Muvattupuzha Old and New Bridges
|• Municipal Chairperson||Usha Sasidharan|
|• Total||13.18 km2 (5.09 sq mi)|
|Elevation||15 m (49 ft)|
|• Density||2,306.3/km2 (5,973/sq mi)|
|• Official||Malayalam, English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Nearest city||Ernakulam, Kottayam|
|Sex ratio||1023 ♂/♀|
|Lok Sabha constituency||Idukki|
|Climate||Tropical monsoon (Köppen)|
|Avg. summer temperature||32.5 °C (90.5 °F)|
|Avg. winter temperature||20 °C (68 °F)|
|The town where three rivers merge to form Muvattupuzha river.|
Muvattupuzha is a prominent old town in the midlands directly to the east of Kochi. The town is a growing urban centre in central Kerala and also an aspiring new district headquarter. This small city is also popular as the starting point of Muvattupuzha river which happens by the merging of three rivers – namely Thodupuzhayar (Thodupuzha river), Kaliyar (Kali river) and Kothayar (Kothamangalam river) – to form Muvattupuzhayaar. Thus, this Thriveni Sangamam or confluence of three rivers is called Muvattupuzha.
Muvattupuzha is a municipality in the eastern side of Ernakulam district in the Indian state of Kerala. The town is bordered by Kottayam district on southern side and Idukki district on eastern side approximately 20 km from the town. Muvattupuzha lies on the intersection between M C Road and National Highway 49, about 42 km from district capital Ernakulam.It is the second biggest commercial centre of the district and one of the biggest in the central part of the state.
- 1 Etymology
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Religion
- 5 Geography
- 6 Politics
- 7 Culture
- 8 Notable people
- 9 Places of worship
- 10 Educational Organizations
- 11 Sports
- 12 Transportation
- 13 Health
- 14 Economy
- 15 Entertainment
- 16 Infrastructure
- 17 Gallery
- 18 How to Reach
- 19 See also
- 20 References
- 21 External links
The town is named after the Muvattupuzha river which flows through it. The name is made up of three Malayalam words: Moonnu, which stands for three; aaru, small river; and puzha, which also means river. Aaru is a word that is usually used for rivers in the southern half of Kerala, while the term puzha is used in the northern parts. The three rivers in this case are the Kothamangalam river or Kothayaar, Kaliyar and Thodupuzhayar, which merge to form a single river called Muvattupuzhayar. This place is called Thriveni Sangamam in Malayalam which means the point of confluence of three rivers.
In English both spellings viz. Muvattupuzha and Moovattupuzha are interchangeably used. Etymologically Moovattupuzha, is the correct spelling how ever commoners widely use the spelling Muvattupuzha and is better accepted.
Muvattupuzha was part of the Vadakkumkoor Kingdom until it was captured by the Travancore Kingdom. Old documents show that parts of the lands of Muvattupuzha belonged to Edappally Swaroopam, but were later transferred to Manas' (Brahmin Families).
After Indian Independence, from 1949 to 1956, Muvattupuzha was a part of the Kottayam district in Travancore-Cochin state. In 1956, when Kerala state was formed, Muvattupuzha remained as a part of Kottayam district until 1958. Muvattupuzha, as a village union, came under the control of a council of three members nominated by the Government. V. P. Govindan Nair was the first president of the village union. By 1953, Muvattupuzha was declared a Panchayat. Kunnappillil Varkey Vaidyan was the first president of the elected Panchayat Committee. Muvattupuzha was raised to the status of a Municipality in the year 1958. N. Parameshwaran Nair became the first Municipal Chairman. Muvattupuzha made history as the first Municipality where the Communist Party came to power in a general election.
N. P. Varghese was the first elected M.L.A. from Muvattupuzha Assembly Constituency. He defeated Manjunatha Prabhu of Communist party. Later, K. M. George, founder of Kerala Congress represented Muvattupuzha. The first M.P. of Muvattupuzha (Lok Sabha constituency) was George Thomas Kottukapally. Of all the Municipal Chairmen of the town, P. P. Esthose deserves special mention. He was simultaneously an MLA and the Municipal Chairman of Muvattupuzha. He got state-level recognition as the Chairman of Chamber of Chairmen. In its entire history, he is the only Communist member elected to the Parliament from the constituency.
