In Kalhana's Rajatarangini (12th century CE), the Saraswats are mentioned as one of the five Pancha Gauda Brahmin communities residing to the north of the Vindhyas. They were spread over a wide area in northern part of the Indian subcontinent. One group lived in coastal Sindh; this group migrated to Bombay State after the partition of India in 1947. Another group was found in pre-partition Punjab; most of these migrated away from Pakistan after 1947. A third branch, known as Goud Saraswats, are now found along the southern coast.