United Football League (Philippines)
|Organising body||Football Alliance|
United Football Clubs Association
|Number of teams||12|
|Domestic cup(s)||UFL Cup|
|League cup(s)||UFL FA League Cup|
UFL FA Cup
|International cup(s)||AFC Cup|
|Last champions||Global (3rd title) |
|Most championships||Global |
The United Football League, commonly known as the UFL, was an association football league, replaced by the Philippines Football League, based in the National Capital Region of the Philippines, governed by the Football Alliance (FA) in partnership with United Football Clubs Association (UFCA). The UFL was the Philippines' primary football league. In its last season in 2016, it was contested by 12 clubs and operated without a system of promotion and relegation with UFL Division 2, which was discontinued. Games were often scheduled on Tuesdays, Thursdays, Saturdays, and Sundays. To avoid the country's rainy season, the league usually kicks off sometime between the months of January and February each year.
The league started as a semi-professional tournament in 2009. For its inaugural season, the first UFL Cup, sanctioned by both the Philippine Football Federation and National Capital Region Football Association, was held in 2009 to determine the clubs that would participate in the league. Since then, it has been described as a thriving football league, organized by former football players and aficionados. A total of 20 clubs have competed in the UFL since its founding. It was organized by the Football Alliance, whose long-term goal is the continued development of football in the Philippines through a premier league.
- 1 Structure and competition
- 2 Format
- 3 History
- 4 Past league champions
- 5 Members
- 6 Venues
- 7 Players
- 8 Honors
- 9 Media coverage
- 10 Official match ball
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 External links
Structure and competition
The league was composed of two divisions, both with clubs playing a double round-robin format. During the course of a season, which commences sometime in January, each team plays every other club twice for a total of 18 games. However, during the 2014 season, the first division implemented a triple round-robin system, which increased the games from 18 to 24. Like most football leagues around the world, it adopts the standard point system wherein match winners receive three points and losers get none. Each club receives a point, on the other hand, if the match ends in a draw. At the end of each season, the team with the most points was crowned league champion. For clubs that were level in points, the following tie-breakers were applied:
- Goal difference for the entire season
- Total goals scored for the entire season
- Head-to-head results (total points)
- Head-to-head goals scored
- Head-to-head away goals scored
- Total away goals scored for the entire season
Promotion and relegation
Since the start of the 2013 season, a new promotion-relegation system has been adopted by the league. The club that finishes second in UFL Division 2 also had a chance of being promoted via a two-legged aggregate-goal playoff against the ninth-place team in the first division, similar to the system used in the Bundesliga. For the 2015 season, a single team in UFL Division 1, Pasargad, was relegated to the second division. Further, the top two clubs from the latter, Ceres and Manila Jeepney, were both promoted to the first division. Before the start of this season, Manila Nomads' decided to voluntarily step down from the first division to play in UFL Division 2, citing its inability to comply with the league's foreigner cap rule.
With the discontinuation of the UFL Division 2 in the 2016 season, the adoption of the promotion and relegation system has been ceased.
Below is a complete record of the number of clubs that have played in the first division throughout the league's history.
Qualification for Asian competitions
In January 2013, Global FC chairman Dan Palami posted a picture via Twitter of the letter of approval from Asian Football Confederation general secretary Dato Alex Soosay of his club's participation to the 2013 AFC President's Cup, which was scheduled from 2 to 12 May 2013 for the group stage. The team's participation marked the first time that the UFL and the Philippines sent a team in the cup to compete against clubs such as Taiwan Power Company, Hilal Al-Quds, and FC Dordoi Bishkek, to name a few. Global qualified and was chosen to represent the country after winning the league title in the 2012 season. However, for the 2014 AFC President's Cup, instead of the UFL, the PFF–Smart National Club Championship served as the qualifiers for the country's representative. Ceres, the 2013 PFF–Smart National Club Championship champions, represented the Philippines in the 2014 edition of the tournament.
