Sinai insurgency

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Sinai insurgency (2011–present)
Part of the Egyptian Crisis
Sinai-peninsula-map.jpg
Map of the Sinai Peninsula
Date 23 February 2011 – present
(4 years, 1 month and 6 days)
Location Sinai Peninsula, Egypt
Status Ongoing
Belligerents

 Egypt


Multinational Force and Observers[1]


Border attack:
 Israel[2]

Flag of Jihad.svg Islamist militants


Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant[10]

Commanders and leaders

Egypt Sedki Sobhi


Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi

Strength
Unknown ~12,000 total militants[14]
Casualties and losses
Egypt Military:
174 killed
Egypt CSF:
61 killed
Egypt Police:
75 killed
Egypt Homeland Security:
1 killed
Total:
311 killed
Flag of Jihad.svg 1,156 militants killed
140 Egyptian,
7 Israeli, and
4 South Korean civilians killed
Total: 1,618 killed

The Sinai insurgency is the conflict ignited by Islamist militants in the Sinai Peninsula, which began after the start of the Egyptian Crisis, which saw the overthrow of longtime Egyptian dictator Hosni Mubarak in the 2011 Egyptian Revolution and the response from the interim Egyptian government after mid-2011, known as Operation Eagle and then Operation Sinai. The Sinai insurgency consisted of militants, largely composed of local Bedouin tribesmen, who exploited the chaotic situation in Egypt and weakened central authority to launch a series of attacks on government forces in Sinai.

In May 2013, following an abduction of Egyptian officers, violence in the Sinai surged once again. Following the 2013 Egyptian coup d'état, which resulted in the ousting of Islamist president Mohamed Morsi, "unprecedented clashes" have occurred.[15] In 2014, elements of the Ansar Bait al-Maqdis group claimed allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant and proclaimed themselves as the "Province of Sinai". Militant attacks continued into 2015. Security officials say militants based in Libya have established ties with Sinai Province.[16]

The fallout suffered by the locals as a result of the insurgency in Sinai ranges from terrorist operations and the state of insecurity to extensive military operations and the demolishing of hundreds of homes and evacuating thousands of residents as Egyptian troops pressed on to build a buffer zone meant to halt the smuggling of weapons and militants from and to the Gaza strip. A report, compiled by a delegation from the state-funded National Council for Human Rights (NCHR), stated that most of the displaced families share same grievances of palpable government negligence, unavailability of nearby schools for their sons and the lack of heath services.[17]

Administratively, the Sinai Peninsula is divided into governorates, or provinces, the main ones in Sinai being: the South Sinai Governorate and the North Sinai Governorate. Three other governorates span the Suez Canal, crossing into African Egypt: Suez Governorate ("the Suez"), on the southern end of the Suez Canal, Ismailia Governorate in the center, and Port Said Governorate in the north.

Background[edit]

Sufism was previously dominant in the region before jihadi ideas began to take hold.[18] The Sinai peninsula has long been known for its lawlessness, having historically served as a smuggling route for weapons and supplies. Security provisions in the Egypt–Israel Peace Treaty of 1979 have institutionalized a diminished security presence in the area, enabling militants to operate with a freer hand. Moreover, the limited government-directed investment and development in Sinai has discriminated against the local Bedouin population, a population that values tribal allegiance over all else. The combination of Sinai's harsh terrain and lack of resources have kept the area poor and hence ripe for militancy.[19]

Following the January 2011 uprising that toppled Hosni Mubarak's regime, the country became increasingly destabilized, creating a security vacuum in the Sinai peninsula. Radical Islamic elements in Sinai exploited the opportunity, using the unique environment, in launching several waves of attacks upon Egyptian military and commercial facilities.

According to The Economist, the conflict also involves local armed Bedouin "who have long-standing grievances against the central government in Cairo," claiming "they are barred from joining the army or police; they find it hard to get jobs in tourism; and they complain that many of their lands have been taken from them."[4]

History[edit]

2011[edit]

Attacks on commercial facilities[edit]

Following the Egyptian revolution in 2011, insurgency attacks increased and begin attacking the Arab Gas Pipeline, running into Jordan, Syria and Lebanon and its offshoot from al-Arish to Israel - constantly disrupting Egyptian gas supply to the entire region.[citation needed]

July 2011 Egyptian police station attack[edit]

On 30 July 2011, militants staged an attack on an Egyptian police station in El-Arish, killing six.[20]

On 2 August 2011, a group claiming to be the Sinai wing of Al-Qaeda declared its intention to create an Islamic caliphate in the Sinai.[21]

Operation Eagle[edit]

Main article: Operation Eagle

Operation Eagle was an Egyptian military campaign in the Sinai Peninsula that was launched on 14 August 2011 to confront Islamist insurgents and criminal gangs threatening Egypt's national security and to restore law and order.[22] Islamist insurgents had been attacking the Egyptian security forces in the Sinai and using the area as a base from which to attack Israel since early 2011.

2012[edit]

August 2012 Sinai attack[edit]

On 5 August 2012, a group of armed men ambushed an Egyptian military base in the Sinai Peninsula, killing 16 Egyptian soldiers and stealing two Egyptian armored cars, and then infiltrated into Israel. The attackers rammed through the Kerem Shalom border crossing in Israel, while one of the vehicles exploded. The attackers then engaged in a firefight with soldiers of the Israel Defense Forces, and six attackers were killed during the firefight. No Israelis were injured.[23] The attackers were dressed as Bedouins and attacked with guns and rocket-propelled grenades.[24] 35 attackers took part in this attack on the Egyptian base.[25][26]

Operation Sinai[edit]

The August 2012 attack on Egyptian armed forces triggered a crackdown, led by the Egyptian Army, Police special forces and the Air Force, sweeping the Sinai Peninsula for Jihadist militants.[27] During the operation, 32 militants and suspects were killed and 38 arrested, while 2 civilians had been killed by early September 2012.[28]

2013[edit]

May 2013 hostage crisis[edit]

On May 2013, a number of Egyptian Army police officers were taken hostage by armed tribesmen in the Sinai peninsula, with their videos released on the internet begging for their lives. As a response, Egypt’s government had built up security forces in northern Sinai as part of an effort to secure the release of six policemen and a border guard kidnapped by suspected militants. On 20–21 May, Egyptian troops and police, backed by helicopter gunships, conducted a sweep through a number of villages in northern Sinai, along the border with Israel.[29] The officials said the forces came under fire from gunmen in vehicles, triggering the clashes. The clashes left one gunman dead by 21 May.[29] The hostages were released on 22 May after talks between the captors and Bedouins.[30] One suspect in the kidnapping was arrested on 30 May 2013.[30]

July 2013 escalation following Morsi ousting[edit]

Since Morsi's ouster on 3 July, there has been an increase in violence by armed Bedouin and Islamists.[4][15] Attacks on security forces has been witnessing almost daily attacks since Morsi's ouster — leading many to link the militants there to the Muslim Brotherhood, the Islamist group from which Morsi hails.[31]

In response Egypt has launched "Operation Sinai", bringing in two additional battalions.[32]

In the two weeks since 3, 39 July terrorist attacks have occurred in North Sinai. In the resulting clashes between armed groups and security forces, 52 gunmen and civilians and six security personnel have died.[33] On 15 July, witnessed the highest civilian casualties, when a bus transporting workers to the army-operated Al-Arish Cement Company was attacked. Five were killed and 15 were wounded. On 16 July, attacks resulted in some of the most intense army engagement, concentrated at Al-Masa'id, Al-Joura, and the Central Security camp at Al-Ahrash.[33]

Security operations have been largely confined to the 40-kilometre area between Al-Arish and Sheikh Zuweid, extending northward toward Rafah along the border with Israel and up to the Karam Abu Salem crossing.[33] Fighting intensifies between the gunmen and the joint army-police forces at night.[33] The frequency of attacks has varied from two to five in a single day. In addition, targets have expanded from fixed security checkpoints to mobile patrols. In most operations, the gunmen use four-wheel drive vehicles and combinations of light and heavy weaponry. However, in three recent attacks RPG-7 launchers were used, most likely smuggled from Libya. The G-7 grenade is capable of penetrating armoured vehicles and is generally fired at the doors.[33]

On 27 July, operation dubbed "Desert Storm" was launched by the Egyptian army in North Sinai Governorate and will last for 48 hours. Two of Egypt's field armies, as well as the country's Air Force and Navy are reportedly taking part in this large-scale operation. The military are said to be blocking all the roads, bridges and tunnels leading from Northern Sinai to other provinces of Egypt.[34]

A bomb was placed at a hotel frequented by security officials on 2 August 2013, though it caused no injuries.[35] A security source told the Egyptian newspaper Al-Masry Al-Youm that a majority of terrorists had been arrested as of 3 August 2013.[36] 2 mausoleums were bombed on 4 August 2013, though no injuries resulted.[37]

25 Egyptian policemen died in an attack in the northern region of Sinai, on 18 August. After militants forced two mini-buses carrying off-duty policemen to stop, ordered the policemen out and forced them to lie on the ground before shooting them.[38] The Egyptian military arrested eleven people, including five Hamas members, three local residents and three foreign nationals, for their alleged involvement in the killings.[39] The person who committed the murders confessed on 1 September 2013.[40]

Military spokesperson Ahmed Ali said that Egyptian security forces recent operations in Sinai, from 5 July to 23 August, resulted in: 78 suspected militants killed, including 32 foreigners; 116 people injured; and 203 people arrested, including 48 foreigners, for their alleged involvement in attacks on security checkpoints in the peninsula. Additionally 343 tunnels on the border between Egypt and Gaza at Rafah have been destroyed.[41][42]

On 3 September, fifteen Islamist militants were killed in an attack by military helicopters.[43]

On 7 September, the Egyptian army launched a new operation in the region. The operation involved tanks and at least six Apache helicopters. The army have been jamming communications to thwart militant coordination.[44] The army combed through areas near the Gaza Strip, including locations used by militants suspect in the killing and abduction of Egyptian soldiers over the past year. In the three days of operations, since 7 September, one officer, two soldiers and 29 militants were killed, and 39 militants were arrested.[45][46]

On 11 September, suicide bomber targeted Egyptian military intelligence headquarters in Rafah, bringing down the structure, at the same time a car bomb had rammed an army checkpoint. In the simultaneous attack at least nine soldiers were killed.[45]

On 24 December, 16 were killed and over 134 injured in a huge bomb which hit the Daqahliya Security Directorate in Mansoura, in the worst attack on a government site since the ouster of Morsi in July. Ansar Bait al-Maqdis, a Sinai-based group, claimed responsibility for the attack. The group deemed Egyptian troops infidels because they answer to a "secular government", warning them to desert or face death.[47][48]

2014[edit]

Over the few months leading to 2014, the Egyptian army gained the upper hand in the battle against militias that have found safe haven in the peninsula. After isolating and largely clearing the populated northeastern Sinai, the army put many militant factions on the defensive, most notably Ansar Bait al-Maqdis. However, one thousand armed militiamen are still sheltering in the main stronghold in Jabal Halal, as well as Jabal Amer area. Both were expected to be targeted in the presumed spring offensive.[49]