St. Thomas, the Apostle of Jesus Christ who introduced Christianity to India, is believed to have visited this region. The Marth Mariam Syro-Malabar Catholic Church of Arakuzha has a recorded history of over 1000 years, making it one of the oldest Syrian churches in Kerala. It is known for its paintings and sculptures. Muvattupuzha was also known as Arakuzha Pakuthi (meaning half of Arakuzha).
As of 2001 India census, Muvattupuzha had a population of 29,230. Males constitute 49% of the population and females 51%. Muvattupuzha has an average literacy rate of 84%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 85%, and female literacy is 82%. In Muvattupuzha, 11% of the population is under 6 years otf age.
Kavumpady Road in the heart of the town contains major Agraharam of Kerala Iyers. Konkanis are also in lesser numbers. Hindus are majority in the region with castes like Nair, Ezhava, Namboodiri, and Pulayar present around the Taluka.
Syrian Christians include a majority of Syro-Malabar Catholics and Jacobites. There are Orthodox, Syro-Malankara Catholics, Marthomites and Evangelists also. Muvattupuzha is the seat of Muvattupuzha diocese of Jacobite Syriac Orthodox Church and Kandanad East diocese of Orthodox.
The town and western parts of the region are mainly plains and is culturally similar to Ernakulam whereas the eastern parts are mainly highlands and differ from the western parts as most of the region are agricultural areas. Essentially, the regions of Thodupuzha, Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam were called sub-high range or Keezhmalanad of erstwhile Vadakkumkoor Kingdom indicating these as lands with fertile soils deposited by Thodupuzha and Muvattupuzha rivers over a period of time due to floodings of the banks. The town is 20m above mean sea level (MSL).
Muvattupuzha is one of the 140 legislative assembly constituencies of Kerala state. Muvattupuzha assembly constituency is part of Idukki (Lok Sabha constituency). Previously it was a part of Muvattupuzha (Lok Sabha constituency). The major political parties of Muvattupuzha are Indian National Congress, CPI (M), Muslium League, CPI, Kerala Congress (mani), Kerala Congress (Jacob) and B.J.P.
Eminent political leaders of the past include K. M. George (former Minister and the founder of Kerala Congress)and P.P Esthose (Former M.P and M.L.A ). The present political leaders of Kerala who are from Muvattupuzha are Johny Nelloor, former M.L.A and Chairman of Kerala Congress Jacob faction and Chairman of Oushadhi and Francis George (Former M.P), Gopi Kottamurikkal (Former M.L.A and Ernakulam district secretary of CPI(M)).
The Muvattupuzha river (Malayalam: മൂവാറ്റുപുഴയാർ) which starts and flows through Muvattupuzha town runs for 121 km and enters the Kottayam district. The major source of water is the Thodupuzha river which starts in the Idukki district and provides water throughout the year, enabled by the supply of water from Idukki arch dam. Idukki dam is the largest arch dam in India and it is used for hydro-electric power generation. this is an old heritage route all along the river's path up to Vaikom. Old settlements along the path of the river evolved into towns along the Muvattupuzhayaar flow, including Vaikom, Piravom, Muvattupuzha. In ancient times,[when?] transportation was essentially through Kettuvallam (Country boat) travelling to Vettikkattumukku and Vaikom to reach Alappuzha and Kochi. before Kothamangalam and Thodupuzha evolved as prominent hill produce market, Muvattupuzha was the old centre owing to the connectivity through the river. Muvattupuzha river is the prime victim of river pollution nowadays.[according to whom?] Green People, an environmental organization is now leading a campaign to save the Muvattupuzha river. Companies like Hindusthan Newsprint Limited functions near the banks of this river but this company was having advanced effluent treatment system but these days this system is not functioning as per expectation and the river water turns black where effluent joins river at pipeline junction.
