Tesla Gigafactory Europe
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|Location||European location TBD in 2019|
|Industry||Energy storage, Electric Vehicles|
Tesla Gigafactory Europe is a proposed manufacturing plant for Tesla, Inc. to be located in Europe. A location has yet to be decided, though Germany is a leading choice as of 19 June 2018. The gigafactory would be completely separate from Tesla's existing European headquarters and final assembly plant in Tilburg, Netherlands. The factory is to be a combined electric battery manufacturing facility and automobile factory. In 2016, Tesla was anticipating to announce the factory in 2017. The factory was previously referred to as Gigafactory 2 until 22 February 2017, when Tesla began to refer to the SolarCity Gigafactory in Buffalo, New York as Gigafactory 2. The Europe Gigafactory will be named either Gigafactory 4 or 5.
Reported locations considered in 2016–2017 were the Czech Republic near Prague, with a nearby 330 kilotonne lithium deposit, Portugal, with Europe's biggest lithium reserves and one of the biggest solar centers in the world, near Zakopane, Poland, and Hungary. Germany's then-Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy Sigmar Gabriel stated that Tesla was in talks with the government during 2015 over a Gigafactory there.
- In April 2016, a French minister suggested turning the soon to be shuttered Fessenheim Nuclear Power Plant into Gigafactory 2, supported by two ministers.
- The Netherlands' minister of Economy Henk Kamp announced plans to attract Tesla later in 2016, and has campaigned for the plant at several locations. They promote the idea of synergy with the European headquarters of Tesla, already located in the Netherlands, as is a finishing plant.
- Portugal pursued the plant in 2016 with an internet campaign and governmental negotiations. Portugal has the largest lithium reserves in Europe.
- Paterna, Spain is also in pursuit of being selected.
- Finland's city of Vaasa also announced a government supported initiative to attract the factory, citing both nearby lithium carbonate deposits, the world largest cobalt refinery and an annual 50 kilotonne nickel production.
- Lithuania drew the attention of Tesla in January 2017 when the local gaming community united to recreate the potential Gigafactory in the virtual world of Minecraft.
- The Estonian government is also pursuing to win over the deal, claiming a good geographical and logistical location, plus 140 MW renewable energy with total control over the pricing for the factory in PAKRI Smart Industrial City at Pakri Peninsula. See www.teslacountry.com 
There is intense competition among European countries to host the Gigafactory because of its significant contribution to the local economy. The sprawling facility, which is going to be one of the largest manufacturing lines in Europe, is expected to need a considerable number of employees despite its many automated processes. There is also a concerted effort in the region to encourage battery manufacturing since it is viewed as a strategic economic measure due to an increasing global transition towards renewable energy. A 2018 report revealed, for instance, that the world will need at least 25 more gigafactories by 2025. The projected uptick in demand for electric cars and in-home power storage systems is causing concern about a European fuel dependency on Asia, which currently accounts for 88 percent of global battery manufacturing capacity. European governments are now providing subsidies and incentives to companies like Tesla as well as local battery manufacturing startups like Northvolt and TerraE to build production infrastructure within its borders. According to Matthias Machnig, state secretary at the German economy ministry:
We are in the center of the biggest and deepest change in the automotive industry since its beginning. We would be naïve to think we can handle battery technology as a commodity that can be bought anywhere in the world.
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Some sources close to TSI have revealed that whilst nothing has been set in stone, there is a high chance of Tesla locating its new Gigafactory just north of Prague, Czech Republic.
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