Timeline of Hanoi

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The following is a timeline of the history of Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam:


Van Lang[edit]

Au Lac[edit]

  • c. 257 BCE — Co Loa established by Shu Pan in the present city's Dong Anh district to serve as the capital of the unified kingdom of Au Lac

Qin Empire[edit]


  • 204 BCE — Zhao Tuo declares his realm the independent kingdom of Nanyue (Nam Việt)
  • 196 BCE — Lu Jia secures the nominal submission of Nanyue to Han
  • 179 BCE — By this point, Nanyue's lands in the Red River valley have been organized as the commandery of Jiaozhi (Giao Chỉ)

Han Empire[edit]

Song Empire[edit]

Van Xuan[edit]

Tang Empire[edit]

Dai Viet[edit]

Medieval period[edit]

French occupation[edit]

Japanese occupation[edit]

French reoccupation[edit]

Democratic Republic of Vietnam[edit]

21st century[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Loewe (2004), p. 60.
  2. ^ Schafer (1967), p. 32.
  3. ^ Anh (2000), p. 26.
  4. ^ a b c "Central Sector of the Imperial Citadel of Thang Long — Hanoi". World Heritage List. UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  5. ^ a b William S. Logan (2005–2006). "The Cultural Role of Capital Cities: Hanoi and Hue, Vietnam". Pacific Affairs 78. 
  6. ^ A. Cotterell Tupp (1906), French Indo-China, London: Central Asian Society 
  7. ^ Henri d'Orléans (1894), "(Hanoi)", Around Tonkin and Siam, London: Chapman & Hall, OCLC 9889459 
  8. ^ a b c "Hanoi". The Chronicle & Directory for China, Corea, Japan, the Philippines, Indo-China, Straits Settlements, Siam, Borneo, Malay States, &c. Hong Kong: Daily Press. 1892. 
  9. ^ Lisa Drummond (2013). "Colonial Hanoi: Urban Space in Public Discourse". Harbin to Hanoi: Colonial Built Environment in Asia, 1840 to 1940. Hong Kong University Press. 
  10. ^ Gwendolyn Wright (1991), "Indochina", The Politics of Design in French Colonial Urbanism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0226908461, 0226908461 
  11. ^ a b Sandra Kurfürst (2012). Redefining Public Space in Hanoi: Places, Practices and Meaning. Münster: Lit Verlag. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o Robert D. Stueart (2010), "Vietnam: Libraries, Archives and Museums", in Marcia J. Bates, Encyclopedia of Library and Information Sciences, Boca Raton, Florida: CRC Press, ISBN 9780849397127 
  13. ^ Catherine Clémentin-Ojha; Pierre-Yves Manguin (2007), A century in Asia: the history of the École française d'Extrême-Orient, 1898-2006, Singapore: Editions Didier Millet 
  14. ^ "Ketcho", Lippincott's Gazetteer of the World, Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott, 1902 
  15. ^ Nora Annesley Taylor (2009), Painters in Hanoi: an Ethnography of Vietnamese Art, National University of Singapore Press, ISBN 9789971694531 
  16. ^ a b c d e f William Stewart Logan (2000), Hanoi, Biography of a City, Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press, ISBN 0295980141 
  17. ^ a b c d William S. Turley (1975). "Urbanization in War: Hanoi, 1946-1973". Pacific Affairs 48. 
  18. ^ a b Merle L. Pribbenow II (2003). "The -Ology War: Technology and Ideology in the Vietnamese Defense of Hanoi, 1967". Journal of Military History (Society for Military History) 67. 
  19. ^ a b "Battlefield: Vietnam". USA: U.S Public Broadcasting Service. 1997. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  20. ^ "Hanoi (Vietnam) Newspapers". WorldCat. USA: Online Computer Library Center. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  21. ^ a b c "Vietnam". www.citypopulation.de. Oldenburg, Germany: Thomas Brinkhoff. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  22. ^ Hoang Su (1998), "Vietnam", in Don Rubin, World Encyclopedia of Contemporary Theatre, London: Routledge 
  23. ^ William S. Logan (1995). "Russians on the Red River: The Soviet Impact on Hanoi's Townscape, 1955-90". Europe-Asia Studies 47. 
  24. ^ "Population of capital cities and cities of 100,000 or more inhabitants". Demographic Yearbook 2011. United Nations Statistics Division. 2012. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  25. ^ "Awakening of Hanoi". New York Times. February 18, 2007. Retrieved March 12, 2013. 
  26. ^ "Giant turtle sightings set Vietnam capital abuzz". CNN (Hanoi, Vietnam). AP. April 13, 1998. Archived from the original on 2008-10-21. 

External links[edit]