It was in 1914 when Colonel Munroe, the Resident Diwan of Travancore,the first concrete bridge in Kerala was built in Muvattupuzha under the supervision of the British engineer W.H. Emrald. It is said that on its inauguration, to convince the strength & stability of the bridge, the British engineer sat beneath the bridge while 12 elephants walked over it. This bridge is across the Muvattupuzha river connecting Nehru Park and Kacherithazham.
There was a wooden bridge across the river through which the steam bus(കല്ക്കരി വണ്ടി ) goes from Muvattupuzha to Ernakulam in olden days. The border to Cochin state was at Chungam, Mamala, near Thiruvankulam. Until the late 1970s, traffic was through the old concrete bridge. There was a traffic police outpost on either side of the bridge to control one way traffic at a time through the narrow bridge. Later in the 1970s, a new bridge was constructed and in the late 1970s the traffic diverted through this wider two way bridge.
Kadamattathu Kathanar was a magician in this region who travelled Kerala to immobilize Yakshis (female demons).
Theevettikkolla (തീവെട്ടിക്കൊള്ള) is a term that originated from Muvattupuzha.
In olden days there was petroleum pump in B O C junction which is a short form for Burma Oil Company. Later it is said that Jawaharilal Nehru addressed people in this junction and now called Nehru Park after his name . The town consists of two regions separated by the Muvattupuzha bridge. Kacherithazham is the main centre of the town to the east of the Muvattupuzha bridge. Nehru Park, Velloorkunnam and Vazhappilly are to the north of the bridge. TB.Junction and P.O Junction lies East of the bridge. Kavumkara is an old market which lies to the northeast of the town after the bridge on the Muvattupuzha–Kothamangalam road.
Latha bridge or Thodupuzha bridge is over the Thodupuzha river, which flows through the southeast portions of the town before merging with Muvattupuzha river near Kacherithazham. Kizhakkekara and Randaattinkara (Randarkara or Randar) lies on the eastern part of the town on the banks of the Muvattupuzha river. From the olden times, south of Marady (മാറാടി) panchayat towards Kottayam were sparsely occupied and still has old rubber plantations and a hilly terrain until Koothattukulam. Aaroor (ആറൂര്) (near Meenkunnam) was a forest before 5–6 decades. While every direction from Muvattupuzha is populated and almost urbanized, the southern direction towards Kottayam via M C Road is not so developed in terms of infrastructure. At a distance approximately 8 km southwards, Muvattupuzha town is covered by a curve-like hilly region of 40–60 MSL in the whole southern side which crosses Kottayam and Piravom routes. Most of these hills are rubber plantations. KSTP's second phase project of straightening of the Muvattupuzha – Chengannur MC Road is recently inaugurated.
The old Muvattupuzha bridge built over the Muvattupuzha river was the first concrete bridge in Asia. It was completed in 1914. This serves as the connection between Nehru Park and Kacherithazham.
The nearby panchayaths are mostly into agriculture, small- and medium-scale industries. Pineapple and rubber plantations are the common agrarian efforts. Match box industries, plywood factories, saw mills, paper, plastic and wood carton making are the main industries in this area. KINFRA's Small Industries Park at Nellad is 9 km from Muvattupuzha on SH41.
The nearby main towns are Kothamangalam, Thodupuzha, Piravom, Koothattukulam, Kolenchery, Perumbavoor. There are many small suburban towns close to Muvattupuzha like Vazhakulam, Kalloorkkad, Pothanicad, Nellikuzhy, Nellad etc.
Muvattupuzha has a rich cultural tradition. Margamkali and martial arts like Parichamuttukali, are popular among the Syrian Christian community. It is performed by men and women separately during Syrian Christian weddings. Shadkala Govinda Marar was born on the banks of the Muvattupuzha river. In the new era,Mela (Muvattupuzha Enlightened Lovers of Arts) – a registered fine arts society which was established in 1968 plays the lead role in the cultural life of this town.
- K. M. George was a veteran politician and former Minister. He was the founder of the Kerala Congress Party and former Muvattupuzha M. L. A. His son Francis George is former M. P. of Idukki.
- Johnny Nellore is a veteran politician and former M.L.A of Muvattupuzha from 1991 to 2006. He is the chairman of Kerala Congress (Jacob).
