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Current classification system[edit]


Team Years League
Newark Bears 1946–1949 International League
San Francisco Seals 1951 Pacific Coast League
Syracuse Chiefs 1953 International League
Kansas City Blues 1946–1954 American Association
Denver Bears 1955–1958 American Association
Richmond Virginians 1956–1964 International League
Toledo Mud Hens 1965–1966 International League
Syracuse Chiefs 1967–1977 International League
Tacoma Yankees 1978 Pacific Coast League
Columbus Clippers 1979–2006 International League
Scranton/Wilkes-Barre Yankees 2007–present International League


Team Years League
Beaumont Exporters 1946–1952 Texas League
Birmingham Barons 1953–1956 Southern Association
New Orleans Pelicans 1957–1958 Southern Association
Amarillo Gold Sox 1960–1962 Texas League
Augusta Yankees 1963 South Atlantic League
Columbus Confederate Yankees 1964–1966 Southern League
Binghamton Triplets 1967–1968 Eastern League
Manchester Yankees 1969–1971 Eastern League
West Haven Yankees 1972–1979 Eastern League
Nashville Sounds 1980–1984 Southern League
Albany-Colonie Yankees 1985–1994 Eastern League
Norwich Navigators 1995–2002 Eastern League
Trenton Thunder 2003–present Eastern League


Team Years League
Fort Lauderdale Yankees 1990–1992 Florida State League
Prince William Cannons 1990–1993 Carolina League
Tampa Yankees 1994–present Florida State League


Team Years League
Augusta Tigers 1946–1949 South Atlantic League
Binghamton Triplets 1946–1961 New York-Pennsylvania League
Denver Bears 1947 American Association
Muskegon Reds 1950–1951 Central League
Augusta Yankees 1962 South Atlantic League
Idaho Falls Yankees 1963 Pioneer League
Shelby Colonels 1963–1964 Western Carolinas League
Greensboro Yankees 1963–1967 South Atlantic League
Fort Lauderdale Yankees 1963–1989 Florida State League
Kinston Eagles 1968–1972 Carolina League
Greensboro Hornets 1980–1984 South Atlantic League
Prince William Cannons 1987–1989 Carolina League
Greensboro Bats 1990–2002 South Atlantic League
Battle Creek Yankees 2003–2004 Midwest League
Charleston RiverDogs 2005–present South Atlantic League

Short-season Single-A[edit]

Team Years League
Oneonta Yankees 1967–1998 New York-Penn League
Staten Island Yankees 1999–present New York-Penn League


Team Years League
Johnson City Yankees 1964–1974 Appalachian League
Paintsville Yankees 1979–1982 Appalachian League
Gulf Coast League Yankees 1980–present Gulf Coast League
Dominican Summer Yankees 1 1989–present Dominican Summer League
Dominican Summer Yankees 2 2002–present Dominican Summer League

Defunct classification system[edit]

through 1947


Team Years League
Jersey City Skeeters 1930 International League
Newark Bears 1931–1945 International League
Oakland Oaks 1935–1937 Pacific Coast League
Kansas City Blues 1937–1945 American Association


Team Years League
Albany Senators 1931 Eastern League
Springfield Rifles 1932 Eastern League
Binghamton Triplets 1933–1945 New York-Pennsylvania League


Team Years League
Hazelton Mountaineers 1930 New York-Pennsylvania League
Scranton Miners 1931 New York-Pennsylvania League
Erie Sailors 1932 Central League
Binghamton Triplets 1932 New York-Pennsylvania League
Durham Bulls 1933 Piedmont League
Norfolk Tars 1934–1955 Piedmont League
Jackson Mississippians 1937 Southeastern League
Augusta Tigers 1937–1942 Sally League
Wenatchee Chiefs 1938-1940 Western International League
Quincy Gems 1946- Illinois–Indiana–Iowa League
Sunbury Yankees 1946 Interstate League
Victoria Athletics 1947- Western International League
Manchester Yankees 1948-1949 New England League


Team Years League
Cumberland Colts 1932 Middle Atlantic League
Wheeling Stogies 1933–1934 Middle Atlantic League
Joplin Miners 1935–1942, 1946–1953 Western Association
Akron Yankees 1935–1941 Middle Atlantic League
Smith Falls Beavers 1937 Canadian-American League
Amsterdam Rugmakers 1939–1942, 1946–1951 Canadian-American League
Idaho Falls Russets (1940–1941 Pioneer League
Butler Yankees 1946-1948 Middle Atlantic League
Twin Falls Cowboys 1946- Pioneer League
Bisbee Yanks 1947 Arizona-Texas League
Ventura Yankees 1947-1949 California League
Bisbee-Douglas Miners 1948- Arizona-Texas League
Longview Texans 1948- Lone Star League
Butler Yankees 1948- Middle Atlantic League
Grand Forks Chiefs 1948-1950 Northern League
Twin Falls Cowboys 1948-1951 Pioneer League