In December 2014, Philippine Football Federation president Mariano Araneta, Jr. announced that the Philippines has been allocated a couple of slots for the 2015 AFC Cup. UFL club Global FC has been assigned an automatic slot for winning the 2014 UFL Division 1 league championship. 2014 FA League Cup champions Ceres FC, on the other hand, entered the 2015 AFC Cup play-off round against Maldivian football club Maziya.
Starting the 2015 season, the United Football League champion automatically qualifies for the group stages of the AFC Cup, while the UFL Cup champion earns an AFC Cup playoff spot. In the event that the league and cup champions are the same club, the AFC Cup playoff spot goes to the runner-up of the league competition.
|Season||League||Cup||FA League Cup||FA Cup|
Originally, the regular season of the UFL was composed of two competitions, namely: the United Football Cup, a single-elimination tournament that allows clubs to participate regardless of their division, and a domestic league. The latter is composed of separate round-robin tournaments for clubs in the first and second divisions. This is similar to the season schedule of the Philippine Basketball Association, which currently follows a three-conference format in a single season. The cup competition used to run from November to December of each year, while the league ran from January to July. Thus, these two competitions used to happen in separate calendar years. Since then, UFL officials have continuously introduced new formats, schedules, and tournaments to align the league calendar with those in the ASEAN region.
Beginning the 2015 season, the football season in the Philippines starts around September of each year with the FA League Cup. Further, the league and the UFL Cup both kick off sometime between the months of January and February every year, and these two competitions would be played simultaneously. Each season ends with the FA Cup, considered the culminating tournament of the UFL. This shift was done to align the UFL calendar with the football leagues in Southeast Asia and to avoid possible conflicts with the schedule of the Philippines national football team.
The schedule of the UFL and its competitions was once again shifted for the 2016 season. The season now begins with the UFL Cup in February, with the league competition set to begin in April. Unlike most football leagues around the world where the league and cup competitions run concurrently, the UFL reverted to having one competition after another. Additionally, the FA Cup and the FA League Cup have been discontinued.
UFL FA League Cup
The United Football League Football Association League Cup, commonly known as UFL FA League Cup, was a Filipino men's association football competition. It was played on a multistage format that culminated with single-elimination, knockout games. All clubs that played in UFL Division 1 and UFL Division 2 were eligible to compete in the FA League Cup. The cup starts with a qualifier for the bottom eight teams from the second division, with the top four advancing to the 16-club group stage. The top two teams from each of the four groups in this stage would move on to the knockout stages, culminating in a finals match sometime in November. Most of the FA League Cup matches were played at the Rizal Memorial Stadium. The competition was introduced to the league calendar before the start of the 2015 season.
|2014||Ceres||2–1||Global||Rizal Memorial Stadium|
The United Football League Cup, also known as the UFL Cup, is an association football competition in the Philippines that starts every January or February. It is the first competition in the United Football League season. The cup is a single-elimination tournament where all of the clubs in the UFL were eligible to compete.
The UFL Cup was first held in October 2009, sanctioned by the National Capital Region Football Association (NCRFA) and the Philippine Football Federation (PFF). The cup was originally formed to determine the distribution of clubs over the first and second divisions in its inaugural season. Philippine Air Force was the inaugural cup champions, defeating Philippine Army, 2–1. For the 2012 cup, 28 clubs competed in four groups of five and in two separate stages. Clubs from UFL Division 2, along with other guest teams, participated in the first stage of the cup. Teams from UFL Division 1, on the other hand, played during the second stage. After, the top 10 clubs moved on to the knockout stage of the 2013 PFF National Men's Club Championship. Stallion FC defeated Global FC in the finals of the said cup with a score of 2–1. Stallion FC captain Ruben Doctora, Jr. and Rufo Sánchez scored one goal apiece to upset Global.
|Club||Won||Runner-up||Years won||Years runner-up|
|Philippine Air Force||2||1||2011, 2009||2010|
|Loyola Meralco Sparks||1||1||2013||2011|
UFL FA Cup
The United Football League Football Alliance Cup, also known as the UFL FA Cup, was an annual knockout cup competition in Philippine football, considered as the culminating tournament of each UFL season. On 22 April 2014, it was officially announced that the league's version of a Super Cup would be held annually after the end of each league competition. Its participants would be the top six clubs of the first division. UFL president Randy Roxas said that the FA Cup was supposed to include foreign teams competing against the UFL Cup and league champions. However, he explained that inviting foreign teams became too expensive.