On 26 January, Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, a militant group claimed responsibility for an escalating series of attacks on police and soldiers, and said in a statement posted on jihadist websites that it had succeeded in "downing a military helicopter with a surface-to-air missile and killing its entire crew in the area around the city of Sheikh Zuweid" in North Sinai, near the border with Gaza.[50] Earlier that morning masked men in an SUV attacked a bus carrying soldiers in Sinai, killing at least three and injuring at least 11.[50]

On 3 February, in what described as the biggest operation in the Egyptian army's ongoing offensive against militants in the Sinai, 30 suspected militants were killed and another 15 injured in a series of airstrikes and another 16 were arrested.[51]

2014 Taba bus bombing[edit]

Main article: 2014 Taba bus bombing

On 16 February 2014, a bomb exploded on or under a tour bus of a South Korean church group in the Egyptian city of Taba, which borders the Gulf of Aqaba and Eilat, Israel. The bombing killed 4 people – 3 South Koreans and the Egyptian bus driver – and injured 17 others.[52] According to The New York Times, the bombing could "offer worrying new evidence that militants who have been attacking Egypt's security forces for months were broadening their campaign against civilians."[53]

October 2014 Sinai attacks[edit]

On 24 October 2014, 31 army and police soldiers were killed in two separate attacks in North Sinai. The attack was the largest ever since the start of the war on terror in Sinai. As a result of the attack, president Abdel Fattah el-Sisi declared a state of emergency in the governorate after meeting with the National Defence Council for several hours. The state of emergency was to last for three months and to include a daily curfew from 5pm to 7am until further notice.[54]

On 10 November 2014, Ansar Bait al-Maqdis militant group pledged allegiance to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant forming the "Province of Sinai" group with a confusingly similar name to two Egyptian regional governments.[55]

On 14 November 2014, ISIL published a video online that included footage of the group carrying out the October 2014 Sinai attacks.[56]

2015[edit]

On 12 January 2015, Wilayat Sinai kidnapped a police officer while traveling in North Sinai and took him to an unknown location. In the following day on 13 January 2015, Egyptian military spokesperson announced the locating of the dead body of the officer after launching a search operation. He also said that during the operation 10 militants were killed, while 2 others were arrested.[57]

On 26 January 2015, Wilayat Sinai published a video online that included the kidnapping and execution of the police officer kidnapped on 12 January.[58]

January 2015 Sinai attacks[edit]

On 29 January 2015, militants from the Wilayat Sinai militant group launched a series of attacks on army and police bases in Arish using car bombs and mortars.[59] The attacks, which occurred in more than six different locations, resulted in 32 confirmed deaths including army personnel and civilians.[60]

Security response[edit]

It was reported that on 6 February 2015 Egyptian security forces attacked the Sinai Province group, killing 47 Islamic militants in Northern Sinai.[61]

On 10 March 2015, a suicide attack on a police barracks using a water tanker was stopped after security forces opened fire on the water tanker causing it to explode before it could get into the barracks. One civilian near the scene was killed and two others wounded in the blast, alongside dozens of wounded policemen.[62]

Attacks and activities outside of the Sinai[edit]

On 24 December 2013, sixteen people were killed and over a hundred people injured in a huge bomb which hit the Daqahliya Security Directorate in Mansoura. Ansar Beit al-Maqdis, a Sinai-based group, claimed responsibility for the attack.[47]

On 5 August 2014, 5 policemen were killed in an attack on a police car on Matrouh road by armed militants.[63]

On 28 November 2014, the militant group Province of Sinai claimed responsibility for the killing of 2 army personnel in Cairo and Qaliubiya.[64][65]

On 1 December 2014, Ansar Beit al-Maqdis claimed responsibility for killing a United States citizen in Egypt's western desert in August 2014.[66]

On 21 December 2014, the Egyptian police raided an Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis cell in the Nile Delta killing 5 members.[67]

On 26 December 2014, two Ansar Beit al-Maqdis militants were killed in a gunfight in El-Salam City, on the eastern outskirts of the capital.[68] The Ministry of Interior later identified one of the dead militants as the commander of Ansar Beit El-Maqdis in the Nile Delta.

Gaza Strip[edit]

Out of the approximately 15 main terror groups operating in the Sinai desert, the most dominant and active terror groups have close relations with the Gaza Strip.[69] The Army of Islam, a U.S. designated terrorist organization based in the Gaza Strip, is responsible for training and supplying many militant organizations and jihadist members in Sinai.[69] Mohammed Dormosh, the Army of Islam's leader, is known for his close relationships to the Hamas leadership.[69] The Army of Islam smuggles members into the Gaza Strip for training, then returns them to the Sinai Peninsula to engage in terrorist and jihadist activities.[70]

Forces and Strategy[edit]

The disposition of Egyptian forces in Sinai peninsula mandated by the Camp David Accords and monitored by the 1,600 foreign troops that make up the Multinational Force and Observers. Egypt is permitted only enough forces in Sinai to enforce security.[71]

With Israeli approval, in 2011 Egypt sent additional 2,500 troops and 250 armored personnel, with helicopters as part of Operation Eagle, a mission to provide security during the power transition from then-recently fallen Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak.[71] Operation Eagle was joined by Operation Sinai in 2012, which came in response to a militant attack against an Egyptian border post 5 August that killed 16 border guards. Together, the two operations increased the total troop count by more than 2,500 added 80 vehicles and at least two attack helicopters. Egypt also was allowed to deploy armed fighter jets to El Arish to assist its ground forces in Sinai.[71][72]

Egypt's expanded force structure in Sinai is designed to deny militants sanctuary by bringing more force to bear than the municipal police alone can provide. Many of the new forces are stationed in the northeast of Sinai along the Egyptian border with Gaza. Setting up roadblocks and checkpoints to monitor and inspect traffic transiting the Sinai Peninsula to counter this smuggling.[71]

In the October 2014 attacks, the militants used for the first time in Sinai, suicide truck bombs to breach army roadblocks and strongpoints, then follow it with an infantry attack.

After the October attacks, the Egyptian military began using armed drones for the first time since the Sinai insurgency began.[73] And as a measure to counter weapon and militant trafficking between Egypt and Gaza strip, the Egyptian government announced the creation of a buffer zone along the Egypt-Gaza border.[74]

Following the attacks on army and police bases in Arish in early 2015, the Egyptian President issued a decree to create a unified military command for the east of the Suez Canal to combat terrorism. Led by General Osama Roshdy Askar, it will guide counter-terrorism activities of the Second and Third army.[75]

Reactions[edit]

Israel[edit]

In the two years since 2011, Israel has approved two Egyptian military increases in the Sinai Peninsula above levels set in the Camp David Accords, which mandates that the Sinai must remain demilitarized, with only enough forces in Sinai to enforce security.[71][72][76] Israel did so because it is not in its interest to have unrest in Sinai, whether political protests or militant violence.[71]

However in late 2012, concern began to be raised as Egypt began deploying more force and tanks without coordination from Israel. On 21 August, Israeli Foreign Minister Avigdor Lieberman said that it is important for Israel to make sure that the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty is upheld, and not to remain silent as Egyptian military forces enter the Sinai. Concern was raised by Israeli officials over Egyptian failure to notify Israel about the deployment of tanks in the Sinai, which violates the peace treaty. Lieberman said, "We must make sure that every detail is upheld, otherwise we'll find ourselves in a slippery slope as far as the peace treaty is concerned."[77]

On the same day, Israeli daily Maariv reported that Israel sent a message to Egypt via the White House, protesting Egypt's ongoing increase in military presence in the Sinai without coordination from Israel, and telling Egypt that it must remove tanks from the Sinai because their presence violates the Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty of 1979, which states that Sinai Peninsula is to remain demilitarized. The Israeli daily Maariv reported was reinforced by an article in The New York Times, which stated that Israel was "troubled" by the entry of Egyptian tanks into the northern Sinai Peninsula without coordination with Israel and had asked Egypt to withdraw them.[78] Partly due to Egypt's military deploying tanks in the Sinai Peninsula, Israel is increasingly worried about what has long been their most critical regional relationship.[79] The lack of coordination around their deployment is seen as potentially undermining a peace treaty that has been a cornerstone of Israel’s security for decades according to the New York Times.[79] Israel is also concerned that Egypt may use Operation Eagle to build up its military presence in the Sinai, and leave the tanks and armored carriers in the Sinai while not doing much more than symbolic action to eliminate the terrorist threat.[80]

Israel has not issued a formal complaint, and instead prefers to resolve the issue through quiet contacts, as well as mediation from the U.S., to avoid straining its relationship with Egypt.[81]

On 24 August 2012, a senior Egyptian military source said that Egyptian Defense Minister Abdel Fattah el-Sissi and Israeli Defense Minister Ehud Barak have reached an agreement on the issue of the militarization of the Sinai. Al Hayat reported that Sissi phoned Barak and said that Egypt was committed to maintaining the peace treaty with Israel.[82] Sissi also said that the militarization was temporary, and was needed for security and to fight terrorism. However, an Israeli defense official denied that such a conversation took place.[83]

In late August 2012, Egyptian President Morsi said that the security operations do not threaten anyone, and "there should not be any kind of international or regional concerns at all from the presence of Egyptian security forces." Morsi added that the campaign was in "full respect to international treaties," although the Egyptian-Israeli peace deal places limits on Egyptian military deployment in the Sinai.[84]

On 8 September 2012, an Israeli official confirmed that coordination exists between Israel and Egypt regarding Operation Eagle. Egyptian Military spokesman Ahmed Mohammed Ali had earlier announced that Egypt has been consulting with Israel regarding its security measures in the Sinai.[85]

United States[edit]

According to CNN, in a move to increase security in the Sinai, help Egyptian President Mohamed Morsi, and reassure Israel, U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta is offering Egypt classified intelligence-sharing capabilities to help Egypt identify military threats in the area, which he discussed during his recent trips to Egypt and Israel. The technology has been widely used in Iraq and Afghanistan to identify vehicles at great distances. The technology may also be used by the Multinational Force and Observers in Sinai. The United States is also offering increased intelligence sharing, including satellite imagery and drone flights, as well as cellphone intercepts and other communications among militants suspected of plotting attacks.[86]

On 22 August 2012, the State Department urged Egypt to be transparent over Operation Eagle and any security operations in the Sinai. The State Department said that the United States supports Operation Eagle against terrorism, but stressed that Egypt must continue coordination with Israel regarding these operations and military increases in the Sinai, according to the 1979 Camp David Accords.[87] The State Department also called on Egypt to fulfill its obligations under the 1979 Egyptian-Israeli peace treaty and deal strongly with security threats in the Sinai, while ensuring that "lines of communication stay open."[88]

