St Mary's University, Twickenham

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St Mary's University, Twickenham
St Mary's University Twickenham coat of arms.png
MottoLatin: Monstra te Esse Matrem
Motto in English
Show Thyself to be a Mother
TypePublic university
Established1850 (as St Mary's College)
2014 (gained university status)
Religious affiliation
Roman Catholic
Academic affiliations
Cathedrals Group
Endowment£29.04 million[1]
ChancellorCardinal Vincent Nichols
Vice-ChancellorAnthony McClaran
Students5,520 (2019/20)[2]
Undergraduates3,670 (2019/20)[2]
Postgraduates1,855 (2019/20)[2]
United Kingdom

51°26′15″N 0°20′06″W / 51.4376°N 0.335°W / 51.4376; -0.335Coordinates: 51°26′15″N 0°20′06″W / 51.4376°N 0.335°W / 51.4376; -0.335
Affiliated universitiesUniversity of Surrey
University of London
ColoursBlue and White

St Mary's University, Twickenham is a public university in Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, in South West London committed to the mission of the Catholic Church in higher education.[3] Originally founded in 1850 as a college for training Catholic schoolmasters, it became a constituent college of the University of London Institute of Education in 1949. This affiliation ended in 1976, and its degree courses were then validated by the University of Surrey. Formerly called St Mary's University College, it was granted full university title by the Privy Council on 23 January 2014. Since July 2019, the university has hosted the Mater Ecclesiae College, whose Ecclesiastical faculties enshrined since 2013 in the "Bellarmine Institute" was brought in after the closure of Heythrop College, University of London earlier in 2019.


Strawberry Hill House and the Chapel in the Wood[edit]

Strawberry Hill House and gardens. 18th-century watercolour by Paul Sandby

The university is built on land previously attached to Strawberry Hill House, which was originally a small cottage in two or 3 acres (12,000 m2) of land by the River Thames. Horace Walpole, a son of the politician Robert Walpole, rented the cottage in 1747 and subsequently bought it. He set about reconstructing the house and adding to the land, which now amounts to approximately 35 acres (140,000 m2).

Walpole did not follow the conventional 18th-century fashion of classical building, but sought his inspiration from medieval styles, creating a notable early example of neo-Gothic architecture. Some of his contemporaries imitated his design; this house and the idea it embodied take their place in the history of architecture as "Strawberry Hill Gothic"[citation needed].

By the end of the 20th century, Strawberry Hill House had fallen into a state of disrepair, with the cost of reversing its condition too substantial for the college to meet. The Grade One listed building had been registered as a building at risk by English Heritage (now Historic England) in 1996, and in August 2002, the Strawberry Hill Trust was formed with a mission to restore the building and open it to the wider public. After the building was included in the 2004 World Monuments Fund Watch list of the world's 100 Most Endangered Sites and featured on the BBC Two programme Restoration, the Heritage Lottery Fund awarded the Strawberry Hill Trust a £4.6 million grant in 2005. £370,000 in development funding and a £1.4 million investment from St Mary's were also received, but finances still fell short of the projected £8.2 million cost of restoration. The shortfall was finally met in 2007, and in July of that year, the lease was transferred from the Catholic Education Service to the Trust. Restoration began in 2008, and the house was opened to the public in September 2010 following the completion of the first phase of the £9 million project.

Near the porter's lodge is what Bridget Cherry and Sir Nikolaus Pevsner describe as an "incongruous Walpole survival without its protective vegetation".[4] The Grade I listed[5] Chapel in the Wood is a garden building designed in 1772 by John Chute and was completed in 1774 by Thomas Gayfere the Elder. It was restored in 1954 as a chapel to include a shrine of the Virgin Mary,[6] with new murals and stained glass by Harry Clarke. The stained glass that Walpole housed is now at its original home[7] at Bexhill Church, Sussex.[4]


Entrance to the main campus on Waldegrave Road

St Mary's was founded in 1850 on the initiative of Cardinal Wiseman. The Catholic Poor School Committee, which was concerned with providing primary education to children of poor Catholic people throughout the United Kingdom, purchased a former girls' school at Brook Green House, Hammersmith, and adapted it for use as a college with accommodation for 40 adult male students. A legal trust created on 16 July 1851 in connection with this property and its use as a training college for Catholic schoolmasters was confirmed in perpetuity.[citation needed]

