Vietnam Television

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For other uses, see Vietnam Television (1966–75).
Vietnam Television (VTV)
Đài truyền hình Việt Nam
Type Broadcast television
Country Vietnam
Availability Nationwide
International
Headquarters Hanoi, Vietnam
Owner Government of Vietnam
Launch date
7 September 1970
Picture format
576i (16:9 SDTV)
1080i (HDTV)
Official website
vtv.vn

Vietnam Television, or VTV, is the national television broadcaster of the Vietnam. See Vietnam Television for the former national TV-radio broadcasters in South Vietnam.

History[edit]

The Old Logo of Vietnam Television until the 2013 refresh.

The first television broadcast in Vietnam was in 1966 when the United States set up 2-channels (1-Vietnamese and 1-English) in Saigon for the Republic of Vietnam. Named Đài Truyền hình Việt Nam), the network operated until the fall of Saigon.

VTV was established with technical assistance and training from Cuba on 6 September 1970, in Hanoi, as an department of VOV. During the Vietnam War it broadcast intermittently from a mountainous regional.

After Reunification in 1975, the former US-run stations in the south became part of the national network and broadcasting was extended to the entire country.

Color television was introduced in 1978. Vietnam Television became an official name on 30 April 1987. And by 1990, VTV viewers had two national TV channels to choose from as VTV-2 was launched that year.[1][2]

VTV's regional broadcasting centres are located in Ho Chi Minh City, Huế, Da Nang, Phu Yen, Nha Trang, and Cần Thơ. Programming is relayed nationwide via a network of provincial and municipal television stations. There are transmitters in most outlying areas of the country. By 2003, more than 80% of all urban households owned a television set. The percentage was considerably less in rural areas, but even the most remote village cafe has a TV and video or DVD player.[citation needed]

In addition, each major city and most of the 51 provinces have their own television stations.[citation needed]

Channels[edit]

VTV today has the following channels:[3][4][5][6]

  • VTV1 (VTV1 HD): News and current affairs, broadcast 24/24 hours .[7] VTV1 initially broadcast on 6 September 1970. A high definition version of VTV1 was launched on 27 March 2014.
  • VTV2 (VTV2 HD): Science, technology and education, broadcast 24/24 hours. VTV2 initially broadcast on 1 January 1990. A high definition version of VTV2 was launched on 19 May 2015
  • VTV3 (VTV3 HD): Sports and entertainment, broadcast 24/24 hours. VTV3 was started on 31 March 1996. A high definition version of VTV3 was launched on 31 March 2013.
  • VTV4 (VTV4 HD): An international channel launched in 1998, offering a best-of package of programming from the three domestic channels to Vietnamese worldwide, now available in at Taiwan CHT MOD Channel 215 and Malaysia at ABNXcess Channel 311. A high definition version of VTV4 was launched on 19 June 2015.
  • VTV5 (VTV5 HD): Serve the ethnic minority communities in Vietnam, broadcast 24/24. VTV5 was started on 10 February 2002. A high definition version of VTV5 was launched on 1 July 2015
  • VTV6 (VTV6 HD): Youth channel, broadcast 24/24. VTV6 started from 8 locations on 24 April 2007.
  • VTV7 (VTV7 HD): Education channel, broadcast 24/24. VTV7 and VTV7 HD started airing on 1 January 2016.
  • VTV8 (VTV8 HD): a channel for Central and Highland Region of Vietnam, broadcast 24/24. VTV8 and VTV8 HD started airing on 1 January 2016.
  • VTV9 (VTV9 HD): South oriented channel, started on 1 October 2007, VTV9 HD: A high definition the channel launched on 28 August 2015

Defunct regional channels (5)[edit]

Since 2003, all above channels have also been made available via satellite. In addition, VTV has also offered 15 channels in the system of satellite television called VTVCab, including many translated programs from Reuters, ESPN, Disney Channel, Discovery Channel, BBC plus about 40 original channels but users have to pay for these programs.

From January 01st 2016, some regional channels will cease programming or be re-developed . VTV Huế, VTV Đà Nẵng, and VTV Phú Yên will cease programming and merge to form VTV8, a specific channel for Central and Highland Regions of Vietnam. Both the now-airing VTV9 (which was only for Ho Chi Minh City and Southeast Vietnam regions), and two VTV Cần Thơ channels (which was only for Cần Thơ City and Hậu Giang Province) will be merged to form the new VTV9 for both southeast and southwest of Vietnam .

Future channels[edit]

  • VTV4k: a new entertainment channel, together with current VTV3. VTV4k will be in ultra high definition (4K resolution) and will be on air from the first quarter of 2017.[8]
  • VTV7 Kids will be on air in 2020.[8]
  • VTV7 English will be on air in 2020.[8]
  • VTV7 Tin tức will be on air in 2020.[8]
  • VTV World will be the successor channel to the now-airing VTV4 as the new official Foreign Affairs channel of the government of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam.[9]

List of VTV channels on VTVcab (Vietnam Cable Television Corporation)[edit]

EPG No. EPG Name Channel Name Channel Type Availability Notes
1 VTV1 VTV1 Free TV Free-to-air Entertainment and News Vietnam Television now owned by VTV due to in 1999 and 2013 and operated due to Vietnam Cable Television Corporation (VTVCab) under all the contract
2 VTV2 VTV2 Free TV Free-to-air Education and Science Channel
3 VTV3 VTV3 Free TV Free-to-air Sports, Entertainment and Format Aconomy due to Vietnam Cable Television and operated by the VTV under contract
4 VTV4 VTV4 Free TV Free-to-air International News and Foreign Affairs Channel now owned and operated by VTV
5 VTV5 VTV5 Free TV Free-to-air Channel for several ethnic groups in Vietnam , owned and operated by VTV

Programming[edit]

VTV has its own film production company, the Vietnam Television Film Centre, or VFC, which makes made-for-television movies and miniseries. However, only about 30% of the entertainment programming shown on VTV is made locally. The rest is imported and dubbed in Vietnamese. Shows include Korean and Chinese serial melodramas, which are the mainstay of nightly programming on VTV3.

Aside from news and current affairs programming, VTV1 devotes itself to orchestral concerts, ballets, traditional theatre and ethnic minority culture shows.

Also, in Chinese New Year's Eve, VTV simulcasts some programmes and comedy show like Year's Last Afternoon, News Special, Gặp nhau cuối năm, music concerts, firework shows... until 2 a.m

Criticism[edit]

VTV4 has been criticised by Vietnamese emigrees who find the channel's one-sided support of the one-party Communist state distressing and offensive.[10][11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]