Tesla Model Y

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Tesla Model Y
2020 Tesla Model Y, front 8.1.20.jpg
ManufacturerTesla, Inc.
Body and chassis
ClassCompact crossover SUV
Body style5-door SUV
LayoutRear-motor, rear-wheel drive
Dual-motor all-wheel drive (AWD models)
Electric motorPermanent Magnet Synchronous Reluctance Motor
Electric range
  • 326 miles (525 km) Long Range AWD (EPA-rated)
  • 303 miles (488 km) Long Range Performance (EPA-rated)
Wheelbase113.8 in (2,891 mm)
Length187 in (4,750 mm)
Width75.6 in (1,920 mm)
Height64 in (1,626 mm)
Curb weight
  • Long Range AWD: 4,416 lb (2,003 kg)[1]

The Tesla Model Y is an electric compact crossover utility vehicle (CUV) by Tesla, Inc. Tesla unveiled it in March 2019,[2] started production at its Fremont plant in January 2020[3] and started deliveries on March 13, 2020.[4]

It is the second vehicle based on the Model 3 sedan platform.[5] Model Y will offer optional third-row seats for a seven-passenger seating capacity,[6][7][8] currently planned for Q4 2020.[9][10]

There are four powertrains for the Model Y: Standard Range, Long Range, Long Range with Dual-Motor All-Wheel Drive, and Performance. The Long Range AWD model and the Performance model are currently being delivered and the Standard Range model is expected in "early 2021".[11] The Standard Range RWD power train option was dropped from the model line up in early July 2020, apparently due to the EPA range limitations of the configuration (Sub 250 miles).[12] Speculation has been offered that it was advertised only to lower the base price quoted at product launch. This speculation is further backed up by the fact that Tesla had initially suggested the SR Model Y would have a range of 230 miles. [13]

The Model Y fills a smaller size segment from its bigger sibling, the mid-sized Tesla Model X.[14]


In 2013, Tesla Motors filed for a trademark on "Model Y".[15]

In 2015, Elon Musk teased a Model 3-based Model Y with falcon-wing doors.[16]

In 2017, the Model Y's silhouette was teased to Tesla shareholders at the annual general meeting in June.[17] Elon Musk also announced that the Model Y would be produced in a new factory, as it was not likely that the Fremont plant would have room to accommodate another production line.[18]

In June 2018, a new silhouette was revealed by CEO Musk. With the new image, it was stated that the Model Y would be formally announced in March 2019.[19] The Model Y announcement had been planned for 2018, however production problems with the Model 3 resulted in it being pushed to 2019.[20] In October 2018, Elon Musk revealed that he has approved the finalized design for the first production version of the Model Y, however production would not start until 2020.[21] On March 3, 2019, Elon Musk published multiple tweets, announcing the unveiling event and confirming some specifications.[22] Musk confirmed the vehicle will use standard doors, as opposed to the falcon-wing doors used on the Model X.[23]

On March 14, 2019, Elon Musk debuted the Tesla Model Y at an event at Tesla's design studio in Hawthorne, CA, where specifications were announced and the vehicle was shown. Test drives of multiple Model Y vehicles were also offered to attendees after the presentation.[2][24] Due to its larger size, the Y consumes more energy than the 3, and thus has shorter range. The Fremont Factory was changed to accommodate production of the Y.[25]

In November 2019, Tesla announced that the Tesla Model Y would be the first vehicle to be assembled at the first European Gigafactory, Giga Berlin.[26][27]

Tesla reported in the Q4 2019 earnings report on January 29, 2020, that Model Y production has already started in the Fremont factory, that one can now place an order for their premium versions with all-wheel drive, and that delivery of Model Y will begin in Q1 2020.[28]

On March 13, 2020, Tesla made their first deliveries of the Model Y, along with publishing its owner's manual.[4]

The Model Y design and manufacturing is improving: Elon Musk told interviewer that the Berlin made Model Y is "not just a copy of the Model Y. It’s actually a radical redesign of the core technology of building a car.". [29] On August 13, 2020 it was reported that Tesla Fremont will soon activate the World’s largest unibody casting machine in Model Y production, switching to casting the rear body in a single piece. [30] Made in Berlin Model Y, rear and front portions of the frame will be a single-cast design. Injecting molten aluminum into a cast and having robots pull out the molded metal allows Tesla to combine several manufacturing steps. [31] This manufacturing process is expected to result in significant savings, including lower tool investments, reduced production time, lower number of robots and smaller production area. [32]

On June 5, 2020, Tesla launched Model Y Online design studio for the Chinese Market, allowing customers in China to place orders for the upcoming Made-in-China Model Y. [33]

According to state-run local news agency Global Times, interior work and electromechanical testing are currently ongoing in the Model Y Shanghai factory. These activities are expected to be completed by October or November, which could pave the way for the Model Y’s trial production to begin late 2020 or early 2021. [34]

On September 8, 2020, Volkswagen Group Chairperson of the Board of Management, Herbert Diess, wrote about the Model Y: "This car is for us in many aspects (not in all!) a reference: user experience, updatability, driving features, performance of the top of the range models, charging network, range. Big advantage: Model Y was/is thought through as an electric car – as is the ID.3. Many of our competitors still using their ICE platforms. The result: They aren’t getting the best EVs".[35]

On October 7, 2020 Musk tweeted that Giga Berlin Model Y will get single piece rear and front frame cast, structural battery pack, and new 4680 cells.[36][37] Changes will come to the U.S. version two years later.


