Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California
|Regions with significant populations|
|United States ( California)|
|English, Chemehuevi language|
|traditional tribal religion, Christianity
|Related ethnic groups|
|Chemehuevi and Mission Indian tribes|
The Twenty-Nine Palms Band of Mission Indians of California is a federally recognized tribe of Mission Indians with two reservations, one located near the cities of Indio and Coachella in Riverside County, and the other in the city of Twentynine Palms in San Bernardino County, California. While many scholars regard the tribe as being Luiseño, the tribe itself identifies as being Chemehuevi.
The area was settled in 1867 by a band of Chemehuevi, whose descendants formed the Twenty-Nine Palms Band. The reservation consists of two geographically separate sections, with the main one in Indio, and the other in the city of Twenty-Nine Palms at .
The portion of the Twenty-Nine Palms Reservation (San Bernardino County was established in 1895 and occupies 402 acres (163 ha). It is adjacent to the city of Twenty-Nine Palms and Joshua Tree National Park.) in
The Riverside County reservation was shared with the Cabazon Band of Mission Indians prior to 1976, when the reservation was split by Congressional Act. The larger Cabazon Indian Reservation lies adjacent to the main section of the reservation, mostly to the south and southeast, but surrounding it in every direction except its eastern border. The main reservation lies partly in the service area of the Indio post office (zip code 92201) and partly in that of the Coachella post office (zip code 92236), although it is not part of either city.
Government and programs
In 1997, the tribe established the 29 Palms Band of Mission Indians Tribal Environmental Protection Agency, in partnership with the US Environmental Protection Agency. The tribe's EPA manages all environmental protection programs on their reservation, including improving water quality.
In 2014, the Twenty-Nine Palms Band established the Tortoise Rock Casino in 29 Palms.
- Eargle, 111
- Pritzker, 131
- California Indians and Their Reservations. San Diego State University Library and Information Access. 2009 (retrieved 6 May 2010)[dead link]
- "Tribal History." Spotlight 29 Casino. (retrieved 6 May 2010)
- "Tribal Governments by Tribe." National Congress of American Indians. (retrieved 6 May 2010)
- "About Us." 29 Palms Band of Mission Indians Environmental Protection Agency. (retrieved 6 May 2010)
- "About Us." Spotlight 29 Casino. (retrieved 6 May 2010)
- Eargle, Jr., Dolan H. California Indian Country: The Land and the People. San Francisco: Tree Company Press, 1992. ISBN 0-937401-20-X.
- Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. ISBN 978-0-19-513877-1.