List of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa

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This is a list of sovereign states and dependent territories in Africa, with information about their respective capitals, languages, currencies, population, area and GDP per capita. It lists 54 sovereign states and 10 non-sovereign territories.

Malta and parts of France, Italy, Portugal and Spain are located on the African continental plate, some considerably closer to the African than European mainland, but politically are generally considered European by convention. Similarly, the island of Socotra is also on the African plate and much closer to Africa, but is politically part of the Asian state of Yemen. Egypt, although extending into Asia through the Sinai Peninsula, is considered an African state.

Sovereign states[edit]

Recognised states[edit]

The following 54 fully recognised states are all members of the United Nations,[1] and all except Morocco are members of the African Union.[2][3]

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official language(s) Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Algeria[4] (People's Democratic Republic of Algeria) Algeria Algiers Algerian dinar Arabic 2,381,740 33,333,267 7,816 3Location Algeria AU Africa.svg
Angola[5] (Republic of Angola) Angola Luanda Kwanza Portuguese 1,246,700 16,941,000 5,813 42

Location Angola AU Africa.svg

Benin[6]
(Republic of Benin)
Benin Porto Novo West African CFA franc French 112,622 8,439,000 1,176 24Location Benin AU Africa.svg
Botswana[7] (Republic of Botswana) Botswana Gaborone Pula English, Setswana 581,726 1,839,833 17,101 46Location Botswana AU Africa.svg
Burkina Faso[8]
(Burkina Faso)
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou West African CFA franc French 274,000 13,228,000 1,284 21Location Burkina Faso AU Africa.svg
Burundi[9] (Republic of Burundi) Burundi Bujumbura Burundi franc French, Kirundi 27,830 7,548,000 739 38Location Burundi AU Africa.svg
Cameroon[10] (Republic of Cameroon) Cameroon Yaoundé Central African CFA franc English, French 475,442 17,795,000 2,421 26Location Cameroon AU Africa.svg
Cape Verde[11] (Republic of Cabo Verde) Cape Verde Praia Cape Verdean escudo Portuguese 4,033 420,979 6,418 14aLocation Cape Verde AU Africa.svg
Central African Republic[12] (Central African Republic) Central African Republic Bangui Central African CFA franc French, Sango 622,984 4,216,666 1,198 27Location Central African Republic AU Africa.svg
Chad[13] (Republic of Chad) Chad N'Djamena Central African CFA franc Arabic, French 1,284,000 10,146,000 1,519 11Location Chad AU Africa.svg
Comoros[14] (Union of the Comoros) Comoros Moroni Comorian franc Arabic, Comorian, French 2,235 798,000 1,660 43aLocation Comoros AU Africa.svg
Democratic Republic of the Congo[15][n 1] (Democratic Republic of the Congo) Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa Congolese franc French 2,344,858 75,507,308 774 34Location DR Congo AU Africa.svg
Republic of Congo[16][n 2] (Republic of the Congo) Republic of the Congo Brazzaville Central African CFA franc French 342,000 4,012,809 3,919 25Location Republic of the Congo AU Africa.svg
Djibouti[17] (Republic of Djibouti) Djibouti Djibouti Djiboutian Franc Arabic, French 23,200 906,000 2,070 29Location Djibouti AU Africa.svg
Egypt[18][n 3] (Arab Republic of Egypt) Egypt Cairo Egyptian Pound Arabic 1,001,449 84,550,000 4,836 5Location Egypt AU Africa.svg
Equatorial Guinea[19] (Republic of Equatorial Guinea) Equatorial Guinea Malabo Central African CFA franc French, Spanish 28,051 504,000 25,929 31Location Equatorial Guinea AU Africa.svg
Eritrea[20]
(State of Eritrea)
Eritrea Asmara Nakfa Arabic, Tigrinya 117,600 5,880,000 1,000 13Location Eritrea AU Africa.svg
Ethiopia[21] (Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia) Ethiopia Addis Ababa Ethiopian birr Amharic 1,104,300 85,237,338 1,100 28Location Ethiopia AU Africa.svg
Gabon[22] (Gabonese Republic) Gabon Libreville Central African CFA franc French 267,668 1,384,000 20,612 32Location Gabon AU Africa.svg
Gambia[23] (Republic of the Gambia) The Gambia Banjul Dalasi English 10,380 1,517,000 2002 15Location Gambia AU Africa.svg
Ghana[24] (Republic of Ghana) Ghana Accra Ghanaian cedi English 238,534 23,000,000 2,700 22Location Ghana AU Africa.svg
Guinea[25] (Republic of Guinea) Guinea Conakry Guinean franc French 245,857 10,057,975 2,035 17 Location Guinea AU Africa.svg
Guinea-Bissau[26] (Republic of Guinea-Bissau) Guinea-Bissau Bissau West African CFA franc Portuguese 36,125 1,586,000 736 16Location Guinea Bissau AU Africa.svg
Ivory Coast[27] (Republic of Côte d'Ivoire) Ivory Coast Yamoussoukro
