Supreme Council (Transnistria)

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Supreme Council of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic
Верховный Совет Приднестровской Молдавской Республики
Coat of arms or logo
Type
Type
Leadership
Speaker
Vadim Krasnoselski, Renewal
Since 23 December 2015
Structure
Seats 43
Transnistria Supreme Council diagram.svg
Political groups

     Renewal (33)
     Proriv (1)
     PCP (1)

     Independents (8)
Elections
Last election
29 November 2015
Meeting place
Tiraspol government building.jpg
Tiraspol
Website
http://www.vspmr.org/?Lang=Eng
Coat of arms of Transnistria.svg
This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
Transnistria
See also

The Supreme Council[1] of the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (Russian: Верховный Совет Приднестровской Молдавской Республики,[2] Verkhovny Sovet Pridnestrovskoy Moldavskoy Respubliki) is the parliament of Transnistria. The unicameral legislature consists of 43 seats, all of which are determined by single mandate constituencies. It is headed by a chairman (or speaker).

History[edit]

Moldova still considers Transnistria to be part of its territory, although Transnistria declared independence on 2 September 1990. As Transnistria was not an autonomous region before the declaration of its independence, it had no government bodies of its own in the USSR. This meant that all government authorities had to be formed from scratch.

On 2 September 1990, the Second Extraordinary Congress of People's Deputies of all levels of Transnistria elected the Provisional Supreme Council of Transnistria, which was tasked to prepare elections to the permanent Supreme Council. Igor Smirnov was elected chairman of the Provisional Supreme Council in March 1990. After Smirnov was elected Chairman of the Republic (later this post was transformed into the presidential office) on 29 November 1990 he was succeeded by Vladimir Gonchar.[3]

On 25 November 1990, the first legislative elections to the Supreme Council of PMR took place in Transnistria. The first Supreme Council was bicameral: it consisted of two chambers - the Council of the Republic and the Council of Nationalities. The Supreme Council was elected for a five-year term and consisted of 64 deputies. On 30 January 1991, the Supreme Council elected native-born Transnistrian of Moldovan origin Grigore Mărăcuţă as its chairman.[4]

After referendum in 1995 and the adoption of the second Constitution of Transnistria, the composition of the Supreme Council changed. The Council of the Republic was replaced by the Chamber of Legislators and the Council of Nationalities - by the Chamber of Representatives. The second Supreme Council was elected for a five-year term and consisted of 67 deputies (32 in the lower house and 35 in the upper house). Elections to the second Supreme Council took place on 24 December 1995.[5]

In 2000 amendments were made in the Constitution of PMR leading to new change in the organization of the Supreme Council. It became unicameral and consisted of 43 deputies.[6]

Until 2005, the chairman of the parliament was Grigore Mărăcuţă, but following the election victory of the opposition party Renewal the new chairman became Renewal party leader Yevgeny Shevchuk.

In 2009, President Igor Smirnov set up a commission to draft a new constitution. On 22 July 2009, Shevchuk resigned as speaker and was succeeded by Russian-born ethnic Ukrainian Anatoly Kaminski, also from the Renewal party.[7] Shevchuk cited the newly proposed constitution as a major factor as to why he resigned.[8] He defeated both Smirnov and his former colleague Kaminski in the 2011 presidential elections. Following his defeat in the elections Kaminski resigned both as speaker and as head of the Renewal party. He was succeeded by Mikhail Burla, an ethnic Ukrainian.

Members of parliament[edit]

Most of the members of parliament are native-born Transnistrians. According to official PMR data, 22 of the 43 members of the parliament were born in PMR, while four were born in Moldova, seven were born in Russia, six in Ukraine and four did not declare.[9]

Latest election[edit]

e • d Summary of the 12 December 2010 Parliament of Transnistria election results
Parties Votes % Seats +/–
Renewal (Obnovleniye) 25 +2
Breakthrough (Proriv) 1
Pridnestrovie Communist Party 1
Non-partisans 16 +15
Against all 8,810 5.13
Total (turnout 42.26%) 171,771 100 43
Source: Renewal RIA Novosti Olvia Press Supreme Council CEC PKP

List of speakers[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]