The FA Cup was first introduced to conclude the 2014 season. The league champion and runner-up of that season received byes to the cup's semi-finals, while the other four clubs competed in two-legged knockout games. Global defeated Kaya, 3–1, on 26 July 2014 to capture the first ever FA Cup. During this inaugural tournament, the league also implemented its foreigner cap rule, which means that only five foreign players were allowed for each club during their matches. This number would be further reduced to four players in the succeeding years.
|2014||Global||Kaya||3–1||26.07.14||Rizal Memorial Stadium||Manila|
Origins and foundation
As early as 2002, the United Football League operated not as a months-long league but as regular series of tournaments held during the weekends.
In September 2009, with the aim of reviving the interest of Filipinos in the sport, the Football Alliance, composed of Santi Araneta, Randy Roxas, Phil Hagedorn, Javier Mantecon, Dong Longa, Mike Camahort, Monchu Garcia, and Christopher Hagedorn, discussed the possibility of creating a football league in the Philippines. At the time, the Filipino Premier League, the country's top level football league governed by the Philippine Football Federation, has already been discontinued after its inaugural season. But instead of creating a whole system and competition, the United Football Clubs Association agreed to partner with the Football Alliance in operating the United Football League, which was by then a semi-professional league.
Corporate backing and sponsorship
The first season of the United Football League, officially named then as LBC United Football League for sponsorship reasons, was made possible with the aid of several local companies, namely: LBC Express Inc., Magma Inflatables, 2GO, Mutual Fund Management Corp., Orient Freight, and ATR Kim Eng.
Since its inception, UFL Division 1 has received corporate sponsorship. After air cargo delivery service company LBC Express Inc. committed as its principal sponsor in October 2009, the league kicked off as a premier tournament composed of several football teams around the nation.
- 2009–2011: LBC (LBC United Football League)
The inaugural year of the league was held in the 2010 season, and was originally composed of 16 local clubs. The 16 founding teams of the league were the following:
Expansion year and TV coverage
After the end of 2011 season, AKTV became the league's new TV partner with the signing of a P150 million (~$3.4 million), 5-year deal with two live matches every week. Seven new clubs also entered the league after its successful third season of United Football Cup. Agila FC, Cebu Queen City, Diliman, Forza FC, Laos FC, Pachanga, and Team Socceroo participated in the UFL Division 2, which started on 14 January 2012. Three clubs from the second division were also promoted to the first division, namely: Nomads, Pasargad, and Stallion.
In December 2011, UFL president Randy Roxas entered into discussions with the Philippine Football Federation regarding the possibility of sending the league champions to the AFC President's Cup, a regional club competition that is run by the Asian Football Confederation. In addition, Pasargad represented the league and the Philippines in the 2013 AFC Futsal Club Championship qualifiers.
The league struck a deal to use the artificial pitch that was constructed by real estate giant Megaworld Corporation at McKinley Hill, Taguig City in April 2012. The field was then known as the McKinley Hill Football Field. Work on the football field was set to be completed by September of the same year, just in time for the start of the 2013 season. This was followed by the construction of a grandstand that accommodates 2,000 people.
Stadium and officiating developments
UFL president Randy Roxas announced in December 2012 the completion of the McKinley Hill football field in Fort Bonifacio, Taguig. The $1-million artificial pitch became the new home of the league starting the 2013 season. The field was built in partnership with Megaworld Corporation, and is said to be up to FIFA standards. The first two weeks of the tournament, which included the opening games scheduled on 5 February 2013, were still played at the Rizal Memorial Football Stadium, but most of the matches of the league were played at the said artificial pitch after the Chinese New Year.
The UFL started to use Megaworld's Emperador Stadium on 9 February 2013. The first league game in the stadium, Dolphins United versus Cebu Queen City United, got cancelled as the latter forfeited the match. The second match slated for the same day, Philippine Air Force against Nomads FC, became the first official league game in the stadium. Nomads FC won, 1–0, against Philippine Air Force.