West African CFA franc French 322,460 17,654,843 1,600 20Location Côte d'Ivoire AU Africa.svg
Kenya[28] (Republic of Kenya) Kenya Nairobi Kenyan shilling English, Swahili 580,367 34,707,817 1,445 36Location Kenya AU Africa.svg
Lesotho[29] (Kingdom of Lesotho) Lesotho Maseru Loti English, Sesotho 30,355 2,067,000 2,113 49Location Lesotho AU Africa.svg
Liberia[30] (Republic of Liberia) Liberia Monrovia Liberian dollar English 111,369 4,128,572 1,003 19Location Liberia AU Africa.svg
Libya[31]
(State of Libya)
Libya Tripoli Libyan dinar Arabic 1,759,540 6,036,914 10,604 4Location Libya AU Africa.svg
Madagascar[32] (Republic of Madagascar) Madagascar Antananarivo Malagasy Ariary French, Malagasy 587,041 18,606,000 905 44 Location Madagascar AU Africa.svg
Malawi[33] (Republic of Malawi) Malawi Lilongwe Malawian kwacha Chichewa, English 118,484 12,884,000 596 42Location Malawi AU Africa.svg
Mali[34]
(Republic of Mali)
Mali Bamako West African CFA franc French 1,240,192 13,518,000 1,154 9 Location Mali AU Africa.svg
Mauritania[35] (Islamic Republic of Mauritania) Mauritania Nouakchott Mauritanian Ouguiya Arabic 1,030,700 3,069,000 2,402 8Location Mauritania AU Africa.svg
Mauritius[36] (Republic of Mauritius) Mauritius Port Louis Mauritian rupee English 2,040 1,219,220 15,591 44aLocation Mauritius AU Africa.svg
Morocco[37] (Kingdom of Morocco) Morocco Rabat Moroccan dirham Arabic, Berber 446,550 (internationally recognized), 710,850 (claimed) 35,757,175 4,600 2Location Morocco Africa.svg
Mozambique[38] (Republic of Mozambique) Mozambique Maputo Mozambican metical Portuguese 801,590 20,366,795 1,389 43Location Mozambique AU Africa.svg
Namibia[39] (Republic of Namibia) Namibia Windhoek Namibian dollar English 825,418 2,031,000 8,577 45Location Namibia AU Africa.svg
Niger[40] (Republic of Niger) Niger Niamey West African CFA franc French 1,267,000 13,957,000 872 10Location Niger AU Africa.svg
Nigeria[41] (Federal Republic of Nigeria) Nigeria Abuja Nigerian naira English 923,768 174,507,539 1,188 25Location Nigeria AU Africa.svg
Rwanda[42] (Republic of Rwanda) Rwanda Kigali Rwandan franc English, French, Kinyarwanda 26,798 7,600,000 1,300 37Location Rwanda AU Africa.svg
São Tomé and Príncipe[43] (Democratic Republic of São Tomé and Príncipe) São Tomé and Príncipe São Tomé São Tomé and Príncipe Dobra Portuguese 964 183,176 1,266 31aLocation São Tomé and Príncipe AU Africa.svg
Senegal[44] (Republic of Senegal) Senegal Dakar West African CFA franc French 196,723 11,658,000 1,759 14 Location Senegal AU Africa.svg
Seychelles[45] (Republic of Seychelles) Seychelles Victoria Seychellois rupee English, French, Seychellois Creole 451 80,654 25,229 39a Location Seychelles AU Africa.svg
Sierra Leone[46] (Republic of Sierra Leone) Sierra Leone Freetown Leone English 71,740 6,144,562 903 18Location Sierra Leone AU Africa.svg
Somalia[47] (Federal Republic of Somalia) Somalia Mogadishu Somali shilling Arabic, Somali 637,657 9,832,017 600 30Location Somalia AU Africa.svg
South Africa[48] (Republic of South Africa) South Africa Bloemfontein, Cape Town, and Pretoria
South African rand Afrikaans, English, Northern Sotho, Sesotho, Southern Ndebele, Swati, Tsonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa, Zulu 1,221,037 52,981,991 11,914 48Location South Africa AU Africa.svg
South Sudan (Republic of South Sudan)[49] South Sudan Juba South Sudanese pound English 644,329 8,260,490 1,546 12Location South Sudan AU Africa.svg
Sudan[50] (Republic of the Sudan)
Sudan Khartoum Sudanese pound Arabic, English 1,861,484 36,787,012 2,800 12Location Sudan-N AU Africa.svg
Swaziland[51] (Kingdom of Swaziland) Swaziland Lobamba (royal and legislative)
Mbabane (administrative)
Lilangeni English, Swati 17,364 1,032,000 5,245 50Location Swaziland AU Africa.svg
Tanzania[52] (United Republic of Tanzania) Tanzania Dodoma Tanzanian shilling English, Swahili 945,203 44,929,002 723 39Location Tanzania AU Africa.svg
Togo[53] (Togolese Republic) Togo Lomé West African CFA franc French 56,785 7,154,237 1,700 23Location Togo AU Africa.svg
Tunisia[54] (Tunisian Republic) Tunisia Tunis Tunisian dinar Arabic 163,610 10,102,000 9,774 3Location Tunisia AU Africa.svg
Uganda[55] (Republic of Uganda) Uganda Kampala Ugandan shilling English, Swahili 236,040 27,616,000 1,700 35Location Uganda AU Africa.svg
Zambia[56] (Republic of Zambia) Zambia Lusaka Zambian kwacha English 752,614 14,668,000 931 41Location Zambia AU Africa.svg
Zimbabwe[57] (Republic of Zimbabwe) Zimbabwe Harare United States dollar and South African rand Chewa, Chibarwe, English, Kalanga, Koisan, Nambya, Ndau, Ndebele, Shangani, Shona, Sign language, Sotho, Tonga, Tswana, Venda, Xhosa 390,757 13,010,000 2,607 47Location Zimbabwe AU Africa.svg

