Toledo Complex

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Toledo Assembly Complex
Stellantis.svg
Operated1910–present
LocationToledo, Ohio
Coordinates41°41′N 83°32′W / 41.69°N 83.53°W / 41.69; -83.53
IndustryAutomotive
ProductsOff-road vehicles
Employees6,093 (2022) [1]
Area312 acres (1.26 km2) [1]
Volume3,640,000 sq ft (338,000 m2) [1]
Address400 Chrysler Drive
Owner(s)

The Toledo Assembly Complex is a 3,640,000 sq ft (338,000 m2) automotive factory complex located in Toledo, Ohio. Now owned by Stellantis North America, sections of the facility have operated as an automobile assembly plant since 1910, originally for Willys-Overland. The Toledo complex has assembled Jeeps since the 1940s, and comprises two factories: Toledo North and Toledo South, which itself includes the Stickney Plant and the Parkway Annex.

FCA (the predecessor of Stellantis NA) announced that the Toledo Machining Plant would assemble the power electronics module and components for the Jeep Wrangler Plug-in Hybrid which was launched in 2020.[2]

Toledo South[edit]

The original Willys-Overland Co. factory (1915)

The "Toledo South Assembly Plant" is the original Jeep CJ assembly factory. It was rebuilt for manufacture of the JK Wrangler for Jeep, starting on August 28, 2006. The plant actually consists of two interconnected units, the "Stickney Plant" (4000 Stickney Ave) and the "Parkway Annex" (1000 Jeep Parkway). In recent years, basic assembly and painting of the Jeep Wrangler has been done in the Parkway facility. The antiquated arrangement at the old operation included operations spread through a disorganized array of buildings which required that vehicles and components be moved through multiple building levels. Final assembly of vehicles took place at Stickney, but facility constraints required that bodies first be painted at Parkway and then moved through tunnels and across bridges to reach the assembly line. Both the Stickney and Parkway sites were replaced by Toledo Supplier Park in 2007.

Stickney[edit]

The Stickney Plant (41°41′40″N 83°31′31″W / 41.69444°N 83.52528°W / 41.69444; -83.52528 (Stickney Plant / Toledo Supplier Park)) was opened in 1942 by Autolite and sold to Kaiser-Jeep in 1964. It was used as a machining and engine plant until 1981, when it was converted for vehicle production by American Motors Corporation (AMC). It began producing the Jeep Grand Wagoneer that year through 1991 when final assembly of the Wrangler was moved there. In 1987, when Chrysler acquired AMC, it was renamed Toledo Assembly Plant.[3]

Parkway[edit]

Smokestacks dating to 1910 at the Parkway Annex, Toledo Complex. The outer stacks were demolished in 2007

The Parkway Annex (41°40′57″N 83°33′55″W / 41.68250°N 83.56528°W / 41.68250; -83.56528 (Parkway Annex)) was opened in 1904 as a bicycle factory. Its use as an automobile assembly plant dates from 1910, when it was purchased by Willys-Overland. The plant began producing the Jeep in the 1940s and was renamed the Toledo Assembly Plant when Chrysler purchased American Motors (AMC) in 1987. Basic assembly and painting of the Wrangler body was done at the Parkway plant through 2006, when it was closed.

The Parkway plant included landmark smokestacks spelling out "Overland" in bricks. It was home to military Jeep production, as well as the Jeep museum. One third of the plant was demolished in 2002, including the former museum, and the remainder is being demolished. Two of the three "Overland" smokestacks, a Toledo landmark since 1915, were demolished on June 18, 2007.[4] In 2010 the site was acquired by the Toledo–Lucas County Port Authority was redeveloped as an industrial park which now includes a new Magna facility producing Jeep axles and a Detroit Manufacturing Systems plant producing instrument clusters.[5] The remaining stack, left alone by Chrysler LLC, was dedicated in August 2013 with a plaque honoring the former plants' numerous workers.[6]

Toledo Supplier Park[edit]

Toledo Supplier Park opened in 2007 by DaimlerChrysler to produce the new Jeep Wrangler. The name comes from the two on-site suppliers who make different parts for the Wrangler. There is Mobis North America (formerly OMMC) owned by Hyundai Mobis, which assembles the chassis, axles and power train, and KUKA Toledo Production Operations (KTPO), a wholly owned subsidiary of KUKA Systems North America LLC, which operates the body shop; both employ their own employees and control their own operations. While the suppliers may make most of the parts, final assembly is done by Chrysler.[7][8] The Toledo Supplier Park sits on the same site as the Stickney Plant. The Jeep Wrangler is produced at this plant.

Toledo North[edit]

The "Toledo North Assembly Plant" (41°41′46″N 83°31′10″W / 41.69611°N 83.51944°W / 41.69611; -83.51944 (Toledo North Assembly Plant)) was opened in 2001, building the unibody Jeep Liberty. The 2.14-million-square-foot (199,000 m2) plant sits on 200 acres (81 ha) at 4400 Chrysler Drive, and construction began in 1997.[9] The plant employs almost 7,000 workers.[9] Production of the all-new 2014 Jeep Cherokee (KL) commenced at the Plant in 2013. In 2017, production of the Cherokee KL was moved to the Belvidere Assembly Plant in Illinois, and the Toledo North Assembly Plant began to produce the 2018 Jeep Wrangler (JK) Series. After production of the Wrangler JK Series ended, the Toledo North Assembly Plant received a retooling to produce the all-new Jeep Gladiator (JT) beginning in 2019.

Vehicles produced[edit]

Current[edit]

  • Jeep Wrangler (1993–present), 2.8 liter diesel included
  • Jeep Wrangler Unlimited (2004–present), 2.8 liter diesel included
  • Jeep Gladiator (2019-present)

Past[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Toledo Assembly Complex at Stellantis NA
  2. ^ "FCA taps Toledo Machining for plug-in hybrid Jeep Wrangler components".
  3. ^ "Toledo Supplier Park". American Auto Worker. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  4. ^ "Part of Toledo's Automotive History Falling". Toledo Blade. 20 October 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  5. ^ McNabb, Mark (25 August 2016). "FORMER TOLEDO JEEP PLANT SITE NOW HOME TO INSTRUMENT CLUSTER SUPPLIER". Top Speed. Retrieved 23 July 2019.
  6. ^ "Smokestack dedicated to Jeep workers". Toledo Blade. Retrieved 24 July 2019.
  7. ^ McKinnon, Julie M. (11 February 2007). "Bumpy at first, assembly smooths out for Wrangler". The Toledo Blade. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  8. ^ "Chrysler Group's Toledo Supplier Park Opens the Doors to Production of All-New 2007 Jeep(R) Wrangler". The Auto Channel. 2006. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  9. ^ a b "Toledo North Assembly Plant". daimlerchrysler.com. 2008. Archived from the original on 6 June 2008. Retrieved 2 December 2013.
  10. ^ McKINNON, JULIE. "Nation's longest-operating auto plant faces final days". Offroaders.com. Retrieved 7 July 2014.
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External links[edit]