Tesla Cybertruck

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Tesla Cybertruck
Tesla Cybertruck outside unveil modified by Smnt.jpg
Cybertruck unveiling event
ManufacturerTesla, Inc.
Also called
Body and chassis
Body stylePolygonal[9]
LayoutRear motor, rear-wheel drive
Dual- or tri-motor, all-wheel drive
  • Tesla in-house
RelatedTesla Model X
Wheelbase149.9 in (3,807 mm)[10]
Length231.7 in (5,885 mm)[11]
Width79.8 in (2,027 mm)
Height75 in (1,905 mm)
Cybertruck launch logo

The Tesla Cybertruck is an all-electric battery-powered light commercial vehicle in development by Tesla, Inc. Three models have been announced, with range estimates of 250–500 miles (400–800 km) and an estimated 0–60 mph time of 2.9–6.5 seconds, depending on the model.[12]

The stated goal of Tesla in developing the Cybertruck is to provide a sustainable energy substitute for the roughly 6,500 fossil fuel powered trucks sold per day in the United States.[12][13][14]

The base price of the rear-wheel drive model of the vehicle will be $39,900, with all-wheel drive models starting at $49,900.[15][16] Cybertruck production is slated to begin in 2021, with more models being offered by 2022.


In 2012[17] and 2013 Elon Musk discussed the desire to build a truck with load-compensating suspension, making comparisons with a Ford F-250.[18][19] In early-2014 Musk predicted 4–5 years before work could start on the product.[20]

In mid-2016, Musk outlined the intent for a new kind of consumer pickup truck,[21] and suggested using the same chassis for a van and a pickup truck.[22] In late-2017, the size was estimated to be at least that of a Ford F-150, in order to be large enough to enable a "game-changing" feature.[23] During the Tesla Semi and Tesla Roadster unveiling in November 2017, a picture of a "pickup truck that can carry a pickup truck" was displayed.[24] Background ideas had been in preparation for nearly five years.[25]

In late 2018, Musk anticipated a prototype to be ready to show in 2019.[26]

In March 2019, following the Tesla Model Y launch, Elon Musk distributed a teaser image of a vehicle described as having a cyberpunk or Blade Runner style,[27] with the form resembling a futuristic armoured personnel carrier.[28][29][30] It was rumored to be named the Model B.[31][32][33] Tesla filed for a trademark on "Cybrtrk", which was granted under United States Patent and Trademark Office 88682748.[34]

In mid-2019, the towing capacity of the vehicle was stated to meet or exceed that of a Ford F-150.[35] In June 2019, Musk noted that an amphibious vehicle design concept—based partly on Wet Nellie, the submarine car from the film The Spy Who Loved Me—might be possible.[36][37] Musk had purchased a Wet Nellie used in the filming at a 2013 Sotheby's auction.[38]

In response to queries for an unveiling date,[39] Musk stated in late July "We're close, but the magic is in the final details. Maybe 2 to 3 months", indicating late-2019.[40] The unveiling was subsequently scheduled for 21 November 2019 at the Tesla Design Studio, next to SpaceX headquarters in Los Angeles—the same month, year and location that the movie Blade Runner was set in.[41][42][43][44][45] The truck was launched under a graffiti-themed logo of "Cybertruck", and a new trademark request was filed with the graffiti logo at the same time.[46]


The truck will use self-leveling suspension which compensates for variable load and some models will have all-wheel drive.[47][non-primary source needed] Other standard features include on-board power inverters for supplying both 120 and 240-volt electricity, allowing use of power tools without a portable generator.[48][non-primary source needed] An air compressor for powering pneumatic tools is included.[49][non-primary source needed] The exterior stainless steel sheet-metal is bullet-resistant against 9 mm caliber bullets as well.[50] All vehicles will also come standard with Tesla Autopilot, and will have the hardware capabilities for fully autonomous operation.[51] As of November 2019, Tesla was accepting pre-orders for $100, with a $7,000 'full self-driving' option.[52]

The range of the Cybertruck varies from 250–500 miles (400–800 km), depending on configuration selections.


