Kensington (Olympia) station

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For other places with the same name, see Kensington station (disambiguation).
Kensington (Olympia)
London Underground London Overground National Rail
Kensington Olympia stn Overground look south.JPG
Southbound view from Platform 2
Kensington (Olympia) is located in Greater London
Kensington (Olympia)
Kensington (Olympia)
Location of Kensington (Olympia) in Greater London
Location Olympia
Local authority Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea
Managed by London Overground
Station code KPA
Number of platforms 3
Accessible Yes [1]
Fare zone 2
London Underground annual entry and exit
2008 Increase 1.320 million[2]
2009 Decrease 1.275 million[3]
2010 Increase 1.290 million[4]
2011 Increase 1.740 million[5]
2012 Increase 1.800 million[5]
National Rail annual entry and exit
2007–08 Increase 2.203 million[6]
2008–09 Decrease 1.924 million[6]
2009–10 Decrease 1.834 million[6]
2010–11 Increase 2.312 million[6]
2011–12 Increase 5.227 million[6]
2012–13 Increase 5.291 million[6]
Key dates
1862 Opened
Other information
Lists of stations
External links
Portal icon London Transport portal
Portal icon UK Railways portalCoordinates: 51°29′55″N 0°12′39″W / 51.4986°N 0.2108°W / 51.4986; -0.2108

Kensington (Olympia) station in Kensington, West London is managed and served by London Overground and also served by Southern and London Underground. It is in Travelcard Zone 2. On the Underground it is the terminus of a short District Line branch, built as part of the Middle Circle, from Earl's Court; on the main-line railway it is on the West London Line from Clapham Junction to Willesden Junction, by which many trains bypass Central London.

History[edit]

A station was opened by the West London Railway as its southern terminus on 27 May 1844 as "Kensington", just south of Hammersmith Road; it closed at the end of November 1844 due to the losses made. A scant and erratic goods service continued, the line re-opened to passengers with a new station called "Addison Road" on 2 June 1862, to the north of Hammersmith Road. Great Western Railway trains started serving the station in 1863, with London & North Western Railway trains arriving in 1872. A link to the Hammersmith & City Railway enabled the "Middle Circle" service to operate via Paddington to the north and South Kensington to the south. From 1869, the London & South Western Railway operated trains from Richmond to London Waterloo via Addison Road, until their branch via Shepherd's Bush closed in 1916. By 1907 the Middle Circle had been replaced by four Hammersmith & City line trains an hour. The station appears on the first 'London Underground' map in 1908 with Metropolitan and District Railway services.[7]

In 1940, Addison Road and the link to the Metropolitan line at Latimer Road closed along with the other West London Line stations, In 1946 it was renamed "Kensington (Olympia)" and became the northern terminus of a peak-hour shuttle service to Clapham Junction, which was mainly for workers at the Post Office Savings Bank (later National Savings Bank) in nearby Blythe Road.[8][9] There was also a District line shuttle to Earl's Court. The current District line bay platform opened in 1958, but the 1872 connection between the District and the main line south of the station was not finally lifted until 1992.

For many years the passenger service was only a few peak-hour main-line trains to and from Clapham Junction, with Underground trains only during exhibition times. The West London Line has always been a main freight route from north of London to the south-east of England.

Between 1979 and 2008[10] the Clapham Junction service was supplemented by a Virgin CrossCountry and later CrossCountry service from Brighton to Birmingham extending at various times to Derby, Edinburgh Waverley, Glasgow Central, Liverpool Lime Street and Manchester Piccadilly. Cross Country services also called at Kensington Olympia on services from the north to Eastbourne, Folkestone Central and Ramsgate at various times.[11]

There were two bay platforms on the south-eastern side mainly used by services from Clapham Junction. In the early 1990s these were filled in and the southbound platform loop closed, with a shorter platform on the southbound main line built over the loop - longer southbound trains now cross to the northbound loop to stop. The land behind the southbound platform was sold for redevelopment.

There was an Express Dairies creamery and milk bottling plant close to the station served by milk trains from the Great Western Railway from Old Oak Common to a siding adjacent to the station.[12]

In the event of nuclear war seeming imminent, the station was the designated London muster point for staff in transit to the Central Government War Headquarters (codenamed "Burlington").[13][14]

In 1994, a full passenger service between Willesden Junction and Clapham Junction was reinstated after a gap of 54 years.[15]

Before Eurostar transferred in November 2007 to St Pancras International, Eurostar trains passed through the station going from Waterloo International station to North Pole depot, and the station was a backup terminus for the services should Waterloo International have become unusable with immigration facilities were maintained there.[16][17]

The planned Regional Eurostar and Nightstar services were to call at platform 2 to undertake border control procedures. The services to Plymouth and Swansea were scheduled to change motive power from a class 92 to a class 37/6 here.

The link to the Great Western Main Line at North Pole Junction, three miles to the north, avoiding Paddington station, meant that the station was to play an important role in the Cold War should a nuclear exchange have seemed likely.[18] Secret plans entailed use of the station, in the prelude to a nuclear war, to evacuate several thousand civil servants to the Central Government War Headquarters underground bunker in Wiltshire.[19]

The ticket office was refurbished in 2011 with the upholstered seating, plants and lighting removed. A new double door entrance directly from the ticket office to the platform was installed and the old adjoining covered entrance was bricked up. People were still able to reach the footbridge from the alleyway by the side of the building and through the metal gate adjacent to it, avoiding a longer walk via the platforms. In 2012 the refurbished ticket office was closed and the entrance to the toilets from there blocked off. A new ticket office resembling a small Portakabin was built on the platform opposite the District line platform and the gate to the footbrige padlocked. The public toilets were made accessible from the doors to platform 2.

