Highways in Hungary

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Existing (blue), U/C (red) and planned (green) highway-network of Hungary as of July, 2017

According to the Állami Autópályakezelő Zrt. ("State Motorway Management Plc."), the total length of the Hungarian motorway system was 1,400.6 kilometers in 2013.[1] The construction of the Hungarian motorway system started in 1964 with M7, which finished in 1975 between Budapest and the Lake Balaton. The total length of the system reached 200 km in 1980, 500 km in 1998 and 1000 km in 2007.

The motorways in Hungary, Hungarian: autópálya (abbr. M), are defined as two-lane motorways in each direction, with an emergency lane. The speed limit is 130 km/h or 80 mph.

The expressways in Hungary, Hungarian: autóút, are defined as two-lane motorways in each direction. The speed limit is 110 km/h or 70 mph. Their highway shields are white on blue and road signs are white on blue, as well.

As of 1 January 2016, the Hungarian motorway network comprises 13 motorways, 13 expressways, some fast road (R). Nowadays, 21 of them are at least partially operational, but only 9 (M1, M5, M7, M15, M19, M31, M43, M51 and M70) have been completed by the end of 2016.

Highways system[edit]

M5 near Lajosmizse.
M0 Eastern section.

Motorways[edit]

The motorways in Hungary, Hungarian: autópálya (abbr. M), are defined as two-lane motorways in each direction, with emergency lane. The speed limit is 130 km/h or 80 mph. Their road signs are white on blue.

Number E-road Route Length
M1
Budapest - Tatabánya - Győr - Mosonmagyaróvár - Hegyeshalom(AUT border) 171 km
M3
Budapest - Hatvan - Füzesabony - Polgár - Nyíregyháza - Vásárosnamény - Beregdaróc(UKR border) 307 km
Existing: 280 km
M4
Budapest - Szolnok - Püspökladány - Nagykereki(ROU border) 233 km
Existing: 29 km
M5
Budapest - Kecskemét - Szeged - Röszke(SRB border) 173 km
M6
Budapest (M0) - Dunaújváros - Szekszárd - Mohács - Ivándárda(CRO border) 212 km
Existing: 193 km
M7
Budapest - Székesfehérvár - Siófok - Nagykanizsa - Letenye(CRO border) 233 km
M8
Szolnok (M4) - Kecskemét - Dunaújváros - Veszprém - Rábafüzes(AUT border) 330 km
Existing: 35 km
M15
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1 - Rajka(SVK border) (half motorway) 15 km
M19 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1 - Győr (half motorway) 10 km
M30
(Via Carpatia) AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Miskolc - Tornyosnémeti(SVK border) 95 km
Existing: 28 km
M31
Transit road from AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M0 to AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 highway 12 km
M35
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Debrecen - AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M4 69 km
Existing: 53 km
M43
Szeged (M5) - Makó - Csanádpalota(ROU border) 58 km
M60 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M6 - Pécs - Barcs(CRO border) 56 km
Existing: 32 km

Expressways[edit]

The expressways in Hungary, Hungarian: autóút (abbr. M as well) are defined as dual carriageways with lower standards than that of a motorway, but with the same restrictions. The speed limit is 110 km/h or 70 mph. Their road signs are white on blue.

Number E-road Route Length
M0
Budapest Ring 108 km
Existing: 77 km
M2
Budapest (M0) - Vác - Parassapuszta(SVK border) (half expressway) 70 km
Existing: 32 km
M9 Szombathely (M86) - Zalaegerszeg - Nagykanizsa - Kaposvár - Szekszárd - Szeged (M5) ~ 300 km
Existing: 21 km
M10 Budapest - Pilisvörösvár - AB-Kreuz-blau.svg R11 34 km
Existing: 0 km
M25 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Eger 19 km
Existing: 0 km
M34
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Záhony(UKR border) 39 km
Existing: 0 km
M44 Kecskemét (M8) - Békéscsaba - Gyula(ROU border) 111 km
Existing: 0 km
M51 Part of old ring of Budapest 9 km
M70
AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M7 - Tornyiszentmiklós(SLO border) (half expressway) 21 km
M85 Győr (M1) - Csorna - Sopron(AUT border) ~ 80 km
Existing: 31 km
M86
Szombathely - Csorna - AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1 115 km
Existing: 71 km
M87 Szombathely (M86) - Kőszeg(AUT border) 20 km
Existing: 0 km

Fast roads[edit]

The fast roads in Hungary, Hungarian: gyorsút (abbr. R) are defined as dual carriageways with lower standards than that of a expressway, but the level intersection (eg, traffic light node, roundabout) is permissible. The speed limit is also 110 km/h or 70 mph.

Number Route Length
R11 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M1 - Esztergom ?  km
Existing: 0 km
R21 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Salgótarján - Somoskőújfalu(SVK border) ?  km
Existing: 0 km
R23 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg R21 - Ózd ?  km
Existing: 0 km
R49 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M3 - Mátészalka - Csenger(ROU border) 45 km
Existing: 0 km
R67 AB-Kreuz-blau.svg M7 - Kaposvár 46 km
Existing: 0 km
R83 Győr (M1) - Pápa 36 km
Existing: 0 km
Main road 5 near Kecskemét.
2x2 traffic lanes main roads

Toll requirements[edit]

Legend of sections:
  completed
  under construction or planned

The e-vignette user charge system applies to motorcycles, passenger cars and their trailers, as well as cargo vehicles with a maximum permissible gross weight of 3.5 tonnes, campers and buses, and their trailers. These vehicles are authorized to use the Hungarian toll speedway network’s roads exclusively with pre-purchased –purchased prior to entering a toll speedway section– road use authorization, i.e. e-vignettes. The amount of toll charges depends on the category of the vehicle and the type of thee-vignette. The category of the motorvehicles must be determined according to the official entry that appears in the vehicle registration certificate, based on the maximum permissible grossweight of the motor vehicle and the number of persons it is allowed to transport.[2]

Hungarian system has 2 main type in terms of salary.

