Watford Central tube station

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This article is about a planned London Underground station in Watford that was never built. For other stations in Watford, see Watford station.
Watford Central
The Moon Under Water, High Street, Watford
44 High Street, Watford, planned as Watford Central station
Watford Central is located in Greater London
Watford Central
Watford Central
Location of Watford Central in Greater London
Location
Place Watford, Hertfordshire
Local authority Watford
History
Opened by Never Opened
Planned by Metropolitan Railway
1927 Building purchased by the MR
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°39′23″N 0°23′52″W / 51.656444°N 0.39789°W / 51.656444; -0.39789

Watford Central tube station was a planned tube station on the London Underground network in Watford, Hertfordshire in the United Kingdom. The station was part of a proposed extension of the Metropolitan line from the present-day site of Watford tube station into Watford town centre, but was never opened. Had the line been built, Watford Central would have been one of the northern termini of the line.[1] The building which was planned for use as the station booking hall still exists today as The Moon Under Water public house on Watford High Street, opposite the junction with Clarendon Road.

History[edit]

The original Watford Met station
Diagram of the approximate routes proposed in 1927 for the Met line extension to Watford Central

Building a line to Watford had been an ambition of the Metropolitan Railway Company for several years. Watford was already served by the LNWR main line, but Watford Urban District Council began to lobby the MR to extend their line into the town. By 1911 Watford had grown enough to make a new railway connection seem commercially viable. At this time, the MR shared tracks with the Great Central Railway (GCR) and these companies had formed the Metropolitan and Great Central Joint Railway; together they drew up plans to construct a branch line to Watford town centre, receiving Parliamentary approval in 1912. In the original plans, the Metropolitan line was to terminate at a passenger station located on Hempstead Road, close to the northern end of the High Street, with a goods station a mile further south at Cassiobury Park Avenue.[2] The Urban District Council, despite their earlier enthusiasm for a new railway, now objected to the scheme; the council had recently purchased parts of the Cassiobury Estate from the Earl of Essex to create Cassiobury Park, and were opposed to the MR driving a railway across their beautiful municipal park.[3]

The outbreak of World War I in 1914 hampered the project's development, and it was not until 1922 that construction of the Watford branch commenced. By this stage, the GCR was financially less secure and the MR instead formed a joint committee with the London and North Eastern Railway (LNER), the Watford Joint Committee. Opposition from local politicians to the Cassiobury route meant that the terminus had to be sited next to the new goods yard in the Cassiobury area of the town, some distance from the centre. Watford station opened as the terminus of the Metropolitan Railway Watford branch in 1925.[2][3][4][5]

The MR was keen to promote its new destination as part of its Metro-Land advertising campaign; posters published by the MR in 1925 promoting the new route "by Metro to Watford" depicted an illustrated view of Watford High Street on market day, belying the remote location of the station.[6][7] While the MR was able to provide a shuttle bus service from its station to the town centre,[8] the Metropolitan branch line passenger numbers compared unfavourably with rival services into central London offered by the LMS and the UERL Bakerloo line from the more centrally located Watford Junction and Watford High Street stations. The LNER pulled out of the venture after the General Strike of 1926.[3]

The remote location of Watford Met station was clearly proving to be unsatisfactory, and the MR drew up plans to extend the line into the town centre. In 1927 the company purchased a property at 44 Watford High Street, the Empress Tea Rooms and Winter Gardens. A strip of land behind the property provided about 2.5 acres, enough for redevelopment as a railway station with a High Street frontage.[9] Parliamentary approval given in 1929.

The MR put forward alternative routes for the line extension:[9]

  • Route 1, extending the line directly beyond the existing terminus and entering a tunnel under Cassiobury Park, Cassio Road, West Hertfordshire Sports Ground to the new station.
  • Route 2, branching off from the existing railway line just south-west of the original Met station and entering a straight tunnel under Watford Grammar School playing fields, Cassio Road, and the West Hertfordshire Sports Ground to the High Street terminus.

The scheme was never enacted and the proposed tunnels across Watford were never built. The Watford Metropolitan terminus was to remain at its remote Cassiobury location for more than 90 years.

