2018 Asian Games

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XVIII Asian Games
2018 Asian Games logo.svg
Official emblem of the 2018 Asian Games.
Host city Jakarta and Palembang, Indonesia[1]
Motto "Energy of Asia"[2]
(Indonesian: Energi Asia)
Nations participating 45
Events 465 in 40 sports
Opening ceremony 18 August[3]
Closing ceremony 2 September
Main venue Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium[4]
Website Official website
Incheon 2014 Hangzhou 2022  >

The 2018 Asian Games, officially known as the 18th Asian Games and also known as Jakarta Palembang 2018, is a pan-Asian multi-sport event scheduled to be held from 18 August to 2 September 2018 in the Indonesian cities of Jakarta and Palembang.

For the first time, the Asian Games are being co-hosted in two cities; the Indonesian capital of Jakarta (which is hosting the Games for the first time since 1962), and Palembang, the capital of the South Sumatra province. Events will be held in and around the two cities, including venues in Bandung and province of West Java. Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium in Jakarta will host the opening and closing ceremonies of the Games.

Also for the first time, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as a demonstration sport. eSports will be a medal event at the 2022 Asian Games.

Bidding process[edit]


Hanoi, Vietnam was originally selected to be the host after they won the bid against two other candidates, Surabaya and Dubai. They were awarded the winning bid on 8 November 2012, with 29 votes against Surabaya's 14 votes.[5] Dubai pulled out at the last minute, instead announcing their intention to focus on future bids. The UAE's National Olympic Committee's vice-president denied any pullout and claimed that Dubai "did not apply for hosting 2019 Asian Games" and had "only considered" doing so.[6][7][8]

However, in March 2014, there were some concerns about Vietnam's ability to host. These included concerns over whether the anticipated budget of US$150 million was realistic. There were claims that the government would eventually spend over US$300 million. In addition, critics were concerned that several stadiums built in conjunction with 2003 Southeast Asian Games had not been utilized since.[9] Former chairman of the Vietnam Olympic Committee Ha Quang Du also claimed that hosting the Asian Games would not boost tourism in Vietnam.[10]

On 17 April 2014, the Vietnamese Prime Minister Nguyễn Tấn Dũng officially announced Hanoi's withdrawal from hosting. He cited unpreparedness and economic recession as the main reasons for the withdrawal, saying they have left the country unable to afford the construction of facilities and venues.[11] Many Vietnamese people supported the decision to withdraw.[12] No penalty was imposed for the withdrawal.[13]

Appointment of Jakarta and Palembang[edit]

After Hanoi's withdrawal, the OCA said that Indonesia, China, and the United Arab Emirates were major candidates under consideration to host.[14] Indonesia was widely regarded as a favourite, since Surabaya was the runner-up of the previous bid,[15] and willing to do so if selected.[16] The Philippines[17] and India expressed their interest about hosting the Games, but India failed to submit a late bid because it was unable to get an audience with Prime Minister Narendra Modi after being given an extended deadline by the OCA.[18]

On 5 May 2014, the OCA visited some Indonesian cities including Jakarta, Surabaya, Bandung, and Palembang. At this time Surabaya decided to drop their bid to host the Games and instead focus on hosting the already scheduled 2021 Asian Youth Games.[19] On 25 July 2014, during a meeting in Kuwait City, the OCA appointed Jakarta as the host of the Games with Palembang as the supporting host. Jakarta was chosen because of its well-equipped sport facilities, adequate transportation networks, and other facilities such as hotels and lodgings for guests.[20] On 20 September 2014, Indonesia signed the host city contract,[21] and during the closing ceremony of 2014 Asian Games in Incheon, Indonesia was appointed symbolically by the OCA to host the next Games.[22][23][24]

The OCA originally planned to hold these Games in 2019 rather than 2018, so that Asian Games would be held in the year immediately prior to the next Summer Olympics, rather than two years before. After they were awarded to Indonesia, the OCA backtracked on these plans and kept the Games in 2018, so that they will not interfere with the 2019 Indonesian general elections.[25][26]

Development and preparations[edit]


Total cost for the games is estimated as $3.2 billion.[27][28] By 2015, the central government had allocated a budget of IDR 3 trillion (USD 224 million) to prepare for the Games, with regional administrations also expected to supply some part of the funding.[29] However, by July 2018, the budget allocation for the Games had been reported to be IDR 6.6 trillion including IDR 869 billion from sponsorships.[30][31][32]


The Games' mascots (name from left): Bhin Bhin, Kaka, and Atung.