On 23 August 2012, Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, speaking with Egyptian Foreign Minister Mohamed Kamel Amr, urged Amr to maintain lines of communication with Israel, and emphasized the importance of being transparent over the militarization of the Sinai.[81]

Multinational Force and Observers in Sinai[edit]

The Multinational Force and Observers in Sinai, a 1650-strong international organization created in 1979 during the Camp David Accords with peacekeeping responsibilities, kept a low profile during the intensification of Operation Eagle in 2012. A representative for the organization said that "we are unable to respond to queries from the media at this time" in response to whether Egypt asked permission to move weaponry into the Sinai, and whether Israel granted it.[89]

Jordan[edit]

The Egyptian pipeline carrying natural gas to Jordan, has been attacked at least 15 times since the start of the uprising in early 2011.[90] The lack of Egyptian gas hit Jordan budget severely (by JD 1.4 billion or the equivalent of USD 2 billion yearly for the past two years) and they are looking for Egypt compensation for the lost quantities.[91]

Other[edit]

A Mada Masr journalist questioned the accuracy of Interior Ministry reports on at least two accusations.[92] A CBS journalist named Clarissa Ward went in undercover to the Sinai and saw evidence of a scorched earth policy.[93]

Casualties[edit]

2011[edit]

2012[edit]

March[edit]

  • 27 March 2012 - 2 smugglers killed.[94]

April[edit]

  • 15 April 2012 - 2 policemen killed.[95]

May[edit]

  • 2 May 2012 - 1 policemen killed.[96]
  • 19 May 2012 - 1 tribe chief killed.[97]

June[edit]

  • 4 June 2012 - 1 policeman killed.[98]
  • 18 June 2012, 1 Israeli civilian killed and 2 wounded by an attack on Israeli-Egyptian border fence.[99]

August[edit]

  • 5 August 2012 - 16 Egyptian soldiers and 8 militants killed.[citation needed]
  • 7 August 2012, Operation Sinai (2012) - 32 militants and suspects killed, 38 arrested; 2 civilians killed (by early September 2012).[citation needed]
    • 8 August 2012 – 20 militants killed in Sinai.[citation needed]
    • 12 August 2012 – 7 suspected militants killed.[citation needed]
    • 13 August 2012 – Armed men shot dead tribal leader Khalaf Al-Menahy and his son.[100]
    • 29 August 2012 – Egyptian Army tanks and helicopters attack Jihadi cells, resulting in 11 dead militants and 23 more taken prisoner with no reported military casualties.[101]

September[edit]

  • 16 September 2012 - 1 Egyptian soldier killed.[102]
  • 21 September 2012 - 1 Israeli soldier and 3 militants killed.

November[edit]

  • 3 November 2012 - 3 policemen killed.[103]

2013[edit]

April[edit]

  • 16 April 2013 - 1 policeman killed.[104]

May[edit]

  • 7 May 2013 - 1 civilian killed.[105]
  • 21 May 2013 - 1 militant killed.[106]

July[edit]

  • June–July 2013 - 1 Egyptian soldier and 20 gunmen killed in clashes.[15]
  • 3 July to 15 July 2013 - Following the ouster of Islamist President Morsi, 8 policemen, 2 Christians, one a priest, and five civilians have been killed in attacks by Islamist militants in the Sinai peninsula.[14][107]
  • 16–17 July 2013 - 10 militants killed.[108]
  • 17 July 2013 - 3 policemen killed.[109]
  • 18 July 2013 - 1 policeman killed.[110]
  • 19 July 2013 - 2 civilians killed.[111]
  • 21 July 2013 - 2 civilians, 2 officers, and 2 policemen killed.[112]
  • 22 July 2013 - 1 civilian killed.[113]
  • 24 July 2013 - 2 soldiers and 3 jihadists killed.[114]
  • 26 July 2013 - 1 civilian killed.[115]
  • 27–28 July 2013 - 10 militants killed.[116]
  • 28 July 2013 - 1 officer killed.[117]
  • 29 July 2013 - 4 soldiers killed.[118]
  • 30 July 2013 - 1 soldier killed.[119]

August[edit]

  • 2 August 2013 - 1 policeman killed.[35]
  • 5 August 2013 - 1 soldier killed.[120]
  • 7 August 2013 - 1 civilian killed.[121]
  • 9 August 2013 - 4 militants killed.[122]
  • 11 August 2013 - 12 militants killed.[123]
  • 14 August 2013 - 2 policemen and 1 army colonel killed.[124][125]
  • 15 August 2013 - 8 soldiers killed by insurgents near Arish.[126]
  • 17 August 2013 - 6 people killed.[127]
  • 18 August 2013 - 1 soldier killed.[128]
  • 19 August 2013 - 25 off service unarmed Central Security Forces soldiers were ambushed and executed by insurgents.[129]
  • 30 August 2013 - 3 militants,[130] 2 policemen[131] and one police chief were killed in separate attacks.[132]

September[edit]

  • 3 September 2013 - 15 militants killed.[43]
  • 4 September 2013 - 2 conscripts killed.[133]
  • 7 September 2013 - At least 31 militants killed.[134]
  • 11 September 2013 - 6 soldiers killed.[135]
  • 30 September 2013 - 3 policemen, 1 soldier, and 1 civilian killed.[125]

October[edit]

  • 7 October 2013 - A car bomb killed three police officers in southern Sinai, hours after masked gunmen shot dead six soldiers in a patrol car outside the Suez Canal city of Ismailiya.[136]
  • 10 October 2013 - A suicide bomber rammed his explosives-laden car into a checkpoint outside the city of al-Arish in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula, killing three soldiers and a policeman.[137]
  • 17 October 2013 - 6 militants killed.[138]
  • 18 October 2013 - 1 policeman killed.[139]
  • 21 October 2013 - 1 civilian killed.[140]
  • 22 Oct 2013 - One officer and a civilian driver killed.[141]
  • 23 October 2013 - 1 soldier killed.[142]

November[edit]

  • 6 November 2013 - 1 soldier killed[143] and 3 Islamist militants killed.[144]
  • 7 November 2013 - 8 militants killed.[145]
  • 13 November 2013 - 2 militants killed.[146]
  • 14 November 2013 - 3 militants and two policeman killed.[147][148]
  • 15 November 2013 - 1 policeman killed.[142]
  • 16 November 2013 - 1 police officer shot dead in North Sinai.[148]
  • 20 November 2013 - 11 soldiers killed near el-Arish.[149]
  • 30 November 2013 - 3 militants killed.[150]

December[edit]

  • 9 December 2013 - Leading member of Ansar Bait al-Maqdis, Abu Suhaib, killed while shooting at police,[151] 22 suspected militants captured.[152]
  • 10 December 2013 - Wanted Ansar Bait al-Maqdis militant, Abdulrahman Salama Salem Abu Eita captured.[153]
  • 13 December 2013 - Wanted Islamist militant, Ahmed Ahmeed Abu Sreig killed.[154]
  • 15 December 2013 - Wanted Islamist militant, Nesar Sabah Robaa Saleh, killed in Al-Arish.,[155] 40 suspected captured.[156]
  • 16 December 2013 - Wanted militant named Abu Khaled was killed, 7 wanted militants and 20 suspected militants captured.[157]
  • 17 December 2013 - Wanted Islamist killed in Sinai.[158]
  • 18 December 2013 - 2 militants killed, 12 militants captured.[159]
  • 19 December 2013 - Two militants killed.[160]
  • 20 December 2013 - Two soldiers [161] and 3 militants killed.[162]
  • 22 December 2013 - 4 militants killed, 4 suspected militants captured.[163]
  • 24 December 2013 - 14 police officers killed, 2 civilians killed in an attack on a major police station.[47]

2014[edit]

January[edit]

  • 4 January 2014 - 1 soldier killed.[164]
  • 13 January 2014 - 2 militants killed by their own bomb;[165] approximately 5 militants killed in unclear circumstances.[166]
  • 16 January 2014 - 1 militant killed.[167]
  • 17 January 2014 - 13 militants killed.[168]
  • 18 January 2014 - 3 militants killed.[169]
  • 19 January 2014 - 1 militant killed.[170]
  • 25 January 2014 - 5 soldiers killed in attack on helicopter.[171]
  • 26 January 2014 - 4 soldiers killed.[172]
  • 29 January 2014 - 10 militants killed.[173]
  • 30 January 2014 - 7 militants [174] and one police officer killed.[175]
  • 31 January 2014 - 13 militants killed.[176]

February[edit]

  • 1 February 2014 - 2 militants killed.[177]
  • 3 February 2014 - 30 militants killed.[51]
  • 7 February 2014 - 20 militants killed.[178]
  • 9 February 2014 - 3 militants killed.[178]
  • 16 February 2014 - 4 civilians (including 3 South Koreans) killed in the 2014 Taba bus bombing.[179]
  • 20 February - 10 militants killed.[180]
  • 21–23 February - 14 militants killed.[181]

March[edit]

  • 1 March - 10 militants killed.[182]
  • 6 March - 1 policeman killed.[183]
  • 11 March - 7 militants killed.[184]
  • 17 March - 3 militants killed.[185]
  • 24 March - 3 militants killed.[186]
  • 30 March 2014 - 1 soldier killed.[187]

April[edit]

  • 1 April 2014 - 3 militants killed.[188]
  • 3 April 2014 - 1 CSF officer killed.[189]
  • 5 April 2014. - 4 militants killed.[190]
  • 11 April 2014 - 1 militant killed.[191]
  • 13 April 2014 - 3 militants killed.[192]
  • 16 April 2014 - 2 militants killed.[193]
  • 24 April 2014 - 6 militants killed.[194]
  • 27 April 2014 - 1 militant killed.[195]
  • 29 April 2014 - 3 militants killed.[196]

May[edit]

  • 1 May 2014 - 5 militants killed.[197]
  • 2 May 2014 - 2 killed in suicide bombing in El-Tor; 1 killed in suicide bombing near Sharm el-Sheikh.[198]
  • 11 May 2014 - 1 army conscript killed in shooting in Sheikh Zuweid.[199]
  • 14 May 2014 - 2 militants killed.[200]
  • 20 May 2014 - 6 militants killed.[201]
  • 22 May 2014 - 3 militants killed by suspected tribesmen.[202]
  • 23 May 2014 - 1 CSF officer killed.[203]
  • 28 May 2014 - 1 soldier killed.[204]

June[edit]

  • 5 June 2014 - 7 militants killed.[205]
  • 8 June 2014 - 1 civilian killed.[206]
  • 11 June 2014 - 1 soldier killed.[207]
  • 16 June 2014 - 8 extremists killed.[208]
  • 21 June 2014 - 8 militants killed.[209][210]
  • 22 June 2014 - 19 militants killed.[209]
  • 28 June 2014 - Militants killed four members of the Central Security Forces.[211] Armed assailants shot at a police officer in his car in Al-Arish. Two men accompanying the officer were killed while he survived unscathed.[212]

July[edit]

