Valery Gerasimov

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Valery Gerasimov
Valery Gerasimov official photo version 2017-07-11.jpg
Gerasimov in an official portrait from 2019
Native name
Вале́рий Гера́симов
Born (1955-09-08) 8 September 1955 (age 66)
Kazan, Tatar ASSR, Soviet Union
Allegiance Soviet Union (1976–1991)
 Russian Federation (1991–present)
Service/branchSoviet Armed Forces
Russian Armed Forces
Years of service1976–present
RankRussia-Army-OF-9-2013.svg General of the Army[1]
Commands heldChief of the General Staff
Deputy Chief of the General Staff
Central Military District
Moscow Military District
Leningrad Military District
58th Army
144th Guards Motor Rifle Division
Battles/warsSecond Chechen War
Syrian Civil War
AwardsHero of the Russian Federation
Order of Honour
Order of St. George (3rd and 4th Class)

Valery Vasilyevich Gerasimov (Russian: Вале́рий Васи́льевич Гера́симов, IPA: [vɐˈlʲerʲɪj vɐˈsʲilʲjɪvʲɪdʑ ɡʲɪˈrasʲɪməf]; born 8 September 1955) is a Russian General of the Army, the current Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia, and first Deputy Defence Minister, replacing Nikolay Makarov. He was appointed by President Vladimir Putin on 9 November 2012.[2][3][4]

Gerasimov is the strategist alleged to have conceived the "Gerasimov doctrine [ru]" – combining military, technological, information, diplomatic, economic, cultural and other tactics for the purpose of achieving strategic goals.[5] The author of the original paper, Mark Galeotti, claimed it was a speech which, due to translation errors, was misinterpreted in the American press as a belligerent, rather than defensive strategic proposal.[6][7][8]

Education[edit]

Born in Kazan, Tatar ASSR, he graduated from the Kazan Suvorov Military School (1971–1973), the Kazan Higher Tank Command School, named after the Supreme Soviet of the Tatar Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (1973–1977), the Malinovsky Military Armored Forces Academy (1984–1987), and the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Russia (1995–1997).[4]

Commands[edit]

After graduating from the Kazan Higher Tank Command School, Gerasimov was the commander of a Mechanized Infantry platoon, company and battalion of the Far Eastern Military District. Later he was chief of staff of a Tank regiment and then of a motorized rifle division in the Baltic Military District.[4] From 1993 to 1995 he was the commander of the 144th Guards Motor Rifle Division in the Baltic Military District and then the North Western Group of Forces.[4][9]

After he graduated from the General Staff's academy, he was First Deputy Army Commander in the Moscow Military District and commander of the 58th Army in the North Caucasus Military District during the Second Chechen War.[4] His involvement in the arrest of Yury Budanov led to praise from journalist Anna Politkovskaya.[3][4]

In 2006 he became commander of Leningrad Military District and moved to be the commander of Moscow Military District in 2009 and Central Military District in April 2012. On 23 December 2010 he became deputy Chief of the General Staff.[4]

General Gerasimov leading a Victory Day parade in Moscow in a ZiL 41044, 9 May 2011

He commanded the annual Victory Day Parade on Red Square four times from 2009 to 2012.[3]

Appointment[edit]

Gerasimov was appointed Chief of General Staff following the dismissal of Defence Minister Anatoliy Serdyukov on 6 November 2012.[citation needed] The previous Chief of General Staff, Army General Nikolay Makarov, was seen as close to Serduykov and was seen by commentators as likely to be replaced by new Defence Minister Sergey Shoygu. It has been reported that Makarov resigned, but he was formally dismissed by President Vladimir Putin. Other changes were the dismissal of Alexander Sukhorukov from the position of First Deputy Defence Minister and his replacement by Colonel General Arkady Bakhin, formerly commander of the Western Military District. Aerospace Defence Forces commander Colonel General Oleg Ostapenko was also promoted to Deputy Defence Minister. He was promoted to the highest rank in the Russian Army, General of the Army as of 2014.[2][10][11][12]

According to the Security Service of Ukraine, Gerasimov was in fact the general commander of all elements of Russian forces and also the pro-Russian insurgents during their decisive strategic victory in the Battle of Ilovaisk in 2014, where over 1,000 Ukrainian soldiers were killed.[13]

Gerasimov (right), Joseph Dunford (left) and Hulusi Akar (middle) at a meeting to discuss their nations’ operations in northern Syria, 6 March 2017

On 15 September 2016, he and Turkish chief of staff General Hulusi Akar conducted a meeting on the future of Syria in the Ankara headquarters of the Turkish Armed Forces.

