Persecution of gay and bisexual men by ISIL
|Persecution of bisexual and gay men by ISIL|
|Part of War in Afghanistan, Iraqi Civil War, Second Libyan Civil War, Syrian Civil War|
|Location||Afghanistan, Iraq, Libya, Syria|
|Date||November 23, 2014– present|
|Target||bisexual and gay men|
|Rape, stoning, shooting, throwing off buildings, etc.|
|Deaths||At least 104 men|
|Perpetrators||Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant|
|Motive||Sunni Islamic fundamentalism|
Laws regarding same-sex sexual activity
Law enforcement in ISIL controlled areas purport to carry out punishments that are in accordance with Sharia law. This means that homosexuals caught engaging in same-sex affairs should be thrown from rooftops. If the person does not die on impact then they should be stoned to death.
In some areas beheading is used due to a lack of tall buildings for the accused to be thrown from.
ISIL has published a list of offenses that will result in automatic execution, including homosexuality.
According to Subhi Nahas, a gay Syrian who escaped Syria fearing for his life, stated that he had heard that while ISIL was sparing effeminate gay men "for the pleasure of older men," the "masculine" men suspected of being gay were being killed. He also stated that gay men joined ISIL to protect themselves and their families, sometimes reporting on fellow gays to conceal themselves more effectively.
According to Kamandar Bakhtiar, former member of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province, stated that ISIL militants in Afghanistan regularly rape gay men as punishment, differing in punishment for homosexuals from ISIL militants in Iraq and Syria.
Laws regarding same-sex child abuse
Abu Zaid al-Jazrawi, a senior commander of ISIL, raped a 15-year-old boy who was thrown off a building in Deir ez-Zor, Syria for being gay. It was reported that al-Jazrawi was reportedly flogged, forced to leave Syria, and join the fighting fronts in northwestern Iraq. The Sharia Court in Deir ez-Zor reportedly said that Abu Zaid should, like the boy, die for being gay, but ISIS commanders demanded he be sent to fight in Iraq instead.
Documented executions in ISIL-controlled territory
On November 23, 2014, ISIL fighters stoned to death a 20-year-old unidentified man in Mayadin, Syria and fighters stoned to death an 18-year-old unidentified man in Deir Ezzor, Syria. The men were known opponents of ISIL, and their supporters say ISIL had used the allegation that they were gay as justification to execute them. This was the first reported execution of LGBT people by ISIL.
On April 30, 2015, it was reported that three men, accused of being homosexual, were executed by being shot in the head by the ISIL in Derna, Libya. Human rights activists consider this the first death sentence against homosexuals in the history of modern Libya.
On July 22, 2016, it was reported by activists that ISIL executed a young Iraqi man in Kirkuk, Iraq by throwing him from the top of a building on charges of being gay. His corpse was later stoned by the crowd. ISIL arrested the man under the pretext that he was a homosexual.
On August 10, 2016, a video was released by ISIL showing ISIL religious police, known as "hisbah", in "Wilayat al-Jazirah," Iraq, which shows a gay man being thrown off a building. According to the Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium, Wilayat al-Jazirah used to be considered part of Wilayat Ninawa, which contains Mosul. Vulnerable cities in Wilayat al-Jazirah include "Tal 'Afar, Al-Ba'aj, Al-'Ayadiyyah, Al-Mahlabiyyah, Sinjar, Wardiyyah, Sanuni, Khana Sor, Ibrat al-Saghira, Al-Badi, Al-Qanat."
On August 11, 2016, a video was released by ISIL showing ISIL jihadis in Mosul, Iraq throwing a gay man to his death by pushing him off the top of a tall building. The gay man was found gulity of 'corruption of thought' and 'homosexual acts'.
On August 20, 2016, a local source in Nineveh province, Iraq revealed that ISIL executed four men on charges of homosexuality and sodomy, including two of its own members, by throwing them off a building.
One June 14, 2016, the House of Commons of Canada voted 166-139 against a Conservative parliamentary motion to recognize the atrocities targeting Yazidis, Christians, Shia Muslims, other ethnic and religious groups, and gays and lesbians — to be defined as genocide.
The U.S. Department of State's Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2016 for the countries of Iraq and Syria state that:
Da'esh published videos depicting alleged executions of persons accused of homosexual activity that included stoning and being thrown from buildings. In July, UNAMI reported a young man had been abducted and killed in Baghdad because of his sexual orientation. Sources reported the abductors were known members of armed groups. Some armed groups also started a campaign against homosexual persons in Baghdad, UNAMI reported at least three more LGBTI persons had disappeared since July.
In previous years photographs and videos appeared showing Da'esh pushing men suspected of "being gay" from rooftops in Raqqa governorate or stoning them to death. According to Outright International, on May 7, Da'esh's media office issued a "photo report about the imposition of sharia punishment" on those suspected of belonging to the LGBTI community. The photographs included images of a boy pushed from the top of a building.
- Assyrian Genocide
- Genocide of Christians by ISIL
- Genocide of Shias by ISIL
- Genocide of Yazidis by ISIL
- Human rights in ISIL-controlled territory
- LGBT rights in Afghanistan
- LGBT rights in Iraq
- LGBT rights in Libya
- LGBT rights in Syria
- The Queer Insurrection and Liberation Army
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