  • 3 July 2014 - A raid carried out by the Egyptian army in North Sinai killed 17 Islamic militants.[213]
  • 9 July 2014 - 1 soldier killed.[214]
  • 14 July 2014 - 1 soldier and 7 civilians, including two children, were killed in two separate mortar attacks.[215]
  • 15 July 2014 - 7 militants [216] and one soldier killed.[217]
  • 18 July 2014 - 1 police officer killed.[218]
  • 21 July 2014 - 2 tribal leaders killed.[219]
  • 22 July 2014 - 1 security guard killed.[220]
  • 23 July 2014 - 2 militants killed.[221]
  • 24 July 2014 - 3 militants killed including Khaled el-Manaei brother of Shadi el-Manaei.[222]
  • 25 July 2014 - 2 CSF officers killed.[223]
  • 26 July 2014 - 12 militants were killed during an Egyptian Army raid near Sheikh Zuweid,[224] while 4 children were killed in Rafah due to a rocket attack by suspected militants.[225]
  • 27 July 2014 - 14 militants killed by Egyptian security forces during raids on their hideouts in Sheikh Zuweid and Rafah.[226]
  • 29 July 2014 - A girl was killed by a rocket.[227]

August[edit]

  • 3 August 2014 - 5 militants killed in a military operation, during which security forces managed to destroy many of the militants' vehicles.[228] A six-year old boy was killed when a rocket that was meant to target a security convoy hit his house, injuring four others.[229]
  • 4 August 2014 - 11 militants were killed during a military raid in several districts of North Sinai near the border with Israel. Three tunnels and a number of vehicles were destroyed in the process.[230]
  • 8 August 2014 - 11 militants killed.[231]
  • 11 August 2014 - 2 militants killed.[232]
  • 12 August 2014 - 9 alleged militants were killed by Egyptian army troops in North Sinai.[233]
  • 12 August 2014 - Two militants killed.[234]
  • 14 August 2014 - 2 militants killed.[235]
  • approximately 18 August 2014 - 4 civilians killed.[236]
  • 19 August 2014 - 2 militants killed.[237]
  • 20 August 2014 - 2 militants killed.[238]
  • 24 August 2014 - 14 militants killed.[239]
  • 31 August 2014 - 2 militants and one civilian killed. One of the militants was Fayez Abu-Sheta the key suspect in the kidnapping of a number of security personnel last year.[12]

September[edit]

  • 1 September 2014 - 6 militants killed.[240]
  • 2 September 2014 - 11 policemen[241] and 7 militants killed.[242]
  • 3 September 2014 - 1 policeman killed.[243]
  • 5 September 2014 - 3 militants killed.[244]
  • 8 September 2014 - 1 police officer killed.[245]
  • 9 September 2014 - 2 militants[246] and one civilian killed.[247]
  • 11 September 2014 - 1 civilian killed.[248]
  • 12 September 2014 - 1 army conscript killed.[249]
  • 13 September 2014 - 6 militants killed.[250]
  • 14 September 2014 - 4 militants killed.[250]
  • 16 September 2014 - 6 police killed.[251]
  • 19 September 2014 - A decapitated man was found in Sheikh Zuweid.[252]
  • 20 September 2014 - 1 militant killed.[253]
  • 21 September 2014 - 1 police officer killed.[254]
  • 22 September 2014 - 7 militants killed.[255]
  • 23 September 2014 - 4 militants killed.[256]
  • Approximately 26 September 2014 - 1 civilian killed.[257]
  • 27 September 2014 - 18 militants killed.[258]

October[edit]

  • 1 October 2014 - 7 militants killed.[259]
  • 2 October 2014 - 1 militant commander killed.[260]
  • 3 October 2014 - 2 militants killed.[261]
  • 5 October 2014 - Three people beheaded and one shot to death by Ansar Bait al-Maqdis.[262]
  • 6 October 2014 - A 13-year old boy was killed by an IED.[263]
  • 7 October 2014 - 17 militants killed.[264]
  • 9 October 2014 - 15 militants killed.[265]
  • 10 October 2014 - Shehata Farhan a top member of Ansar Beit al-Maqdis was killed.[266]
  • 12 October 2014 - 3 dead bodies found south of Al Arish city.[267]
  • 16 October 2014 - 3 policemen killed in a RPG attack.[268]
  • 17 October 2014 - Ansar Bait al-Maqdis leader captured in Arish[269] and 3 killed in an IED attack.[270]
  • 18 October 2014 - 2 militants killed.[271] 3 officers killed while destroying an underground tunnel.[272]
  • 19 October 2014 - 7 army officers killed.[273]
  • 21 October 2014 - 1 civilian killed.[274]
  • 22 October 2014 - 2 Israeli soldiers injured.[275]
  • 24 October 2014 - 33 security personnel killed.[276]
  • 26 October 2014 - 7 militants killed.[277][278]
  • 30 October 2014 - 3 militants killed.[279]
  • 31 October 2014 - 7 military personnel injured[280] and 1 civilian killed.[281]

November[edit]

  • 3 November 2014 - 3 militants killed.[282]
  • 6 November 2014 - 4 civilians killed.[283]
  • 7 November 2014 - 5 militants killed.[284]
  • 8 November 2014 - 8 militants killed.[285]
  • 13 November 2014 - 3 soldiers and 2 police killed.[286]
  • 14 November 2014 - 5 militants killed.[287]
  • 15 November 2014 - 3 militants killed.[288]
  • 18 November 2014 - 7 civilians and 3 militants killed.[289]
  • 21 November 2014 - 2 militants killed in an explosion, while 5 other militants were killed in security raids.[290]
  • 22 November 2014 - 10 militants killed.[291]
  • 23 November 2014 - 11 militants and 1 policeman killed.[292][293]
  • 25 November 2014 - 5 militants killed.[294]
  • 26 November 2014 - 3 policemen[295] and 9 militants killed.[296]
  • 27 November 2014 - 3 civilians found dead.[297]
  • 28 November 2014 - 6 army personnel injured.[298]

December[edit]

  • 2 December 2014 - 6 civilians found dead.[299]
  • 4 December 2014 - 2 civilians found dead.[300]
  • 10 December 2014 - 5 militants killed.[301]
  • 12 December 2014 - 17 militants killed.[302]
  • 14 December 2014 - 2 police officers killed.[303]
  • 15 December 2014 - 3 militants killed.[304]
  • 17 December 2014 - 5 militants killed.[305]
  • 18 December 2014 - 9 militants killed.[306]
  • 19 December 2014 - 1 militants killed.[307]
  • 20 December 2014 - 6 militants killed.[308]
  • 21 December 2014 - 7 militants [309] and 4 civilians killed.[310]
  • 25 December 2014 - 1 militant killed.[311]
  • 26 December 2014 - 2 army personnel killed.[312]
  • 28 December 2014 - 2 militants killed.[313]

2015[edit]

January[edit]

  • 2 January 2015 - 1 militant killed.[314]
  • 4 January 2015 - 1 soldier killed.[315]
  • 10 January 2015 - 2 civilians found dead.[316]
  • 12 January 2015 - 7 civilians found dead.[317]
  • 13 January 2014 - Kidnapped police officer found dead.[318] and 5 civilians killed.[319]
  • 14 January 2015 - 7 militants killed.[320]
  • 15 January 2015 - 1 army officer and 3 civilians killed.[321][322]
  • 16 January 2015 - 1 civilian killed.[323]
  • 19–20 January 2015 - 4 militants killed.[324]
  • 26 January 2015 - 3 militants killed and 3 civilians found dead.[325][326]
  • 29 January 2015 - 44 killed including 24 soldiers, 14 civilians and 6 policemen; 1 civilian found dead; 2 militants killed.[327][328][329]
  • 30 January 2015 - 2 civilians[330] and 3 militants killed.[331]

February[edit]

  • 1 February 2015 - 3 civilians killed.[332]
  • 2 February 2015 - 1 civilian killed.[333]
  • 3 February 2015 - 8 militants killed.[334]
  • 5 February 2015 - 1 conscript killed.[335]
  • 6 February 2015 - 47 militants killed[61] and 1 civilian killed.[336]
  • 9 February 2015 - 1 civilian killed.[337]
  • 10 February 2015 - 15 militants killed.[338]
  • 11 February 2015 - 3 militants killed.[339]
  • 13 February 2015 - 18 militants killed.[340]
  • 16 February 2015 - 6 militants killed.[341]
  • 18 February 2015 - 5 militants killed[342] and 1 civilian killed.[343]
  • 25 February 2015 - 38 militants killed.[344]
  • 28 February 2015 - 28 militants killed[345] and 1 civilian killed.[346]

According to an official army spokesman statement, a total of 173 militants were killed in February 2015.[347]

March[edit]