The building[edit]

The property purchased by the Metropolitan Railway at 44 High Street is located on the western side of the street close to the junction with Clarendon Road. The original building was named Derby House, and after extensive refurbishment in 1916 which included refacing of the frontage and the addition of two medallions of Queen Victoria, the rear garden was opened as The Empress Winter Gardens and Tea Lounge.[10]

The premises still stand today and have local listed building status, although the elaborate Winter Garden buildings which once stood behind the property have been demolished.[10] For a brief period in 1921, the Winter Gardens served as a makeshift cinema, serving teas to patrons in the intervals.[11] After acquisition by the Metropolitan Railway in 1927, 44 High Street was let out to a succession of tenants and eventually passed to the Lewis Omnibus Company, which was itself taken over by the London Passenger Transport Board in 1933.[12][13] In the following years, the building was used as a furniture shop and later it became a branch of the clothing retailer, Next. Today the building is occupied by the Wetherspoons pub chain as the Moon Under Water public house.[14]

Croxley Rail Link[edit]

Diagram of the Croxley Rail Link

Over 80 years after the MR first attempted to extend its line into central Watford, a new scheme was approved in 2011 to drive the Metropolitan line across the town to Watford Junction station. The Croxley Rail Link, in progress and due for completion in 2016, will reinstate a disused stretch of former British rail track from Croxley tube station, connecting the Metropolitan line with the Watford DC Line at Watford High Street (London Overground) and sharing track to the terminus at Watford Junction. The project is funded jointly by Hertfordshire County Council and Transport for London. As a result of this project, the original Watford Met tube station will close to passengers.[15]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Watford   Metropolitan Railway
Watford extension
(Never completed)
  Terminus

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brown, Joe. London railway atlas (3rd ed.). Hersham: Ian Allan. p. 2. ISBN 9780711037281. 
  2. ^ a b Horne, Mike (2003). The Metropolitan Line: an Illustrated History. Capital Transport Publishing. pp. 39–40. ISBN 1854142755. 
  3. ^ a b c Wolmar, Christian (2009). The Subterranean Railway How the London Underground Was Built and How it Changed the City Forever. London: Atlantic Books Ltd. ISBN 9781848872530. 
  4. ^ Green, Oliver (1990). The London underground : an illustrated history (3. impr ed.). London: Allan. p. 43. ISBN 0711017204. 
  5. ^ Rose, Douglas (1999). The London underground : a diagrammatic history (7th ed.). London: [The author]. ISBN 1854142194. 
  6. ^ Jackson, Alan A. (2006). London's Metro-Land : a unique British railway enterprise. Harrow: Capital History. p. 64. ISBN 978-1854143006. 
  7. ^ Unknown Artist (1925). "By 'Metro' to Watford". London Transport Museum poster collection. Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. 
  8. ^ Unknown photographer (1927). "Inventory no: 1999/28830 – Photograph of Metropolitan Railway single deck coach outside Watford MR station". London Transport Museum photographic collection. Archived from the original on 9 August 2013. 
  9. ^ a b Goudie, F. W.; Stuckey; Douglas (1990). West of Watford : L.N.W.R., L.M.S., Metropolitan, L.N.E.R., Bakerloo, Watford, Croxley Green, Rickmansworth. Bracknell: Forge Books. ISBN 9780904662184. 
  10. ^ a b "44 High Street" (PDF). Locally Listed Buildings in Watford. Watford Borough Council. 2011. p. 55. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. 
  11. ^ Eyles, Allen (2002). Cinemas of Hertfordshire (Rev. ed.). Hatfield: Hertfordshire Publ. ISBN 9780954218904. 
  12. ^ Horne p.96
  13. ^ "Second schedule Part VI - The Lewis undertaking". London Passenger Transport Act 1933. Parliament of the United Kingdom/National Archives. 1933. Archived from the original on 29 September 2013. 
  14. ^ Binnie, Adam (17 December 2011). "Croxley Rail Link project to resurrect historic track". Watford Observer. Archived from the original on 10 August 2013. 
  15. ^ "Croxley Rail Link". Transport for London. Archived from the original on 2 December 2008. 
  • Klapper, Charles (1976). London's lost railways. London: Routledge & K. Paul. ISBN 9780710083784.