- Francis George is a Kerala Congress leader and former M.P. of Idukki. He is the son of K. M. George.
- Madhu Neelakandhan Wins Kerala State award for Annayum Rasoolum
- Mannathoor Wilson also known as Wilson Sir/Mandan Salsan (മണ്ടൻ സൽസൻ). He is a well known self-proclaimed short story writer, novelist, dramatist, orator and Facebook activist in Kerala. He is infamous in Facebook for many of his usages. His notorious books മേഘങ്ങളിൽ മുഖമൊളിപ്പിക്കുന്നവൻ & ഒക്ടോബർ രാത്രിയുടെ മരണം were huge hits in Sivakasi area during Vishu and Diwali. Many bookstalls either returned the stock books to Mr. Wilson or given 80-90% discount on the original price. His vellichachan and Lichimaram are well known characters in social-media. Mr. Wilson entertains his readers like Bobban & Molly did in early 90's.
- Jeethu Joseph, Indian film director and screenwriter
- Bhagath Manuel, Indian film actor.
- Vishak Nair, Indian film actor
Places of worship
- Velloorkunnam Shiva Temple
- Puzhakkarakavu Bhagavati Temple
- Chakkunnathu Sree Mahadeva Temple
- Sree Kumara Bhajana Devaswom Temple
- Pallikavu Bhagavati Temple
- Mattapili Sri. Krishna Temple
- Sivankunnu Temple
- St. Mary's Jacobite Syrian Church, East Vazhappilly
- Ramakrishna Math
- Kizhakkekara Sri Dharma Sastha Temple
- Nettorkottu Vanadurga Devi Temple
- Kadamattom Church
- Marth Mariam Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church
- Marth Mariam Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church
- Holy Magi Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church
- Holy Magi Syro-Malabar Catholic Forane Church, a St. Joseph's Syro-Malankara Catholic Cathedral
- Christ the King Roman Latin Church
- Mappila Muslims following Shafi'i Fiqh are the majority in Muvattupuzha, Kothamangalam Talukas. the main Masjid is Central Mahallu Jama'ath situated at Kavumkara market.
- Perumattom Dasukhi Masjid is one of the oldest one. Valiyuppappa, a Sufi Darvesh famous for his treatments and mystical capabilities lived in Perumattom. Mappila Muslims of this region considers Perumattom as the main centre from where many of them migrated to Nellikkuzhy, Kothamangalam and parts of Idukki.
- Petta Juma Masjid in Pettah, near Post office Junction, Muvattupuzha is the main mosque of Thulukkar or Tamil Muslims who follow Hanafi Fiqh.
- Ahmediyya Mosque is situated in Vazhappilly towards Pattimattom route.
- Viswajyothi College of Engineering and Technology, Vazhakulam
- TTVHSS <http://tharbiyath.org/>
- Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology
- Ilahia College of Arts & Science.
- Annoor Dental College,Perumatom
- MES Punnamattom
- Nirmala College <http://www.nirmalacollege.ac.in/>
- Nirmala College of Pharmacy <http://www.nirmalacp.org>
- Nirmala Public School <http://nirmalapbs.org>
- Nirmala Higher Secondary School
- St. Augustines Girls Higher Secondary School
- St. Thomas Public School
- Vimelagiri International School
- Presidency Central School
KL-17 is the RTO code for Muvattupuzha taluka including Muvattupuzha town. Muvattupuzha KSRTC depot is located on MC Road towards south of the town. KSRTC operates few long distance services and mostly caters to the Ernakulam to Thodupuzha route. Private bus services are available to major towns in the Ernakulam district as well as Kottayam and Idukki districts. Frequent buses are available to neighbouring towns like Ernakulam, Kakkanad, Aluva, Wellington Island, Kothamangalam, Piravom, Koothattukulam, Perumbavoor, Pattimattom and Thodupuzha. Auto rickshaws are commonly used for small distances. Taxis are also available in plenty. The nearest major railway station is Aluva railway station and Thrippunithura which are 31 km away. The Cochin International Airport at Nedumbassery is 34 km away from the town.