Team Years League
Chambersburg Young Yanks 1929–1930 Blue Ridge League
Cumberland Colts 1931 Middle Atlantic League
Washington Generals 1933 or 1934?-1935 Pennsylvania State Association
Bassett Furnituremakers 1936–1937 Bi-State League
Rogers Lions 1936–1937 Arkansas-Missouri League
Norfolk Elks 1937–1938 Nebraska State League
Snow Hill Billies 1937–1938 Coastal Plain League
El Paso Texans 1938-1939 Arizona-Texas League
Neosho Yankees 1938-1940 Arkansas-Missouri League
Butler Yankees 1938-1942 Pennsylvania State Association
Newport Canners 1939 Appalachian League
Norfolk Elks 1939 Western League
Easton Yankees 1939-1941, 1946- Eastern Shore League
Big Spring Barons 1939 West Texas-New Mexico League
Norfolk Yankees 1940-1941 Western League
Wellsville Yankees 1942- PONY League
Fond du Lac Panthers 1942, 1946- Wisconsin State League
Independence Yankees 1947- Kansas–Oklahoma–Missouri League
Stroudsburg Poconos 1947- North Atlantic League
LaGrange Troupers 1948- Georgia-Alabama League
Newark Yankees 1948- Ohio-Indiana League
McAlester Rockets 1948- Sooner State League
Blackstone Barristers 1948- Virginia League

My promoted content by topic[edit]


Other Baseball[edit]

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Good articles
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Tino Martinez Award[edit]

The Tino Martinez Award is given annually to the most outstanding Division II college baseball player in the United States. It is named after Tino Martinez, who played college baseball at the University of Tampa for the Tampa Tarpons.

The watch list is announced in February. Semifinalists are announced in early May, with finalists announced in late May. The winner is announced in early June.

Year Winner University Position Ref
2010 Bryan Fogle Erskine College [1]
2011 Chase Larsson Cameron University Outfielder [2]
2012 Nathan Minnick Shepherd University First baseman [3]

Lefty Gomez Award[edit]

Year Winner Organization
1962 Abe Chanin Collegate Baseball
1963 Robert L. Culp Western Michigan University
1964 Pop McKale University of Arizona
1965 John Kobs Michigan State University
1966 J. Kyle Anderson University of Chicago
1967 Eppy Barnes Colgate University
1968 Dutch Fehring Stanford University
1969 John Diesing College World Series
1970 L. C. Timm Iowa State University
1971 R. C. Williams Creighton University
1972 Lee Eilbracht ABCA
1973 Jack Kaiser St. John's University
1974 Les Miller ABCA
1975 Tom Petroff University of Northern Colorado
1976 Danny Litwhiler Michigan State University
1977 Lou Spry NCAA
1978 Dick Siebert University of Minnesota
1979 Jack Stallings Georgia Southern University
1980 Rod Dedeaux USC
1981 Les Murakami University of Hawaii
1982 Tom Chandler Texas A&M University
1983 Chuck Brayton Washington State University
1984 Robert Smith USBF/IBA
1985 Peter Ueberroth MLB Commissioner
1986 John Winkin University of Maine
1987 John Scolinos Cal Poly-Pomona
1988 Ron Polk Mississippi State University
1989 Ron Fraser University of Miami
1990 Glen Tuckett Brigham Young University
1991 Gordon Gillespie St. Francis University
1992 Lou Pavlovich, Sr. Collegiate Baseball
1993 Archie Allen Springfield University
1994 Sam Suplizio University of Colorado
1995 Harold Primrose [[Washington HS & Coe College
1996 Mark Marquess Stanford University
1997 Gene McArtor University of Missouri
1998 Elmer Kosub St. Mary's University
1999 Jerry Kindall University of Arizona
2000 Bob Bennett Fresno State University
2001 Bill Arce Claremont Mudd College
2002 Dave Keilitz ABCA
2003 Carroll Land ABCA
2004 John Herbold Cal State-Los Angeles
2005 John Cunningham University of San Diego
2006 Hank Burbridge Spring Arbor University
2007 Dennis Poppe NCAA
2008 Wally Kincaid Cerritos College
2009 Ed Cheff Lewis-Clark State College
2010 Charlie Greene Miami Dade
2011 Andy Baylock University of Connecticut
2012 Mark Johnson Texas A&M/Sam Houston State

Catcher's mask[edit]

Vic Willis wearing a catcher's mask, circa 1900

The catcher's mask is a piece of baseball equipment. It is worn by the catcher to protect the head from injury.