The emblem for the 2018 Asian Games was first unveiled on 9 September 2015, in celebration of the country's National Sports Day. The emblem featured a stylised depiction of a cenderawasih, a rare species of a bird in Indonesia. [33]

Organizers withdrew the design in January 2016, after it was widely-criticized for its outdated appearance (with some Indonesians joking that the bird depicted into the looked more like a chicken than a cenderawasih). Its accompanying mascot, Drawa, was also criticized for having little connection to Indonesian culture and history. An open call for a new design was held, resulting in 60 submissions. The final design was unveiled on 28 July 2016; titled Energy of Asia, the emblem is modelled upon Gelora Bung Karno Stadium, and is intended to symbolize unity among Asian countries.[34][35][36]

The same day the logo was unveiled, three new mascots were also unveiled, replacing the previous cenderawasih mascot, which are Bhin Bhin—a cenderawasih, Atung—a Bawean Deer, and Kaka—a Javan rhinoceros. They represents the Eastern, Central, and Western regions of Indonesia and also strategy, speed and strength respectively.[37]

In July 2018, Indonesia Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released the medal design to public, featuring the Asian Games logo and the batik style of all Indonesian regions, reflects the cultural diversity of Indonesia and their unity. In addition to cultural diversity, batik motifs also reflect the diversity of ethnic, religious, and racial Asian communities who participated in the 18th Asian Games.[38]

Official songs[edit]

On July 13, 2018, the Indonesian Asian Games Organizing Committee (INASGOC) released an official music album of the 2018 Asian Games titled Asian Games 2018: Energy of Asia. The album consists of 13 songs involves several cross-genre musical artists. "Meraih Bintang" was chosen as the theme song.[39]


On 18 August 2017, simultaneous events were held at Jakarta's National Monument and Palembang's Benteng Kuto Besak to mark the one-year milestone prior to the Games. The event in Jakarta was attended by president Joko Widodo, and featured performances by Taeyeon and Kim Hyo-yeon of K-pop group Girls' Generation. Countdown clocks were unveiled at the Selamat Datang Monument and in front of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium.[40][41]

Several fun run events had been held in some Asian countries since December 2017, with Lahore, Pakistan as the first city to organize the fun run event.[42]

On May 2018, a concert marking 100-day milestone prior to the Games was broadcast by Indosiar, a member of Emtek Group which have been selected as the Games' official broadcasters.[citation needed]

Torch relay[edit]

The torch relay began at the Major Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, host of the 1st Asian Games, on 15 July 2018. The flame will be generated from a parabolic mirror directed straight at the sun.[43] On 18 July 2018, a ceremony took place in Brahma field by the 9th century Hindu temple of Prambanan near Yogyakarta, where the torch's flame from India were fused together with an Indonesian natural eternal flame taken from Mrapen, Central Java. Subsequently, the Torch Relay Concert were performed marking the start of torch relay throughout the country.[44]

The relay then continue to travel through 54 cities in Indonesia, including host cities. The relay will finish on 17 August, the 73rd anniversary of the Proclamation of Indonesian Independence in the National Monument, Jakarta before being carried into the opening ceremony at Gelora Bung Karno Stadium the next day.[43]

Venues and infrastructures[edit]

For the games, some venues will be built, renovated, and prepared across four provinces in Indonesia: Jakarta, South Sumatra, Banten, and West Java. The facilities for the Asian Games 2018 are located in the capital city of Jakarta and Palembang (South Sumatra), in four different sports clusters (three in Jakarta and one in Palembang). However, 15 arenas for matches and 11 training arenas in West Java and Banten which shares border with Jakarta, will be used to support implementation of the 2018 Asian Games.[45] There will be total 80 venues for competitions and training.[46] The organisation hopes to keep the cost down by using the existing sports facilities and infrastructure, including those venues built for the 2011 Southeast Asian Games,[29] and after the test event of the 2018 Asian Games in February, Inasgoc moved several sports that will be held in Jakarta International Expo to Jakarta Convention Center.[47]


Gelora Bung Karno Sports Complex in Jakarta will alone host 13 sports after renovation. The 55-year-old Main Stadium’s capacity is being reduced from 88,000 spectators to 76,127. A facial recognition system will also install at the stadium in anticipation of terror threats. A Velodrome is being built at Rawamangun in East Jakarta, at a cost of US$ 40 million for cycling, badminton, futsal, basketball, and wrestling.[48] An equestrian facility is being built at Pulomas with a cost of US$ 30.8 million, which could host up to 1,000 spectators.[49] It was set to be equipped with 100 stables, athletes lodging, an animal hospital, training places, and a parking area on a 35-hectare plot of land.