1, time-based fee vignettes (E-matrica) with a validity of either 10 days (2975 HUF), 1 month (4780 HUF) or 1 year (42980 HUF). The following motorway sections are toll-free for cars up to 3.5 t:[3]

  • the following sections of the M0 expressway: - 63 km
    • the section between Main Road 1 (exit -1) and the M5 motorway (exit 32),
    • the section between M4 expressway (exit 41) and M3 motorway (exit 68),
    • Megyeri Bridge (the section between Main Road 11 and Main Road 2), (exit 74-77).
  • the M31 motorway - 12 km
  • the section of M4 expressway (sign of Main Road 4) between the road leading from Vecsés to Budapest Liszt Ferenc International Airport (section between km section 19+550 and km section 20+518)
  • the M8 motorway
  • the Pécs south-west loop section of the M60 motorway between roads no. 58 (exit 30) and 5826 (exit 32) - 2 km
2, regional vignettes

History[edit]

Development of the overall length (at the end of):

Year 1964 1970 1975 1980 1985 1990 1996 2002 2006 2010 2014 2016
Length in km 7 85 136 213 302 361 440 638 967 1,290 1,382 1,481

Gallery[edit]

[4]

Opening of new motorways[edit]

Construction of new motorways in recent years has been hampered due to corruption scandals and austerity measures as well as owing to new European rules under which old EIA assessments lapsed. In the coming years, the highway network will be expanded first of all near Budapest and border region of Hungary. Construction of non-radial roads continues to be slow. The expressway network has expanded by 206 kilometers in the last two years with a new route.

Highway From To Length Construction started Due to open Remarks
M30 Tornyosnémeti border of Slovakia 1.7 km 05/2016 12/2017[5] OPEN
M35 Debrecen (main road 4) junction with main road 481 5.43 km 07/2016 12/2017[6] OPEN
M85 Csorna Farád 4.45 km 04/2016 04/2018[7] bypass of Csorna (II. phase) OPEN
M35 junction with main road 483 Berettyóújfalu (M4) 18.7 km 07/2016 12/2018[8] last section of M35
M4 Berettyóújfalu (M35) junction with main road 47 2.95 km 11/2016 12/2018[9]
M44 Tiszakürt Kondoros 62.0 km 12/2016 08/2019[10]
M4 Üllő Albertirsa 30.0 km 01/2017 09/2019[11]
M4 Albertirsa Cegléd 14.4 km 01/2017 09/2019[12] 2nd carriageway
M2 Budapest Vác 19.6 km 04/2017 09/2019[13] 2nd carriageway
R67 junction with M7 motorway Kaposvár 33.2 km 06/2017 09/2019[14]
M4 junction with main road 47 border of Romania 26.5 km 05/2017 01/2020[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Állami Autópályakezelő Zrt. (ÁAK) (2013). "Az ÁAK által kezelt úthálózat részletes adatai (2013)". Nemzetiutdij.hu. Retrieved 2015-05-14. 
  2. ^ "National Toll Payment Services PLC". toll-charge.hu. 
  3. ^ "National Toll Payment Services PLC". toll-charge.hu. 
  4. ^ This list contains the limited-access roads (expressways) in Hungary with (at least) four traffic lanes and median.
  5. ^ "M30 autóút Tornyosnémeti – országhatár közötti szakasz megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  6. ^ "Már autózhatunk az M35-ös sztráda új szakaszán és a debreceni déli elkerülő úton". dehir.hu. Retrieved 2017-12-13. 
  7. ^ "Sopron megközelítése, M85 autóút Csorna elkerülő (II. ütem) megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  8. ^ "M35 autópálya (II. ütem) 481. sz. főút – Berettyóújfalu közötti szakasz megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  9. ^ "M4 autópálya Berettyóújfalu – Nagykereki országhatár közötti szakasz megvalósítása I. ütem". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  10. ^ "Békéscsaba megközelítése, M44 Tiszakürt – Kondoros". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  11. ^ "M4 gyorsforgalmi út Üllő-Albertirsa közötti szakasz kivitelezése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  12. ^ "M4 gyorsforgalmi út Albertirsa-Cegléd közötti szakasz kivitelezése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  13. ^ "M2 gyorsforgalmi út megvalósítása Budapest-Vác". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  14. ^ "Kaposvár megközelítése, 67. sz. főút Kaposfüred és Látrány elkerülő utak közötti szakasz fejlesztése". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
  15. ^ "M4 autópálya Berettyóújfalu – Nagykereki országhatár közötti szakasz II. ütem megvalósítása". Nif.hu. Retrieved 2017-07-15. 
General
  • Magyarország autóatlasz (Road atlas of Hungary), Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2004
  • Magyarország autóatlasz (Road atlas of Hungary), Dimap-Szarvas, Budapest, 2013

External links[edit]