Bromley-by-Bow tube station

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Bromley-by-Bow London Underground
Bromley-by-Bow stn entrance.JPG
Station entrance
Bromley-by-Bow is located in Greater London
Location of Bromley-by-Bow in Greater London
Location Bromley-by-Bow
Local authority London Borough of Tower Hamlets
Managed by London Underground
Owner London Underground
Number of platforms 4 (2 in use)
Fare zone 2 and 3
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 2.62 million[1]
2011 Increase 2.75 million[1]
2012 Decrease 2.63 million[1]
2013 Increase 3.21 million[1]
Railway companies
Original company London, Tilbury and Southend Railway
Pre-grouping Midland Railway
Post-grouping London, Midland and Scottish Railway
Key dates
1858 Opened as Bromley
1902 District line started
1962 London–Southend withdrawn
1967 Renamed Bromley-by-Bow
1969 Ownership transferred to London Transport
Other information
Lists of stations
London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°31′26″N 0°00′41″W / 51.524°N 0.0113°W / 51.524; -0.0113

Bromley-by-Bow tube station is a London Underground station on the Blackwall Tunnel Northern Approach Road in the Bromley-by-Bow neighbourhood of the London Borough of Tower Hamlets in east London, England. The station is on the District and Hammersmith & City lines, between Bow Road and West Ham stations and is in both London fare zones 2 and 3.[2]

The station was opened in 1858 by the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway on a new more direct route between Fenchurch Street and Barking. First served by District Railway trains in 1902, it has been exclusively a London Underground station since 1962, with national rail services now passing through the station without stopping. The main station building is of unusual architecture for this part of the London Underground, constructed by British Rail in 1972 following a fire.[citation needed] It has moderate usage for an inner suburban station with 3.21 million entries and exits during 2013, though the surrounding area is undergoing considerable development bringing with it an increased local population.


Bromley station in 1961, with West Ham Power Station visible in the background

It was opened as a railway station called Bromley by the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway in 1858, on a more direct route to Barking from the terminus at Fenchurch Street. The station was renamed to Bromley-by-Bow in 1967, to prevent confusion with Bromley station in the London Borough of Bromley.

The construction of the Whitechapel and Bow Railway allowed the District Railway (now known as the District line) to start serving the station in 1902. The Whitechapel and Bow Railway opened in 1902 and allowed through services of the District Railway to operate to Upminster. The Metropolitan District converted to electric trains in 1905 and services were cut back to East Ham. Delayed by World War I,[3] electrified tracks were extended by the London, Midland and Scottish Railway (LMS) to Upminster and through services fully resumed in 1932.[4][5]

The District Railway was incorporated into London Transport in 1933, and became known as the District line. The Hammersmith & City line (then the Metropolitan line) followed in 1936.

The 1947 timetable shows only a few services a day provided by the LMS[6] and a frequent service provided by the District and a peak hours service of the Metropolitan line (now part of the Hammersmith & City line).[7]

After nationalisation of the railways in 1948 management of the station passed to British Railways. The remaining Fenchurch Street–Southend services were withdrawn in 1962 when the route was electrified with overhead lines. The continued management of the station by an organisation now providing none of the services became more of an anomaly and in 1969 ownership transferred to the London Underground[8] which came under the authority of the London Transport Executive of the Greater London Council.


On 2 June 2008, an unexploded bomb from World War II was found near where the line crosses the Prescott Channel, not far from the station, causing disruption to trains.[9]

The Station today[edit]

Westbound platform looking east with the former London, Tilbury and Southend Railway platforms on the right which closed in 1960.

The station entrance is at a higher level than the platforms (being situated on the road bridge crossing the rail tracks) and are accessible by stairs.[citation needed]

The station has four platforms, of which only two are currently in use; serving the tube lines, which share a track at this point, in both directions. The remaining two platforms formerly served the London, Tilbury and Southend Railway (now operated by c2c) but are no longer in use; trains instead pass through the station without stopping. Three ticket barriers and a gate control access to all platforms.[10]


Circle Line[edit]

There is no regular service however there are two trains per day that run from Barking to Edgware Road via Victoria before 6a.m. (as of February 2015)[citation needed]

Hammersmith & City line[edit]

The typical off-peak service in trains per hour (tph) is:

District line[edit]

This is the typical off-peak service frequency. During peak times trains also operate to Wimbledon.[vague] During off-peak times, 3 trains per hour from Wimbledon terminate at Barking (as of December 2014).


London Bus routes 108, 323 and 488 serve the station.[15]

Devons Road station on the Docklands Light Railway is nearby[16] but this is not an official out-of-station interchange.[citation needed]

Future Improvements[edit]

Bromley-by-Bow was planned to become a step-free station and the project will be completed in 2016.[17][18]

In popular culture[edit]

In the BBC soap opera EastEnders, the fictional Walford East tube station takes the place of Bromley-by-Bow.[19]


  1. ^ a b c d "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  2. ^ Transport for London (December 2014). Standard Tube Map (PDF) (Map). Not to scale. Transport for London. Archived from the original on 2 February 2015. 
  3. ^ "London, Tilbury and Southend Railway", Local Studies Information Sheets (Barking and Dagenham London Borough Council), 2008, retrieved 8 February 2010 
  4. ^ Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground: A diagrammatic history (7 ed.). Douglas Rose. ISBN 1-85414-219-4. 
  5. ^ Wolmar, Christian (2005). The Subterranean Railway: How the London Underground Was Built and How It Changed the City Forever. Atlantic Books. p. 268. ISBN 1-84354-023-1. 
  6. ^ "Table 214 London, Tilbury, Southend-on-Sea and Shoeburyness". London Midland & Scottish Railway: Passenger Train Services. Timetable World. June 1947. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  7. ^ "Table 217 District Line - Bromley, Plaistow, East Ham, Barking, Upney, Becontree, Heathway, Dagenham, Hornchurch and Upminster". London Midland & Scottish Railway: Passenger Train Services. Timetable World. June 1947. Retrieved 15 January 2014. 
  8. ^ "Some basic UK rail statistics - Notes". Fifth Dimension Associates. 2009. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 
  9. ^ "Wartime bomb find disrupts Tube". BBC News. 2 June 2008. Retrieved 27 April 2010. 
  10. ^ Bromley-by-Bow Underground Station
  11. ^ "Hammersmith & City line timetable: From Bromley-by-Bow Underground Station to West Ham Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  12. ^ "Hammersmith & City line timetable: From Bromley-by-Bow Underground Station to Bow Road Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  13. ^ a b "District line timetable: From Bromley-by-Bow Underground Station to West Ham Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  14. ^ a b c "District line timetable: From Bromley-by-Bow Underground Station to Bow Road Underground Station". Transport for London. Retrieved 7 March 2015. 
  15. ^ Bromley-by-Bow Underground Station - Bus
  16. ^ Google Maps - Bromley-by-Bow Tube Station
  17. ^ Step-free Access - Transport for London
  18. ^ Fit for the Future (page 10)
  19. ^ The London Underground in Films and Television - Fictional Stations/Locations

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Hammersmith
Hammersmith & City line
towards Barking
District line
towards Upminster