2018 Asian Games
Official emblem of the 2018 Asian Games.
|Host city||Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia|
"Energy of Asia"|
(Indonesian: Energi Asia)
|Events||465 in 40 sports|
|Opening ceremony||18 August|
|Closing ceremony||2 September|
|Main venue||Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium|
|Part of a series on the|
The 2018 Asian Games, officially known as the 18th Asian Games and also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018, is a pan-Asian multi-sport event scheduled to be held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Palembang.
For the first time, the Asian Games are being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian capital of Jakarta (which is hosting the Games for the first time since 1962), and Palembang, the capital of the South Sumatra province. Events will be held in and around the two cities, including venues in Bandung and province of West Java. Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta will host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Games.
- 1 Bidding process
- 2 Development and preparations
- 3 Venues and infrastructures
- 4 Calendar
- 5 Games
- 6 Participating nations
- 7 See also
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Hanoi, Vietnam was originally selected to be the host after they won the bid against two other candidates, Surabaya and Dubai. They were awarded the winning bid on 8 November 2012, with 29 votes against Surabaya's 14 votes. Dubai pulled out at the last minute, instead announcing their intention to focus on future bids. The UAE's National Olympic Committee's vice-president denied any pullout and claimed that Dubai "did not apply for hosting 2019 Asian Games" and had "only considered" doing so.
However, in March 2014, there were some concerns about Vietnam's ability to host. These included concerns over whether the anticipated budget of US$150 million was realistic. There were claims that the government would eventually spend over US$300 million. In addition, critics were concerned that several stadiums built in conjunction with 2003 Southeast Asian Games had not been utilized since. Former chairman of the Vietnam Olympic Committee Ha Quang Du also claimed that hosting the Asian Games would not boost tourism in Vietnam.
On 17 April 2014, the Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng officially announced Hanoi's withdrawal from hosting. He cited unpreparedness and economic recession as the main reasons for the withdrawal, saying they have left the country unable to afford the construction of facilities and venues. Many Vietnamese people supported the decision to withdraw. No penalty was imposed for the withdrawal.
Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang
After Hanoi's withdrawal, the OCA said that Indonesia, China, and the United Arab Emirates were major candidates under consideration to host. Indonesia was widely regarded as a favourite, since Surabaya was the runner-up of the previous bid, and willing to do so if selected. The Philippines and India expressed their interest about hosting the Games, but India failed to submit a late bid because it was unable to get an audience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi after being given an extended deadline by the OCA.
On 5 May 2014, the OCA visited some Indonesian cities including Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Palembang. At this time Surabaya decided to drop their bid to host the Games and instead focus on hosting the already scheduled 2021 Asian Youth Games. On 25 July 2014, during a meeting in Kuwait City, the OCA appointed Jakarta as the host of the Games with Palembang as the supporting host. Jakarta was chosen because of its well-equipped sport facilities, adequate transportation networks, and other facilities such as hotels and lodgings for guests. On 20 September 2014, Indonesia signed the host city contract, and during the closing ceremony of 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, Indonesia was appointed symbolically by the OCA to host the next Games.
The OCA originally planned to hold these Games in 2019 rather than 2018, so that Asian Games would be held in the year immediately prior to the next Summer Olympics, rather than two years before. After they were awarded to Indonesia, the OCA backtracked on these plans and kept the Games in 2018, so that they will not interfere with the 2019 Indonesian general elections.
Development and preparations
Total cost for the games is estimated as $3.2 billion. By 2015, the central government had allocated a budget of IDR 3 trillion (USD 224 million) to prepare for the Games, with regional administrations also expected to supply some part of the funding. However, by July 2018, the budget allocation for the Games had been reported to be IDR 6.6 trillion including IDR 869 billion from sponsorships.
The emblem for the 2018 Asian Games was first unveiled on 9 September 2015, in celebration of the country's National Sports Day. The emblem featured a stylised depiction of a cenderawasih, a rare species of a bird in Indonesia. 
Organizers withdrew the design in January 2016, after it was widely-criticized for its outdated appearance (with some Indonesians joking that the bird depicted into the looked more like a chicken than a cenderawasih). Its accompanying mascot, Drawa, was also criticized for having little connection to Indonesian culture and history. An open call for a new design was held, resulting in 60 submissions. The final design was unveiled on 28 July 2016; titled Energy of Asia, the emblem is modelled upon Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, and is intended to symbolize unity among Asian countries.
The same day the logo was unveiled, three new mascots were also unveiled, replacing the previous cenderawasih mascot, which are Bhin Bhin—a cenderawasih, Atung—a Bawean Deer, and Kaka—a Javan rhinoceros. They represents the Eastern, Central, and Western regions of Indonesia and also strategy, speed and strength respectively.
In July 2018, Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released the medal design to public, featuring the Asian Games logo and the batik style of all Indonesian regions, reflects the cultural diversity of Indonesia and their unity. In addition to cultural diversity, batik motifs also reflect the diversity of ethnic, religious, and racial Asian communities who participated in the 18th Asian Games.
