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In Hindu tradition Triveni Sangam is the "confluence" of three rivers. Sangama is the Sanskrit word for confluence. The point of confluence is a sacred place for Hindus. A bath here is said to flush away all of one's sins and free one from the cycle of rebirth.
Triveni Sangam at Allahabad
One such Triveni Sangam, in Prayag (Allahabad) has two physical rivers — Ganges - Yamuna and the invisible Saraswati River. The three rivers maintain their visible identity and can be identified by their different colors. The water of Ganges is clear, Yamuna is greenish in color but the presence of the Saraswati River can only be felt underwater.
A place of religious importance and the site for historic Kumbh Mela held every 12 years, over the years it has also been the site of immersion of ashes of several national leaders, including Mahatma Gandhi in 1948.
This description of the confluence of the Ganga and Yamuna seems to be referred to in one of the latest sections of the Rigveda, which says,"Those who bathe at the place where the two rivers flow together, rise upto heaven". According to the Puranas, there is also a third river called as Saraswati.
Other Triveni Sangams
Bhagamandala is a pilgrimage place in Kodagu district of Karnataka. It is situated on the river Kaveri in its upstream stretches. At this place, the Kaveri is joined by two tributaries, the Kannike and the mythical Sujyoti river. It is considered sacred as a river confluence (kudala or triveni sangama, in Kannada and Sanskrit respectively).
The Triveni Sangam in Erode is a confluence of 3 rivers, the Cauvery, Bhavani and Amudha. Of these three, the river Amudha is invisible and is said to flow underground and join the other two rivers from below. It is also called as Kooduthurai, where the famous Sangameswarar is located.
Tirumakudalu Narasipura, commonly known as T. Narasipura, is a panchayat town in Mysore district in the Indian state of Karnataka. The first name refers to the land at the confluence, (trimakuta in Sanskrit) at the confluence of the Kaveri, Kabini and Spatika Sarovara (a mythical lake or spring, also named Gupta Gamini). This is the place in South India where local Kumbhamela is held every three years.
Kaliyar (Kali river), Thodupuzhayar (Thodupuzha river) and Kothayar (Kothamangalam river) merges and becomes Moovattupuzha river in Kerala and hence this place is called Moovattupuzha.
At Indrakunda Nashik, 2 Mythical rivers Aruna & Varuna meet Godavari making it a Triveni Sangam.
- "Triveni Sangam". Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- At the Three Rivers TIME, 23 February 1948.
- Gram Panchayat and Taluk Boundary Map
- Kumar, R. Krishna (2013). "The Hindu : States / Karnataka : Preparations on for regional version of Kumbh mela". thehindu.com. Retrieved 15 January 2013.
The T. Narsipur Kumbh Mela, being held from February 23 to 25, began around 20 years ago and is held once in three years.