University of Chester
Coat of arms of the University of Chester
|Motto||Latin: Qui docet in doctrina|
Motto in English
|"He that teacheth, on teaching"|
|Established||2005 – gained University status
1839 – Chester Diocesan Training College
|Chancellor||The Duke of Westminster|
|Location||Chester and Warrington, Cheshire, UK
|Affiliations||ACU, NWUA, Cathedrals Group|
The University of Chester is a public university located in the historic city of Chester, England. The university, based on three campuses in Chester and one in Warrington, offers a range of foundation, undergraduate and postgraduate courses, as well as undertaking academic research.
Information for entry standards gathered from the 2010–11 academic year by the HESA shows that the average student at the University of Chester achieved a UCAS tariff of 299.
- 1 History
- 2 Campuses
- 3 Organisation and structure
- 4 Coat of arms
- 5 Academic profile
- 6 Student life
- 7 University of Chester Academies Trust
- 8 Notable people
- 9 References
- 10 Further reading
- 11 External links
1839 to 2000
The university was founded as Chester Diocesan Training College in 1839 by a distinguished group of local leading figures in the Church of England, including future Prime Ministers William Ewart Gladstone and the 14th Earl of Derby. It was the UK's first purpose-built teacher training college, which makes it one of the longest established higher education institutions in the country. In 1842, Gladstone opened the College's original buildings for its first intake of ten male student teachers on the Parkgate Road site, just outside the City Walls, that the university occupies today.
In 1921, Chester formally became an affiliated college of the University of Liverpool, which meant that the University of Liverpool awarded Chester's qualifications and Chester's students were able to use Liverpool's facilities.
The institution was threatened with closure in the 1930s, but its future was secured by the Bishop of Chester in 1933. From then on, the College continued to grow steadily. By the 1960s, as the UK was massively expanding its higher education capacity in reaction to the Robbins Report, the College was considered as a possible candidate for university status. These proposals, however, weren't followed through.
The College continued to expand and women were first admitted in 1961. In 1963, the government renamed teacher training colleges to colleges of education, so Chester's name became Chester College of Education. In 1974, the number of courses was expanded beyond teacher education to include Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Science degrees. To reflect its wider remit, the College was renamed Chester College of Higher Education.
In the early 1990s, The School of Nursing and Midwifery (now the Faculty of Health and Social Care) was established. The College also began to offer a Bachelor of Theology degree, HNDs and more postgraduate courses, such as master's degrees and PhDs. It also embarked on a £10 million campus improvement programme. By 1996, Chester had earned the right to call itself University College Chester. This name, however, was short-lived as the government changed the requirements for university colleges in 1999 to include only those that had their own degree-awarding powers. Thus, Chester had to drop the University College tag and reverted to the title Chester College of Higher Education, though the more descriptive Chester, a College of the University of Liverpool was frequently used in publicity material.
2000 to present
The College expanded in 2002 through the acquisition of the higher education faculty and campus of Warrington Collegiate Institute. (The further and adult education campuses of Warrington remained independent and are now known as Warrington Collegiate.)
In 2003 Chester was granted its own degree-awarding powers, allowing it to be known as University College Chester once again. Due to its long (and well-advertised) association with the University of Liverpool, Chester continued to award Liverpool degrees until the 2005 intake of students.
In 2005, University College Chester was awarded full university status and became the University of Chester. This was followed by the right to award its own research degrees in 2007, ending Chester's last validation arrangement with Liverpool.
Following the 2008 Research Assessment Exercise, some of the university's research was declared to be of international quality, with a proportion of 'World Leading' research in History (15% of submitted research), English, Sports Studies, and Drama (each 5% of submitted research).
In 2010, the Centre for Work Related Studies received a commendation by the UK quality body, for its radically flexible and high quality negotiated work based learning framework - enabling professionals to customise their own qualifications, 'learn through work', and enable rapid accreditation of commercial training provision. At the same time, the funding body showcased CWRS's flexible approach to accrediting workplace learning.
