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Toledo Complex

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Toledo Assembly Complex
The plant has been home to the Jeep brand since the 1940s.
LocationToledo, Ohio
Coordinates41°41′N 83°32′W / 41.69°N 83.53°W / 41.69; -83.53
ProductsOff-road vehicles
Employees6,093 (2022)[1]
Area312 acres (1.26 km2)[1]
Volume3,640,000 sq ft (338,000 m2)[1]
Address4400 Chrysler Drive

The Toledo Assembly Complex is a 3,640,000 sq ft (338,000 m2) automotive factory complex in Toledo, Ohio. Now owned by Stellantis North America, sections of the facility have operated as an automobile assembly plant since 1910, initially for Willys-Overland. The Toledo complex has assembled Jeeps since the 1940s, and comprises two factories: Toledo North and Toledo South, which includes the Stickney Plant and the Parkway Annex.

FCA (the predecessor of Stellantis NA) announced that the Toledo Machining Plant would assemble the power electronics module and components for the Jeep Wrangler Plug-in Hybrid launched in 2020.[2]

Toledo South[edit]

The original Willys-Overland factory (1915)

The "Toledo South Assembly Plant" is the original Jeep CJ assembly factory. It was rebuilt to manufacture the JK Wrangler for Jeep, starting in August 2006. The plant consists of two interconnected units, the "Stickney Plant" (4000 Stickney Ave) and the "Parkway Annex" (1000 Jeep Parkway). In recent years, the Parkway facility has done basic assembly and painting of the Jeep Wrangler.

The antiquated arrangement of the old operation included operations spread through a disorganized array of buildings, which required that vehicles and components be moved through multiple building levels. The final assembly of cars occurred at Stickney, but facility constraints required that bodies had to be painted at Parkway and then moved through tunnels and across bridges to reach the assembly line. Both the Stickney and Parkway sites were replaced by Toledo Supplier Park in 2007.


The Stickney Plant (41°41′40″N 83°31′31″W / 41.69444°N 83.52528°W / 41.69444; -83.52528 (Stickney Plant / Toledo Supplier Park)) was opened in 1942 by Autolite and sold to Kaiser-Jeep in 1964. It was a machining and engine plant until 1981 when American Motors Corporation (AMC) converted it for vehicle production. The original Jeep Grand Wagoneer was made there from 1981 until the SJ model was discontinued in 1991. Thereafter, the final assembly of the Wrangler was moved there. In 1987, when Chrysler acquired AMC, it was renamed Toledo Assembly Plant.[3]


Smokestacks dating from 1910 at the Parkway Annex, Toledo Complex. The outer stacks were demolished in 2007

The Parkway Annex (41°40′57″N 83°33′55″W / 41.68250°N 83.56528°W / 41.68250; -83.56528 (Parkway Annex)) was opened in 1904 as a bicycle factory. Its use as an automobile assembly plant dates from 1910, when Willys-Overland purchased it. The plant began producing the Jeep in the 1940s. It was renamed the Toledo Assembly Plant when Chrysler purchased American Motors (AMC) in 1987. Basic assembly and painting of the Jeep Cherokee (1983-2000) and building bodies and painting of the Jeep Wrangler were done at the Parkway plant until 2006, when it was closed. Jeep Wrangler assembly was completed at the Stickney plant from 1993 until the Toledo Supplier Park opened in 2006 for the 2007 model.

The Parkway plant included landmark smokestacks spelling out "Overland" in bricks. It was home to military Jeep production and the Jeep museum. One-third of the plant was demolished in 2002, including the former museum, and the remainder was later razed to the ground. Two of the three "Overland" smokestacks, a Toledo landmark since 1915, were demolished in June 2007.[4]

In 2010 the site was acquired by the Toledo–Lucas County Port Authority. It was redeveloped as an industrial park, which now includes a new Dana facility producing Jeep axles and a Detroit Manufacturing Systems plant producing instrument clusters.[5] The remaining stack, left alone by Chrysler, was dedicated in August 2013, with a plaque honoring the former plants' numerous workers.[6]

Toledo Supplier Park[edit]

Toledo Supplier Park was opened in 2007 by DaimlerChrysler to produce the new Jeep Wrangler. The name comes from the two on-site suppliers who make different parts for the Wrangler. There is Mobis North America (formerly OMMC) owned by Hyundai Mobis, which assembles the chassis, axles, and power train, and KUKA Toledo Production Operations (KTPO), a wholly owned subsidiary of KUKA Systems North America LLC, which operates the body shop. Both employ their employees and control their operations. While the suppliers may make most of the parts, Chrysler does the final assembly.[7][8] The Toledo Supplier Park is on the same site as the Stickney Plant. The Jeep Wrangler JK was produced at this plant until it was retooled to build the 2019 Jeep Gladiator (JT).

Toledo North[edit]

The "Toledo North Assembly Plant" (41°41′46″N 83°31′10″W / 41.69611°N 83.51944°W / 41.69611; -83.51944 (Toledo North Assembly Plant)) was opened in 2001, building the unibody Jeep Liberty. The 2,140,000 sq ft (199,000 m2) building is on 200 acres (81 ha) at 4400 Chrysler Drive. Construction began in 1997.[9] The plant employs almost 7,000.[9] Production of the all-new 2014 Jeep Cherokee (KL) started at the plant in 2013. In 2017, production of the Cherokee KL was moved to the Belvidere Assembly Plant in Illinois. The Toledo North Assembly Plant retooled to begin producing the 2018 Jeep Wrangler (JL) Series.

Vehicles produced[edit]




  1. ^ a b c "Toledo Assembly Complex". Stellantis North America. December 2022. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  2. ^ Schoenberger, Robert (August 12, 2018). "FCA taps Toledo Machining for plug-in hybrid Jeep Wrangler components". todaysmotorvehicles.com. Archived from the original on March 4, 2021. Retrieved April 13, 2023.
  3. ^ "Toledo Supplier Park". American Auto Worker. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  4. ^ "Part of Toledo's Automotive History Falling". Toledo Blade. October 20, 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  5. ^ McNabb, Mark (August 25, 2016). "Former Toledo Jeep Plant Site Now Home To Instrument Cluster Supplier". Top Speed. Retrieved July 23, 2019.
  6. ^ "Smokestack dedicated to Jeep workers". Toledo Blade. August 29, 2013. Retrieved July 24, 2019.
  7. ^ McKinnon, Julie M. (February 11, 2007). "Bumpy at first, assembly smooths out for Wrangler". The Toledo Blade. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  8. ^ "Chrysler Group's Toledo Supplier Park Opens the Doors to Production of All-New 2007 Jeep Wrangler". The Auto Channel. 2006. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Toledo North Assembly Plant". daimlerchrysler.com. 2008. Archived from the original on June 6, 2008. Retrieved December 2, 2013.
  10. ^ McKinnon, Julie. "Nation's longest-operating auto plant faces final days". Offroaders.com. Retrieved July 7, 2014.

External links[edit]

Media related to Toledo Complex at Wikimedia Commons