Chesham tube station
Location of Chesham in Buckinghamshire
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||1|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|1966||Goods yard closed|
|Lists of stations|
|London Transport portalCoordinates:|
Chesham is a London Underground station in Chesham, Buckinghamshire. It is served by the Metropolitan line and is the terminus and only station on the Chesham branch, which runs from Chalfont & Latimer. The station is in London fare Zone 9 (previously zone D). The station was opened on 8 July 1889 by the Metropolitan Railway (MR). It is a Grade II listed building.
The distance between Chesham and Chalfont & Latimer is the longest distance between adjacent stations on the whole London Underground network at 3.89 miles (6.26 km), and Chesham station is 25 miles (40 km) north-west of Charing Cross, making it the furthest London Underground station from central London. It is both the northernmost and westernmost London Underground Station.
The station was opened on 8 July 1889 by the Metropolitan Railway as the company's temporary northern terminus when the railway was extended from Rickmansworth. The line had been intended to cross the Chilterns and connect to main line companies serving the north.
From Chesham the line would have continued north to connect to the London and North Western Railway's Euston-Birmingham line at Tring. However, before work was begun, the MR chose an alternative route across the Chilterns via Aylesbury. The line to Chesham was retained as a branch from the new route and construction began in late 1887. Although the MR continued to buy land between Chesham and Tring for some years after the station's opening, the route was never extended further.
The station originally had a goods yard and two platforms, but the goods yard was closed in July 1966, and one of the two platforms was closed in November 1970. The goods yard site is now the car park for the station and a Waitrose supermarket. [note 1] The station is a Grade II listed building. The reasons for listing the station at this level were:
- Architectural interest: the most complete surviving example of a late-C19 rural Metropolitan station
- Historic interest: a vivid reminder of the Metropolitan Railway's early expansion into London's rural hinterland
- Ensemble value: the station building, signal box and water tower form an unusually coherent and intact group.
Since 12 December 2010, Chesham has had an 8-car train every 30 minutes direct to London. In the morning and evening peak, trains run non-stop between Moor Park and Harrow-on-the-Hill, then calling at Finchley Road and all stations to Aldgate. During off-peak times trains also call at Wembley Park, but terminate at Baker Street. For Chesham residents this is a major improvement to the timetable, as previously Chesham was served in the off-peak only by a 4-car shuttle service to Chalfont & Latimer, where passengers had to change onto a train to or from Amersham. Although the reasons for the new service pattern were largely technical (the new rolling stock whilst designed as two four car trains for the 8 car units, and one four and one three car train for the 7 car units, cannot be split into four-car trains as they only have driving cabs at the outer end of each unit), it was expected to ease congestion on local roads by increasing Chesham's attractiveness to park-and-ride motorists.
Chesham signal box in 2008, with a sign "CHESHAM" not in the TfL standard Johnston typeface
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