The university has begun to expand massively in recent years, purchasing buildings in and around the city. In 2013 the university took over the Shell Technology Centre in Thornton, creating the Thornton Science Park which will allow a host of new engineering-related degree programs to be offered by the university.
The University of Chester has five campuses. The 32-acre (130,000 m2) main Chester campus is located on Parkgate Road, just north of the City Walls. It has a mixture of Victorian buildings (such as Old College, right, which includes a chapel built by some of the original students) and modern buildings (such as the Students' Union). The campus also features a fitness centre, sports hall, swimming pool, science and language laboratories, bar and various shops.
Some departments are housed offsite at locations within walking distance of the main campus, for example, the Department of English is located in a Grade II-listed former Victorian vicarage, while the law school is based at 67 Liverpool Road.
There are three significant sites which are recent additions to the institution's estate. The former County Hall, which is located in the city centre near the racecourse, houses the Faculty of Education and Children's Services and the Faculty of Health and Social Care and is known as the Riverside Campus.
The university has also developed the Kingsway Campus with the addition of a three-storey teaching block, ground floor exhibition space and art gallery and sports changing rooms. The £2.4 million scheme at the university's Faculty of Arts and Media features a number of green innovations, such as ground source heating.
The university-owned student accommodation is primarily reserved for first year and overseas students. This consists of halls of residence and houses nearby.
The smaller Warrington campus originally hosted a camp for Canadian officers in World War II and is located in the Padgate area of Warrington. This campus includes the North West Media Centre, which has close ties to Granada Television, The Warrington School of Management, Social Sciences, Health and Social Care and Sports and exercise sciences . The Warrington Campus is also the training ground for the rugby league team The Warrington Wolves, and Warrington town will be the host for the Rugby League Word Cup 2013.
In 2014 Chancellor George Osborne opened the university's new Science Park in Thornton, based at the site previously used by Shell UK for research and development. The campus is used for a variety of science and engineering based courses and allows students to be involved in high level research using the campus' industry-standard facilities gifted by Shell.
Organisation and structure
The University is organised into eight faculties of study. Seven of these are also subdivided into academic departments. The Faculties and departments are:
University of Chester Business School
- Department of Business, Management and Strategy
- Department of Finance and Resource Management
- Department of Marketing, Tourism and Events Management
- Centre for Work Related Studies
Faculty of Arts and Media
- Department of Art and Design
- Department of Media
- Department of Performing Arts
Faculty of Humanities
- Department of English
- Department of History and Archaeology
- Department of Modern Languages
- Department of Theology and Religious Studies
Faculty of Social Science
- Department of Geography and Development Studies
- School of Law
- Department of Psychology
- Department of Social and Political Science
Faculty of Science and Engineering
- Department of Computer Science and Information Systems
- The Informatics Centre
- New Technology Initiative
- Department of Mathematics
- Department of Chemical Engineering
- Department of Electronic and Electrical Engineering
- Department of Mechanical Engineering
Faculty of Education and Children's Services
Faculty of Health and Social Care
- Department of Community Health and Wellbeing
- Department of Mental Health and Learning Disability
- Department of Midwifery and Reproductive Health
- Department of Postgraduate Medical, Dental and Interprofessional Education
- Department of Acute Adult and Child Care
- Department of Social Work
In addition, a number of research centres operate alongside the departments.
Coat of arms
The university's coat of arms was granted by the College of Arms in 1954. The arms, pictured above, are made up of an argent shield featuring the St George's cross on which there is a golden wheatsheaf, representing the Earldom of Cheshire. In the first quarter of the shield is a clasped open book, symbolising learning. The crest features a mitre, signifying the institution's founding by the Church of England, in front of two crossed swords, which are taken from the County of Cheshire's coat of arms. The golden scroll contains the Latin motto, "qui docet in doctrina", an extract from Saint Paul's epistle to the Romans and translates as "he that teacheth, on teaching" or "let the teacher teach".