Battery Standard Range (To be released) Long Range
Powertrain RWD RWD AWD Performance (No longer available) Performance with Performance Upgrade
Base price (US market) $39,000 $45-48,000 $49,990 $59,990 $59,990
Range (EPA) 230 miles (370 km)[40]
300 miles (483 km)[40] 326 miles (525 km)[28] 315 miles (507 km)[40]
303 miles (488 km)[40]
Range (WLTP) 242 miles (389 km)[citation needed] 336 miles (541 km)[citation needed] 314 miles (505 km) [41] 298 miles (480 km) [41]
0–60 mph (0–97 km/h)
5.9 seconds 5.5 seconds advertised 4.8 seconds advertised 3.5 seconds advertised 3.5 seconds advertised
Top Speed 120 mph (193 km/h) 130 mph (209 km/h) 135 mph (217 km/h) 145 mph (233 km/h) 155 mph (249 km/h)
US Projected Deliveries Cancelled[42] H2 2020[42] March 2020[28]
Drag coefficient 0.23[43]
Luggage 68 cu ft (1,926 L) max volume with rear seats down and entire trunk + front trunk (frunk)[44]

Heat pump[edit]

The Model Y is the first Tesla car to use a heat pump instead of electric resistance for interior cabin heating.[45][46] (The Nissan Leaf, BMW i3 EV, Jaguar I-Pace, Audi e-tron, and Kia Niro have heat pumps.[47]) In cold weather, the Model Y heat pump can be up to 300% more efficient than other Tesla cars' use of electric resistance heating.[48] Because of this, in cold weather the Model Y should lose a smaller percentage of range than is lost by other Tesla cars.[49] Electric cars can lose up to 40% of their range in cold weather (20 °F (−7 °C)) when heating the interior cabin.[49][50]

During his teardown of the Model Y,[51] auto analyst Sandy Munro found a component that has been referred to as the "octovalve", which appears to be the next iteration of the superbottle component used in the Model 3.[52] Musk has said that the new heat pump system/octovalve is one of the two most significant changes in the Model Y over the Model 3, the other being the new rear underbody casting.[53] The octovalve supports the Model Y heat pump as part of the car's thermal management system.[54][55]


Model Y is designed to be a vehicle that is highly sustainable:[56][57]

  • Its materials minimize harm to workers. For example: by eliminating chrome, which can cause health problems in workers in chrome factories.[58]
  • Its parts are easy to recycle. For example: the door modules are more recyclable than earlier Tesla cars.[56]
  • Its use of paint is minimized. For example: by not painting parts that are not visible.[56]


A Model Y parked

Tesla originally announced plans at the unveil to assemble the Model Y at Giga Nevada (in Sparks, Nevada), along with the battery and drivetrain for the vehicles, unlike the Model 3, where drivetrains and batteries are assembled at Giga Nevada, with final assembly completed at the Tesla Factory in Fremont, California. Two months later, in May 2019, Tesla confirmed that they instead plan to shuffle production lines at the Tesla Fremont Factory to make space for Model Y production.[59] Later, Model Y will also be assembled at Giga Shanghai in China[60] and Giga Berlin in Germany.[26]

United States deliveries started in March 2020 for the Long Range AWD version and the Performance version. Deliveries will start in early 2021 for the Standard Range version.[28] After initial rollout, Tesla is expected to begin shipping cars to the Canadian and Mexican markets, Tesla also plans to assemble Model Y vehicles at the Tesla Giga Shanghai factory [61] and in Tesla's Berlin factory. [29]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Model Y Wiki". Retrieved March 11, 2020.
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  3. ^ Baldwin, Roberto (January 29, 2020). "Tesla Beats Expectations, Declares a Profit, and Has Started Model Y Production". Car and Driver. Hearst. Retrieved February 27, 2020.
  4. ^ a b Dow, Jameson (March 13, 2020). "Tesla Model Y specs: we finally know how big it is". electrek.co. Retrieved March 14, 2020.
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  13. ^ "Tesla Increases Model Y Prices By $1,000, Plus 3% Increase On Inventory Cars a{!". InsideEvs|website=www.insideevs.com|language=en|access-date=2020-07-14}}
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External links[edit]