|Original author(s)||Joe Bowser, Michael Brooks, Rob Ellis, Dave Johnson, Anis Kadri, Brian Leroux, Jesse MacFadyen, Filip Maj, Eric Oesterle, Brock Whitten, Herman Wong, Shazron Abdullah|
|Stable release||5.0.0 / April 21, 2015|
|Operating system||Android, BlackBerry, Firefox OS, iOS, Symbian, Ubuntu Touch, webOS, Windows Phone, Windows 8|
|Type||mobile development framework|
Apache 2.0 License
The software underlying PhoneGap is Apache Cordova. The software was previously called just "PhoneGap", then "Apache Callback". As open-source software, Apache Cordova allows non-Adobe wrappers around it, such as Intel XDK or Appery.io.
Apache Cordova is the community powered version of PhoneGap, which is Adobe’s productized version and ecosystem on top of Cordova. The Ionic open source SDK uses Cordova not PhoneGap for its core tools. The Intel XDK also uses Cordova APIs
First developed at an iPhoneDevCamp event in San Francisco, PhoneGap went on to win the People's Choice Award at O'Reilly Media's 2009 Web 2.0 Conference, and the framework has been used to develop many apps. Apple Inc. has confirmed that the framework has its approval, even with the new 4.0 developer license agreement changes. The PhoneGap framework is used by several mobile application platforms such as Asial's Monaca, ViziApps, Worklight, Convertigo, and appMobi as the backbone of their mobile client development engine.
Adobe officially announced the acquisition of Nitobi Software (the original developer) on October 4, 2011. Coincident with that, the PhoneGap code was contributed to the Apache Software Foundation to start a new project called Apache Cordova. The project's original name, Apache Callback, was viewed as too generic. Then it also appears in Adobe Systems as Adobe PhoneGap and also as Adobe Phonegap Build.
Design and rationale
However, the use of web-based technologies leads many PhoneGap applications to run slower than native applications with similar functionality. Adobe Systems warns that applications built using PhoneGap may be rejected by Apple for being too slow or not feeling "native" enough (having appearance and functionality consistent with what users have come to expect on the platform).
PhoneGap currently supports development for the operating systems Apple iOS, BlackBerry, Google Android, LG webOS, Microsoft Windows Phone (7 and 8), Nokia Symbian OS, Tizen (SDK 2.x), Bada, Firefox OS, and Ubuntu Touch. The table below is a list of supported features for each operating system.
|Feature||iPhone /iPhone 3G||iPhone 3GS and newer||Android 1.0 – 4.4||Windows Phone||BlackBerry 10 and PlayBook OS||BlackBerry OS 4.6–4.7||BlackBerry OS 5.0-6.0+||Bada||Symbian||webOS||Tizen||Ubuntu Touch||Firefox OS|
|Notification (alert, sound, vibration)||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes|
- List of rich Internet application frameworks
- Multiple phone web based application framework
- RhoMobile Suite
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However, HTML5 has some limitations. Most prominent, is the lack of API to access device hardware and sensors such as accelerometer, compass, GPS, etc. While native applications can access device hardware, they lack the portability that web apps provide. Thus, a solution is to code a hybrid application, which cumulatively uses the benefits of native and web apps.
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When you add more complex CSS3 elements, heavy transitions, and supporting multiple devices (such as iOS and Android), however, it makes you realize that there are few steps you must iron out to prevent hair loss
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- Shotts, Kerri (February 26, 2013). PhoneGap 2.x Mobile Application Development Hotshot (1st ed.). Packt Publishing. p. 388. ISBN 978-1849519403.
- Gifford, Matt (October 22, 2012). PhoneGap Mobile Application Development Cookbook (1st ed.). Packt Publishing. p. 320. ISBN 978-1849518581.
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