Muvattupuzha is well connected to the main cities of the state via road.Muvattupuzha town is a major junction for highways passing through the town. major highways are:
- NH 85 (previously NH 49) Kochi-Dhanushkodi passing through Munnar.
- MC Road towards Ankamali connects the town towards northern part of the state such as Thrissur, Palakkad and Kozhikode
- MC Road towards Thiruvananthapuram passing through many important towns in Central Travancore like Kottayam, Changanassery.
- Punaloor-Muvattupuzha PM road passing through low ranges(foothills of western ghats) towns like Thodupuzha, Pala, Ponkunnam
- Muvattupuzha-Vaikom highway through Piravom, Peruva, Thalayolaparambu.
- Muvattupuzha-Theni SH 43 state highway passing through Chalikkadavu, Randattinkara, Kalloorkkad, Udumbannoor.
- Palarivattom-Thekkadi SH 41 passing through Kakkanad, Pattimattom, Muvattupuzha, Pandappilly, Arikkuzha, Thodupuzha, Moolamattom, Vagamon
- Muvattupuzha-Kaliyar road passing through Kakkadassery, Pothanicad, Paingottur, Vannappuram
Muvattupuzha is surrounded by a few small, populous commuter villages, connected to the town by buses. The notable ones are Ayavana, Paipra, Avoly, Valakom, Cheruvattor, Mannoor, Marady etc. Vazhakulam town is one of the main interchange points for public transport.
Major Hospitals in Muvattupuzha are Muvattupuzha Medical Center, Nirmala Medical Centre run by Franciscan Clarist Sisters under the Syrian Catholic Eparchy of Kothamangalam, Nedumchalil Trust Hospital and Vallakalil Hospital apart from the Government District Hospital. It also has many homeopathic and ayurvedic clinics. Sabine Hospital and Research Centre is an advanced referral centre for infertility, laparoscopic surgeries, high risk pregnancy and neonatology run by Dr Sabine S, a renowned infertility specialist in Kerala.
The Referral Hospitals near to Muvattupuzha are Kolenchery Malankara Orthodox Syrian Church Medical College 13 km from the town, Medical Trust Hospital, Kochi 42 km from the town and AIMS, Ponekkara 40 km from the town. Kottayam Medical College lies 50 km from the town.
Muvattupuzha taluk consists of midlands and highlands with agriculture and small-scale industries as its primary economic base.Muvattupuzha was a part of erstwhile Travancore Kingdom. The border check posts of Travancore in Mamala, near Thiruvankulam prevented interconnectivity between Kochi and Muvattupuzha. Muvattupuzha was an important commercial centre and a prominent town until about 1975. Two decades back a separate Muvattupuzha district was to be carved out of the districts Ernakulam, Idukki and Kottayam. Demand for Muvattupuzha District still exists. But the new district formation is not yet supported from Kerala government. Census of India, 2011 noted a new, separate and distinct urban agglomeration including parts of Muvattupuzha and Kothamangalam talukas. Lately, Kerala Government is supporting and considering the formation of Muvattupuzha district; but faces opposition from a regional party Kerala Congress (M). There is a strong lobby based on Thodupuzha who does not want to see realization of Muvattupuzha district. Their fear is, given the geographical proximity that Muvattupuzha enjoys as well as the biggest urban region in the central-eastern midlands makes Muvattupuzha grow into a major city in the eastern side of Kochi. Muvattupuzha-Kothamangalam will have the possibility of growing into a single city. This can kill the high growth Thodupuzha town is experiencing now. But Muvattupuzha still is a town with its own history and old glory being a major city in the central Kerala and the second biggest in the district.
Grand Centre Mall is located in Aramanapady, Muvattupuzha which also has a 3 Screen 3D Multiplex.
Canton shopping mall is situated near 130 junction, Muvattupuzha. This mall contains a 2 screen 3D multiplex.
Movie houses in the town
- Issac's and Maria A/C [2K] Theatre :1 screen each, 130th mile junction near to K.S.R.T.C Bus Stand.
- EVM Latha Theatre A/C [2K]: 2 screens, after Latha Bridge, Thodupuzha road.
- Vettukattil Movies A/C [2K], Velloorkkunnam.