The interior of the prototype unveiled on 21 November 2019 includes a 17-inch center display, seating for 6 using two bench seats with the front middle seat being a fold-down center arm rest, a digital rear-view camera based mirror, a race car style steering yoke, and a dashboard with a surface resembling marble.[53] The rear middle seat also folds down to allow loading long cargo extending into the cab from the vault (enclosed lockable bed).[54] The "marble look" dashboard of the unveil prototype vehicle was a paper composite material made from "paper, wood-based fibers, natural wood pigments and non-petroleum based resins."[55]

Vault (bed)[edit]

The bed of the truck is 6.5 feet (2.0 m) long and similar to a conventional pickup truck bed with tailgate. It has sloped side walls and an integral motorized roller shutter style tonneau cover to improve the aerodynamics of the vehicle. Because of the additional security this provides, Tesla terms this 100-cubic-foot (2.8 m3) enclosed space "the vault". It includes LED light strips along each side, an additional under-floor storage space behind the rear wheels, 110 and 220 V AC outlets, and a compressed air outlet for pneumatic tools.[56] One article claims that there is a pass-through to the cabin for long cargo,[56] but this is doubtful, as the displayed prototype lacks any corresponding opening in the front of the bed.[57] One feature demonstrated on the prototype, but not explicitly advertised, is a ramp that extends from the tail gate to the ground for loading cargo.[citation needed]


The Cybertruck uses unibody construction (termed an "exoskeleton" by Tesla)[58][59] like most passenger cars, rather than the body-on-frame construction which is typical of trucks,[60] as a standard vehicle frame would conflict with the under-floor battery pack.[61] It uses unusually thick 3 mm (18 in) 30x-series[a] cold-rolled stainless steel body panels, which cannot be stamped like conventional automobile parts.[62] The panels can only be bent along straight lines,[62] resulting in a very distinctive faceted design which has been called "low-poly" or likened to origami.[50] This material is the same material SpaceX uses on the Mars rocket prototype, because it distributes stress more evenly and allows for more interior volume.[63] Earlier design concepts for Cybertruck had included using titanium for the outer panels, but this was later switched to stainless steel for additional strength.[64]


The powertrain is similar to the Model S/X,[clarification needed] with an inductive rear motor and the Model 3's permanent-magnet in front for the medium model.[62] Other versions are single-motor rear wheel drive, or tri-motor with one front and two rear motors.[65]

Similarly to Tesla's other vehicle offerings, customers can pre-order the Full Self Driving software upgrade, adding an additional $7,000 to the price of the configuration.[12][65]

Tesla Cybertruck model specifications[12]
Model Range (EPA est.) 0–60 mph (0–97 km/h) Top Speed Payload Towing capacity Price (USD)
Single Motor RWD ≥ 250 miles (400 km) < 6.5 seconds 110 mph (175 km/h) 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) ≥ 7,500 lb (3,400 kg) $39,900
Dual Motor AWD ≥ 300 miles (480 km) < 4.5 seconds 120 mph (195 km/h) 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) ≥ 10,000 lb (4,550 kg) $49,900
Tri Motor AWD ≥ 500 miles (800 km) < 2.9 seconds 130 mph (210 km/h) 3,500 lb (1,600 kg) ≥ 14,000 lb (6,350 kg) $69,900

All models will have 100 cubic feet (2.8 m3) of storage space, and a 6.5-foot-long (2.0 m) cargo area. As on off-road vehicle, 16 inches (40 cm) of ground clearance is provided, with a 35 degree approach angle, and 28 degree departure angle.[12]


Window damage caused by Franz von Holzhausen during unveiling event

The Cybertruck was unveiled at the Tesla Design Studio in Los Angeles on 21 November 2019. During the presentation, Musk demonstrated the durability of the vehicle and its materials. Despite successful drop tests conducted on a pane of the specialized 'Tesla armor glass' and a successful pre-show test where a steel ball was thrown at the windows of the truck itself by chief of design Franz von Holzhausen with apparently no damage,[66] the windows were damaged when Holzhausen repeated the test during the show. Musk jokingly exclaimed that "the ball didn't make it through" and "we'll fix it in post" after the unexpected outcomes.[67] He later explained that the windows were damaged because the sledgehammer's impact on the door cracked the base of the glass.[68]