The coat of arms was used as the College's logo until the early 1990s when a new logo, with a depiction of the Old College building, was introduced. The coat of arms returned to the College's logo in 2002 when a simplified version became part of the logo. The university's current logo, introduced in 2005, features the shield and scroll from the coat of arms.
Most of Chester's 18,800 students are from the UK, with a quarter being mature students. There are twice as many female students as male (partially due to the number of nursing, midwifery and teaching students). The increasing number of foreign students are mainly participants in the university's active exchange policy.
There are approximately 1,400 members of staff, 515 of whom are academic. Many take part in research and often publish their work through the institution's own publishing house, the University of Chester Press. The 2014 Research Assessment Exercise resulted in Chester's research being declared world-leading in 14 areas of that submitted.
Former Archbishop of Canterbury Rowan Williams was, in 2011, bestowed a visiting professorship with the title Gladstone Professor of Literature and Theology. His inaugural lecture 'The Messiah and the novelist: approaches to Jesus in fiction' took place in Chester Cathedral.
Peter Blair and Ashley Chantler edit Flash: The International Short-Short Story Magazine, a major literary periodical, which publishes stories and reviews of up to 360 words by writers from around the world.
Reputation and rankings
The Quality Assurance Agency for Higher Education (QAA) 2010 audit praised the university for its good practice in ensuring standards and enhancing the quality of learning opportunities, the supportive relationships that underpin the learning and working in the institution and the strength of its partnership work however it has come under fire from the local community recently due to the controversial purchase of Cheshire County Hall.
The university was ranked 69th in The Guardian 2016 University Guide and 67th in The Times and Sunday Times University League Table 2015.
Chester is now the best performing university in the North West of England in regards to employability, with 95.2% of its graduates in work or further study, helped by the university's flagship 'work-based learning' module which allows students to take an industry placement related to their course of study as a module to gain experience, in conjunction with its five-star rated support and careers advice service.
The Executive Committee are the trustees of the Union. Members are elected each year before the end of March and each has a different role, such as Entertainments representative, Welfare and Campaigns representative and Publications representative. The support staff for the Union consists of a number of full-time employees, part-time student staff and volunteers from the elected Executive Committee and the Union Council.
The Union runs a bar 'CH1' on the main Chester campus. The previously known 'Padgate Union Bar' on the Warrington campus was in August 2010, taken over by the university. The Union also has three shops. Two are on the Chester campus, consisting of a general shop and a Starbucks Coffee franchise, and one at Warrington.
The Union also runs over 75 sports clubs and societies; with each campus having its own teams, many of which compete in British Universities and Colleges Sport competitions. Once a year, the Union runs an inter-campus competition known as Varsity on campus where sporting societies, such as seven-a-side football, and non-sporting societies, such as poker, compete. Other non-sporting societies include the Debating Society (Who have hosted hustings events which have featured on 'BBC North West Tonight'), the Politics Forum, the Drama Society, the Amnesty International Society, the International Development Society and the People and Planet Society. A student radio station, The Cat Radio, is based on the Warrington campus and broadcasts daily, with presenters on air from September until July.
University of Chester Academies Trust
The university is the sponsor of a number of academies and free schools in Cheshire and Merseyside. The university provides its sponsorship through the University of Chester Academies Trust. Schools within the trust include:
- University Academy Birkenhead
- University Academy Kidsgrove
- University Academy Liverpool
- University Academy Warrington
- University Cathedral Free School
- University of Chester Church of England Academy, Ellesmere Port
- University of Chester Academy Northwich
- University Primary Academy Kidsgrove
- University Primary Academy Weaverham
- Ormiston Bolingbroke Academy, Runcorn (in conjunction with the Ormiston Trust)
Note that until university status was awarded in 2005, the vice-chancellor was known as the principal.