Gelora Bung Karno Sport Complex[edit]

Gelora Bung Karno Main Stadium will host the ceremonies and athletics.
Venue Events Capacity
Gelora Bung Karno Stadium Opening and closing ceremonies 76,127
Istora Badminton 7,110
Aquatic Center Aquatics (diving, swimming, synchronized swimming, water polo) 8,630
Tennis (Indoor) Volleyball 3,300
Tennis (Outdoor) 3 on 3 basketball 5,000
Basketball Hall Basketball 2,920
Hockey Field Field hockey 350
Baseball Field Baseball 2,500
Softball Field Softball 503
Archery Field Archery 256
Rugby Field Rugby sevens
Training Facility Squash
Jakarta Convention Center Fencing temporary venue
Martial arts (Jujitsu, Kurash, and Sambo)

Other venues in Jakarta[edit]

Venue Events Capacity Location
Jakarta International Velodrome Cycling (Track) 4,000 Rawamangun, East Jakarta
Jakarta International Equestrian Park Equestrian 920 Pulomas
Ancol Beach Marina Sailing Ancol, North Jakarta
Jet ski
Pulomas International BMX Center Cycling (BMX) Pulomas, East Jakarta
Pencak Silat Hall Pencak silat Taman Mini Indonesia Indah, East Jakarta
Theater Garuda Kabaddi 1,500
Jakarta International Expo Boxing temporary venue Kemayoran, Central Jakarta
Contract bridge
Table tennis
Pertamina Simprug Stadium Volleyball Simprug, South Jakarta
Pondok Indah Golf Course Golf Pondok Indah, South Jakarta
POPKI Sport Hall Handball - Cibubur, East Jakarta
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium will host the final of women's football.


Jakabaring Sport City complex at Palembang will host for other sports events. Several plans has been raised to add and improves the facilities in the complex, including a capacity upgrade of Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium from 36,000 to 60,000 seats which was cancelled, instead the capacity was decreased to 27,000 after installing individual seats to whole stadium tribunes along with pitch and other facilities improvements in the stadium.[50] The new venue in Jakabaring Sport City is a 40-lane bowling alley which was completed in late May 2018.[51] Eight additional tennis courts was built in the complex for the Games.[52] The length of canoeing and rowing venue in Jakabaring Lake was extended to 2,300 metres along with rowing facilities and a tribune which was built on the lake shore.[53] Other existing venues which will be used for Asian Games were also had been renovated, including Ranau Sport Hall as sepak takraw venue.[54]

Venue Events Capacity Location
Gelora Sriwijaya Stadium Women's football 27,000 Jakabaring Sports City
Tennis Court Tennis, Softtennis
Jakabaring Lake Canoeing (sprint and traditional boat race)
Ranau Sport Hall Sepak takraw 2,000
Jakabaring Bowling Center Bowling 300
Sport Climbing Arena Sports climbing
Beach Volley Arena Beach volleyball
Shooting Range Shooting
Roller Sports Arena Roller sports
Bumi Sriwijaya Stadium Women's football 7,000 Palembang

West Java[edit]

Venue Events Capacity Location
Jalak Harupat Stadium Men's football 27,000 Bandung Regency
Pakansari Stadium 30,000 Bogor
Patriot Chandrabhaga Stadium 30,000 Bekasi
Wibawa Mukti Stadium 28,778 Cikarang, Bekasi Regency
Gelora Bandung Lautan Api Stadium 38,000 Bandung
Gunung Mas Paragliding - Puncak, Bogor Regency
Arthayasa Stables Modern pentathlon - Depok
Streets of Subang Cycling (MTB and road race) - Subang Regency
Bendung Rentang Canoeing (slalom) - Majalengka Regency

Athletes' Village[edit]

Athletes village in Jakarta is built at Kemayoran at an area of 10 hectares land, which has 7,424 apartments in 10 towers. Total accommodation capacity of 22,272 at the village exceeds International Olympic Committee standards, which require Olympics hosts to provide rooms for 14,000 athletes. The Athletes’ Village inside the Jakabaring Sport City at Palembang will house 3,000 athletes and officials.[55][56]

Ampera LRT Station, one of 13 stations of Palembang LRT which will be used to upgrade the city transportation capabilities ahead for Asian Games.