Partially recognised and unrecognised states[edit]

The following are states that have established themselves in Africa as sovereign states, but remain limited in official recognition. The Sahrawi Republic is a member of the African Union.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Somaliland (Republic of Somaliland) Somaliland Hargeisa Somaliland shilling Arabic, Somali 137,600 4,000,000 600 30Somaliland in Africa (-mini map -rivers).svg
Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic[n 4] Western Sahara El Aaiún, Bir Lehlou (temporary)[n 5] Moroccan dirham Arabic 267,405 266,000 N/A 7Location Western Sahara AU Africa.svg

Non-sovereign territories[edit]

There are 10 non-sovereign territories.

Dependent territories[edit]

This list contains territories that are politically administered as external dependencies.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
French Southern and Antarctic Lands[n 6] (Îles Éparses part only) Saint-Pierre[n 7] Euro French 38.6 No permanent population[58] N/A French Southern and Antarctic Lands in its region (Scattered islands in the Indian Ocean only) (small islands magnified).svg
Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK)[n 8][59] Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Jamestown Saint Helenian pound English 420 5,661 N/A 40bLocationStHelena.png

Other areas[edit]

This list contains territories that are administered as incorporated parts of a primarily non-African state.

Name (official name) Flag Capital Currency Official languages Area (km2) Population GDP per capita (PPP) (US$) Map
Canary Islands[60][n 9] Canary Islands Las Palmas de Gran Canaria and Santa Cruz de Tenerife Euro Spanish 7,447 2,205,247 N/A 6Location Canary Islands Africa.svg
Ceuta[60][n 9] (Autonomous City of Ceuta) Ceuta Ceuta Euro Spanish 28 76,861 N/A 2aCeuta-melilla.png
Madeira[n 10] (Autonomous Region of Madeira) Madeira Funchal Euro Portuguese 828 245,806 N/A 1Location Madeira Africa.svg
Mayotte[61] (France)[n 11] Mayotte Mamoudzou Euro French 374 186,452 2,600 43bLocation Mayotte Africa.svg
Melilla[n 9] (Autonomous City of Melilla) Melilla Melilla Euro Spanish 20 72,000 N/A 2bCeuta-melilla.png
Plazas de soberanía[n 9] Spain N/A Euro Spanish 74 N/A 2a Mapa del sur de España neutral.png
Réunion[n 12] Réunion Saint-Denis Euro French 2,512 793,000 N/A 44b Location Réunion Africa.svg
Lampedusa and Lampione Italy Lampedusa e Linosa Euro Italian 21.4 6,304 N/A Pelagie Islands map.png

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Also known as Congo-Kinshasa and formerly as Zaire.
  2. ^ Also known as Congo-Brazzaville.
  3. ^ Some territory could be argued to be a part of Asia or Africa.
  4. ^ Occupies part of the territory of Western Sahara, disputed with Morocco.
  5. ^ Currently under Moroccan administration. Bir Lehlou is the temporary official capital, but Tindouf is the acting capital
  6. ^ Overseas territory of France. Only the Îles Éparses are considered part of the African continent. The remaining four districts lie outside the continental shelf in the Indian Ocean or Antarctica.
  7. ^ The main station on the Îles Éparses is on Tromelin. The headquarters of the district chief, however, is Saint-Pierre, in Réunion.
  8. ^ Overseas territory of the United Kingdom.
  9. ^ a b c d Part of Spain.
  10. ^ Part of Portugal.
  11. ^ Currently an overseas department of France as of February 2011.
  12. ^ Overseas department of France.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "Member States". African Union. Retrieved 15 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "African Union Welcomes South Sudan as the 54th Member State of the Union". StarAfrica.com. 27 July 2011. Retrieved 28 July 2011. 
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