The college was established on similar lines to that of the Brothers of Christian Instruction (les Frères d'Instruction Chrétienne) at Ploermel, Brittany, where English students were sent between 1848 and 1851. A French brother, Brother Melanie, was initially placed in charge of St Mary's College, until the appointment of an English principal, Rev. John Melville Glennie, in 1851.[citation needed]

The college opened with six adult male students who had begun their training at the novitiate of the Brothers of Christian Instruction. It was expected that students would join the teaching religious order, however in 1854, in response to a shortage of suitably qualified candidates, the decision was taken to admit lay students to the college. In 1855, additional accommodation was provided for 50 lay students, and by 1860 only lay students were attending the college.[citation needed]

The Catholic Church tried to found in 1873 a British Catholic University (Catholic University College, Kensington) but this Institution failed and closed in 1882.[citation needed]

With the appointment of the fourth principal, Father William Byrne CM in 1899, the association of the college with the Congregation of the Mission (usually known as the Vincentians) commenced. This inaugurated a period of change and augmentation, seen in the increase in staff and student numbers, the introduction of the office of Dean, and the extension of the college premises made possible by funding from the Catholic Education Council. At the same time the college was concerned with adjusting to the requirements of the Education Acts of 1902–03 and their effect on the development of elementary education.[citation needed]

In 1898 Inter-College Sports were introduced between Borough Road, St Mark's, St John's, Westminster and St Mary's Colleges. The college magazine, The Simmarian, began a new series in 1903–04. Originally in manuscript form, it became a printed paper in 1905 and is still published today.[citation needed]

Early 20th century[edit]

By 1924 there were 129 resident students at the college. Recognising the limitations of facilities at Hammersmith, the Principal the Very Rev J J Doyle, CM, along with Sir John Gilbert and Sir Francis Anderton, negotiated the sale of the Hammersmith site to the neighbouring J. Lyons and Co. in 1922, and in 1923 the purchase of the Walpole-Waldegrave property at Strawberry Hill, Twickenham, from Lord Michelham.

The college moved to its Strawberry Hill site in 1925 despite the extensive new buildings, designed by S. Pugin-Powell, being at that point incomplete. It was not until June 1927 that the latter were officially opened. The new site provided accommodation for 150 students, with 190 students altogether.

The majority of students were from England and Wales and entered according to Board of Education regulations. There were also a number of private students from 1925 onwards, including approximately 40 coming annually from Northern Ireland, as well as students from Malta, and brothers from England and Wales. Private students lived in accommodation separate from the college.

Prior to 1928 the Certificate of Education course and examinations were jointly controlled by the Board of Education and individual training colleges. With the introduction of a new scheme for London teacher training colleges, the Board of Education retained its inspectorship functions, but delegated its authority over the courses and examination to the University of London. Under this scheme, the four resident male teacher training colleges in London (St Mary's, Strawberry Hill; Borough Road, St. Mark's and St. John's; and Westminster) were formed into a group under the supervision of University College London (UCL).

This group was jointly responsible with UCL for drawing up the syllabuses of the courses taught at the colleges, while the final examinations were designed to qualify students for the Certificate of Education awarded by the University of London. To direct the scheme, the Training College Delagacy was established, composed of representatives of the university, the teacher training colleges, religious denominations and local authorities. Meanwhile, two representatives of the University of London joined the governing board of St Mary's.

In 1930, in addition to the Certificate of Education course and examination, degree courses were provided at St Mary's University College leading to a University of London degree for successful candidates. At the same time a one-year colonial course was established at the college to train Priests and Brothers destined to join overseas missions. In 1935, responsibility for this course was transferred to the Jesuits.

After World War II[edit]

The college became a constituent college of the University of London Institute of Education, inaugurated on 19 December 1949, and the incorporation of the college into the institute was formally approved by the Senate of the university in April 1950, the college's centenary year.

In response to the increasing demand for teachers, it was agreed in 1959 to expand the college to 500 places. By 1966, there were 1,000 students. 1966 also saw the admission of the first full-time women students to the college. Other developments include the introduction in 1968 of an extra year's study for the conversion of the Teacher's Certificate to a Bachelor of Education degree, and in 1975, the first students pursuing the University of London Bachelor of Arts, Bachelor of Humanities and Bachelor of Science.