- Cinepoint: 2 screens, A/C [2K], 6th Floor, Canton Mall, 130th mile junction near to K.S.R.T.C Bus Stand.
- Carnival Cinemas, A/C [2K] – 3 Screens, 3rd Floor, Grand Centre Mall, Aramana Junction
Many old theatres once famous in Muvattupuzha town was closed down. Lone surviving theatre from the olden days is Latha theatre. Five decades back, Muvattupuzha boasted 5 theatres. Theatres which are closed:
- Lakshmi theatre, Velloorkkunnam
- Apsara theatre, market road
- Sindhu theatre
- Union theatre
Muvattupuzha is a part of Central Kerala. It lies between Angamaly and Kottayam on the Main Central Road which runs along the length of the old Travancore, from Thiruvananthapuram to Angamaly. The first and second longest state highways of Kerala, Main Central Road (Angamaly - Thiruvananthapuram / SH-01 / 240 km) and Main Eastern Highway (Muvattupuzha–Punalur / SH-08 / 154 km), meet here. The Kochi–Madurai NH 49 passes through Muvattupuzha. A four lane road connecting the city to district center Kakkanad is proposed. Also the proposed Kakkanad-Thankalam (four lane) road connecting the Kochi city to eastern midlands of Kothamangalam passes through the suburbs of Muvattupuzha town. The Muvattupuzha–Theni Highway (SH 43) starts at the Chalikkadavu Bridge and goes through Randattinkara, Kotta, Udumbannoor, Nedumkandam and Cumbum before ending at Theni. This is a shorter route to Madurai in neighbouring Tamil Nadu.
A bypass has been planned from Kadathy to Puthuppady to avoid traffic from the Kochi–Madurai NH 49 which is also the route to Munnar, a popular hill station. A bypass to Thodupuzha Road and MC Road is planned from Kadathi on NH49 via the proposed new bridge at Murikkallu. Later the road will join MC Road towards Kottayam at Marady. A Muvattupuzha–Kakkanad–Palarivattom four-lane highway project is at discussion levels. Proposed route is via Vazhappilly, Pattimattom, Kizhakkambalam, Infopark to Reach Vyttila Central Bus Terminal in 30 minutes over 31 km. Chalikkadavu bridge helps long distance travelers from being caught in traffic, particularly during the rush hour. The bypass will go through Kizhakkekara to Marady to link the SH-8 to Thodupuzha and to the MC Road.
How to Reach
- Kochi- Thrippunithura-Kolenchery-Muvattupuzha (43 km)
- Kozhikode-Feroke-Parappanangadi-Tirur-Ponnani-North Paravur-Aluva-Muvattupuzha (200 km)
- Trivandrum- Kottarakkara-Changanassery-Kottayam-Muvattupuzha (208 km)
- Kottayam- Ettumanoor-Kuravilangad-Koothattukulam-Muvattupuzha (56 km)
- Thrissur- Chalakudy-Angamaly-Perumbavoor-Muvattupuzha (80 km)
- Alappuzha- Muhamma-Thanneermukkom-Vaikom-Peruva-Piravom-Pampakkuda-Muvattupuzha (81 km)
- Munnar-Adimaly-Kothamangalam-Muvattupuzha (89 km)
- Kollam - Kayamkulam-Thiruvalla-Muvattupuzha (150 km)
- Theni - Bodinayakkanur-Pooppara-Rajakkad-Kallarkutty Dam-Neendapara-Kothamangalam-Muvattupuzha (150 km)
- Muvattupuzha District Activism - The need for midland city in the immediate east of Kochi
- Will Muvattupuzha District be formed?
- Main Central Road
- NH 49
- Main Eastern Highway
- K. M. Mathew, ed. (2006). Manorama Year Book. Malayala Manorama. p. 116.
- Arakuzha Church
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- "Wikibooks Malayalam- Aithihyamala- Kadamattathu Kathanar". Wikibooks-Malayalam. 2011-06-07. Retrieved 2011-06-10.
- "Kinfra park at Nellad fully occupied". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 2007-11-13.
- * Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology
- Nirmala Medical Centre
- Franciscan Clarist Sisters
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Muvattupuzha.|
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