List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

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This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, with information about their respective capitals, languages, currencies, population, area and GDP per capita. It lists 54 sovereign states and 10 non-sovereign territories.

Malta and parts of France, Italy, Portugal and Spain are located on the African continental plate, some considerably closer to the African than European mainland, but politically are generally considered European by convention. Similarly, the island of Socotra is also on the African plate and much closer to Africa, but is politically part of the Asian state of Yemen. Egypt, although extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, is considered an African state.

Sovereign states[edit]

Recognized states[edit]

The following 54 fully recognized states are all members of the United Nations,[1] and all except Morocco are members of the African Union.[2][3]

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official language(s) Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Algeria[4] (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) Flag of Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic 2,381,740 33,333,267 7,816 Map locating Algeria in Africa
Angola[5] (Republic of Angola) Flag of Angola Luanda Kwanza Portuguese 1,246,700 16,941,000 5,813 Map locating Angola in Africa
Benin[6]
(Republic of Benin)
Flag of Benin Porto Novo West African CFA franc French 112,622 8,439,000 1,176 Map locating Benin in Africa
Botswana[7] (Republic of Botswana) Flag of Botswana Gaborone Pula English, Setswana 581,726 1,839,833 17,101 Map locating Botswana in Africa
Burkina Faso[8]
(Burkina Faso)
Flag of Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA franc French 274,000 13,228,000 1,284 Map locating Burkina Faso in Africa
Burundi[9] (Republic of Burundi) Flag of Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc French, Kirundi 27,830 7,548,000 739 Map locating Burundi in Africa
Cameroon[10] (Republic of Cameroon) Flag of Cameroon Yaoundé Central African CFA franc English, French 475,442 17,795,000 2,421 Map locating Cameroon in Africa
Cape Verde[11] (Republic of Cabo Verde) Flag of Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese 4,033 420,979 6,418 Map locating Cape Verde in Africa
Central African Republic[12] (Central African Republic) Flag of Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA franc French, Sango 622,984 4,216,666 1,198 Map locating Central African Republic in Africa
Chad[13] (Republic of Chad) Flag of Chad N'Djamena Central African CFA franc Arabic, French 1,284,000 10,146,000 1,519 Map locating Chad in Africa
Comoros[14] (Union of the Comoros) Flag of Comoros Moroni Comorian franc Arabic, Comorian, French 2,235 798,000 1,660 Map locating Comoros in Africa
Democratic Republic of the Congo[15][n 1] (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Flag of Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Congolese franc French 2,344,858 75,507,308 774 Map locating Democratic Republic of the Congo in Africa
Republic of Congo[16][n 2] (Republic of the Congo) Flag of Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Central African CFA franc French 342,000 4,012,809 3,919 Map locating Republic of the Congo in Africa
Djibouti[17] (Republic of Djibouti) Flag of Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian Franc Arabic, French 23,200 906,000 2,070 Map locating Djibouti in Africa
Egypt[18][n 3] (Arab Republic of Egypt) Flag of Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound Arabic 1,001,449 84,550,000 4,836 Map locating Egypt in Africa
Equatorial Guinea[19] (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) Flag of Equatorial Guinea Malabo Central African CFA franc French, Spanish 28,051 504,000 25,929 Map locating Equatorial Guinea in Africa
Eritrea[20]
(State of Eritrea)
Flag of Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Arabic, Tigrinya 117,600 5,880,000 1,000 Map locating Eritrea in Africa
Ethiopia[21] (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) Flag of Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ethiopian birr Amharic 1,104,300 85,237,338 1,100 Map locating Ethiopia in Africa
Gabon[22] (Gabonese Republic) Flag of Gabon Libreville Central African CFA franc French 267,668 1,384,000 20,612 Map locating Gabon in Africa
Gambia[23] (Republic of the Gambia) Flag of Gambia Banjul Dalasi English 10,380 1,517,000 2002 Map locating Gambia in Africa
Ghana[24] (Republic of Ghana) Flag of Ghana Accra Ghanaian cedi English 238,534 23,000,000 2,700 Map locating Ghana in Africa
Guinea[25] (Republic of Guinea) Flag of Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French 245,857 10,057,975 2,035 Map locating Guinea in Africa
Guinea-Bissau[26] (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) Flag of Guinea-Bissau Bissau West African CFA franc Portuguese 36,125 1,586,000 736 Map locating Guinea Bissau in Africa
Ivory Coast[27] (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire) Flag of Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro
