São João del Rei
São João del Rei, also spelled São João del Rey or São João del-Rei, is a Brazilian municipality in the state of Minas Gerais. It is a historical city with a XVIII century architecture. The current population is estimated in 85,000 inhabitants.
São João del-Rei is a magnificent, modern, agitated and contemporaneous, although quiet and cultural in its historical area. It possess a vast architectural range, not only the baroque. It is possible to observe several architectural styles in the historical area of the city.
The city was founded by the bandeirantes and Tomé Portes del-Rei is considered the city's founder. The small village situated at the south of Minas Gerais was created as an output between Paraty and other cities in the central region of Minas Gerais, such as Ouro Preto, Mariana, Conselheiro Lafaiete. It was a path for the mining products of these localities be transported to the coast and, then, to Portugal. Later, huge amount of gold was found in the city's vicinity.
São João del-Rei is also known for being a university town due to educational institutions present in the city, the high range of courses and the huge expansion of UFSJ and the large number of student republics throughout the city. It will be deployed in the city the second medical school at the University.
São João del-Rei is also known for having excellent educational institutions, such as the Federal University of São João del-Rei (UFSJ), which has a great variety of courses.
São João del-Rei is the birthplace of some distinguished people: the elected president Tancredo Neves, the cardinal Lucas Moreira Neves, Otto Lara Resende, José Maria Xavier, Francisca Paula de Jesus.
Cathedrals and churches
- Catedral Basílica do Pilar (1721), seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of São João del Rei
- Rosário (1720)
- Carmo (1733)
- Mercês e Bonfim (1769)
- São Francisco de Assis (1774)
- Senhor dos Montes Santo Antônio
- N. Sra. da Piedade do Bom Despacho (antiga capela da Cadeia)
Famous people from São João del Rey
- Tiradentes (Brazilian national hero)
- Tancredo Neves (former Brazilian president)
- Lucas Moreira Neves (Brazilian cardinal)
- Antônio de Almeida Lustosa
- Arthur Del Vecchio
- Balbino Cândido da Cunha
- Bárbara Heliodora
- Chico Lobo
- Custódio Ferreira Leite
- Domiciano Leite Ribeiro
- Domingos Custódio Guimarães
- Eduardo Ernesto da Gama Cerqueira
- Felisberto Caldeira Brant
- Francisco José Teixeira
- Giaccobbe Del Vecchio
- Gilberto Carlos Fonseca
- Gilberto Pereira de Oliveira
- Jair Del Vecchio
- João Bosco Oliver de Faria
- José Aires Gomes
- José Maria Xavier
- Manuel Jacinto Nogueira da Gama
- Otto Lara Resende
- Miguel Afonso de Andrade Leite
- Ronaldo Simões Coelho
- Sebastião de Oliveira Cintra
- Sebastião Sette Câmara
- Wilson de Paiva
- Wellington da Silva Piolho
Estrada de Ferro Oeste de Minas
São João del Rei was an important station on the Estrada de Ferro Oeste de Minas, a narrow gauge railway characterised by woodburning steam locomotives, and the location of a major roundhouse. The station and surrounding facilities have been turned into Brazil's largest railway museum, and a tourist railway operates from the station to the well preserved colonial Tiradentes.
¤ (Portuguese) Guia Turistico e Histórico de São João Del Rei
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