The Sega VR is a virtual reality headset developed by Sega in the early 1990s. Versions were planned for arcades and consoles (Sega Genesis and then Saturn), but only the arcade version was released, and the home console versions were cancelled.
The Sega VR's design was based on an IDEO virtual reality head-mounted display containing LCD screens in the visor and stereo headphones. Inertial sensors in the headset allow the system to track and react to the movements of the user's head.
Sega, flush with funds from the success of its Sega Genesis (released as the Mega Drive outside of North America), announced the device in 1991. It was later seen in early 1993, at the Winter Consumer Electronics Show (CES), where Electronic Gaming Monthly noted it was an adaptation of a similar headset that Sega were already using for arcades. The magazine stated that a Mega Drive/Genesis version was planned for release in late 1993 at US$200 and would be released with four launch games, including a port of arcade game Virtua Racing. Sega later announced its release schedule for early 1994, according to Electronic Games.
Because of development difficulties, the Sega VR headset remained only a prototype, and was never released to the general public. Then CEO Tom Kalinske stated that the system would not be released due to it inducing motion sickness and severe headaches in users. It was last seen at the 1993 Summer CES, where it was demonstrated by Alan Hunter. It vanished from release schedules in 1994. Four games were apparently developed for the system, each using 16 MB cartridges that were to be bundled with the headset.
The company claimed to have terminated the project because the virtual reality effect was too realistic. Users might move while wearing the headset and injure themselves. The limited processing power of the system makes this claim unlikely, although there were reports of testers developing headaches and motion sickness. Mark Pesce, who worked on the Sega VR project, says SRI International, a research institute, warned Sega of the "hazards of prolonged use".
Only four original games were known to be in development.
- Nuclear Rush: A simulation in which users pilot a hovercraft in a futuristic war.
- Iron Hammer: In this helicopter simulation, gamers pilot a flying gunship as in EA's popular Strike series.
- Matrix Runner: Reported to be a cyberpunk adventure game inspired by Hideo Kojima's Snatcher.
- Outlaw Racing: A vehicle racing and combat game.
Sega went on to other VR projects for use in arcades and a similar peripheral was reported but never seen for the Sega Saturn. The project encouraged a brief flurry of other companies to offer VR products.
In 1994, Sega VR technology was utilized for the Sega VR-1 motion simulator arcade attraction, which was available at SegaWorld arcades. It is able to track head movement and features 3D polygon graphics in stereoscopic 3D. A scaled-down version, Dennoo Senki Net Merc, was demonstrated at Japan's 1995 AOU (Amusement Operators Union) show, using the Sega Model 1 arcade system board to produce the 3D graphics. However, the game's flat-shaded graphics were compared unfavorably to the Sega Model 2's textured-filtered graphics.
- Horowitz, Ken (28 December 2004). "Sega VR: Great Idea or Wishful Thinking?". Sega-16. Archived from the original on 14 January 2010. Retrieved 21 August 2010.
- Electronic Gaming Monthly, Video Game Preview Guide, 1993
- "Electronic Games 1994 01". archive.org.
- Vinciguerra, Robert. "Tom Kalinske Talks About His Time Overseeing Sega As Its CEO In the 90s; Reveals That Sega Passed On Virtual Boy Technology, Considered Releasing 3DO". The Rev. Rob Times. Retrieved 21 September 2015.
- "SegaVR". YouTube. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Robson, Wayde. "WARNING: 3D Video Hazardous to Your Health". Audioholics. Retrieved 14 July 2010.
- Vinciguerra, Robert. "Sega VR Console: To Obscurity and Beyond". The Rev. Rob Times. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
- Gaming Gossip. Electronic Gaming Monthly. Issue 70. Pg 54. May 1995.
- "System 16 - Sega Medium Scale Attractions Hardware (Sega)". system16.com.
- "NEXT Generation Issue #June 6, 1995". 26 June 1995 – via Internet Archive.