Sanctions[edit]

In April 2014, Gerasimov was added to the list of persons against whom the European Union introduced sanctions "in respect of actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine".[14] In May 2014, Canada, Liechtenstein, and Switzerland added Gerasimov to their sanctions listed because of Russian interference in Ukraine and his responsibility for the massive Russian troop deployment next to the Russia–Ukraine border and his inability to reduce the tensions with Ukraine which are associated with these Russian troop deployments.[15] In September 2014, Australia placed Gerasimov on their Ukraine related sanctions list as well.[15]

Awards[edit]

Russian[edit]

RIAN archive 470774 Gold Star medal (cropped).jpg Hero of the Russian Federation
RUS Order of Saint George 3rd class ribbon 2000.svg Order of St. George (3rd Class)
RUS Order of Saint George 4th class ribbon 2000.svg Order of St. George (4th Class)
Orden for Service IV.png Order For Merit to the Fatherland (3rd Grade)
Orden for Service IV.png Order For Merit to the Fatherland (4th Grade)
Order of Alexander Nevsky 2010 ribbon.svg Order of Alexander Nevsky (2021)
Order of War Merit ribbon.png Order of Military Merit
Orden of Honour.png Order of Honour
Order service to the homeland3 rib.png Merit for Motherland in the USSR Armed Forces (3rd grade).[4]
CombatRibbon.png Medal for Battle Merit
60 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "60 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
70 years saf rib.png Jubilee Medal "70 Years of the Armed Forces of the USSR"
For military valour 1st rib.png Medal For Valour 1st Class
ForStrengtheningCombatCooperation2009 rib.png Medal "For strengthening of brotherhood in arms"
200MO rib.png Medal For "200 years to the Ministry of Defence"
20YearsServiceUSSRRibbon.png Medal For "20 Years of Impeccable Service"
15YearsServiceUSSRRibbon.png Medal For "15 Years of Impeccable Service"
10YearsServiceUSSRRibbon.png Medal For "10 Years of Impeccable Service"

Foreign[edit]

By-order friendship of nations rib.png Order of the Friendship of Peoples (Belarus, 2010)

Order of the Army of Nicaragua (Nicaragua, 2013)

Hərbi əməkdaşlıq sahəsində xidmətlərə görə medalı - lent.png Medal "For services in the field of military cooperation" (Azerbaijan, 2014)[16]

Ribbon bar of Baghramyan-100 medal.png Medal of Marshal Baghramyan (Armenia, 2015)

Медаль «Боевое содружество» (Сирия).pngMilitary Commonwealth Medal (Syria, 2016)[17]

Personal life[edit]

He is married and has a son.[18]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 20 февраля 2013 года № 151 "О присвоении воинских званий высших офицеров военнослужащим Вооруженных Сил Российской Федерации" [Presidential Decree of 20 February 2013 No. 151 "On conferring military rank of senior officers of the armed forces] (in Russian). Kremlin.ru. 21 February 2013. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 24 February 2013.
  2. ^ a b "New appointments at Defence Ministry". Kremlin.ru. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  3. ^ a b c "Profile: Russia's new military chief Valery Gerasimov". BBC News. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h "Valeriy Gerasimov". Russian Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 9 November 2012.
  5. ^ "The 'Gerasimov Doctrine' and Russian Non-Linear War | King's College London". kcl.rl.talis.com. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  6. ^ Gerasimov, Valery (2013), The value of science in prediction, 27, Military-Industrial Kurier
  7. ^ Galeotti, Mark (2018). "The mythical 'Gerasimov Doctrine' and the language of threat". Critical Studies on Security. 7 (2): 157–161. doi:10.1080/21624887.2018.1441623. S2CID 159811828.
  8. ^ "I'm Sorry for Creating the 'Gerasimov Doctrine'". Foreign Policy. Retrieved 2018-03-06.
  9. ^ "Командир смоленской дивизии возглавил генштаб армии России". 9 November 2012.
  10. ^ Gorenburg, Dmitry (6 November 2012). "The firing of Anatoly Serdyukov". Russian Military Reform. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  11. ^ "Personnel changes at Defence Ministry". Kremlin.ru. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  12. ^ "Putin Appoints New Chief of General Staff". RIA Novosti. 9 November 2012. Retrieved 11 November 2012.
  13. ^ "Russian Army General Staff Chief Gerasimov, ten Russian military servicemen suspected of involvement in Ilovaisk tragedy - SBU". Kyiv Post. 5 August 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
  14. ^ COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) No 433/2014 of 28 April 2014 implementing Regulation (EU) No 269/2014 concerning restrictive measures in respect of actions undermining or threatening the territorial integrity, sovereignty and independence of Ukraine
  15. ^ a b "Bryan Cave Side by Side List of Ukraine Related Sanctions" (PDF). Bryan Cave. Retrieved July 25, 2018.
  16. ^ Глава Генштаба ВС России награждён медалью минобороны Азербайджана — ФОТО
  17. ^ "Героев Сирии стало меньше". Газета.Ru (in Russian). Retrieved 2021-02-20.
  18. ^ Валерий Васильевич Герасимов [Valery Vasilevich Gerasimov] (in Russian). Gazeta.ru. Retrieved 11 November 2012.

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Nikolay Yegorovich Makarov
Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation
2012–present
Incumbent