In an effort to hold matches outside Metro Manila, United Football League marketing manager Coco Torre confirmed on 30 January 2013 that the league entered into discussions with its broadcast partner, AKTV, on the possibility of staging a few games in the provinces. During this time, UFL assistant technical director Ritchie Gannaban said that they considered staging at least two provincial matches during the second round of the 2013 season, which was supposed to be played either at the Cebu City Sports Complex, Cebu City or at Panaad Stadium, Bacolod City.
In cooperation with the Philippine Football Federation, the league directed its referees to undergo a training module to better their decision making and player management. The training was facilitated by Football Association of Singapore committee member Augustine Arlando, a former FIFA match official, and Football Association national referee tutor Dave Roberts.
Refinements in league structure
In November 2013, the UFL started charging for admission during the knockout stages of the 2013 cup competition. The league partnered with online ticket company Ticketworld in selling the tickets, priced at P100 for the grandstand and P50 for the bleachers. UFL president Randy Roxas said that the league decided to start selling match tickets to give more value to the games. In addition, Roxas explained that the selling of tickets is also in compliance with the requirements of the Asian Football Confederation, which the UFL wants follow so that the league would be further recognized in the international scene.
The UFL introduced the UFL FA League Cup in its calendar so that the start of each season would be in September. The move aligns the league's schedule with those in the ASEAN Football Federation. The FA League Cup pushes both the cup and league competitions to January every year, which aligns to the schedules of leagues in the Southeast Asian region such as the Malaysia Super League, V.League 1, and the Indonesia Super League. Twenty clubs from both divisions participated in the 2014 FA League Cup.
To promote football awareness in the country, the UFL conducted mall tours around Metro Manila in June 2014 before the start of the 2014 FA League Cup. Several UFL players conducted football clinics in a number of shopping malls, which include the Sta. Lucia East Grand Mall in Cainta, Rizal, SM City Fairview in Quezon City, and Robinsons Place in Manila.
In September 2014, UFL general manager Rely San Agustin announced the plans of holding an all-star event to showcase the growing number of UFL stars within the 2015 season. In addition, San Agustin also hinted on the a possibility of staging the first provincial game in the Visayas region.
In the 2016 season, the UFL Division 2 was discontinued. The second division clubs joined the first division clubs to form a single twelve team division. Additionally, the FA Cup and the FA League Cup were discontinued. The PFF National Men's Club Championship was also discontinued, possibly to give way to the upcoming Philippines Football League (PFL) that is slated to begin in 2017.
In October 2016, it was reported that the 2016 season will be last UFL season following the appointment of UFL President Randy Roxas as part of the task force for the upcoming PFL to be launched in 2017.
Past league champions
Results by year
|Philippine Air Force||Kaya||Union|
|Philippine Air Force||Global||Philippine Army|
|Global||Kaya||Loyola Meralco Sparks|
|Stallion||Global||Loyola Meralco Sparks|
|Global||Loyola Meralco Sparks||Kaya|
|Ceres||Global||Loyola Meralco Sparks|
|Global||Ceres||Loyola Meralco Sparks|
Titles by club
|Rank||Club||Number of titles||Years of titles|
|Global||2012, 2014, 2016|
|Philippine Air Force||2010, 2011|
|Note: Bold indicates clubs currently playing in the league|
- Division 1
Since its inception, a total of 20 clubs have played in the UFL. The following 12 clubs will be competed in the 2016 season:
Includes clubs that participated in the 2016 edition which features a single division.
|General Trias Internationalc||2014–2015|
|Green Archers Uniteda, b||2010–2016|
|Loyola Meralco Sparksa, b||2010–2016|
|Manila Nomadsa||2012–2013, 2016|
|Philippine Air Force||2010–13|
|Union Internacional Manila||2010|
- Laos was promoted to the first division after clinching the UFL Division 2 league championship
- JP Voltes was supposed to be promoted to the first division after defeating Team Socceroo, 12–1, in a two-legged aggregate-goal playoff but the two divisions were merged into a single division for the 2016 season.