On July 13, 2018, the Indonesian Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released an official music album of the 2018 Asian Games titled Asian Games 2018: Energy of Asia. The album consists of 13 songs involves several cross-genre musical artists. "Meraih Bintang" was chosen as the theme song.
On 18 August 2017, simultaneous events were held at Jakarta's National Monument and Palembang's Benteng Kuto Besak to mark the one-year milestone prior to the Games. The event in Jakarta was attended by president Joko Widodo, and featured performances by Taeyeon and Kim Hyo-yeon of K-pop group Girls' Generation. Countdown clocks were unveiled at the Selamat Datang Monument and in front of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium.
The torch relay began at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, host of the 1st Asian Games, on 15 July 2018. The flame will be generated from a parabolic mirror directed straight at the sun. On 18 July 2018, a ceremony took place in Brahma field by the 9th century Hindu temple of Prambanan near Yogyakarta, where the torch's flame from India were fused together with an Indonesian natural eternal flame taken from Mrapen, Central Java. Subsequently, the Torch Relay Concert were performed marking the start of torch relay throughout the country.
The relay then continue to travel through 54 cities in Indonesia, including host cities. The relay will finish on 17 August, the 73rd anniversary of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence in the National Monument, Jakarta before being carried into the opening ceremony at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium the next day.
Venues and infrastructures
For the games, some venues will be built, renovated, and prepared across four provinces in Indonesia: Jakarta, South Sumatra, Banten, and West Java. The facilities for the Asian Games 2018 are located in the capital city of Jakarta and Palembang (South Sumatra), in four different sports clusters (three in Jakarta and one in Palembang). However, 15 arenas for matches and 11 training arenas in West Java and Banten which shares border with Jakarta, will be used to support implementation of the 2018 Asian Games. There will be total 80 venues for competitions and training. The organisation hopes to keep the cost down by using the existing sports facilities and infrastructure, including those venues built for the 2011 Southeast Asian Games, and after the test event of the 2018 Asian Games in February, Inasgoc moved several sports that will be held in Jakarta International Expo to Jakarta Convention Center.
Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Jakarta will alone host 13 sports after renovation. The 55-year-old Main Stadium’s capacity is being reduced from 88,000 spectators to 76,127. A facial recognition system will also install at the stadium in anticipation of terror threats. A Velodrome is being built at Rawamangun in East Jakarta, at a cost of US$ 40 million for cycling, badminton, futsal, basketball, and wrestling. An equestrian facility is being built at Pulomas with a cost of US$ 30.8 million, which could host up to 1,000 spectators. It was set to be equipped with 100 stables, athletes lodging, an animal hospital, training places, and a parking area on a 35-hectare plot of land.
Gelora Bung Karno Sport Complex
|Gelora Bung Karno Stadium||Opening and closing ceremonies||76,127|
|Aquatic Center||Aquatics (diving, swimming, synchronized swimming, water polo)||8,630|
|Tennis (Outdoor)||3 on 3 basketball||5,000|
|Hockey Field||Field hockey||350|
|Rugby Field||Rugby sevens|
|Jakarta Convention Center||Fencing||temporary venue|
|Martial arts (Jujitsu, Kurash, and Sambo)|
Other venues in Jakarta
|Jakarta International Velodrome||Cycling (Track)||4,000||Rawamangun, East Jakarta|
|Jakarta International Equestrian Park||Equestrian||920||Pulomas|
|Ancol Beach Marina||Sailing||Ancol, North Jakarta|
|Pulomas International BMX Center||Cycling (BMX)||Pulomas, East Jakarta|
|Pencak Silat Hall||Pencak silat||Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, East Jakarta|
|Jakarta International Expo||Boxing||temporary venue||Kemayoran, Central Jakarta|
|Pertamina Simprug Stadium||Volleyball||Simprug, South Jakarta|
|Pondok Indah Golf Course||Golf||Pondok Indah, South Jakarta|
|POPKI Sport Hall||Handball||-||Cibubur, East Jakarta|
Jakabaring Sport City complex at Palembang will host for other sports events. Several plans has been raised to add and improves the facilities in the complex, including a capacity upgrade of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium from 36,000 to 60,000 seats which was cancelled, instead the capacity was decreased to 27,000 after installing individual seats to whole stadium tribunes along with pitch and other facilities improvements in the stadium. The new venue in Jakabaring Sport City is a 40-lane bowling alley which was completed in late May 2018. Eight additional tennis courts was built in the complex for the Games. The length of canoeing and rowing venue in Jakabaring Lake was extended to 2,300 metres along with rowing facilities and a tribune which was built on the lake shore. Other existing venues which will be used for Asian Games were also had been renovated, including Ranau Sport Hall as sepak takraw venue.
|Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium||Women's football||27,000||Jakabaring Sports City|
|Tennis Court||Tennis, Softtennis|
|Jakabaring Lake||Canoeing (sprint and traditional boat race)|
|Ranau Sport Hall||Sepak takraw||2,000|
|Jakabaring Bowling Center||Bowling||300|
|Sport Climbing Arena||Sports climbing|
|Beach Volley Arena||Beach volleyball|
|Roller Sports Arena||Roller sports|
|Bumi Sriwijaya Stadium||Women's football||7,000||Palembang|
|Jalak Harupat Stadium||Men's football||27,000||Bandung Regency|
|Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium||30,000||Bekasi|
|Wibawa Mukti Stadium||28,778||Cikarang, Bekasi Regency|
|Gelora Bandung Lautan Api Stadium||38,000||Bandung|
|Gunung Mas||Paragliding||-||Puncak, Bogor Regency|
|Arthayasa Stables||Modern pentathlon||-||Depok|
|Streets of Subang||Cycling (MTB and road race)||-||Subang Regency|
|Bendung Rentang||Canoeing (slalom)||-||Majalengka Regency|
Athletes village in Jakarta is built at Kemayoran at an area of 10 hectares land, which has 7,424 apartments in 10 towers. Total accommodation capacity of 22,272 at the village exceeds International Olympic Committee standards, which require Olympics hosts to provide rooms for 14,000 athletes. The Athletes’ Village inside the Jakabaring Sport City at Palembang will house 3,000 athletes and officials.
As part of the Games preparation, the construction of the Jakarta MRT and Jakarta LRT will be accelerated. A line of Jakarta LRT will connect athlets village at Kemayoran in Central Jakarta to the Velodrome at Rawamangun in East Jakarta. City bus operator TransJakarta added 416 buses to serve the officials during the Games.
Palembang upgraded their transportation facilities ahead for the Games by building 25 kilometres of the Palembang Light Rail Transit from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring Sport City which will be expected to be opened for public use by late July 2018. Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport is expanding its existing arrival and departure terminals to increase its capacity and also connecting the airport with the light rail transit (LRT) terminal by building a skybridge. Other transportation facilities such as toll roads, flyovers, and bridges will be also built in and around the city.
|OC||Opening ceremony||●||Event competitions||1||Event finals||CC||Closing ceremony|
|Aquatics – Diving||M||M||M||M||M||10|
|Aquatics – Swimming||M||M||M||M||M||M||41|
|Aquatics – Synchronized swimming||M||M||M||2|
|Aquatics – Water polo||●||●||●||●||M||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||M||2|
|Baseball – Baseball||●||●||●||●||●||M||1|
|Baseball – Softball||●||●||●||●||M||1|
|Basketball – 5 x 5||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||M||2|
|Basketball – 3 x 3||●||●||●||●||●||M||2|
|Canoeing – Slalom||●||M||M||4|
|Canoeing – Sprint||●||M||●||M||12|
|Canoeing – Traditional boat race||M||M||M||5|
|Cycling – BMX (freestyle)||M||2|
|Cycling – BMX (race)||M||2|
|Cycling – Mountain bike||M||M||2|
|Cycling – Road||M||M||M||4|
|Cycling – Track||M||M||M||M||M||10|
|Equestrian – Dressage||M||●||M||2|
|Equestrian – Eventing||●||●||M||2|
|Equestrian – Jumping||●||M||M||2|
|Gymnastics – Artistic||M||M||M||M||M||14|
|Gymnastics – Rhythmic||M||M||2|
|Gymnastics – Trampoline||M||2|
|Martial arts – Jujitsu||M||M||M||9|
|Martial arts – Kurash||M||M||M||8|
|Martial arts – Pencak silat||●||●||●||●||M||M||16|
|Martial arts – Sambo||M||M||6|
|Martial arts – Wushu||M||M||M||M||M||15|
|Roller sports – Roller skating||M||2|
|Roller sports – Skateboarding||●||M||4|
|Tennis – Tennis||●||●||●||●||●||M||M||7|
|Tennis – Soft tennis||●||M||M||M||M||7|
|Volleyball – Beach||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||M||M||2|
|Volleyball – Indoor||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||●||M||M||2|
|Total gold medals|
In March 2017, the Olympic Council of Asia initially announced that the Games would feature 484 events in 42 sports, including the 28 permanent Olympic sports contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the five additional sports that will be contested at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, as well as events in other non-Olympic sports. In April 2017, the OCA approved reductions in the programme in response to cost concerns; belt wrestling, cricket, kurash, skateboarding, sambo, and surfing were dropped from the programme, and there was to be a reduced number of competitions in bridge, jet ski, ju jitsu, paragliding, sport climbing, taekwondo (in particular, all non-Olympic weight classes), and wushu. These changes reduced the total number of events to 431.
The final programme was unveiled in September 2017, increasing it to 462 events in 40 disciplines as the second-largest programme in Asian Games history. Additional disciplines being introduced at the 2020 Summer Olympics were also added, including 3x3 basketball and BMX freestyle.
- Demonstration sport
All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia are scheduled to participate in the games. It has been agreed that North Korea and South Korea will compete as a unified team in some events, as they did at the 2018 Winter Olympics.
Below is a list of all the participating NOCs.; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.
- Bhutan (26)
- Hong Kong
- India (523)
- Indonesia (host)
- Iran (380)
- Independent Olympic Athletes
- North Korea
- Saudi Arabia
- South Korea
- Sri Lanka (185)
- Chinese Taipei (588)
- East Timor
- United Arab Emirates
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| Asian Games
XVIII Asiad (2018)