In summer 2012, Transport for London said they wanted to introduce ticket gates at the station to combat fare dodgers, which would remove access to the footbridge used by local residents for years.[20] Both the councils within whose boundaries this station falls have stated that they intend to challenge this loss of an established right of way.[21] The plan to remove access to the footbridge was abandoned in April 2013 and instead, ticket gates would be introduced to divide the station and bridge into two separate lanes.[22]

Motorail[edit]

Motorail trains, which carried passengers to many parts of the country, used to terminate here.[23] In the London Midland Region timetable for 1970-71 services are shown to Perth, Stirling, Carlisle, St Austell, Totnes, Newton Abbot and Fishguard (connecting with the ferry for Rosslare).[24]

The car park for the service is now used by Earls Court Olympia for exhibition vehicles, & Europcar for car rental and is called "Olympia Motorail Car Park P4".[25][26]

Location[edit]

The railway forms a borough boundary, with the southbound platform in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, the northbound and London Underground platforms in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.

Connections[edit]

London Buses Routes 9, 10, 27, 28, 49, 391, C1, Night Routes N9, N28 and National Express Coach Routes 701/702 serve and pass the station.

Name[edit]

The station appears in some National Rail maps and timetables as Kensington Olympia but on London Underground maps and station signage as Kensington (Olympia) (also used on the latest National Rail "London Connections" map).[27] The variant with brackets is in the London Railway Atlas, published by Ian Allan in 2009.[15] On the dot matrix indicators on District line trains, the station is shown as Olympia. Although over-painted, 'Addison Road Station' appears sculpted into a wall on the eastern pedestrian exit from the station.

Services[edit]

National Rail services are provided by London Overground and Southern.

The London Overground services in trains per hour are:

Southern operate between Milton Keynes Central and South Croydon, typically once an hour.

The shuttle to Earl's Court and High Street Kensington runs at weekends and during major exhibitions on weekdays. A very limited service also operates during the early morning and evening each weekday. There is no service New Year's Eve or New Year's Day when these days fall on or partly on a weekend.[29]

For a period before December 2011 the District line had an irregular short shuttle service of two or three trains per hour to High Street Kensington via Earl's Court. One late evening train ran daily to Upminster.

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "TFL: Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  5. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation.  Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
  7. ^ For the 1908 London Underground Map see commons.
  8. ^ Glover, J. London's Overground, Hersham, Ian Allan, 2012, pp35-36
  9. ^ Cherry, B.; Pevsner, N. (2002). The Buildings of England, London 3: The North West. London: Yale University Press. p. 223. 
  10. ^ "Train services from Brighton withdrawn". The Argus. 12 October 2008. 
  11. ^ "Cross Country Train Services to and from Brighton". 
  12. ^ "The Torrington Milk Train". SVS Films. 21 January 2012. 
  13. ^ U.K. Government War Book 1962 National Archives Reference CAB 175/13.
  14. ^ Hennessy, Peter (2010). The Secret State : Preparing for the Worst 1945-2010 (2nd ed.). London: Penguin Books. p. 275. ISBN 9780141044699. 
  15. ^ a b London Railway Atlas, J. Brown (Ian Allan, 2009)
  16. ^ "Belgian Branch Line News 1996". Ccl.kuleuven.be. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  17. ^ The Committee Office, House of Commons. "House of Commons - Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs - Fifth Report". Parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  18. ^ "1960s: Cold War cabinet seeks headquarters to withstand nuclear war". The Times. 30 December 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2011. 
  19. ^ "Page 5". Subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  20. ^ https://www.lbhf.gov.uk/Directory/News/Hare_brained_plan_to_close_Olympia_footbridge.asp
  21. ^ https://www.lbhf.gov.uk/Directory/News/Lawyers_challenge_Olympia_bridge_closure.asp
  22. ^ "TfL backs down over plan to ban residents using footbridge Read more: Fulham Chronicle http://www.fulhamchronicle.co.uk/fulham-and-hammersmith-news/local-fulham-and-hammersmith-news/2013/04/15/tfl-backs-down-over-plan-to-ban-residents-using-footbridge-82029-33177288/#ixzz2RmknqI5Q". Retrieved 2013-04-28. 
  23. ^ "Kensington Olympia Station". Disused Stations. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  24. ^ London Midland Passenger Timetable 4 May 1970 – 2 May 1971, pp.51-53.
  25. ^ By kpmarek No real name given + Add Contact (2 May 2009). "Olympia Motorail Car Park | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  26. ^ "London Kensington Car Rental". Europcar. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  27. ^ "National Rail Enquiries — Maps". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  28. ^ "North London Line/West London Line timetable from 22nd May 2011." (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-02. 
  29. ^ http://www.tfl.gov.uk/tfl/livetravelnews/realtime/track.aspx?offset=weekend

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Overground notextroundel.svg National Rail logo.svg London Overground   Following station
West London Line
National Rail National Rail
Shepherd's Bush   Southern
Milton Keynes - South Croydon
  West Brompton
Terminus   Southern
Olympia to Wandsworth Road
Limited service
  West Brompton
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Terminus District line
  Disused Railways  
National Rail National Rail
Uxbridge Road
Line open, station closed
  West London Line   West Brompton
Line and station open
Shepherd's Bush
Line and station closed
  L&SWR   West Brompton
Line and station open
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Uxbridge Road
towards Barking
  Metropolitan line   Terminus