Saraswat Brahmin

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The Saraswats are a sub-group of Hindu Brahmins who trace their ancestry to the banks of the erstwhile river Sarasvati.

In Kalhana's Rajatarangini (12th century CE), the Saraswats are mentioned as one of the five Pancha Gauda Brahmin communities residing to the north of the Vindhyas.[1] They were spread over a wide area in northern and southern part, and the western coast of the Indian subcontinent. One group lived in coastal Sindh; this group migrated to Bombay State after the partition of India in 1947. Second are Punjabi Saraswats found in Punjab. The third branch, known as Goud Saraswats, are found along the southern coast. In general Kashmir Saraswats are called Kashmir Pandits populated in Jammu and Kashmir.[2]


  1. ^ D. Shyam Babu and Ravindra S. Khare, ed. (2011). Caste in Life: Experiencing Inequalities. Pearson Education India. p. 168. ISBN 9788131754399. 
  2. ^ James G. Lochtefeld (2002). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism: N-Z. Rosen. pp. 490–491. ISBN 9780823931804.