West African CFA franc French 322,460 17,654,843 1,600 Map locating Ivory Coast in Africa
Kenya[28] (Republic of Kenya) Flag of Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling English, Swahili 580,367 34,707,817 1,445 Map locating Kenya in Africa
Lesotho[29] (Kingdom of Lesotho) Flag of Lesotho Maseru Loti English, Sesotho 30,355 2,067,000 2,113 Map locating Lesotho in Africa
Liberia[30] (Republic of Liberia) Flag of Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English 111,369 4,128,572 1,003 Map locating Liberia in Africa
Libya[31]
(State of Libya)
Flag of Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic 1,759,540 6,036,914 10,604 Map locating Libya in Africa
Madagascar[32] (Republic of Madagascar) Flag of Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Ariary French, Malagasy 587,041 18,606,000 905 Map locating Madagascar in Africa
Malawi[33] (Republic of Malawi) Flag of Malawi Lilongwe Malawian kwacha Chichewa, English 118,484 12,884,000 596 Map locating Malawi in Africa
Mali[34]
(Republic of Mali)
Flag of Mali Bamako West African CFA franc French 1,240,192 13,518,000 1,154 Map locating Mali in Africa
Mauritania[35] (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) Flag of Mauritania Nouakchott Mauritanian Ouguiya Arabic 1,030,700 3,069,000 2,402 Map locating Mauritania in Africa
Mauritius[36] (Republic of Mauritius) Flag of Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English, French 2,040 1,219,220 15,591 Map locating Mauritius in Africa
Morocco[37] (Kingdom of Morocco) Flag of Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic, Berber 446,550 (internationally recognized), 710,850 (claimed) 35,757,175 4,600 Map locating Morocco in Africa
Mozambique[38] (Republic of Mozambique) Flag of Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical Portuguese 801,590 20,366,795 1,389 Map locating Mozambique in Africa
Namibia[39] (Republic of Namibia) Flag of Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English 825,418 2,031,000 8,577 Map locating Namibia in Africa
Niger[40] (Republic of Niger) Flag of Niger Niamey West African CFA franc French 1,267,000 13,957,000 872 Map locating Niger in Africa
Nigeria[41] (Federal Republic of Nigeria) Flag of Nigeria Abuja Nigerian naira English 923,768 174,507,539 1,188 Map locating Nigeria in Africa
Rwanda[42] (Republic of Rwanda) Flag of Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc English, French, Kinyarwanda 26,798 7,600,000 1,300 Map locating Rwanda in Africa
São Tomé and Príncipe[43] (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe) Flag of Sao Tome and Principe São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra Portuguese 964 183,176 1,266 Map locating São Tomé and Príncipe in Africa
Senegal[44] (Republic of Senegal) Flag of Senegal Dakar West African CFA franc French 196,723 11,658,000 1,759 Map locating Senegal in Africa
Seychelles[45] (Republic of Seychelles) Flag of Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee English, French, Seychellois Creole 451 80,654 25,229 Map locating Seychelles in Africa
Sierra Leone[46] (Republic of Sierra Leone) Flag of Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English 71,740 6,144,562 903 Map locating Sierra Leone in Africa
Somalia[47] (Federal Republic of Somalia) Flag of Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Arabic, Somali 637,657 9,832,017 600 Map locating Somalia in Africa
South Africa[48] (Republic of South Africa) Flag of South Africa Bloemfontein, Cape Town, and Pretoria
South African rand Afrikaans, English, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Southern Ndebele, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu 1,221,037 52,981,991 11,914 Map locating South Africa in Africa
South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan)[49] Flag of South Sudan Juba South Sudanese pound English 644,329 8,260,490 1,546 Map locating South Sudan in Africa
Sudan[50] (Republic of the Sudan)
Flag of Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound Arabic, English 1,861,484 36,787,012 2,800 Map locating Sudan in Africa
Swaziland[51] (Kingdom of Swaziland) Flag of Swaziland Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
Lilangeni English, Swati 17,364 1,032,000 5,245 Map locating Swaziland in Africa
Tanzania[52] (United Republic of Tanzania) Flag of Tanzania Dodoma Tanzanian shilling English, Swahili 945,203 44,929,002 723 Map locating Tanzania in Africa
Togo[53] (Togolese Republic) Flag of Togo Lomé West African CFA franc French 56,785 7,154,237 1,700 Map locating Togo in Africa
Tunisia[54] (Tunisian Republic) Flag of Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic 163,610 10,102,000 9,774 Map locating Tunisia in Africa
Uganda[55] (Republic of Uganda) Flag of Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling English, Swahili 236,040 27,616,000 1,700 Map locating Uganda in Africa
Zambia[56] (Republic of Zambia) Flag of Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha English 752,614 14,668,000 931 Map locating Zambia in Africa
Zimbabwe[57] (Republic of Zimbabwe) Flag of Zimbabwe Harare United States dollar and South African rand Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa 390,757 13,010,000 2,607 Map locating Zimbabwe in Africa

