Tizen

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Tizen
Tizen-Lockup-On-Light-RGB.png
Tizen screenshot en original.png
Tizen 2.2 beta screen on a smartphone (2013)[1]
Developer Samsung
Written in HTML5, C, C++
OS family Linux
Working state Current
Source model Operating system: Open source
SDK: Closed-source
Initial release January 5, 2012; 6 years ago (2012-01-05)
Latest release 3.0 / May 20, 2017; 12 months ago (2017-05-20)[2]
Latest preview 4.0 M2[3] / November 1, 2017; 7 months ago (2017-11-01)
Marketing target tablets, smartphones, GPS smartnav, in-vehicle infotainment, smart TV, wearable computing, Samsung Smart Home
Update method Samsung Z4 and Samsung Gear Sport
Package manager RPM Package Manager
Platforms ARM, ARM64 x86, and x86-64
Kernel type Monolithic kernel
Default user interface Graphical (Native and Web applications)
License Operating system: GPLv2, LGPL, Apache License, BSD, Flora License
SDK: Freeware
Official website www.tizen.org

Tizen (/ˈtzɛn/) is a mobile operating system developed by Samsung that runs on a wide range of Samsung devices, including smartphones; tablets; in-vehicle infotainment (IVI) devices; smart televisions; smart cameras; smartwatches; Blu-ray players; smart home appliances (refrigerators, lighting, washing machines, air conditioners, ovens/microwaves); and robotic vacuum cleaners.[4]

History[edit]

Tizen and the mobile software distributions it is related to
Predecessors of Tizen

In 2010 Samsung was developing the Samsung Linux Platform (SLP) for the LiMo Foundation, whilst Intel and Nokia were leading the MeeGo project, another open source Linux mobile OS.[5] In 2011 the MeeGo project was abandoned by its peers with Intel joining forces with Samsung to create Tizen, a new project based on code from SLP. The Linux Foundation also cancelled support of MeeGo in favor of Tizen. In 2013 Samsung merged its homegrown Bada project into Tizen.[6]

The Tizen Association was formed to guide the industry role of Tizen, including requirements gathering, identifying and facilitating service models, and overall industry marketing and education.[7] Members of the Tizen Association represent major sectors of the mobility industry. Current members include: Fujitsu, Huawei, Intel, KT, NEC Casio, NTT DoCoMo, Orange, Panasonic, Samsung, SK Telecom, Sprint and Vodafone.[8]

On May 7, 2012, American wireless carrier Sprint Nextel (now Sprint Corporation) announced it had agreed to become part of the Tizen Association and planned to include Tizen-powered devices in their future lineup.[9]

On September 16, 2012, the Automotive Grade Linux Workgroup announced it will work with the Tizen project as the reference distribution optimized for a broad set of automotive applications such as instrumentation cluster and in-vehicle-infotainment (IVI).[10]

On May 14, 2014, it was announced that Tizen:Common would ship with Qt integrated.[11] This marks the ability for Tizen to support Qt native apps.

Samsung announced in November 2016 that they would be collaborating with Microsoft to bring .NET support to Tizen.[12]

Samsung is currently the only Tizen member developing and using the operating system.

Releases[edit]

On January 1, 2012, the LiMo Foundation was renamed Tizen Association. The Tizen Association works closely with the Linux Foundation, which supports the Tizen open source project.[13]

  • April 30, 2012: Tizen 1.0 released.[14]
  • February 18, 2013: Tizen 2.0 released.[15]
  • May 20, 2017: Tizen 3.0 released.[16]

Tizen devices[edit]

The first Tizen tablet was shipped by Systena in October 2013. Part of a development kit exclusive to Japan, it was a 10-inch quad-core ARM with 1920×1200 resolution[17][18][19]

On February 21, 2016, Samsung announced the Samsung Connect Auto, a connected car solution offering diagnostic, Wi-Fi, and other car-connected services. The device plugs directly into the OBD-II port underneath the steering wheel.[20]

List of smartwatches that run Tizen[edit]

List of cameras that run Tizen[edit]

List of Samsung phones that run Tizen[edit]

Security risks[edit]

On April 3, 2017, Vice reported on its "Motherboard" website that Amihai Neiderman, an Israeli security expert, has found more than 40 zero-day vulnerabilities in Tizen's code, allowing hackers to remotely access a wide variety of current Samsung products running Tizen, such as Smart TVs and mobile phones.[21] Only after the article was published did Samsung, whom Neiderman tried to contact months before, reach out to him to follow up on the report.[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Tizen UI Overview". 
  2. ^ "Tizen 3/0 SDK Release Notes". 
  3. ^ "Tizen 4.0 M2 Source Code Release | Tizen". www.tizen.org. Retrieved 2018-04-18. 
  4. ^ "Tizen Target Market". 
  5. ^ https://www.slashdata.co/blog/2011/10/from-meego-to-tizen-the-making-of-another-software-bubble
  6. ^ Saxena, Anupam. "Samsung to finally merge Bada with Tizen". NDTV Gadgets. NDTV Convergence Limited. Retrieved April 11, 2014. 
  7. ^ "About Tizen". 
  8. ^ "Tizen FAQ" (PDF). 
  9. ^ Wallace, Kristen. "Sprint Joins The Tizen Association". Sprint Newsroom. Retrieved January 28, 2013. 
  10. ^ "Automotive Grade Linux". Automotive.linuxfoundation.org. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  11. ^ "Tizen:Common to Ship with Qt Integrated". tizenexperts.com. 
  12. ^ ""Samsung announces .NET Core support and Visual Studio Tools for Tizen OS"". 
  13. ^ "Sprint News - Sprint Joins Tizen Association, Adds to its Board of Directors". Embedded-m2m-solutions.tmcnet.com. May 7, 2012. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  14. ^ "Tizen 1.0 Larkspur SDK and Source Code Release". Tizen.org. Retrieved November 22, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Tizen 2.0 Magnolia SDK and Source Code Release". Tizen.org. Retrieved February 19, 2013. 
  16. ^ https://source.tizen.org/release/tizen-3.0-milestones
  17. ^ Brown, Eric (June 27, 2013). "World's first Tizen tablet?". LinuxGizmos.com. Archived from the original on July 2, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  18. ^ Brown, Eric. "First Tizen tablet ships to developers". LinuxGizmos.com. Archived from the original on October 28, 2013. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  19. ^ Buckley, Sean (October 25, 2013). "First Tizen tablet launches in Japan, caters exclusively to developers". Engadget. Archived from the original on January 25, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014. 
  20. ^ "Samsung Ushers in a New Era of Driving Experience with Samsung Connect Auto". 21 February 2016. Retrieved 10 March 2018. 
  21. ^ a b Zetter, Kim (April 3, 2017). "Samsung's Android Replacement Is a Hacker's Dream". Motherboard. Retrieved 2017-04-06. 

External links[edit]

  • Tizen – Official website