As part of the Games preparation, the construction of the Jakarta MRT and Jakarta LRT will be accelerated.[57] A line of Jakarta LRT will connect athlets village at Kemayoran in Central Jakarta to the Velodrome at Rawamangun in East Jakarta. City bus operator TransJakarta added 416 buses to serve the officials during the Games.[58]

Palembang upgraded their transportation facilities ahead for the Games by building 25 kilometres of the Palembang Light Rail Transit from Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport to Jakabaring Sport City which will be expected to be opened for public use by late July 2018.[59][60] Sultan Mahmud Badaruddin II International Airport is expanding its existing arrival and departure terminals to increase its capacity and also connecting the airport with the light rail transit (LRT) terminal by building a skybridge.[61] Other transportation facilities such as toll roads, flyovers, and bridges will be also built in and around the city.[62]


 OC  Opening ceremony  ●   Event competitions  1  Event finals  CC  Closing ceremony
August/September 13


Ceremonies OC CC
Diving pictogram.svg Aquatics – Diving M M M M M 10
Swimming pictogram.svg Aquatics – Swimming M M M M M M 41
Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Aquatics – Synchronized swimming M M M 2
Water polo pictogram.svg Aquatics – Water polo M M 2
Archery pictogram.svg Archery M M 5
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics M M M M M M 48
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton M M M 7
Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball – Baseball M 1
Softball pictogram.svg Baseball – Softball M 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball – 5 x 5 M 2
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball – 3 x 3 M 2
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling M M M M M 6
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing M 13
Contract bridge pictogram.svg Bridge M M 6
Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Canoeing – Slalom M M 4
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Canoeing – Sprint M M 12
Dragon boat pictogram 2.svg Canoeing – Traditional boat race M M M 5
BMX freestyle pictogram.svg Cycling – BMX (freestyle) M 2
Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg Cycling – BMX (race) M 2
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Cycling – Mountain bike M M 2
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Cycling – Road M M M 4
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Cycling – Track M M M M M 10
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian – Dressage M M 2
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian – Eventing M 2
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian – Jumping M M 2
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing M M M M M M 12
Football pictogram.svg Football M M 2
Golf pictogram.svg Golf M 4
Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Artistic M M M M M 14
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Rhythmic M M 2
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Gymnastics – Trampoline M 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball M M 2
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey M M 2
Jet Ski pictogram.svg Jet ski M M M 4
Judo pictogram.svg Judo M M M M 15
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi M 2
Karate pictogram.svg Karate M M M 13
Jujitsu pictogram.svg Martial arts – Jujitsu M M M 9
Kurash pictogram.svg Martial arts – Kurash M M M 8
Pencak silat pictogram.svg Martial arts – Pencak silat M M 16
Sambo pictogram.svg Martial arts – Sambo M M 6
Wushu pictogram.svg Martial arts – Wushu M M M M M 15
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon M M 2
Paragliding pictogram.svg Paragliding M M 6
Solid white.svg Roller sports – Roller skating M 2
Skateboarding pictogram.svg Roller sports – Skateboarding M 4
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing M M 15
Rugby union pictogram.svg Rugby sevens M 2
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing M 10
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepaktakraw M M M 6
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting M M M M M M M M 15
Climbing pictogram.svg Sports climbing M M M 6
Squash pictogram.svg Squash M M 4
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis M M M 5
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo M M M M M 12
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis – Tennis M M 7
Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis – Soft tennis M M M M 7
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon M M M 3
Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Volleyball – Beach M M 2
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Volleyball – Indoor M M 2
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting M M M M M M M M 15
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling M M M M 20
Total gold medals
Cumulative Total
August/September 13




The OCA determined that Jakarta would host both the opening and closing ceremonies,[63] although an earlier sports minister said Palembang would host the closing ceremony.[64]


In March 2017, the Olympic Council of Asia initially announced that the Games would feature 484 events in 42 sports, including the 28 permanent Olympic sports contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics, the five additional sports that will be contested at the 2020 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, as well as events in other non-Olympic sports.[65] In April 2017, the OCA approved reductions in the programme in response to cost concerns; belt wrestling, cricket, kurash, skateboarding, sambo, and surfing were dropped from the programme, and there was to be a reduced number of competitions in bridge, jet ski, ju jitsu, paragliding, sport climbing, taekwondo (in particular, all non-Olympic weight classes), and wushu. These changes reduced the total number of events to 431.[66][67]

The final programme was unveiled in September 2017, increasing it to 462 events in 40 disciplines as the second-largest programme in Asian Games history. Additional disciplines being introduced at the 2020 Summer Olympics were also added, including 3x3 basketball and BMX freestyle.[68]

For the first time in Asian Games history, eSports and canoe polo will be contested as a demonstration sport in the Games. Six video game titles will be featured in the event.[69]

Demonstration sport

Participating nations[edit]

All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia are scheduled to participate in the games. It has been agreed that North Korea and South Korea will compete as a unified team in some events, as they did at the 2018 Winter Olympics.[70]

Below is a list of all the participating NOCs.; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.

See also[edit]


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External links[edit]

Preceded by
Asian Games

XVIII Asiad (2018)
Succeeded by