States with limited recognition[edit]

The following are states that have established themselves in Africa as sovereign states, but remain limited in official recognition. The Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic is a member of the African Union whereas Somaliland is internationally recognized as a part of Somalia (which itself is a member of the African Union).

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official language(s) Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Somaliland (Republic of Somaliland) Flag of Somaliland Hargeisa Somaliland shilling Arabic, Somali 137,600 4,000,000 600 Map locating Somaliland in Africa
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[n 4] Flag of Western Sahara El Aaiún, Bir Lehlou (temporary)[n 5] Moroccan dirham Arabic 267,405 266,000 N/A Map locating Western Sahara in Africa

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

There are 10 non-sovereign territories.

Dependent territories[edit]

This list contains territories that are politically administered as external dependencies.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
French Southern and Antarctic Lands[n 6] (Îles Éparses part only) Flag of the French Southern and Antarctic Lands Saint-Pierre[n 7] Euro French 38.6 No permanent population[58] N/A Map locating French Southern and Antarctic Lands around Madagascar
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)[n 8][59] Flag of the United Kingdom Jamestown Saint Helenian pound English 420 5,661 N/A Map locating Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha between Africa and South America

Other areas[edit]

This list contains territories that are administered as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Canary Islands[60][n 9] Flag of the Canary Islands Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Euro Spanish 7,447 2,205,247 N/A Map locating Canary Islands in Africa
Ceuta[60][n 9] (Autonomous City of Ceuta) Flag of Ceuta Ceuta Euro Spanish 28 76,861 N/A Map locating Ceuta on northern coast of Africa
Madeira[n 10] (Autonomous Region of Madeira) Flag of Madeira Funchal Euro Portuguese 828 245,806 N/A Map locating Madeira in Africa
Mayotte[61] (France)[n 11] Flag of France Mamoudzou Euro French 374 186,452 2,600 Map locating Mayotte in Africa
Melilla[n 9] (Autonomous City of Melilla) Flag of Melilla Melilla Euro Spanish 20 72,000 N/A Map locating Melilla on northern coast of Africa
Plazas de soberanía[n 9] Flag of Spain N/A Euro Spanish 74 N/A Map locating Plazas de soberanía on northern coast of Africa
Réunion[n 12] Flag of France Saint-Denis Euro French 2,512 793,000 N/A Map locating Réunion in Africa
Lampedusa and Lampione Flag of Italy Lampedusa e Linosa Euro Italian 21.4 6,304 N/A Map locating Lampedusa and Lampione in the Mediterranean Sea

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa and formerly as Zaire.
  2. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  3. ^ Some territory could be argued to be a part of Asia or Africa.
  4. ^ Occupies part of the territory of Western Sahara, disputed with Morocco.
  5. ^ Currently under Moroccan administration. Bir Lehlou is the temporary official capital, but Tindouf is the acting capital
  6. ^ Overseas territory of France. Only the Îles Éparses are considered part of the African continent. The remaining four districts lie outside the continental shelf in the Indian Ocean or Antarctica.
  7. ^ The main station on the Îles Éparses is on Tromelin. The headquarters of the district chief, however, is Saint-Pierre, in Réunion.
  8. ^ Overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  9. ^ a b c d Part of Spain.
  10. ^ Part of Portugal.
  11. ^ Currently an overseas department of France as of February 2011.
  12. ^ Overseas department of France.

References[edit]

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