St Mary's association with the University of London came to an end in 1979. St Mary's degree courses were then validated by the University of Surrey in Guildford. Representatives from St Mary's College attended meetings of the University of Surrey Delegacy which was set up in 1980. In 1986 the first students of the college graduated with degrees from the University of Surrey.

With the retirement of Fr. Desmond Beirne as Principal in 1992, the college's educational links with the Vincentians came to an end, although the post of chaplain was held by a Vincentian (Rev Perry Gildea CM) until 1996 and one teaching post in the Religious Studies department (Rev Michael Prior CM) until later. Fr Beirne was replaced in 1992 by Arthur Naylor, the college's first lay Principal.

Early 21st century[edit]

In 2006, St Mary's became a University College and was granted the power to award its own degrees by the Privy Council of the United Kingdom.[citation needed] In January 2014, St Mary's was granted university status, becoming 'St Mary's University, Twickenham'. The university maintains study-partnerships with other universities across the globe, including the University of San Francisco, the University of St Thomas (Houston), St Mary's University, Halifax, Australian Catholic University and the Catholic University of America.[8] In 2020, St Mary's entered into historic partnership with The University of Notre Dame Australia.[9]

On 17 September 2010, Pope Benedict XVI visited St Mary's on the second day of his four-day UK state visit, the first Papal visit to the country since Pope John Paul II visited in 1982.[10]

On 1 October 2010, Philip Esler became the university's second lay Principal. During 2010 and 2011, existing sports facilities were refurbished and an additional complex was added. The resulting £8.5 million sports centre was opened on 27 October by Lord Sebastian Coe, with Tim Brabants, David Weir, Rebecca Romero and Dave Bedford in attendance; the latter two, both St Mary's alumni, were inducted into the St Mary's Hall of Fame for Sports.

London 2012 and beyond[edit]

Eighteen St Mary's athletes comprising current and former students and members of the University Endurance Performance and Coaching Centre (EPACC) participated in 2012 Summer Olympics in athletics (Andrew Osagie and Mo Farah), rowing (Moe Sbihi) and hockey. David Weir won quadruple gold in the 800m, 1500m, 5000m and Marathon at the 2012 Summer Paralympics.

St Mary's was selected as a pre-Games training camp for the 2012 Summer Olympics by the South African Sports Confederation and Olympic Committee and the Olympic Council of Ireland. Endurance squads from the Chinese and Japanese Olympic teams also elected to be based at St Mary's pre-Games training camp.[11] Athletes and officials from those four countries were ultimately joined by others from another six countries: the US, Australia, New Zealand, Kenya, Denmark and Mozambique.

The University College was granted full university title by the Privy Council on 23 January 2014, becoming St Mary's University.[12]

In July 2019 the ecclesiastical Faculties of Philosophy and Theology were transferred to St Mary's University and renamed "Mater Ecclesiae College" after their previous host institution, Heythrop College, University of London closed down.[13]

Rio 2016[edit]

St Mary's saw 22 athletes attend both the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympic Games in Rio, topping the record 18 selected for London 2012. The athletes contributed six medals to Team GB, ranking the university as the 25th most successful 'nation' on the medal table with three gold medals, two silver medals and one bronze medal. Medallists at the Games include distance runner and alumnus Mo Farah. Elsewhere, rowers Moe Sbihi and Karen Bennett achieved gold and silver, respectively.[14]

Other medallists included boxer Joshua Buatsi, who achieved Bronze and Simon Amor, who coached the Men's Rugby 7s squad to a silver medal.[15]


St Mary's operates a number of partnerships with higher education providers, charities, sporting organisations, businesses, and religious organisations. Amongst these are The Royal Ballet,[16] London Irish RFC,[16] Roman Catholic Archdiocese of St Andrews and Edinburgh,[17] Chelsea FC Foundation,[18] University of Notre Dame,[19] Union Theological College,[20] University of Notre Dame Australia,[21] Institut Catholique de Paris,[19] amongst many others.[19][22][23]

Academic profile[edit]

