Chaghcharan

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Chaghcharan
چغچران
Chaghcharan is located in Afghanistan
Chaghcharan
Chaghcharan
Location in Afghanistan
Coordinates: 34°31′21″N 65°15′6″E / 34.52250°N 65.25167°E / 34.52250; 65.25167Coordinates: 34°31′21″N 65°15′6″E / 34.52250°N 65.25167°E / 34.52250; 65.25167
Country  Afghanistan
Province Ghor Province
Elevation 2,230 m (7,320 ft)
Population
 • Total 15,000
Time zone UTC+4:30

Chaghcharān (/æɡæˈrɑːn/; Persian: چغچران‎), also called Chakhcheran, and formerly known as Āhangarān (Persian: آهنگران‎, Pashto: آهنګران‎), is a town and district in central Afghanistan, which serves as the capital of Ghor Province. It is located on the southern side of the Hari River, at an altitude of 2,230 m above sea level.

Chaghcharan is linked by a 380-kilometre-long highway with Herat to the west and about the same distance with Kabul to the east. Due to severe weather, the road is often closed during winter and even in summer it can take three full days to drive from Chagcharan to Kabul.

It has a population of about 15,000, mostly Persian speaking. Chaghcharan Airport is located about 1 mile to the northeast of the town.

History[edit]

The region was home to various people of different religions before Islam was spread by Sultan Mahmud of Ghazni in the 10th century. Among the Zoroastrians, Buddhists and others, there were also some Jews. After the defeat of the Ghaznavids the area fell to the local Ghurids of Ghor in the 12th century.

In the 13th century, the region was invaded by Genghis Khan and his Mongols barbarians. it was ruled by the Ilkhanate until Timur conquest in the 14th century.

Chakhcherān is mentioned by name in the 16th century Baburnama, describing Babur's visit in early 1507 while on his journey to Kabul. It was a town located in the Gharjistan region, between Herat, Ghor, and Ghazni.[1]

In 2004, an independent FM radio station (Persian: راديو صداي صلح or Voice of Peace Radio) came on air in the town, the first independent media in this part of Afghanistan.

In June 2005, the International Security Assistance Force (ISAF) established a Lithuanian led Provincial Reconstruction Team in which Croatian, Danish, American, Ukrainian, Icelandic, and Georgian troops also serve.

Climate[edit]

Chaghcharān has a semi-arid to arid climate with cold, snowy winters and warm, dry summers. Precipitation is low, and mostly falls in winter and spring.

Climate data for Chaghcharān
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12.0
(53.6)
11.5
(52.7)
20.6
(69.1)
26.8
(80.2)
32.3
(90.1)
34.6
(94.3)
37.4
(99.3)
35.0
(95)
33.0
(91.4)
27.5
(81.5)
21.0
(69.8)
16.7
(62.1)
37.4
(99.3)
Average high °C (°F) −1.3
(29.7)
0.0
(32)
8.8
(47.8)
17.4
(63.3)
21.8
(71.2)
27.3
(81.1)
29.8
(85.6)
28.8
(83.8)
24.7
(76.5)
17.9
(64.2)
11.4
(52.5)
3.2
(37.8)
15.82
(60.46)
Daily mean °C (°F) −9.4
(15.1)
−7.3
(18.9)
1.6
(34.9)
9.3
(48.7)
12.8
(55)
17.2
(63)
19.3
(66.7)
17.8
(64)
12.4
(54.3)
6.9
(44.4)
1.5
(34.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
6.48
(43.65)
Average low °C (°F) −16.3
(2.7)
−15.3
(4.5)
−3.9
(25)
2.1
(35.8)
3.5
(38.3)
4.9
(40.8)
7.1
(44.8)
5.3
(41.5)
−0.2
(31.6)
−2.8
(27)
−6.8
(19.8)
−11.1
(12)
−2.79
(26.98)
Record low °C (°F) −44
(−47)
−46.0
(−50.8)
−26
(−15)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.0
(21.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
0.5
(32.9)
−2.0
(28.4)
−8.0
(17.6)
−14.6
(5.7)
−19.5
(−3.1)
−35
(−31)
−46
(−50.8)
Precipitation mm (inches) 30.9
(1.217)
32.2
(1.268)
40.0
(1.575)
35.3
(1.39)
20.1
(0.791)
0.4
(0.016)
0.1
(0.004)
0.5
(0.02)
0.0
(0)
11.0
(0.433)
15.8
(0.622)
18.1
(0.713)
204.4
(8.049)
Avg. rainy days 0 1 6 8 5 0 0 0 0 3 3 1 27
Avg. snowy days 8 9 5 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 7 32
 % humidity 70 71 66 56 49 39 34 32 36 44 54 64 51.3
Mean monthly sunshine hours 146.4 150.2 198.6 223.9 320.6 383.9 389.4 358.0 344.7 267.7 217.9 154.7 3,156
Source: NOAA (1968-1983) [2]

Demography[edit]

Approximately 15,000 people live in the town, making it the largest in the province. The main inhabitants of Chaghcharan are Aimaq, Hazaras and Tajiks(96%).[3]

Transportation[edit]

A bridge in Chaghcharan

There is an airstrip, Chaghcharan Airport, located northwest of the Hari River, one mile northeast of Chaghcharan. It is approximately 1800 metres in length, unpaved and capable of supporting small to medium sized aircraft. The main road from Changhcharan runs toward Herat in the west and Kabul in the east.

See also[edit]

References and footnotes[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Dupree, Nancy Hatch (1977): An Historical Guide to Afghanistan. 1st Edition: 1970. 2nd Edition. Revised and Enlarged. Afghan Tourist Organization. (Chapter 32 - Chakhcharan to Herat)