- Agila, Forza and Pasargad were originally from UFL Division 2. However, the division was discontinued and the clubs were placed with the first division clubs to form a single division.
- Philippine Army GTI, Manila Jeepney, and Pachanga Diliman voluntarily exited the league due to lack of funding.
- Manila Nomads returned to the UFL after leaving the UFL Division 2 just before the 2015 season
- Global and Stallion have remained in UFL Division 1 since their first promotion
- Division 2
The following were the primary venues used in the United Football League:
|Rizal Memorial Football Stadium||Emperador Stadium||University of Makati Stadium|
|Capacity: 12,873||Capacity: 2,000||Capacity: 4,000|
Eligibility of foreign players
Starting the 2014 season, the UFL executive committee decided to implement a version of the foreign player rule. Under such rule, a club was only allowed to field in a maximum of five foreign players on the pitch at any given time. However, two of the six remaining players on the pitch was allowed to be still be foreigners provided that they were permanent residents of the Philippines for at least five years. In the first year of the rule's implementation, Manila Nomads had to voluntarily step down from UFL Division 1 to the second division due to the inability to comply with the foreign player rule. For the 2016 edition the foreign player cap was reduced to four from five foreign players in a playing squad of 18 players, including 7 substitutes. At least one of the four maximum allowable foreign players must be from the Asian country. This was to align to the guidelines followed at the AFC Cup and AFC Champions League. However, a club with more than 25 players was allowed to have more than four foreign players in their whole squad provided that they complied with the 4-player foreign player limit rule during match day.
The most notable football-related individual award in the Philippines is the Footballer of the Year Award, also known as the PSA Mr. Football Award, given annually by the Philippine Sportswriters Association. This local version of the Mr. Football Award is given to Filipino footballers who made the most impact for the sport. Phil Younghusband and Emelio Caligdong were the first to receive such award while playing for UFL clubs Loyola Meralco Sparks and Philippine Air Force, respectively. Below is a complete list of those who won the award while playing for UFL clubs.
|Emelio Caligdong||Philippine Air Force|
|Phil Younghusband||Loyola Meralco Sparks|
|Eduard Sacapaño||Philippine Army GTI|
|Emelio Caligdong||Philippine Air Force|
|Note: Bold denotes players still playing in the UFL.|
Golden Ball award
The UFL Golden Ball Award was the league's equivalent for the Most Valuable Player award. The award was given starting the 2012 season after the league's expansion to two divisions. Spanish–Filipino footballer Carli de Murga of Global was awarded the inaugural Golden Ball for the first division. Freddy Gonzalez of Pachanga, on the other hand, won it the same year for the second division.
|2012||Carli de Murga||Midfielder||Global|
|2014||Jason de Jong||Midfielder||Global|
Golden Boot winners
The UFL Golden Boot was awarded to the footballer who has scored the most goals in a single season. Izzeldin El Habbib, while playing for Kaya FC, was given the league's first golden boot at the end of the 2010 season.
|2010||Izzeldin El Habbib||Kaya||14|
|2012||Phil Younghusband||Loyola Meralco Sparks||23|
|2013||Rufo Sánchez||Stallion FC||18|
Best Midfielder award
Best Defender award
|2016||Masaki Yanagawa||JP Voltes|
Golden Glove trophy
The UFL Golden Glove was an annual association football award presented to the best goalkeeper who has kept the most clean sheets in UFL Division 1. Roland Sadia of Global FC won the award twice consecutively in 2013 and 2014.
|2015||Tomas Trigo||Loyola Meralco Sparks|
|2016||Nelson Gasic||JP Voltes|
For the list of UFL Division 2 honours, see here.
The UFL had an exclusive broadcasting agreement with AksyonTV, which is owned and operated by ABC Development Corporation. Originally, the league signed a 5-year agreement with AKTV after the end of the 2011 season worth P150 million to air two live matches every week. However, on April 11, 2013, TV5 announced that its blocktime agreement with IBC will not be renewed, which means that AKTV would cease broadcasting on May 31 of the same year. Thus, broadcasts of the UFL were moved to AksyonTV where it was aired until the end of the 2016 season.
Official match ball
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