National rankings
Complete (2023)[24]97
Guardian (2023)[25]80
Times / Sunday Times (2023)[26]67

St Mary's University, Twickenham has a highly rated (Ofsted outstanding)[27] teacher training programme and a range of sport and health degrees. The university is made of up one Academic Faculty and three Institutes:

  • Faculty of Sport, Allied Health and Performance Sciences
  • Institute of Business, Law and Society
  • Institute of Education
  • Institute of Theology and Liberal Arts

Staff are engaged in both national and international research, which was described as "world-leading in terms of originality, significance and rigour" in the most recent Research Excellence Framework (REF)[28] St Mary's has over 10 research centres, including the Benedict XVI Centre for Religion and Society[29] which opened on the 5 May 2016.

The university also runs a range of short courses and CPD sessions on weekends and during the evenings, including sport, health, nutrition and exercise. These are run by their Centre for Short Courses & CPD.[30]


The university's chapel, designed by Sir Albert Richardson, was built in 1962–63. Mass is held every Sunday morning and (during term time) on Sunday evening. During term times there is also a lunchtime Mass on weekdays.[31]

Campus facilities[edit]

Students' Union[edit]

The Students' Union (SU) was first housed in the original chapel and had a bar where the Baptismal font used to be.[citation needed] The SU was then moved to another building and the old chapel was converted into a lecture hall. After that SU building burnt down several years ago, the SU was moved to its current location in J-building.

The building has a bar with screens for viewing sporting events, and the SU hall underwent £50,000 of refurbishment in 2011 to convert it into an SU common room. There are a number of regular events in the bar and SU common room, such as discos and quiz nights.[citation needed]

Refectory and Shannon Suite[edit]

In 2008 the refectory underwent a £4 million investment to create a larger seating area with new kitchen facilities and a conference centre. It officially opened on 17 April 2008. Named after Very Rev Gerald Shannon CM (Principal of St Mary's 1941–1948), the Shannon Conference Suite is above the refectory and consists of three conference rooms with AV provision.


The university operates two library buildings in support of teaching and research activity, both operated by the Library Services department. The Main Library is at the centre of the Strawberry Hill campus, providing study and IT facilities as well has housing print resources for most disciplines active within the university. The Naylor Library, opened in 2015, is at 99 Waldegrave Road, Teddington and provides further multi-format study facilities along with print resources related to teacher training and Education programmes. It also houses the university's Doctoral College and associated facilities for postgraduate research students. St Mary's Library Services has a print book collection of approximately 115,000 volumes. In addition it provides access to around 120,000 e-books and 55,000 e-journals for staff and students.[32]

Sport facilities[edit]

The facilities below are used by staff, students, professional athletes and teams and community groups. These facilities formed part of the pre-Games training camp used by Olympic athletes and officials from 10 national teams in the run up to London 2012.

In 1999, St Mary's acquired 15.8 acres (64,000 m2) of land near Teddington Lock. This was named Teddington Lock Sports Campus and now features a mixture of playing fields, all-weather pitches and parking.

Sports centre[edit]

Seb Coe opening St Mary's £8.5 million Sports Centre.

In 2011 Lord Coe officially opened St Mary's new £8.5 million sports centre,[33] which received £500,000 of National Lottery funding from Sport England. A new building was constructed to create a single centre linking new facilities to the existing tennis hall and original 1960s sports block, which underwent refurbishment in 2010.

St Mary's Sports Village.

The centre includes a fitness suite and a sports hall. The fitness suite has 35 fitness equipment stations. In addition to this, there is a separate strength and conditioning suite that consists of 10 lifting platforms. The sports hall caters for a range of sports, from 5-a-side football to sport specific training and competition as the hall consists of the following:

Sports hall[edit]

This multi-purpose facility, which underwent refurbishment in 2010, offers a variety of facilities suited to badminton, basketball, netball, mini tennis and a five-a-side football and can also cater for cricket, korfball, rugby union and rugby league.

Tennis hall[edit]

The tennis hall is the largest indoor facility and houses a variety of courts. It has been used by several national and international sports teams including the England, Australia and New Zealand All Blacks rugby union teams.