  • 2 March 2015 - 8 militants killed.[348]
  • 3 March 2015 - 11 militants killed.[349]
  • 5 March 2015 - 15 militants killed.[350]
  • 6 March 2015 - 10 militants killed.[351]
  • 7 March 2015 - 15 militants killed.[352]
  • 9 March 2015 - 3 policemen killed.[353]
  • 10 March 2015 - 1 army officer and 1 civilian killed in two separate attacks;[354] 9 militants killed.[355]
  • 11 March 2015 - 1 army officer killed[356] and 11 militants killed.[357]
  • 12 March 2015 - 5 civilians found dead.[358]
  • 13 March 2015 - 19 militants killed.[359]
  • 16 March 2015 - 3 civilians found dead.[358]
  • 17 March 2015 - 9 militants killed[360] and 1 civilian found dead.[361]
  • 19 March 2015 - 28 militants killed.[362]
  • 20 March 2015 - 8 militants killed.[363]
  • 21 March 2015 - 10 militants killed.[364]
  • 22 March 2015 - 7 militants killed.[365]
  • 24 March 2015 - 2 soldiers and a policeman killed.[366]
  • 25 March 2015 - 7 militants killed.[367]
  • 28 March 2015 - 3 militants killed.[368]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Attack on Sinai base of Aust peacekeepers". Herald Sun. 15 September 2012. 
  2. ^ "Terrorists in lawless Sinai Peninsula ‘energized’ by crackdown on Islamists in Egypt, analyst says". National Post. 19 August 2013. 
  3. ^ "Perpetrators of second Rafah massacre arrested". Daily News Egypt. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 9 November 2013. 
  4. ^ a b c "Egypt’s Sinai desert: A haven for malcontents". The Economist. 13 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013. 
  5. ^ "Jund al Islam claims credit for Sinai suicide car bomb attacks". The Long War Journal. 12 September 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2013. 
  6. ^ a b "Egypt army arrests head of Sinai radical militant group, dozens others". Ahram Online. 1 November 2013. Retrieved 5 November 2013. 
  7. ^ "Egypt sentences 14 to death for 2011 Sinai attacks". The Times of Israel. 24 September 2012. Retrieved 12 December 2013. 
  8. ^ "Ansar al Sharia Egypt in the Sinai". Long War Journal. 6 July 2013. 
  9. ^ Bill Roggio, Mujahideen Shura Council denies involvement in Sinai assault, Long War Journal (Foundation for the Defense of Democracies) 06-08-2012
  10. ^ "‘State of Sinai’ claim attacks as part of ‘IslamiYouth Uprising’". Daily News Egypt. 29 November 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  11. ^ "Al-Jihadeya Al-Salafeya leader Al-Zawahiri captured". Daily News Egypt. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  12. ^ a b "2 militants killed in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 31 August 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  13. ^ a b "Egypt army kills 15 militants in Sinai". Xinhua. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  14. ^ a b "Sinai, Egypt's unsolved problem". Ahram Online. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  15. ^ a b c "Clashes in Sinai over Morsi removal". Ahram Online. 5 July 2013. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 
  16. ^ The Age, 16 February 2015: Egypt strikes back at Islamic State militants after beheading video, killing dozens
  17. ^ "Sinai population still striving for basic rights as unrest continues: Report". Ahram Online. 12 March 2015. Retrieved 12 March 2015. 
  18. ^ "Mapping jihadi groups in Sinai". Egypt Independent. 10 August 2013. Retrieved 26 October 2013. 
  19. ^ "Analysis: Egypt Tackles Increased Sinai Militancy". Lebanonwire.com. 2013-05-22. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  20. ^ Awad, Marwa (16 August 2011). "Egypt army operation nets militants in Sinai-sources". Reuters Africa (Cairo). Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  21. ^ Hassan, Amro (17 August 2011). "Nearly 20 alleged gas pipeline saboteurs arrested". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 19 August 2011. 
  22. ^ Khaled, Osama (11 August 2011). "Special forces deployed to Sinai to restore security". Almasry Alyoum. Retrieved 19 August 2011. [dead link]
  23. ^ Yaakov Katz (6 August 2012). "The Sinai attack: Blow by blow". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  24. ^ "Egypt vows strong response to Sinai attack". Al Jazeera. 6 August 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  25. ^ Yoav Zitun (6 August 2012). "Watch: IAF strikes Sinai terror cell". Yedioth Ahronot. Retrieved 6 August 2012. 
  26. ^ Yaakov Katz and Herb Keinon (6 August 2012). "Israel considers request for more Egyptian troops in Sinai". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 7 August 2012. 
  27. ^ "UPDATED: Egyptian troops strike hard in North Sinai after multiple attacks". Al Ahram. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  28. ^ "Egypt Army kills 32, arrests 38 more in Sinai offensive". GlobalPost. 2012-09-08. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  29. ^ a b "More troops and equipment arrive in Egypt's Sinai as hostage crisis continues". Associated Press. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  30. ^ a b "Suspect in kidnapping of Egyptian security men arrested". Reuters. 30 May 2013. Retrieved 30 May 2013. 
  31. ^ 19 August 2013, 3:22 AM (2013-08-19). "Egypt bloodletting rages with Islamic militants killing 25 police in Sinai Peninsula". CBS News. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  32. ^ Christa Case Bryant. "Militants dig in as Egypt cracks down on jihadi sandbox in Sinai". CSMonitor.com. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  33. ^ a b c d e "Sinai, Egypt's unsolved problem - Politics - Egypt - Ahram Online". English.ahram.org.eg. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  34. ^ "Egypt army launches counter-extremist operation in Sinai — RT News". RT. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  35. ^ a b "Bomb attack on Sinai hotel leaves no casualties". Ahram Online. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  36. ^ "Majority of terrorists in Sinai arrested: source". Egypt Independent. 3 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  37. ^ "Two mausoleums bombed in north, central Sinai". Ahram Online. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  38. ^ "Egypt bloodletting rages with Islamic militants killing 25 police in Sinai Peninsula". CBS News. 2013-08-19. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  39. ^ Miller, Elhanan (2013-08-28). "Five Hamas members arrested over Egyptian police massacre". Times of Israel. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  40. ^ "Top Sinai militant confesses murder of 25 policemen: Security source". Ahram Online. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  41. ^ "Egypt 'killed 78 militants' in recent operations in Sinai". English.ahram.org.eg. 2013-08-23. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  42. ^ "Egypt army says 60 ‘terrorists’ killed in Sinai in a month". Ahram Online. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 7 August 2013. 
  43. ^ a b "Rocket attack kills 15 militants in Sinai: Egyptian state TV". Reuters. 3 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013. 
  44. ^ "9 Militants Are Reported Killed in Egyptian Army Raid in Sinai". New York Times. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  45. ^ a b "Suicide bombings strike Egyptian military in border town in Sinai, killing 9". Associated Press. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 1 October 2013. [dead link]
  46. ^ "Egyptian tanks, helicopters push through Sinai". Associated Press. 9 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2013. 
  47. ^ a b c "Al-Qaida-linked group claims Egypt police attack". Associated Pres. 25 December 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  48. ^ "Sinai's Ansar Bait Al-Maqdis claim responsibility for Egypt's Mansoura blast". Ahram Online. 25 December 2013. 
  49. ^ "The New Triangle of Egypt, Israel, and Hamas". Washington Institute. 12 January 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  50. ^ a b "Militants Down Egyptian Helicopter, Killing 5 Soldiers". The New York Times. 26 January 2014. 
  51. ^ a b "Military airstrikes kill 30 militants in North Sinai: media reports". Ahram Online. 3 February 2014. Retrieved 4 February 2014. 
  52. ^ "Egypt Bus Blast in Sinai Peninsula Kills Korean Tourists". Bloomberg News. 16 February 2014. 
  53. ^ "Bombing of Tourist Bus Kills at Least Three in Sinai". The New York Times. 16 February 2014. 
  54. ^ "State of Emergency declared in parts of North Sinai after attack kills 31 soldiers". Ahram Online. 24 October 2014. Retrieved 8 December 2014. 
  55. ^ "Fresh statement claims Ansar Bayt Al-Maqdis has allied with IS". Ahram Online. 10 November 2014. Retrieved 10 November 2014. 
  56. ^ "ISIS Releases Graphic Propaganda Video For Ansar Bait al-Maqdis". International Business times. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  57. ^ "Kidnapped police captain in Sinai found dead: Army". 13 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  58. ^ "Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis releases video of "policeman's execution"". Ahram Online. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  59. ^ "At least 32 killed in Egypt as militants attack army and police targets in Sinai". The Guardian. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  60. ^ Kirkpatrick, David (30 January 2015). "Bomb Attacks at Security Sites in Sinai Kill at Least 26". New York Times. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  61. ^ a b "Egyptian military kills 47 militants in the Sinai". Reuters. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  62. ^ "Bombs kill two, wound dozens in Egypt's North Sinai". Reuters. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  63. ^ "5 police personnel, 4 militants killed in clashes on Matrouh road". 5 Aug 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  64. ^ "‘State of Sinai’ claim attacks as part of ‘Islamic Youth Uprising’". Daily News Egypt. 28 November 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  65. ^ "2 army officers killed, 3 conscripts injured in drive-by shootings". 28 November 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  66. ^ "Egypt's Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis claims killing of US citizen in Western Desert". 1 December 2014. Retrieved 1 December 2014. 
  67. ^ "Members of 'terrorist cell' in Sharqiya killed: Egyptian police". Ahram Online. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  68. ^ "UPDATED: Two Ansar Beit El-Maqdis militants killed in gunfight near Cairo". Ahram Online. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  69. ^ a b c "Egypt’s ire raised as Hamas harbors Sinai jihadists". Times Of Israel. 22 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  70. ^ "Gaza terrorists infiltrate Sinai". Ynet News. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 22 August 2013. 
  71. ^ a b c d e f "Analysis: Egypt, Gaza and the Sinai Peninsula". bi-me. 17 November 2012. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  72. ^ a b Herb Keinon (9 August 2012). "Security cabinet okays Egypt attack helicopters in Sinai". Reuters. The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 9 August 2012. 
  73. ^ "طائرات بدون طيار تقصف مواقع التكفيريين فى سيناء" (in Arabic). Al Ahram. 17 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  74. ^ "Egypt to create buffer zone along Gaza border". 30 November 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014. 
  75. ^ "Sisi creates unified military command to combat terrorism in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 31 January 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  76. ^ "Barak agrees to Egypt deploying troops, vehicles in Sinai". Jerusalem Post. 26 August 2011. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  77. ^ Somfalvi, Attila (21 August 2012). "Lieberman: Don't let Egypt get away with violations". Yedioth Ahronot. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  78. ^ Kershner, Isabel (21 August 2012). "Israel Asks Egypt to Remove Tanks From Sinai". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  79. ^ a b Rudoren, Jodi (22 August 2012). "Developments in Iran and Sinai Deepen Israel’s Worries About Egypt". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 August 2012. 
