Canal Street (Manhattan)
Canal Street is a major street in New York City, crossing lower Manhattan to join New Jersey in the west (via the Holland Tunnel I-78) to Brooklyn in the east (via the Manhattan Bridge). It forms the main spine of Chinatown, and separates it from Little Italy. It also forms the northern boundary of the Tribeca neighborhood and the southern boundary of SoHo. Canal Street stretches from its western terminus at West Street to its eastern end at Essex Street.
Canal Street takes its name from a canal that was dug in the early 19th century to drain a contaminated and disease-ridden Collect Pond into the Hudson River. The pond was filled in 1811, and Canal Street was completed in 1820 following the angled path the canal had. The elimination of Collect Pond made the surrounding land even marshier, as the area had many natural springs that now had nowhere to drain. The historic townhouses and newer tenements that had been built along Canal Street quickly fell into disrepair, and the eastern stretch of Canal Street came within the ambit of the notorious Five Points slum as property values and living conditions plummeted.
Early in the 20th century, the jewelry trade centered on the corner of Canal and Bowery, but moved mid century to the modern Diamond District on 47th Street. In the 1920s, the Citizens Savings Bank built a magnificent domed headquarters at the Bowery, facing the Manhattan Bridge plaza which remains a local landmark. The portion of Canal Street around Sixth Avenue was New York's principal market for electronics parts for some quarter century after the closing of Radio Row.
Today, Canal Street is a bustling commercial district, crowded with low-rent (compared to other Manhattan real estate) open storefronts, and street vendors to the west; banks and jewelry shops to the east. Canal Street is also the main Chinese jewelry business district of Chinatown. Tourists as well as locals pack the Canal Street sidewalks every day to frequent the open-air food stalls and bare-bones stores selling items such as perfume, purses, hardware, and industrial plastics at very low prices. Many of these goods are grey market imports and many notoriously counterfeit, with fake trademarked brand names on electronics, clothing and personal accessories (including the fake Rolex watches that have become a Manhattan cliché). Illegally produced CDs and DVDs are very common, and offered for sale on the Canal Street sidewalks in makeshift stands and suitcases or simply laid out on bedsheets, often before they are even officially released in stores or the theater. Widespread sale of these counterfeit goods persists along Canal Street and in its hidden back rooms despite frequent police raids.
Canal Street is well served by the New York City Subway; there are six stations, west to east:
- Canal Street (IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line) at Varick Street, served by the 1 2 trains
- Canal Street (IND Eighth Avenue Line) at Sixth Avenue, served by the A C E trains
- Canal Street (New York City Subway) at Broadway, Lafayette Street, and Centre Street, served by the N Q R 4 6 <6> J Z trains
- East Broadway (IND Sixth Avenue Line) at East Broadway, served by the F train
See also 
- "New Bank Building; Citizens Savings Bank to Erect Monumental Structure on Bowery", July 2, 1922. New York Times.
- "City Agents Shut Down 32 Vendors of Fake Items", by Christine Hauser. February 27, 2008. New York Times.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Canal Street (Manhattan)|
- Canal Street Map (from A Journey Through Chinatown)
- Canal Street Storefronts – photographs of buildings and stores along Canal Street.
- Canal Street Panoramic Video Tour – Kogeto's Dotspot immersive, panoramic video of a walking tour captured on an iPhone.
- Canal Street: A New York Songline – a virtual walking tour.