- 1839–1869: Arthur Rigg
- 1869–1886: J. M. Chritchley
- 1886–1890: A. J. C. Allen
- 1890–1910: John Best
- 1910–1935: Richard Thomas
- 1935–1953: Stanley Astbury
- 1953–1965: Aubrey Price
- 1966–1971: Bernard de Bunsen
- 1971–1987: Malcolm Seaborne
- 1987–1998: Ned Binks
- 1998–present: Tim Wheeler
- Sir William Crookes, chemist (1855-unknown)
- Elaine Graham, theologian (Department of Theology and Religious Studies, 2009–present)
- Ron Geaves, theologian (Department of Theology and Religious Studies, 2001–2007)
- Anthony Thiselton, theologian (Department of Theology and Religious Studies, 2001–2006)
- Alan Wall, novelist (Department of English, 2004–present)
- Howard Williams, archaeologist (Department of History and Archaeology, 2008–present)
- Stewart Ainsworth archaeologist (Department of History and Archaeology, 2010–present)
- Alan Bleasdale, screenwriter (Cert Ed, 1964–1967)
- Jim Bowen, Bullseye presenter (Cert Ed Physical Education, 1957–1959)
- Sir Dave Brailsford CBE, Performance Director of British Cycling and General Manager of Team Sky, (BSc (Hons), Sports Science and Psychology, 1987–1990) )
- Michael Campbell, drummer in The Courteeners (BA(Hons) Television Production, 2002–2005)
- John Carleton, international rugby union player
- Jon Clarke, international rugby league player (BSc(Hons) Sport and Exercise Sciences, 2006–present)
- George Courtney MBE, international football referee (Cert Ed Geography, 1959–1961)
- Duffy, singer (BA(Hons) Popular Music, Drama and Theatre Studies, 2004–2006; dropped out)
- Alan Emery, (teacher training, 1945–1947), the first to delineate the disease Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy; its protein, Emerin, was named after him, as was the Emery-Nelson syndrome
- Jo Fletcher, international footballer (MSc Exercise and Nutrition Science, 2003–2005)
- Matt Greenhalgh, film director and screenwriter (BA(Hons) Media Studies with Business Management and Information Technology, 1992–1995)
- Dick Howard, international footballer (HND Physical Education, 1963–1965)
- Roderick Hunt MBE, children's author (Cert Ed Divinity and English, 1957–1959)
- Helen Jones MP, politician (PGCE)
- Eddie Lever, footballer and manager (Cert Ed, 1931–1933)
- J. Thomas Looney devised the Oxfordian theory (Cert Ed, 1890–1891)
- Tracey Neville, international netball player (BSc(Hons) Nutrition and Exercise Science, 2004–2007)
- Jon Sleightholme, international rugby union player (1991–1994)
- David 'Comedy Dave' Vitty, radio presenter (BA(Hons) Media Studies and Business Management, 1992–1995)
- Nicola Wilson (née Tweddle), British equestrian rider specialising in three-day eventing, degree in Sport and Business Management at the Warrington Campus, graduated in 1999
- Sir Walter Winterbottom, footballer and first manager of the England football team (Cert Ed, 1931–1933)
- Rob Wotton, television and radio presenter (BA(Hons) Health and Community Studies, 1987–1990; Union President, 1990–1991)
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- University of Chester: News and Events[dead link]
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- The Collegian, 1999
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- Dunn, Ian, The University of Chester, 1839–2008: The Bright Star in the Present Prospect 3rd edn (Chester: University of Chester Press, 2012)
- Burek, Cynthia and Stilwell, Richard, Geodiversity Trail: Walking Through the Past on the University's Chester Campus (Chester: Chester Academic Press, 2007)
- Newton, Elsie, The Padgate Story 1946–2006 (Chester: Chester Academic Press, 2007)
- White, Graeme J (ed.), Perspectives of Chester College: 150th Anniversary Essays, 1839–1989 (Chester: Chester College, 1989)
- Bradbury, John Lewis, Chester College and the Training of Teachers, 1839–1975 (Chester: Chester College, 1975)
- Astbury, Stanley, A History of Chester Diocesan Training College (Chester: Chester College, 1946)
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