  80. ^ Winer, Stuart (21 August 2012). "After buildup, Israel tells Egypt to remove tanks from Sinai". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  81. ^ a b "Clinton urges Egypt, Israel to talk on Sinai". Reuters. The Jerusalem Post. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  82. ^ Davidovitch, Joshua (24 August 2012). "Barak and Egyptian counterpart reportedly come to terms over Sinai offensive". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  83. ^ "Egypt tells Israel military presence in Sinai is temporary". The Times of Israel. 25 August 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2012. 
  84. ^ "Morsi's message to Israel: No reason for concern". Yedioth Ahronot. 28 August 2012. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  85. ^ Shmulovich, Michal (8 September 2012). "Egypt says it has killed 32 ‘criminals’ and arrested 38 since Sinai terror attack". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 8 September 2012. 
  86. ^ "CNN: US offers Egyptian army intelligence aid for Sinai battles". Israel Hayom; Reuters. Israel Hayom. 21 August 2012. Retrieved 22 August 2012. 
  87. ^ Winer, Stuart; Ben Zion, Ilan (22 August 2012). "Washington calls for Egyptian transparency amid military buildup in Sinai". The Times of Israel. Retrieved 23 August 2012. 
  88. ^ "US urges Egypt to retake control of Sinai". The Jerusalem Post. 23 August 2012. Retrieved 24 August 2012. 
  89. ^ Keinon, Herb (21 August 2012). "Int'l force in Sinai quiet amid concern of Egypt violations". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 21 August 2012. 
  90. ^ "Blast rocks Egypt's gas pipeline to Israel, Jordan". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  91. ^ "His Excellency Mr. Alaa Batayneh on Jordan's path towards energy independence". Naturalgaseurope.com. 2013-05-16. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  92. ^ "Less than a warzone". Mada Masr. 9 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2013. 
  93. ^ "Inside Egypt's crackdown on Islamist militants". CBS. 3 December 2013. Retrieved 3 December 2013. 
  94. ^ Kahn, Gabe (27 March 2012). "Egypt Kills 2 Israel-bound Smugglers". Arutz Sheva. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  95. ^ "Militants kill two Egyptian policemen in Sinai; Suez oil facility attacked again". Haaretz. Associated Press. 16 April 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  96. ^ "Egyptian policeman killed in Sinai attack". Trend News Agency. 2 May 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  97. ^ "Sinai tribe chief killed in Arish". Egypt Independent. 19 May 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  98. ^ "Bedouin tribesmen, police clash in Egypt's Sinai, one dead: sources". Reuters. 4 June 2012. Retrieved 22 June 2014. 
  99. ^ "Terror attack in the south". Israel Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 18 June 2012. Retrieved 30 January 2013. 
  100. ^ "Gunmen kill Egyptian tribal leader and son in Sinai". Reuters. 12 August 2012. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  101. ^ "Egyptian forces kill 11 militants in Sinai". CNN. 29 August 2012. Retrieved 1 October 2012. 
  102. ^ "Egyptian soldier killed in Sinai clashes publisher=The Telegraph". Agence France-Presse. 16 September 2012. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  103. ^ "Gunmen kill three policemen in Sinai". BBC News. 3 November 2012. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  104. ^ "Gunman kill Egyptian policeman in Sinai". Turkishweekly.net. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  105. ^ "Gunmen kill alcohol seller in Egypt's Sinai". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  106. ^ "Clashes between Egypt troops and gunmen in Sinai leaves one gunman dead". Fox News. 21 May 2013. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  107. ^ "Egypt's army chief defends Mohammed Morsi's ouster | CTV News". Ctvnews.ca. 2013-07-14. Retrieved 2013-08-13. 
  108. ^ "Ten jihadists killed in North Sinai in last 48 hours". Egypt Independent. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  109. ^ "Three policemen killed in militant attacks in North Sinai". Egypt Independent. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  110. ^ "Egypt policeman killed in Sinai attack: medics". Ahram Online. 18 July 2013. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  111. ^ "Rocket attack kills 2 civilians in Egypt's Sinai: Security". Ahram Online. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 20 July 2013. 
  112. ^ "Six killed in militant attacks in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 22 July 2013. 
  113. ^ "Egyptian man killed in armed attack on Sinai checkpoint". Ahram Online. 22 July 2013. Retrieved 23 July 2013. 
  114. ^ "Two Egyptian soldiers, three militants killed in Sinai". Reuters. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  115. ^ "Wave of violence continues in Sheikh Zuweid". Daily News Egypt. 26 July 2013. Retrieved 27 July 2013. 
  116. ^ "Security source: 10 militants killed, 20 arrested in Sinai". Egypt Independent. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  117. ^ "Militants strike Sinai security targets". Daily News Egypt. 28 July 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2013. 
  118. ^ "More dead and injured in Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  119. ^ "Egyptian soldier shot dead in Sinai by militants". Ahram Online. 30 July 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  120. ^ "Gunmen kill soldier in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 5 August 2013. Retrieved 6 August 2013. 
  121. ^ "Four Islamist militants killed in Egypt near Israel: sources". Reuters. 9 August 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  122. ^ "Gang guns down former MP in Arish". Egypt Independent. 7 August 2013. Retrieved 9 August 2013. 
  123. ^ "Egypt's army says helicopter strike kills 12 suspected militants in northern Sinai Peninsula". Fox News. 11 August 2013. 
  124. ^ "Egypt seethes under curfew after hundreds killed". Reuters. 14 August 2013. Retrieved 14 August 2013. 
  125. ^ a b "Gunmen kill three Egyptian policemen, one soldier in Sinai". Reuters. 30 September 2013. 
  126. ^ "Eight dead, four injured in Al-Arish attacks". Daily News Egypt. 15 August 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  127. ^ "Bloody clashes in Sinai on ‘Friday of Rage’". Daily News Egypt. 17 August 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  128. ^ "Armed attacks continue in North Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 18 August 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  129. ^ "25 Soldiers executed in Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 19 August 2013. Retrieved 19 August 2013. 
  130. ^ "Three militants killed in Sinai, 22 arrested". Daily News Egypt. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 31 August 2013. 
  131. ^ "BBC News - Egypt attack on Suez Canal ship 'foiled'". BBC. 1 September 2013. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  132. ^ "Police chief killed in Al-Arish while attacks in Sinai continue". Daily News Egypt. 30 August 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013. 
  133. ^ "Corrected: Armed attack kills 2 conscripts in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 4 September 2013. Retrieved 4 September 2013. 
  134. ^ "Egypt army hits Sinai militants, at least 31 killed, injured: sources". Egypt Independent. 7 September 2013. Retrieved 7 September 2013. 
  135. ^ "Six soldiers dead in twin bomb attack on Egyptian military in Sinai". Ahram Online. 11 September 2013. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  136. ^ "Egyptian soldiers killed in Ismailiya and Sinai attacks". BBC. 7 October 2013. Retrieved 7 October 2013. 
  137. ^ "Egyptian soldiers killed by suicide bomber". Al Jazeera English. 10 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  138. ^ "Six alleged militants killed in Egypt’s northern Sinai". Ahram Online. 17 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  139. ^ "Policeman shot dead in Sinai's Al-Arish". Ahram Online. 18 October 2013. Retrieved 18 October 2013. 
  140. ^ "Civilian killed, 4 injured in Arish gunmen attack". Egypt Independent. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  141. ^ "Bomb kills two in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  142. ^ a b "Soldier shot dead in attack on checkpoint in central Sinai". Egypt Independent. 23 October 2013. Retrieved 23 October 2013. 
  143. ^ "Sniper kills soldier in Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 7 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  144. ^ "Egyptian armed forces kill three Sinai militants". Ahram Online. 7 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  145. ^ "Ousted Egypt president's family sees him in prison". Associated Press. 7 November 2013. Retrieved 7 November 2013. 
  146. ^ "Two militants killed, 17 arrested in Sinai". Egypt Independent. 13 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  147. ^ "Policeman and three militants killed in Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 14 November 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  148. ^ a b "Policeman shot dead in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 16 November 2013. Retrieved 16 November 2013. 
  149. ^ "UPDATE 3: Bomb-laden car driven into military convoy kills 11". Ahram Online. 20 November 2013. Retrieved 20 November 2013. 
  150. ^ "Ansar Jerusalem announces deaths of 3 fighters, including commander". Long War Journal. 2 December 2013. Retrieved 2 December 2013. 
  151. ^ "Sinai-based Jihadist leader killed: Army spokesman". Ahram Online. 9 December 2013. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  152. ^ "suspected Captured". 
  153. ^ "Abdulrahman Salama Salem Abu Eita Captured". 
  154. ^ "Ahmed Ahmeed Abu Sreig killed". 
  155. ^ "Egyptian troops kill another Sinai militant leader: Army". Ahram Online. 16 December 2013. Retrieved 16 December 2013. 
  156. ^ "40 suspected captured". 
  157. ^ "Islamist killed". 
  158. ^ "Egypt army spokesman: leading Jihadist killed in Sinai's Rafah". Ahram Online. 17 December 2013. Retrieved 17 December 2013. 
  159. ^ "2 militants killed". 
  160. ^ "Two extremists killed, other 12 arrested in Arish". Egypt Independent. 19 December 2013. Retrieved 19 December 2013. 
  161. ^ "Official: 2 Egyptian soldiers killed, 8 wounded in operation targeting Sinai militants". Fox News. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  162. ^ "Egyptian soldiers shot dead in Sinai". Al Jazeera English. 20 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013. 
  163. ^ "4 militants killed". 
  164. ^ "One military personnel killed, two injured in an armored vehicle blast in Arish". Egypt Independent. 4 January 2014. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  165. ^ "Two militants killed in Sinai - Military sources". Aswat Masriya. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  166. ^ "5 extremist [sic] killed, 2 injured, in clashes in Rafah". Egypt Independent. 13 January 2014. Retrieved 13 January 2014. 
  167. ^ "Militant killed and five arrested in North Sinai security campaign". Daily News Egypt. 16 January 2014. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  168. ^ "Egypt army kills 5 suspected militants in North Sinai: Spokesman". Ahram Online. 17 February 2014. Retrieved 17 February 2014. 
  169. ^ "Three extremists killed in Sinai – security source". Aswat Masriya. 18 January 2014. Retrieved 18 January 2014. 
  170. ^ "Extremist leader killed in Sinai – army". Aswat Masriya. 19 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  171. ^ "Egyptian soldiers killed in Sinai as protest toll rises to 49". Reuters. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014. 
  172. ^ "Attack on army bus in Sinai, 4 recruits killed". Egypt Independent. 26 January 2014. 
  173. ^ "UPDATE: Ten militants killed in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 30 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  174. ^ "Seven takfiri elements killed in North Sinai security operations". Cairo Post. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 30 January 2014. 
  175. ^ "Gunmen kill police officer in Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  176. ^ "Airstrike kills 13 suspected militants in Sinai: Army spokesperson". Ahram Online. 31 January 2014. Retrieved 31 January 2014. 
  177. ^ "Two extremists killed, 20 arrested in Sinai crackdown". Aswat Masriya. 1 February 2014. Retrieved 1 February 2014. 
  178. ^ a b "Sinai operations kill 23 since Friday". Mada Masr. 9 February 2014. Retrieved 10 February 2014. 
  179. ^ "eadly bombing hits Egypt tour bus". BBC News. 16 February 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  180. ^ "Egyptian army helicopter bombs suspected militants in Sinai". Montreal Gazette. 20 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  181. ^ "Army says it kills 14 Sinai militants in two days". Daily News Egypt. 24 February 2014. Retrieved 24 February 2014. 
