Eleventh Avenue (Manhattan)

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Silver Towers

Eleventh Avenue is a north-south thoroughfare on the far West Side of the borough of Manhattan in New York City, not far from the Hudson River. Eleventh Avenue originates in the Meatpacking District in the Greenwich Village and West Village neighborhoods at Gansevoort Street, where Eleventh Avenue, Tenth Avenue, and West Street intersect.

Description[edit]

Between Gansevoort Street and West 22nd Street, Eleventh Avenue is part of the West Side Highway, a very wide ten-lane expressway. At a split with Twelfth Avenue/West Side Highway at West 22nd Street, Eleventh Avenue continues as a standard-width seven-lane avenue.

Following the split, Eleventh Avenue is two-way traffic for access to 23rd and 24th Streets (to access Chelsea Piers), and is one-way southbound from 24th to 44th Streets, where two-way traffic resumes. Formerly, there was two-way traffic between 34th Street and 40th Street for access to the Lincoln Tunnel, but recent construction has made that segment of Eleventh Avenue southbound-only. The segment between approximately West 39th Street and West 59th Street is home to the largest concentration of auto dealerships in Manhattan.

The portion north of 59th Street is called West End Avenue, and runs from 59th Street to its termination where it merges with Broadway at 107th Street, at Straus Park. Traffic is two way, except for the northernmost block.

History[edit]

The West Side Line of the New York Central Railroad once had on-street running along part of Eleventh Avenue, popularly called "Death Avenue".[1] In 1934, a bill was passed for the Henry Hudson Parkway to be constructed, meant to be an alternative route to "Death Avenue".

Portions of Eleventh Avenue were run down in the mid-20th century, with Single Room Occupancy hotels, prostitutes and drug addicts a common sight.[2][3] The city's economic comeback in the 1980s brought recovery and gentrification.[4][5]

Architecture[edit]

11th Avenue is lined with new-age residential buildings — such as 100 Eleventh Avenue — adjacent to warehouses and car dealerships.

Between 34th and 59th Streets there are a lot of car dealerships: Mercedes-Benz is located across from the westbound Lincoln Tunnel portal, and BMW and Lexus at the intersection with West 57th Street. Manhattan Motorcars (located at 270 Eleventh Avenue) is New York City's official Lamborghini, Bentley, Rolls-Royce, Spyker Cars, Porsche, and Lotus dealership. Other companies with dealerships on the avenue include Honda, Toyota, Mazda, Jaguar, Jeep/Chrysler/Dodge, and Nissan. A Mercedes-Benz dealership is also being planned.[6] As well, numerous vehicle service stations, car washes, and car rental lots are found along this stretch.

This area has served the transport trade for more than a hundred years; most of the stables for New York's remaining horse cabs are located on its side streets, though many now store taxis and pedicabs. It is not uncommon to hear the clip clop of horses in the vicinity, as a result The carriage horses live in historic stables originally built in the 19th century, but today boast the latest in barn design, such as fans, misting systems, box stalls, and state-of-the-art sprinkler systems. As horses always have in densely populated urban areas, the carriage horses live upstairs in their stables while the carriages are parked below on the ground floor.[7][8]

One historic district lies on Eleventh Avenue, the West Chelsea Historic District, designated in 2008.[9]

Points of interest[edit]

Trucks passing Convention Center and Silver Towers
Armored limousine dealer at 52nd Street

Points of interest on or within one block of 11th Avenue include:

Mass transit[edit]

Starting late 2014, Eleventh Avenue will be served by the New York City Subway's 7 <7> trains built with the 7 Subway Extension, at a station under the avenue at 34th Street.[10]

Also, starting in September 2014, the New York City Bus's M12 route will serve the avenue.[11][12]

Notable residents[edit]

The IAC Building with Jean Nouvel's 100 Eleventh Avenue (behind and to the left) in 2010

Notable current and former residents include:

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ Staff. "State may regulate tracks in 11th Ave.; Court Denies Right of City to Disturb New York Central in Use of the Street.", The New York Times, May 20, 1911. Accessed August 7, 2009. "...the way had been opened through the decision for settling the so-called 'Death Avenue' problem".
  2. ^ Hughes, C.J. (September 10, 2013). "West End Avenue: Prospects of a Singular Thoroughfare". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  3. ^ http://gawker.com/5980949/15-photos-and-two-videos-from-the-gritty-1980s-new-york-of-ed-koch/
  4. ^ Jackson, Nancy Beth. "If You're Thinking of Living On/West End Avenue; Quiet, Convenient, Diverse and Involved", The New York Times, February 23, 2003. Accessed August 4, 2008.
  5. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/08/17/arts/17hell.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0
  6. ^ Sederstrom, Jothan (April 22, 2011). "On 11th Avenue, an Auto Boomtown". The New York Times. Retrieved July 29, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Behind the Scenes in the Clinton Park Horse Stables for the Central Park Carriages". Untapped Cities. 2014-04-28. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  8. ^ "The Stables Where Central Park Carriage Horses Live". Business Insider. 2012-04-06. Retrieved 2014-05-06. 
  9. ^ Brazee, Christopher D. and Most, Jennifer L. "West Chelsea Historic District Designatin Report". New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission (July 15, 2008)
  10. ^ Kabak, Benjamin (February 27, 2014). "7 line extension opening now projected for November". Second Avenue Sagas. Retrieved March 5, 2014. 
  11. ^ "MTA's Far West Side Bus Route Redrawn as Locals Call for More Buses - Hell's Kitchen & Clinton - DNAinfo.com New York". Dnainfo.com. 2014-02-10. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  12. ^ "MTA - Public Hearings". Web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-06-06. 
  13. ^ "Nicole Kidman and Keith Urban buy apartment with 'sky garage'", The Canberra Times, 21 December 2010
  14. ^ "Mick Jagger's girlfriend L'Wren Scott found dead in apartment" by Gordon Rayner, Hannah Furness, Philip Sherwell, The Daily Telegraph (London), 17 March 2014

External links[edit]