|Traded as||SGX: S61|
|Founded||1973 (as Singapore Bus Service)
2001 (as SBS Transit)
|Lim Jit Poh (Chairman)
Kua Hong Pak (Deputy chairman)
Gan Juay Kiat (CEO)
|Products||Bus and Rail Services in Singapore|
|Revenue||S$847.3 million SGD (2013)|
|S$15.5 million SGD (2013)|
|S$11.1 million SGD (2013)|
Number of employees
SBS Transit Limited (SGX: S61) is a public transport operator in Singapore. Its major competitor in Singapore's transport system is SMRT Corporation, which also operates bus, rail, taxi and other transport services.
The company (organisation) was formed as a separately listed subsidiary in November 1997 under the name of Singapore Bus Service, although it can trace its history back to the formation of Singapore Bus Service in 1973 with the merger of three bus companies. On 1 November 2001, the company's name was changed to SBS Transit Limited to reflect its status as a bus and rail operator. It is a subsidiary of ComfortDelGro.
- 1 History
- 2 Operations
- 3 Buses
- 4 Bus models
- 5 Bus routes
- 6 Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
- 7 Light Rail Transit (LRT)
- 8 Key operating statistics (2004 till 2013)
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Singapore Bus Service (SBS) was initially formed in 1973 with the merger of three private bus companies. The government-sanctioned merger was undertaken to improve service standards of the bus transport system.
With the shift towards the creation of multi-modal transport companies, Singapore Bus Service changed its name to ComfortDelGro in November 1997. Bus operations were hived-off to a fully owned subsidiary called Singapore Bus Services Limited, which was separately listed on the Singapore Exchange.
In November 2001, Singapore Bus Services Limited was renamed as SBS Transit Limited when the company formally became a multi-modal transport operator with the impending opening of the Sengkang LRT Line.
SBS Transit's primary business is providing public transport services in Singapore. Its more notable operations are the following.
- Bus operations in Singapore, comprising a fleet more than 3,000 buses, serving the entire island.
- Rapid transit operations along the North East Line and the partially opened Downtown Line of the MRT network.
- Light rail operations and manages the 29 stations along the Sengkang and Punggol LRT lines.
SBS Transit operates 75% of the scheduled bus market share in Singapore with more than 300 bus services and a total fleet of more than 3,000 buses. It consists of the largest depots, Ang Mo Kio, Bedok North, Bukit Batok Bus Depot, Hougang, Loyang and Soon Lee. Some of the latest additions were also used for Bus Service Enhancement Programme (BSEP) since 17 September 2012.
Three models, all wheelchair accessible and are either Euro IV or Euro V compliant, currently form the majority of SBS Transit's fleet:
Double decker buses
- Dennis Trident 3 (Duple Metsec DM5000)
- Scania K310UD (Gemilang Coachworks) (demonstrator)
- Volvo B9TL (CDGE/PSV)
- Volvo B9TL (Gemilang Coachworks) (demonstrator)
- Volvo B9TL (Wright Eclipse Gemini 2)
- Volvo B10TL (Volgren CR222LD)
- Volvo B10TL (CDGE/PSV) (demonstrator)
- Volvo Olympian 3-Axle (Walter Alexander)
Single deck buses
- Mercedes-Benz O530 Citaro (EvoBus)
- Scania K230UB Euro 4 & 5 (Gemilang Coachworks)
- Scania L94UB (Volgren) - Training bus
- Volvo B5RLE (Volgren) (Hybrid demonstrator) - Not in service
- Volvo B7RLE (Soon Chow) (demonstrator)
- Volvo B10BLE (Volgren CR222L) (CNG)
- Volvo B10M Mk IV (Duple Metsec DM3500)
SBS Transit operates many different types of bus routes and bus services, taking up the majority of the pie of Singapore's duopoly bus system in almost all areas of Singapore, with the notable exception of the North and Northwest areas, where bus services are mainly run by its competitor, SMRT Buses. However with the current Government Contracting Model, selected number of existing services run by SBS Transit will be handed over to the newer operators, namely Tower Transit and Go-Ahead.