At the end of the presentation, the Tesla Cyberquad, an all-terrain vehicle (ATV), was driven onto the bed of the Cybertruck using built-in ramps in the tailgate. The Cyberquad was plugged into the Cybertruck's onboard power outlet to charge the Cyberquad batteries. The ATV will be available for sale as a optional package with the Cybertruck.[69]


The Cybertruck unveiling event was covered heavily by traditional media and online blogs/social media. In social media, many commentators expressed dislike of the sharp contours and unusual exterior of the Cybertruck.[70]

Tesla, Inc. stock was down 6% following the Cybertruck announcement.[71][relevant? ]

On 23 November 2019, Elon Musk tweeted that Tesla had received 146,000 pre-orders in the first 1.5 days after the unveiling—each requiring a US$100 refundable deposit—with 42% choosing the dual-motor configuration, 41% choosing the tri-motor configuration, and 17% choosing the single-motor configuration.[72][73] The number reached 250,000 on 26 November.[74]

Additionally, a video of the Cybertruck pulling the Ford F-150 uphill in a tug of war resulted in 14,000 comments and 619,000 likes on Twitter.[75] Ford has requested a rematch[76] and Tesla has agreed in principle to do one in the future.[77]


As of November 2019, Tesla Cybertruck production was scheduled to start in late 2021 and expand to offer more configurations in 2022.[78]

Market potential[edit]

In the United States, the total addressable market for full-sized pickup trucks is over two million vehicles per year.[79] It has been argued that the Cybertruck will be able to take advantage of the Tesla Network of shared vehicles[21][80] to generate an income stream,[81] if the latter were to become available in United States[82] and worldwide.[21]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Numerous media sources are misreading "30x", an industry standard three-digit alloy identifier for austenitic stainless steel with the last digit unspecified, as a multiplication sign ("30×") and erroneously reporting that the truck will use steel has been cold-rolled 30 times.