The first catcher's mask was used in 1875.[4] Fred Thayer, captain of the Harvard Crimson baseball team in 1876, 1877, and 1878 developed a mask.[5][6][7] It was used by James A. Tyng, the team's catcher.[8]

After getting hit in his mask by two consecutive foul-tip balls in a game, Charlie O'Brien developed an idea for a new catcher's mask while he was watching a hockey game. He worked with Van Velden Mask Inc., of Hamilton, Ontario, Canada, to develop his idea. The new design, called the "All-Star MVP", was approved in 1996 by Major League Baseball.[9][10]

The Face mask or catcher's mask is a piece of equipment worn by catchers and umpires to protect their face from errant throws and foul balls. It consists of wires that prevent balls from hitting the face but allow the catcher full vision, and a circle of padding that absorbs shocks. The mask is worn over a helmet that protects the top of the head. Masks worn by umpires are similar in design.

While the mask afford good protection, it restricts vision and movement, which is why catchers (and umpires) are taught to discard it as soon as the ball is hit. Umpires will keep it in their hand, but catchers, who need their two hands, will throw it away to a spot where it will not interfere with the play. There have been cases of catchers failing to throw their mask sufficiently far and tripping on them, most famously Hank Gowdy who dropped a crucial foul pop-up, as a result in the 1924 World Series.

The mask is the first piece of plate equipment to have been developed: the first models date back to the 1870s, developed from a fencing mask, and replacing mouth protectors, adopted from bare-knuckles boxing, that were used prior to this. Fred Thayer developed the first mask for Jim Tyng, catcher of the Harvard University team, around 1877. Derided at first, the contraption caught on quickly and was in general use by the 1880s. It was then improved by adding padding, replacing the mesh used to cover the face by a few carbon-fiber tubes that allow for better vision. It is now being gradually supplanted by the actcher's helmet, inspired by those worn by hockey goaltenders, introduced by Charlie O'Brien in the 1990s.

Paul Hirschbiel[edit]

Paul Hirschbiel
Personal details
Political party Democratic
Profession Venture capitalist

Paul Hirschbiel is a 2012 Democratic candidate seeking election to the U.S. House representing Virginia's 2nd congressional district. He ran unopposed in the Democratic primary on June 12, 2012.

Hirschbiel co-founded a venture capital firm known as Prudential Equity that went on to invest in Dell Computer. He became a member of Dell's board of directors in October 1987.[11] Later, he founded another venture capital firm, Eden Capital, focused on small businesses in Virginia.[12] He and his wife, Susan, have two children.[13]

Hirschbiel is running in the 2012 election for the U.S. House, representing Virginia's 2nd District. He won the nomination on the Democratic ticket. Hirschbiel ran unopposed in the Democratic primary and will face Republican incumbent Scott Rigell in the November general election.[14]

Mario Thomas[edit]

Mario Thomas Zapiain (died August 21, 2009) was a Mexican sports announcer. He served as the first Spanish-language broadcaster for the San Diego Padres of Major League Baseball.

Thomas called games for the San Diego Padres in 1969 and from 1971 through 1997. He served as the Spanish play-by-play announcer on the CBS Hispanic Radio Network for the 1984 NLCS, bringing the Padres thrilling victory over the Cubs to millions of Spanish-speaking fans. Thomas was on the air for each of the Padres' first three postseason appearances, broadcasting in 1984 and 1996 and appearing as a special guest in 1998 after his 1997 retirement.

In addition to calling games for the Padres, Thomas broadcasted games in the winter for the Aguilas de Mexicali in the Mexican Pacific League for 16 years and called action from the Caribbean World Series in 1986

Thomas died on August 21, 2009 in Tijuana.[15]

Clint Frazier[edit]

[16] [17] [18]

Hunter Harvey[edit]

[19] [20] [21]

Barrett Barnes[edit]

[22] [23] [24] [25] [26]

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  4. ^ [1]
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  6. ^'s+Mask+Exhibited+at+Harvard&pqatl=google
  7. ^'s+Mask&pqatl=google
  8. ^ [2]
  9. ^ Jeff Pearlman (1999-04-26). "The Angels' Charlie O'Brien uses all his tricks to keep - 04.26.99 - SI Vault". Retrieved 2012-07-14. 
  10. ^ Philadelphia Inquirer: Search Results
  11. ^
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  13. ^ Paul Hirschbiel campaign website "About Paul Hirschbiel," Accessed January 2, 2012
  14. ^ Washington Post blog "Scott Rigell, Paul Hirschbiel trade ‘clean campaign’ challenges," May 21, 2012
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