Mass Rapid Transit (MRT)
The North East Line is the third line in Singapore, and also the world's first fully underground and automated rapid transit line. The line is 20 km long with 16 stations. The operating license was given to SBS Transit in order to foster competition with SMRT Trains and to create multi-modal public transport companies, each specialising in their own district. The tender spans from 2003 to 2033.
As the name implies, the North East Line connects central Singapore to the north-eastern part of the island. Transfers to the North South Line are provided at Dhoby Ghaut, East West Line at Outram Park and Circle Line at Serangoon, Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront. The rolling stock used are Alstom Metropolis C751A and the newer fleet addition of Alstom Metropolis C751C.
The Downtown Line will connect residents staying in the north-western and central-eastern to the new downtown. Transfers to this line from the North East Line will be available at Chinatown and Little India, the North South Line at Newton and Bukit Panjang (Bukit Panjang LRT Line), the East West Line at Bugis, Tampines and Expo, the Circle Line at MacPherson, Bayfront, Promenade and Botanic Gardens. The rolling stock used is Bombardier MOVIA C951.
|Contract*||Image||Type||Maximum Speed (km/h)||Trains||Cars||Line(s) served||Built||Introduced|
|C751A||electric multiple unit||100||80||25||150||North East Line||2000 – 2003||20 June 2003|
|C951||electric multiple unit||90||80||88||264||Downtown Line||2012 – 2016||22 December 2013|
|C751C||electric multiple unit||100||80||18||108||North East Line||2014 – 2015||1 October 2015|
The trains are classified as contracts unlike countries which uses class.*
2012 train service breakdown
A major breakdown occurred on 15 March 2012 affected 90,000 commuters due to a power supply problem in the tunnel at Outram Park station. This caused train services to be disrupted, between 06:30 to 16:35, on NEL between Harbourfront and Dhoby Ghaut stations. Subsequently, the Land Transport Authority (LTA) intends to impose financial penalties amounting to S$400,000 (approximately US$315,000) on SBS Transit for the disruption.
Light Rail Transit (LRT)
In addition to the North East Line and Downtown Line, SBS Transit also operates two LRT lines. The Sengkang LRT Line and Punggol LRT Line provides a feeder connection in the estate to the two NEL Stations. Both lines have a total of 29 stations, including Sengkang and Punggol stations.
Key operating statistics (2004 till 2013)
Monthly ridership for bus and rail
- Rail ridership includes North East Line (NEL), Sengkang LRT and Punggol LRT rides.
- The Sengkang LRT and NEL commenced revenue service on 18 January 2003 and 20 June 2003 respectively. The Punggol LRT began service on 29 January 2005.
- Monthly rail ridership exceeded 10 million for the first time in December 2007.
- TVMobile — an outdoor digital television previously installed in SBS Transit buses. (discontinued on 1 January 2010)
- "SBS Transit Annual Report 2013" (PDF). SBS Transit. Retrieved 22 April 2014.
- "Downtown Line". Land Transport Authority. Retrieved 22 December 2013.
- "Improvements to more than 50 bus services, better connectivity with five new bus services by end 2012". PublicTransport@SG. 13 September 2012.
- "SBS Transit To Add 665 More Buses-Almost Entire Fleet Will Be Wheelchair-Accessible By 2017". SBS Transit. 1 July 2014.
- "Sweden: Scania tallies 460 new bus orders". Automotive World (Factiva). 17 August 2009.
- "Land Transport Masterplan: Downtown Line Stage 1 to open on Dec 22". The Straits Times. Retrieved 16 November 2013.
- "NEL train service between Dhoby Ghaut and HarbourFront stations disrupted". Channel NewsAsia. 15 March 2012.
- "SBS Transit fined S$400,000 for March train disruption". Channel NewsAsia. 4 September 2012.
- "SBS Transit Ridership".
- Ilsa Sharp, (2005), SNP:Editions, The Journey — Singapore's Land Transport Story. ISBN 981-248-101-X