmagazine.com/news/todays-swimming-superstars-versatile-veterans-with-vengeance/
  4. ^ Hye-min, Chung. "Prosecutors confirm Park Tae-hwan took steroid". The Korea Observer. Retrieved January 27, 2015. 
  5. ^ 朴泰桓姐弟情深非同一般 称要找个姐姐一样的爱人 Retrieved 2016-08-22
  6. ^ 朴泰桓:孙杨把我当成偶像 这是我的人生收获 Retrieved in 2016-08-22
  7. ^ 朴泰桓成名没改变生活 喜欢被称作索普第二 Retrieved in 2016-08-22
  8. ^ Olympic swim champ Park eyes academic future, Yahoo! UK, Retrieved on February 13, 2012
  9. ^ 朴泰桓出自传曝儿时怕水 练游泳缘起池底捡硬币 Retrieved 2016-08-22
  10. ^ 朴泰桓首度公开情事:初恋刻骨铭心 Retrieved 2016-08-22
  11. ^ Swimmer Park Tae-hwan as Dynamic Korea, Korea.net, Retrieved on November 24, 2007
  12. ^ "Park Tae-hwan Enters Army Boot Camp". Chosun Ilbo. October 5, 2012. Retrieved October 6, 2012. 
  13. ^ 孙杨和朴泰桓在里约玩了把自拍,这两个大男孩的友谊外人不懂 Retrieved 2016-08-19
  14. ^ 孙杨朴泰桓里约相会 八年走过沧海桑田 Retrieved 2016-10-05
  15. ^ 韩媒盛赞孙杨为朴泰桓庆生 Retrieved 2016-09-26
  16. ^ 孙杨朴泰桓里约“发糖” 自拍也用美颜相机 Retrieved 2016-10-05
  17. ^ 韩网友:对孙杨都是好感 拜托以后多照顾朴泰桓了 Retrieved 2016-09-26
  18. ^ 孙杨:今天前半程游的慢了 因为朴泰桓不在身边 Retrieved 2016-09-26
  19. ^ 悲情却又坚持的朴先生 他是孙杨另一面镜子 Retrieved 2016-09-30
  20. ^ 孙杨朴泰桓父母畅谈儿子 揭秘童年趣事+婚姻未来 Retrieved 2016-09-30
  21. ^ 孙杨朴泰桓组CP 语言不通却八年惺惺相惜 Retrieved 2016-10-05
  22. ^ Dynamic Koreans of the year: Kim Yoon-A, Park Tae-hwan, Korea.net, Retrieved on December 10, 2007
  23. ^ Athletes; Taehwan Park, Yahoo.com. Retrieved on August 15, 2004.
  24. ^ Doha 2006 - Athletes of the Games
  25. ^ 'Marine Boy' Park Tae-hwan Continues Winning Streak
  26. ^ Park Tae-hwan Is Too Young to Give Up, Retrieved on July 30, 2009
  27. ^ Park Tae-hwan Trounced in 200-m Freestyle, Retrieved on July 30, 2009
  28. ^ Park Tae-Hwan exits in world championship heats, Retrieved on July 30, 2009
  29. ^ http://www.thestar.com/sports/olympics/2012/07/28/london_2012_disqualification_appeal_knocks_ryan_cochrane_out_of_400_freestyle.html
  30. ^ "Olympic swimming: China's Sun Chang beats rival Park to gold". Retrieved July 28, 2012. 
  31. ^ "2012 London Olympics: Yannick Agnel Earns Second Gold of Meet With 200 Free Triumph; Posts Textile Best; Lochte Out of the Medals". Swimming World Magazine. 30 July 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2013. 
  32. ^ "Agnel claims gold in 200m freestyle as Renwick trails home in sixth". Daily Mail. July 30, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2013. 
  33. ^ "2012 London Olympics: Sun Yang Averts Potential False Start Disaster for Relentless World Record in 1500 Free; Ryan Cochrane Second, Ous Mellouli Third; USA's Connor Jaeger Takes Sixth". Swimming World Magazine. August 4, 2012. Retrieved April 28, 2013. 
  34. ^ 2014 Tae Hwan Park Vaults to Top of World in 400 Free With 3rd Straight Win (Pan Pacific Championships Results)
  35. ^ [1]
  36. ^ "Park Tae-Hwan's Additional Doping Ban Overturned; Rio Bound". Swimming World. July 8, 2016. Retrieved July 13, 2016. 
  37. ^ 孙杨谈朴泰桓禁赛:我相信他 Retrieved 2016-10-05
  38. ^ 梦断里约的朴泰桓:我也想在掌声中结束运动生涯 Retrieved 2016-08-22
  39. ^ 朴泰桓退赛不退役!表态四年后决赛中再见 Retrieved 2016-08-22
  40. ^ 朴泰桓:里约奥运不是终点 期待东京为自己正名 Retrieved 2016-10-05
  41. ^ 孙杨:决赛无朴泰桓让我迷失方向 他能调动积极性 Retrieved 2016-09-26
  42. ^ 强势!朴泰桓200自成绩今年第二 他前面只有孙杨 Retrieved 2016-10-13
  43. ^ 朴泰桓400自再夺冠 排今年第5接近里约季军成绩 Retrieved 2016-10-13
  44. ^ 王者归来?朴泰桓国内势又夺冠 Retrieved 2016-10-14
  45. ^ "Park Tae-hwan Wins 2 Gold Medals at National Sports Festival". The Chosun Ilbo. October 12, 2016. Retrieved October 13, 2016. 
  46. ^ 亚锦赛四金让朴泰桓有底气 Retrieved 2016-11-24
  47. ^ 孙杨宁泽涛缺席,朴泰桓豪取四金! Retrieved 2016-11-24
  48. ^ 朴泰桓:凭借信念顶住压力 愿出战2020年东京奥运会 Retrieved 2016-11-24
  49. ^ 朴泰桓400自压倒性夺冠 Retrieved 2016-11-24
  50. ^ 朴泰桓强势夺亚锦赛200自冠军 打破孙杨4年前纪录 Retrieved 2016-11-24
  51. ^ 游泳·短池世锦赛·朴泰桓收获第二金 Retrieved 2016-12-09

External links[edit]

Awards
Preceded by
Grant Hackett
World Pacific Rim Swimmer of the Year
2006
Succeeded by
Kosuke Kitajima