  1. ^ Cybertruck, filed 6 November 2019.
  2. ^ Cybertruck logotype, filed 21 November 2019.
  3. ^ Cybrtrk, filed 6 November 2019.
  4. ^ Cybrtrk logotype, filed 6 November 2019.
  5. ^ Roberson, Bill (7 November 2019). "Elon Musk Says Tesla Truck Reveal Will Coincide With 'Blade Runner' Date". Forbes.
  6. ^ Lorenzo, Lorraine (4 November 2019). "Tesla Pickup Design Shocker: Is All-Black Render Close To The Real Deal?". International Business Times.
  7. ^ Panait, Mircea (29 October 2019). "Tesla Model Zero Envisioned By Cyberpunk Pickup Truck Designer Sahm Jafari". Auto Evolution.
  8. ^ Turan, Aybars (23 November 2019). "Cybertruck". ArtStation Folio.
  9. ^ Florea, Ciprian (25 November 2019). "The Tesla Cybertruck's polygonal design may be weird, but it's not the first EV with this shape". TopSpeed. US. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  10. ^ Yekikian, Nick (22 November 2019). "Tesla Cybertruck vs. 2021 Rivian R1T: How the Electric Pickups Compare". Motor Trend. Retrieved 25 November 2019.
  11. ^ Normile, Brian (22 November 2019). "Tesla Cybertruck: Impressive Specs, Killer Price, Polarizing Looks". Cars.com.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Design Your Cybertruck". Tesla website. 22 November 2019. Retrieved 22 November 2019.
  13. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (7 May 2013). "Tesla priority is electrification of cars, so priority is Model S, Model X, then mass market third gen vehicle & truck" (Tweet). Retrieved 20 November 2019 – via Twitter.
  14. ^ Musk, Elon (5 November 2018). "Elon Musk: The Recode interview". Recode (Interview). Interviewed by Kara Swisher – via Vox. personally most excited about the pickup truck. … futuristic-like cyberpunk, "Blade Runner" pickup truck. … don't know if a lot of people will buy this pickup truck or not, but I don’t care. … We wanna get gasoline, diesel pickup trucks off the road. … it's the thing that I am personally most fired up about
  15. ^ Musk, Elon (29 May 2019). "Episode 200: My Elon Musk Interview" (offset 51:02) (Interview). Ride the Lightning. Interviewed by Ryan McCaffrey. Tesla Headquarters, Palo Alto, California. we don't want it to be really expensive, … it's got to start at less than $50,000 dollars, it's got to be like $49,000 dollars starting price, max … ideally less … it has got to be something that is affordable … you've got to be able to get a really great truck for $49,000, or less, … it's going to have incredible functionality, from a load-carrying standpoint, look amazing, … but it won't look like a normal truck … it's going to look pretty sci-fi, … not going to be for everyone, if somebody just wants to have a truck that looks like trucks have looked for the last twenty years, thirty or forty years, then this truck probably isn't for them, going to be a truck that is more capable than other trucks … it'll be a better truck than an equivalent … better truck than an F-150 in terms of truck-like functionality, be better sports car than a standard 911 … [the teaser image] is the front … like a Bladerunner truck
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  18. ^ Musk, Elon (13 July 2013). 2013 Teslive Event. San Jose, California: Tesla. I am quite keen on building a truck … air suspension that dynamically adjusts the load and keeps the angle of the truck correct … was driving an F-250 down the 405 … it was resonating
  19. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (25 May 2013). "Would love to do a pickup truck. Something w ultra low cg for sports car handling, dynamic air suspension & mega torque" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  20. ^ Musk, Elon (16 January 2014). "When will you be able to afford a Tesla?". CNN Money. CNN (video offset: 2:08). Interviewed by Poppy Harlow – via Youtube. Yeah, we'd like to produce an electric pickup truck; we're not really thinking much about that, but that is part of our long-term plans. Would imagine that is probably something like 4‒5 years.
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  22. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (31 July 2016). "probably makes sense to build off the pickup truck chassis" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
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  27. ^ Santos, Jerome (4 March 2019). "Tesla Blade Runner: Everything We Know About Elon Musk's 6-Seater Pickup Truck". International Business Times. Retrieved 19 March 2019. pickup truck … dual motor all-wheel drive, … outlet for up to 240-volts normally used for heavy-duty tools and can tow up to 300,000 pounds. … Tesla pickup truck will look like a proper truck, a design barely seen in electric vehicles so far. … will have a "cyberpunk, Blade Runner-like" look, … a futuristic design.
  28. ^ Musk, Elon [@elonmusk] (14 October 2019). "Cybertruck doesn't look like anything I've seen bouncing around the Internet. It's closer to an armored personnel carrier from the future" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
  29. ^ Musk, Elon (5 November 2019). "Elon Musk's Complete interview at Air Force Space Pitch Day". Space Pitch Day (Interview). Interviewed by John F. Thompson. San Francisco. Retrieved 12 November 2019. We're going to come out with the Tesla pickup truck which we call the Cybertruck. I mean, it looks like an Armoured Personnel Carrier from the future. Yeah, it won't look like a normal truck and people might not like it. I like it! It's going to look like it came from a movie set when it goes down the road; …what is that thing? It's literally bullet proof. … If I can elaborate on that: a lot of times people try to make products that they think others would love, but they don't love them, themselves; if you don't love the product, you should not expect that others will. … Know your own heart, and if it's compelling to you, it will be compelling to others.
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  36. ^ Musk, Elon (11 June 2019). Tesla Annual Shareholders Meeting. [Musk] a car that can go in the water basically? [Questioner] On, or under, or both, the water? [Musk] It's funny you should mention that … if you make it a big bigger then you can actually have a submarine car. It's like technically possible. I think the market for this will be small; small but enthusiastic. So… we do actually have a design for a submarine car.
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