Athletics track[edit]

In 2017 the track was renamed the Sir Mo Farah track. Athletes from SMRAC (St Mary's Richmond Athletics Club) who use the track and St Mary's Uni students attended the official opening where Mo Farah opened it.[34] The six-lane, 400 m synthetic athletics is floodlit and can be used all year round. It was opened in 2005 and underwent resurfacing in 2010. In addition to being used by students, it is used by local schools, St Mary's Richmond Athletic Club and world class athletes connected to the St Mary's Endurance Performance and Coaching Centre (EPACC) including Mo Farah, Joanne Pavey, Andrew Baddeley, Andrew Osagie and Stephanie Twell. In addition, the track has been used by Usain Bolt, the Kenyan National Long Distance team and the Chinese Marathon squad.[35]

The track is UK Athletics-certified and has the following features:

  • 6 × 400 m lanes
  • Throwing cage
  • Javelin and shot put areas
  • Long jump and triple jump areas (2)
  • High jump and pole vault landing areas
  • Steeplechase water jump and adjustable barriers

Dance studio[edit]

The studio has a sprung floor, a surround sound system, a galleried lighting system and mirrored wall. This facility is used for dance and drama performances, aerobic and fitness sessions, boxing and martial arts.


The gymnasium is fully equipped to cater for academic and club use, including four trampolines. The floor is sprung, which allows for a full programme of gymnastics to be undertaken. The gymnasium is a multi-use facility and can cater gymnastics, trampolining, martial arts and fitness classes.

Grass pitches[edit]

St Mary's has over 10 acres (40,000 m2) of playing fields on campus including a floodlit training area, two further training areas and a rugby pitch. Teams that have used these facilities include Harlequins Rugby League, the English, Irish and Australian rugby union squads and the New Zealand All Blacks.

Teddington Lock sports facilities[edit]

St Mary's also has extensive sporting facilities five minutes from the main campus at Teddington Lock: over 30 acres (120,000 m2) of playing fields with changing and storage areas, showers and toilets.


St Mary's University has halls of residence, most of which are on the main campus, or within walking distance.

Halls of residence[edit]

  • Lady Frances Court – De Marillac (known colloquially as 'New Halls')- Constructed in 2005 the De Marillac Hall is at the far end of the university's running track, adjacent to Graham, Wiseman and Doyle Halls. The three-storey building has 180 bedrooms, which are all single study bedrooms, with en-suite facilities along with utility kitchen/common rooms. There is also a lift access for disabled students.
  • Graham, Wiseman & Doyle – Named after the Very Rev Canon Thomas Graham DD (Principal of St Mary's, 1869–1899), Cardinal Wiseman and the Very Rev James Doyle CM (Principal of St Mary's, 1921–1930), these conjoining halls are at the far end of the sports track. Each hall consists of single study bedrooms with shared bathroom facilities and utility kitchens on three floors. In addition, each of these halls has its own common room. The total number of rooms in Graham is 34, Doyle has 34 and Wiseman has 47.
  • Clive Halls – Study bedrooms on two floors, with shared bathroom and utility kitchen facilities. The total number of bedrooms in Clive 'S' is 19, while Clive 'T' has 21 bedrooms and Clive "U" has 21, accommodating a maximum of 62 students in total.
  • Cronin – Named after the Very Rev Kevin Cronin CM (Principal of St Mary's, 1948–1969), these halls were built in 1993. They have three floors consisting of 69 en-suite single study bedrooms with shared utility kitchens.
  • Cashin – Named after the Very Rev Thomas Cashin CM (Principal of St Mary's, 1969–1976), these are the sister halls of Cronin and are built in the same style. This smaller building also has en-suite single study bedrooms and shared utility kitchens. There are three floors and 22 bedrooms in total.
  • Old House – in the main building adjacent to the administration area, Old House has 114 single study bedrooms on three floors with shared bathroom facilities and utility kitchens.
  • Waldegrave Park Houses – These are Victorian houses at the south edge of the campus on a residential road. Also known as 'Waldegrave Park Hostels', they have been converted to provide cheap student accommodation. There are nine separate houses which vary in shape and size, offering accommodation of either single study bedrooms or shared study bedrooms. They all have shared bathroom facilities and utility kitchens, the total number of bedrooms in each hostel ranging from 5 to 12.
  • Benedict XVI House – St Mary's lay community, in Waldegrave Gardens. The community comprise staff and full-time students, pursuing a life centred around prayer in the Roman Catholic tradition, study and service.

