1945 in science

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The year 1945 in science and technology involved some significant events, listed below.

Biology[edit]

Chemistry[edit]

Computer science[edit]

  • June 30 - Distribution of John von Neumann's First Draft of a Report on the EDVAC, containing the first published description of the logical design of a computer with stored-program and instruction data stored in the same address space within the memory (von Neumann architecture).
  • November - Assembly of the world's first general purpose electronic computer, the Electronic Numerical Integrator Analyzer and Computer (ENIAC), is completed in the United States, covering 1,800 square feet (170 m2) of floor space, and the first set of calculations is run on it.

Mathematics[edit]

Medicine[edit]

Meteorology[edit]

  • High-altitude west-to-east winds across Pacific, discovered by Japanese in 1942 and by Americans in 1944, are dubbed "jet stream".

Physics[edit]

Technology[edit]

Institutions[edit]

Publications[edit]

  • Argentine physicist Ernesto Sabato publishes Uno y el Universo ("One and the Universe"), a collection of essays criticizing the apparent moral neutrality of science and warning of dehumanization in technological societies.

Awards[edit]

Births[edit]

Deaths[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Discovery of Promethium". Oak Ridge National Laboratory Review 36 (1). 2003. Retrieved 2011-06-16. 
  2. ^ Carlisle, C. H.; Crowfoot, D. (1945). "The crystal structure of cholesteryl iodide". Proceedings of the Royal Society A184: 64–83. JSTOR 97644. 
  3. ^ Glusker, Jenny P. (1994). "Dorothy Crowfoot Hodgkin (1910-1994)". Protein Science 3: 2465–2469. doi:10.1002/pro.5560031233. PMC 2142778. PMID 7757003. Retrieved 2012-01-13. 
  4. ^ Angier, R. B.; Boothe, J. H.; Hutchings, B. L.; Mowat, J. H.; Semb, J.; Stokstad, E. L. R.; Subbarow, Y.; Waller, C. W.; Cosulich, D. B.; Fahrenbach, M. J.; Hultquist, M. E.; Kuh, E.; Northey, E. H.; Seeger, D. R.; Sickels, J. P.; Smith Jr, J. M. (1945). "Synthesis of a Compound Identical with the L. Casei Factor Isolated from Liver". Science 102 (2644): 227–228. doi:10.1126/science.102.2644.227. PMID 17778509.  edit
  5. ^ Hoffbrand, A. V.; Weir, D. G. (2001). "The history of folic acid". British Journal of Haematology 113 (3): 579–589. doi:10.1046/j.1365-2141.2001.02822.x. PMID 11380441. 
  6. ^ Stigler, George J. (May 1945). "The Cost of Subsistence". Journal of Farm Economics 27 (2): 303–314. JSTOR 1231810. 
  7. ^ "Penicillin Pills May Replace Injection". The Milwaukee Sentinel. 1945-02-16. Retrieved 2012-05-22. 
  8. ^ http://worldwater.org/data20062007/Table22.pdf
  9. ^ Year by Year – 1945. History International.
  10. ^ "Extra-Terrestrial Relays Can Rocket Stations Give World-wide Radio Coverage?". Wireless World. October 1945. Archived from the original on 7 November 2006. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  11. ^ "Peacetime Uses for V2" (JPG). Wireless World. February 1945. Archived from the original on 15 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-02-08. 
  12. ^ "Arthur C. Clarke Extra Terrestrial Relays". Archived from the original on 2007-02-05. Retrieved 2007-02-08.