  182. ^ "Ten extremists killed, 11 arrested in North Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 1 March 2014. Retrieved 1 March 2014. 
  183. ^ "Gunmen kill policeman in Sinai's Arish". Aswat Masriya. 7 March 2014. Retrieved 8 March 2014. 
  184. ^ "7 militants killed". Egyptian Ministry of Defense. 12 March 2014. [dead link]
  185. ^ "Three "extremists" killed and 17 arrested in Sinai - Army". Aswat Masriya. 17 March 2014. Retrieved 17 March 2014. 
  186. ^ "Officer shot dead in targeted attack in Arish". Mada Masr. 24 March 2014. Retrieved 26 March 2014. 
  187. ^ "Attack on personnel carrier in Egypt's Sinai kills soldier, injures three". Ahram Online. 30 March 2014. Retrieved 30 March 2014. 
  188. ^ "Army spokesperson: 3 extremists killed in North Sinai raid". Egypt Independent. 1 April 2014. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  189. ^ "Sources: Ansar Beit al-Maqdes kills soldier in Rafah". Cairo Post. 3 April 2014. Retrieved 3 April 2014. 
  190. ^ "Four killed in Sinai security operation". Mada Masr. 5 April 2014. Retrieved 5 April 2014. 
  191. ^ "Egypt troops kill prominent Sinai militant". Ahram Online. 11 April 2013. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  192. ^ "Military says 3 jihadis killed in Sinai checkpoint attack". Mada Masr. 13 April 2013. Retrieved 13 April 2014. 
  193. ^ "Two extremists killed, 37 arrested in Sinai - army". Aswat Masriya. 17 April 2013. Retrieved 17 April 2014. 
  194. ^ "Six militants killed, 20 wounded in Sinai security operation". Aswat Masriya. 24 April 2013. Retrieved 24 April 2014. 
  195. ^ "Egyptian troops kill militant, arrest others in Sinai raids". Ahram Online. 28 April 2014. Retrieved 28 April 2014. 
  196. ^ "Three "extremists" killed in Sinai - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 29 April 2014. Retrieved 29 April 2014. 
  197. ^ "Sources: Army air strike kills five extremists in North Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  198. ^ "Friday bombings leave 4 dead in Heliopolis, South Sinai". Mada Masr. 2 May 2014. Retrieved 2 May 2014. 
  199. ^ "Army conscript killed in Sheikh Zuwayed". Mada Masr. 11 May 2014. Retrieved 12 May 2014. 
  200. ^ "Military kills 2 ‘takfiris’ and arrests 9 in North Sinai". Mada Masr. 14 May 2014. Retrieved 16 May 2014. 
  201. ^ "Six "extremists" killed in air strike in Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 20 May 2014. Retrieved 20 May 2014. 
  202. ^ "Head of Sinai terror group reported killed". Associated Press. 22 May 2014. Retrieved 22 May 2014. 
  203. ^ "Officer killed, 2 conscripts injured in Egypt's North Sinai". Al-Ahram. 23 May 2014. 
  204. ^ "Soldier shot dead in Rafah by unidentified assailants". Daily News Egypt. 28 May 2014. Retrieved 30 May 2014. 
  205. ^ "Security raids kill seven Islamist militants in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 5 June 2014. Retrieved 5 June 2014. 
  206. ^ "Militants attack Sinai checkpoint; 1 civilian killed, 1 soldier injured". Cairo Post. 8 June 2014. Retrieved 8 June 2014. 
  207. ^ "Egyptian army soldier killed in North Sinai attack". Al-Ahram. 11 June 2014. 
  208. ^ "8 extremists killed in security raids in Egypt's Sinai". Shanghai Daily. 17 June 2014. 
  209. ^ a b "19 gunmen killed in security raid in Egypt's Sinai". Xinhua. 23 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  210. ^ "Egypt forces kill militants, arrest others in Sinai offensive". Al-Ahram. 22 June 2014. Retrieved 25 June 2014. 
  211. ^ "Four CSF recruits killed in Rafah by unidentified assailants". Egypt Independent. 29 June 2014. Retrieved 10 July 2014. 
  212. ^ "Two killed in Egypt's Sinai attack on police officer". Al-Ahram. 28 June 2014. Retrieved 1 July 2014. 
  213. ^ "Egyptian army kills 17 Islamist militants in North Sinai". Al-Ahram. 3 July 2014. Retrieved 3 July 2014. 
  214. ^ "Egyptian soldier killed in Sinai bombing: AFP". AFP. 9 July 2014. Retrieved 9 July 2014. 
  215. ^ "8 killed, 25 injured in explosions in Egypt’s Sinai". Indian Express. Associated Press. 14 July 2014. Retrieved 14 July 2014. 
  216. ^ "Seven Jihadists killed in North Sinai". Cairo Post. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 15 July 2014. 
  217. ^ "Army kills 7 in Sinai raid". Daily News Egypt. 16 July 2014. Retrieved 16 July 2014. 
  218. ^ "Egyptian police officer shot dead in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 18 July 2014. 
  219. ^ "Islamic militants kill 2 tribal leaders in Egypt". Associated Press. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  220. ^ "Unidentified gunmen kill guard in Sinai's Arish". Aswat Masriya. 22 July 2014. Retrieved 22 July 2014. 
  221. ^ "Two "extremists" killed and 15 arrested in Sinai - army". Aswat Masriya. 23 July 2014. Retrieved 23 July 2014. 
  222. ^ "Three "extremists" killed, two injured in crackdown in Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 24 July 2014. 
  223. ^ "Two police officers killed in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 25 July 2014. Retrieved 25 July 2014. 
  224. ^ "Egypt army kills 12 suspected militants in Sinai". Al-Ahram. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  225. ^ "Rocket kills four children in Egypt near Gaza border -sources". Reuters Africa. 26 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014. 
  226. ^ "Egypt forces kill 14 suspected militants in Sinai". Al-Ahram. 27 July 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  227. ^ "Rocket attack kills girl in Egypt's Sinai: security". AFP. 29 July 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  228. ^ "5 killed following security mission in Sinai". The Cairo Post. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 3 August 2014. 
  229. ^ "Boy killed in rocket attack in Egypt's Sinai". Indo-Asian News Service. Zee News. 3 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  230. ^ "Egypt kills 11 suspected extremists in Sinai". Xinhua News Agency. Shanghai Daily. 4 August 2014. Retrieved 4 August 2014. 
  231. ^ "Eleven "extremists" killed in crackdown on Sinai - sources". Aswat Masriya. 8 August 2014. Retrieved 8 August 2014. 
  232. ^ "Two Militants Killed; Armed Forces (AR)". Ministry Of Defence. 11 August 2014. Retrieved 11 August 2014. 
  233. ^ "Egyptian army says it killed 9 'militants' in Sinai". Ahram Online. 12 August 2014. Retrieved 12 August 2014. 
  234. ^ "Army spokesperson: Two terrorists killed 37 others arrested in Sinai". Egypt Independent. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  235. ^ "Army kills two militants and arrests 37 outlaws". Cairo Post. 14 August 2014. Retrieved 15 August 2014. 
  236. ^ "Four beheaded corpses found in Egypt's Sinai - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  237. ^ "Egypt army kills 2 militants in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 19 August 2014. Retrieved 19 August 2014. 
  238. ^ "Two "terrorists" killed in North Sinai - spokesman". Aswat Masriya. 20 August 2014. Retrieved 20 August 2014. 
  239. ^ "14 militants killed in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 25 August 2014. Retrieved 25 August 2014. 
  240. ^ "6 militants killed in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 1 September 2014. Retrieved 6 September 2014. 
  241. ^ "11 Egyptian security personnel killed in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 2 September 2014. Retrieved 2 September 2014. 
  242. ^ "Seven alleged jihadists killed in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  243. ^ "Policeman shot dead by armed men in Egypt's Al-Arish". Ahram Online. 3 September 2014. Retrieved 3 September 2014. 
  244. ^ "3 ‘takfirists’ killed in N. Sinai amid government’s militant ‘extermination’". Cairo Post. 5 September 2014. Retrieved 5 September 2014. 
  245. ^ "1 officer dead, 10 soldiers injured in Arish blast". Cairo Post. 8 September 2014. Retrieved 8 September 2014. 
  246. ^ "Two Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members killed in North Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 9 September 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  247. ^ "Civilian shot dead in North Sinai militant attack". Ahram Online. 10 September 2014. Retrieved 10 September 2014. 
  248. ^ "Unidentified gunmen kill civilian in North Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 11 September 2014. Retrieved 11 September 2014. 
  249. ^ "Gunmen kill army conscript on Friday". Ahram Online. 12 September 2014. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  250. ^ a b "4 alleged Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis militants killed in N. Sinai". Cairo Post. 15 September 2014. Retrieved 15 September 2014. 
  251. ^ "6 police personnel killed in Sinai blast: state TV". Aswat Masriya. 16 September 2014. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  252. ^ "Another decapitated body found in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 19 September 2014. Retrieved 19 September 2014. 
  253. ^ "One of Sinai's "most dangerous extremists" killed in Sheikh Zuweid". Aswat Masriya. 20 September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  254. ^ "Police officer dies in Sinai car chase". Mada Masr. 21 September 2014. Retrieved 21 September 2014. 
  255. ^ "Seven Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members killed in North Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 22 September 2014. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  256. ^ "Army kills four Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members - source". Aswat Masriya. 23 September 2014. Retrieved 23 September 2014. 
  257. ^ "Kidnapped man found dead in Sinai - security source". Aswat Masriya. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  258. ^ "Armed Forces kill 18 Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis members in Sinai". Tahrir News Network. 27 September 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014. 
  259. ^ "7 militants killed, 15 arrested in Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 1 October 2014. Retrieved 1 October 2014. 
  260. ^ "Egypt army kills militant commander in Sinai - security sources". Reuters. 2 October 2014. Retrieved 2 October 2014. 
  261. ^ "Two takfiris killed, 18 terrorist hotbeds destroyed in North Sinai". State Information Service. 3 October 2014. Retrieved 3 October 2014. 
  262. ^ "Unverified footage shows four Egyptians killed by Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis in Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 5 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  263. ^ "Blast kills 13-year-old boy in Egypt's Sinai". Al Akhbar English. 6 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  264. ^ "17 militants killed in North Sinai". Cairo Post. 7 October 2014. Retrieved 7 October 2014. 
  265. ^ "Security kills 15 Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis militants in Sinai". TNN Egypt. 9 October 2014. Retrieved 9 October 2014. 
  266. ^ "Egypt forces kill top jihadist in Sinai". AFP. 10 October 2014. Retrieved 10 October 2014. 
  267. ^ "Three more bodies found in Sinai's Arish". Aswat Masriya. Aswat Masriya. 12 October 2014. Retrieved 12 October 2014. 
  268. ^ "UPDATE Death toll rises to three in RPG attack in North Sinai". Aswat Masriya. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  269. ^ "Egypt arrests Sinai leading militant". 
  270. ^ "3 killed, 7 injured in roadside bombing near Arish". Mada Masr. 17 October 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014. 
  271. ^ "2 Takfirists killed in Sinai". El-Balad. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  272. ^ "UPDATE Three army men killed in tunnel collapse in Sinai - Army spokesman". Aswat Masriya. 18 October 2014. Retrieved 18 October 2014. 
  273. ^ "Seven killed, six injured in Arish blast". Egypt Independent. 19 October 2014. Retrieved 19 October 2014. 
  274. ^ "Man killed, woman and child injured in shooting in Egypt's North Sinai". Ahram Online. 21 October 2014. Retrieved 21 October 2014. 
  275. ^ http://www.20minutes.fr/monde/1466071-20141022-israel-deux-soldats-blesses-tirs-venus-sinai-egyptien
  276. ^ Mohamed, Yusri (24 October 2014). "Attacks in Egypt's Sinai kill 33 security personnel". Reuters. Retrieved 25 October 2014. 
  277. ^ "5 "extremists" killed in Sinai raid – military sources". Aswat Masriya. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  278. ^ "Two "extremists" involved in last Sinai attack killed - security source". Aswat Masriya. 26 October 2014. Retrieved 26 October 2014. 
