|Original author(s)||Joe Bowser, Michael Brooks, Rob Ellis, Dave Johnson, Anis Kadri, Brian Leroux, Jesse MacFadyen, Filip Maj, Eric Oesterle, Brock Whitten, Herman Wong, Shazron Abdullah|
|Platform||Android, iOS, Windows 8.1, Phone 8.1 and 10, OS X
Experimental Platform: Electron (software framework)Deprecated Platforms: BlackBerry, Firefox OS, Symbian, Ubuntu Touch, webOS, Windows Phone 7.0 and 8.0
|Type||mobile development framework|
|License||Apache 2.0 License|
PhoneGap is Adobe's commercial version of Cordova along with its associated ecosystem. Many other tools and frameworks are also built on top of Cordova, including Ionic, Monaca, TACO, Onsen UI, Visual Studio, GapDebug, App Builder, Cocoon, Framework7, Quasar Framework, Evothings Studio, NSB/AppStudio, Mobiscroll, the Intel XDK, and the Telerik Platform. These tools use Cordova, and not PhoneGap for their core tools.
First developed at an iPhoneDevCamp event in San Francisco, PhoneGap went on to win the People's Choice Award at O'Reilly Media's 2009 Web 2.0 Conference, and the framework has been used to develop many apps. Apple Inc. has confirmed that the framework has its approval, even with the new 4.0 developer license agreement changes. The PhoneGap framework is used by several mobile application platforms such as Monaca, appMobi, Convertigo, ViziApps, and Worklight as the backbone of their mobile client development engine.
Adobe officially announced the acquisition of Nitobi Software (the original developer) on October 4, 2011. Coinciding with that, the PhoneGap code was contributed to the Apache Software Foundation to start a new project called Apache Cordova. The project's original name, Apache Callback, was viewed as too generic. Then, it also appears in Adobe Systems as Adobe PhoneGap and also as Adobe PhoneGap Build.
Design and rationale
However, the use of Web-based technologies leads some Apache Cordova applications to run slower than native applications with similar functionality. Adobe Systems warns that applications built with Apache Cordova may be rejected by Apple for being too slow or not feeling "native" enough (having appearance and functionality consistent with what users have come to expect on the platform).
Apache Cordova currently supports development for the operating systems Apple iOS, Bada, BlackBerry, Firefox OS, Google Android, LG webOS, Microsoft Windows Phone (7 and 8), Nokia Symbian OS, Tizen (SDK 2.x), and Ubuntu Touch. The table below is a list of supported features for each operating system.
|Feature||Android||Apple iPhone /iPhone 3G||Apple iPhone 3GS and newer||Bada||BlackBerry 10 and PlayBook OS||BlackBerry OS 4.6–4.7||BlackBerry OS 5.0-6.0+||Firefox OS||Symbian||Tizen||webOS||Ubuntu Touch||Windows Phone|
|Notification (alert, sound, vibration)||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
- List of rich Internet application frameworks
- Multiple phone web-based application framework
- RhoMobile Suite
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However, HTML5 has some limitations. Most prominent, is the lack of API to access device hardware and sensors such as accelerometer, compass, GPS, etc. While native applications can access device hardware, they lack the portability that Web apps provide. Thus, a solution is to code a hybrid application, which cumulatively uses the benefits of native and Web apps.
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When you add more complex CSS3 elements, heavy transitions, and supporting multiple devices (such as iOS and Android), however, it makes you realize that there are few steps you must iron out to prevent hair loss
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- Pelletier, Jeff (April 25, 2013). Mobile App Manual: The Blueprint (1st ed.). Withinsight Publishing. p. 96. ISBN 978-0989072106.
- Shotts, Kerri (February 26, 2013). PhoneGap 2.x Mobile Application Development Hotshot (1st ed.). Packt Publishing. p. 388. ISBN 978-1849519403.
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- Munro, Jamie (March 29, 2012). 20 Recipes for Programming PhoneGap: Cross-Platform Mobile Development for Android and iPhone (1st ed.). O'Reilly Media. p. 76. ISBN 978-1-4493-1954-0.
- Marinacci, Joshua (March 21, 2012). Building Mobile Applications with Java: Using the Google Web Toolkit and PhoneGap (1st ed.). O'Reilly Media. p. 86. ISBN 978-1-4493-0823-0.
- Lunny, Andrew (September 23, 2011). PhoneGap Beginner's Guide (1st ed.). Packt Publishing. p. 328. ISBN 1-84951-536-0.
- Myer, Thomas (December 13, 2011). Beginning PhoneGap (1st ed.). Wrox. p. 336. ISBN 1-118-15665-X.
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