Notable alumni[edit]

Notable faculty and staff[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ St Mary's University official facts and figures, accessed 18 October 2009.
  2. ^ a b c "Where do HE students study?". Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. ^ "St Mary's as a Catholic University | St Mary's University". St Marys University. Retrieved 9 March 2022.
  4. ^ a b Cherry, Bridget and Pevsner, Nikolaus (1983). The Buildings of England – London 2: South. London: Penguin Books. pp. 549–50. ISBN 0-14-0710-47-7.{{cite book}}: CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
  5. ^ Historic England (25 May 1983). "Chapel in the Wood, Strawberry Hill (1253028)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  6. ^ "The Chapel in the Wood". Catholic Herald. London. 18 June 1954. Archived from the original on 3 November 2013. Retrieved 2 November 2013.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  7. ^ "Chapel-in-the-Wood". The Tablet. 19 June 1954. Retrieved 2 November 2013.
  8. ^ "St Mary's Awarded University Title". 23 January 2014. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
  9. ^ Dame, Notre (25 September 2020). "The University of Notre Dame Australia Enters into Historic Partnership with St Mary's University, Twickenham, London". Notre Dame. Retrieved 24 November 2020.
  10. ^ "The 2010 Papal Visit". St Mary's University, London. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
  11. ^ "St Mary's Successfully Hosts Olympic Training Camp". St Mary's University College, London. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
  12. ^ "The present day". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  13. ^ "Mater Ecclesiae College – Ecclesiastical Faculties at St Mary's University".
  14. ^ "Rio 2016 Games". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  15. ^ "St Mary's Olympic and Paralympic Athletes Rio 2016". St Mary's University, Twickenham, London. Retrieved 17 May 2017.
  16. ^ a b "Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences | St Mary's University".
  17. ^ "Edinburgh Campus: Gillis Centre | St Mary's University".
  18. ^ "Chelsea Football Club Foundation Coaching and Development FDSC at St Mary's University".
  19. ^ a b c "Partnerships | Catholic Mission".
  20. ^ "BA (Hons) Theology - Union Theological College".
  21. ^ "St Mary's University Enters into Historic Partnership with the University of Notre Dame Australia".
  22. ^ "Partner universities".
  23. ^ "Outreach partnerships".
  24. ^ "Complete University Guide 2023". The Complete University Guide. 5 July 2022.
  25. ^ "Guardian University Guide 2023". The Guardian. 24 September 2022.
  26. ^ "Good University Guide 2023". The Times. 17 September 2022.
  27. ^ "St Mary's University, Twickenham Ofsted Report" (PDF).
  28. ^ "Research Excellence Framework 2014". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  29. ^ "Benedict XVI Centre for Religion and Society". St Mary's University, Twickenham, London.
  30. ^ "St Mary's University, Centre for Short Courses & CPD". Archived from the original on 7 February 2016. Retrieved 5 February 2016.
  31. ^ "History Of The Chapel". St Mary's University Twickenham.
  32. ^ "IT and Library Services". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  33. ^ "Seb Coe Opens 2012 Pre-Games Training Facilities". St Mary's University London. Retrieved 20 December 2012.
  34. ^ "The Sir Mo Farah Athletics Track – St Mary's University". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  35. ^ "Professional sport involvement at St Mary's University". Retrieved 10 April 2019.
  36. ^ Sandhu, Sukhdev (21 June 2013). "Philip Hoare: A Life in Writing". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 October 2022.
  37. ^ Criddle, Byron (19 August 2005). The Almanac of British Politics. Routledge. ISBN 9781134493814. Retrieved 27 December 2017 – via Google Books.
  38. ^ "Cherie Blair QC Appointed Visiting Professor At St Mary's". St Mary's University. 9 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  39. ^ "Ruth Kelly appointed Pro Vice-Chancellor for Research & Enterprise at St Mary's". St Mary's University. 1 July 2015. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  40. ^ "Dr Mary McAleese Appointed Distinguished Professor at St Mary's". St Mary's University. 15 December 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2015.
  41. ^ "Meet The Team at Sport St Mary's". St Mary's University. Retrieved 17 November 2016.