  279. ^ "Three jihadists killed in Sinai, six tunnels destroyed". Egypt Independent. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 30 October 2014. 
  280. ^ "UPDATED: 5 soldiers, 2 officers injured in North Sinai attack Friday night". Ahram Online. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  281. ^ "Civilian killed in Rafah - police source". Aswat Masriya. 31 October 2014. Retrieved 31 October 2014. 
  282. ^ "Army kills 3 suspected militants as Sisi dispatches committee to Sinai". Ahram Online. 3 November 2014. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  283. ^ "Unidentified gunmen shoot four civilians in North Sinai - source". Aswat Masriya. 6 November 2014. Retrieved 6 November 2014. 
  284. ^ "Five "extremists" killed and three injured in North Sinai - sources". Aswat Masriya. 7 November 2014. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  285. ^ "Egypt army announces it has killed 8 'terrorists' in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 9 November 2014. Retrieved 9 November 2014. 
  286. ^ "Five Egyptian security personnel killed in Sinai gun attacks". Reuters. 13 November 2014. 
  287. ^ "Five Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members killed in North Sinai - sources". Aswat Masriya. 14 November 2014. 
  288. ^ "Army kills more militants in Sinai assaults". Ahram Online. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 16 November 2014. 
  289. ^ "7 family members killed by erroneous militants' rocket attack in Sinai: Security source". Ahram Online. 19 November 2014. Retrieved 19 November 2014. 
  290. ^ "UPDATE - 7 "extremists" killed in North Sinai – sources". Aswat Masriya. 21 November 2014. 
  291. ^ "Egypt's army says it killed 10 militants in Sinai". Ahram Online. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 23 November 2014. 
  292. ^ "11 terrorists killed in Sinai". 24 November 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  293. ^ "Egyptian policeman killed in Sinai explosion". Ahram Online. 23 November 2014. Retrieved 24 November 2014. 
  294. ^ "5 Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis members killed in North Sinai: Police sources". Ahram Online. 25 November 2014. Retrieved 25 November 2014. 
  295. ^ "Three policemen shot and killed in Sinai - ministry of interior". Aswat Masriya. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  296. ^ "Nine "terrorists" killed in North Sinai - army spokesman". Aswat Masriya. 26 November 2014. Retrieved 26 November 2014. 
  297. ^ "Three bodies found in North Sinai's Arish city - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 27 November 2014. Retrieved 27 November 2014. 
  298. ^ "Bomb injures 2 officers and 4 conscripts in north Sinai". Ahram Online. 28 November 2014. Retrieved 30 November 2014. 
  299. ^ "6 bodies of missing Sheikh Zuweid residents found dead - sources". Aswat Masriya. 2 December 2014. Retrieved 2 December 2014. 
  300. ^ "Two men kidnapped by Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis found dead in North Sinai - source". Aswat Masriya. 4 December 2014. Retrieved 4 December 2014. 
  301. ^ "5 militants killed in North Sinai army raid". Ahram Online. 10 December 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014. 
  302. ^ "17 Takfirists killed, 10 injured in Northern Sinai". El Balad. 12 December 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014. 
  303. ^ "2 police officers killed in a terrorist attack near Arish police station". Cairo Post. 14 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  304. ^ "Three "extremists" killed in North Sinai - sources". Aswat Masriya. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 15 December 2014. 
  305. ^ "Military raid in North Sinai kills 5 militants". Daily News Egypt. 17 December 2014. Retrieved 17 December 2014. 
  306. ^ "Nine "terrorists" killed, 12 arrested in army Sinai raid - spokesman". Aswat Masriya. 18 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2014. 
  307. ^ ""Extremist" killed in North Sinai security campaign - security source". Aswat Masriya. 19 December 2014. Retrieved 19 December 2014. 
  308. ^ "6 alleged militants killed, 25 arrested in North Sinai". Cairo Post. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 20 December 2014. 
  309. ^ "7 militants killed in Sinai within past 6 hours". El Balad. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  310. ^ "Four shot bodies found in deserted house in Sinai – source". Aswat Masriya. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014. 
  311. ^ "Egyptian army says Ansar Beit al-Maqdis leader killed in Rafah". 25 December 2014. Retrieved 26 December 2014. 
  312. ^ "Two army men killed in Arish blast - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 26 December 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2014. 
  313. ^ "2 militants killed, 6 arrested in North Sinai". Cairo Post. 29 December 2014. Retrieved 29 December 2014. 
  314. ^ "Army kills "terrorist" and arrests 30 suspects in Sinai – spokesman". Aswat Masriya. 3 January 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2015. 
  315. ^ "Army sergeant killed while defusing bomb in North Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 4 January 2015. Retrieved 4 January 2015. 
  316. ^ "Two decapitated bodies found in Egypt's Sinai – sources". Aswat Masriya. 10 January 2015. Retrieved 10 January 2015. 
  317. ^ "Seven men found dead from gunshot wounds in Egypt's Sinai". Ahram Online. 12 January 2015. Retrieved 12 January 2015. 
  318. ^ "BREAKING: Kidnapped police captain in Siani found dead: Army". Ahram Online. 13 January 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2015. 
  319. ^ "Panic in Sinai as five mysteriously killed". Egypt Independent. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  320. ^ "Egypt forces kill 7 jihadists, destroy 68 terrorist sites in Sinai: MENA". Ahram Online. 14 January 2015. Retrieved 14 January 2015. 
  321. ^ "Explosives kill army officer in Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 15 January 2015. 
  322. ^ "Gunmen kill three civilians, wound one in restive Sinai". Ahram Online. 15 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  323. ^ "Woman dies in Rafah after her house is shelled". Aswat Masriya. 16 January 2015. Retrieved 16 January 2015. 
  324. ^ "Four militants killed in Sinai". Ahram Online. 21 January 2015. Retrieved 21 January 2015. 
  325. ^ "3 terrorists killed, 2 arrested in Sinai, sources". El balad. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  326. ^ "Three civilians found shot dead in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 26 January 2015. Retrieved 26 January 2015. 
  327. ^ "Security imperatives in Sinai". Al-Ahram Weekly. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  328. ^ "Decapitated body found in North Sinai – security source". Aswat Masriya. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 29 January 2015. 
  329. ^ "Security sources: 2 Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis elements killed, 3 arrested in North Sinai". Egypt Independent. 29 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  330. ^ "Egypt officials: New Sinai clashes kill two children". AFP. 30 January 2015. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  331. ^ "3 militants killed in fire exchange in North Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 1 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  332. ^ "Three women killed in clashes in Egypt's Sinai: security sources". Reuters. 1 February 2015. Retrieved 1 February 2015. 
  333. ^ "Child killed in mortar attack in Sinai – security source". Aswat Masriya. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 2 February 2015. 
  334. ^ "مقتل 8 "تكفيريين" وإصابة 10 والقبض على 3 في حملات أمنية بسيناء". Al Masry Al Youm. 2 February 2015. Retrieved 3 February 2015. 
  335. ^ "Conscript killed in shooting outside Arish hotel - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 5 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015. 
  336. ^ "Civilian shot dead at Sinai security checkpoint - sources". Aswat Masriya. 6 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015. 
  337. ^ "North Sinai resident shot dead for "cooperating with security" - sources". Aswat Masriya. 9 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  338. ^ "Egypt blasts wound 10, air raids kill 15 militants: sources". Reuters. 10 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015. 
  339. ^ "Conscript injured, 3 militants killed in North Sinai". Daily News Egypt. 11 February 2015. Retrieved 11 February 2015. 
  340. ^ "18 suspected militants killed in raids on North Sinai - source". Aswat Masriya. 13 February 2015. Retrieved 14 February 2015. 
  341. ^ "6 gunmen killed in North Sinai, security on high alert in Sallum". The Cairo Post. 16 February 2015. Retrieved 16 February 2015. 
  342. ^ "5 takfirists killed, 3 arrested in Northern Sinai". El Balad. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  343. ^ "Mortar shell kills civilian in North Sinai - police source". Aswat Masriya. 18 February 2015. Retrieved 18 February 2015. 
  344. ^ "Dozens of suspected militants killed in Egypt's North Sinai: sources". Reuters. 26 February 2015. Retrieved 26 February 2015. 
  345. ^ "28 militants killed, 16 arrested in N Sinai". El Balad. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  346. ^ "Shell hits house in North Sinai, girl killed - security sources". Reuters. 28 February 2015. Retrieved 28 February 2015. 
  347. ^ "Egypt's army spokesperson says 173 militants killed in February". Ahram Online. 1 March 2015. Retrieved 1 March 2015. 
  348. ^ "8 alleged extremists killed in North Sinai raids". Egypt Independent. 2 March 2015. Retrieved 2 March 2015. 
  349. ^ "11 terrorists killed, 10 injured, 8 arrested in Sinai". Sada El Balad. 3 March 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2015. 
  350. ^ "Official: 15 extremists killed, 15 injured in North Sinai air strikes". DPA. 5 March 2015. Retrieved 5 March 2015. 
  351. ^ "10 Ansar Beit Al-Maqdis militants killed in Sinai". Sada ElBalad. 6 March 2015. Retrieved 6 March 2015. 
  352. ^ "15 killed, 16 arrested in N Sinai". Sada Elbalad. 7 March 2015. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  353. ^ "Bomb attack kills 3 policemen in North Sinai". Ahram Online. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 9 March 2015. 
  354. ^ "UPDATE 2: Officer and civilian killed, 45 soldiers injured in 2 attacks in Sinai's Arish". Ahram Online. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  355. ^ "9 suspected militants killed in clashes with security forces in North Sinai - sources". Aswat Masriya. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  356. ^ "Officer killed in North Sinai’s Rafah". Daily News Egypt. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  357. ^ "11 suspected militants killed in aerial raids in Sinai - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 11 March 2015. Retrieved 11 March 2015. 
  358. ^ a b "Dead civilians are found ‘daily': North Sinai resident". Daily News Egypt. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  359. ^ "19 militants killed in N. Sinai". Sada Elbalad. 14 March 2015. Retrieved 14 March 2015. 
  360. ^ "9 takfirists killed in N Sinai". Sada Elbalad. 17 March 2015. Retrieved 17 March 2015. 
  361. ^ "Civilian shot dead, another found injured in North Sinai - source". Aswat Masriya. 18 March 2015. Retrieved 18 March 2015. 
  362. ^ "28 suspected militants killed in security campaign in North Sinai - state agency". Aswat Masriya. 19 March 2015. Retrieved 19 March 2015. 
  363. ^ "8 alleged Ansar Bayt al-Maqdis members killed in North Sinai campaign - military source". Aswat Masriya. 20 March 2015. Retrieved 20 March 2015. 
  364. ^ "10 suspected militants killed in aerial raid in North Sinai - security sources". Aswat Masriya. 21 March 2015. Retrieved 21 March 2015. 
  365. ^ "7 suspected terrorists killed in Arish, hotbeds destroyed". Egypt Independent. 22 March 2015. Retrieved 22 March 2015. 
  366. ^ "Policeman, two soldiers killed in attacks in Egypt's Sinai: sources". Reuters. 24 March 2015. Retrieved 24 March 2015. 
  367. ^ "7 terrorists killed in Sinai". Sada Elbalad. 26 March 2015. Retrieved 26 March 2015. 
  368. ^ "3 suspected militants killed in Sinai security operation - state agency". Aswat Masriya. 28 March 2015. Retrieved 28 March 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]