Kensington (Olympia) station
Location of Kensington (Olympia) in Greater London
|Local authority||Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea|
|Managed by||London Overground|
|Number of platforms||3|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|Lists of stations|
| London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates:
Kensington (Olympia) station in Kensington, West London is managed and served by London Overground and also served by Southern and London Underground. It is in Travelcard Zone 2. On the Underground it is the terminus of a short District Line branch, built as part of the Middle Circle, from Earl's Court; on the main-line railway it is on the West London Line from Clapham Junction to Willesden Junction, by which many trains bypass Central London.
A station was opened by the West London Railway as its southern terminus on 27 May 1844 as "Kensington", just south of Hammersmith Road; it closed at the end of November 1844 due to the losses made. A scant and erratic goods service continued, the line re-opened to passengers with a new station called "Addison Road" on 2 June 1862, to the north of Hammersmith Road. Great Western Railway trains started serving the station in 1863, with London & North Western Railway trains arriving in 1872. A link to the Hammersmith & City Railway enabled the "Middle Circle" service to operate via Paddington to the north and South Kensington to the south. From 1869, the London & South Western Railway operated trains from Richmond to London Waterloo via Addison Road, until their branch via Shepherd's Bush closed in 1916. By 1907 the Middle Circle had been replaced by four Hammersmith & City line trains an hour. The station appears on the first 'London Underground' map in 1908 with Metropolitan and District Railway services.
In 1940, Addison Road and the link to the Metropolitan line at Latimer Road closed along with the other West London Line stations, In 1946 it was renamed "Kensington (Olympia)" and became the northern terminus of a peak-hour shuttle service to Clapham Junction, which was mainly for workers at the Post Office Savings Bank (later National Savings Bank) in nearby Blythe Road. There was also a District line shuttle to Earl's Court. The current District line bay platform opened in 1958, but the 1872 connection between the District and the main line south of the station was not finally lifted until 1992.
For many years the passenger service was only a few peak-hour main-line trains to and from Clapham Junction, with Underground trains only during exhibition times. The West London Line has always been a main freight route from north of London to the south-east of England.
Between 1979 and 2008 the Clapham Junction service was supplemented by a Cross Country route from Brighton to Birmingham New Street extending to Derby, Edinburgh Waverley, Glasgow Central, Liverpool Lime Street and Manchester Piccadilly. Cross Country services also called at Kensington Olympia on services from the north to Eastbourne, Folkestone Central and Ramsgate at various times.
There were two bay platforms on the south-eastern side mainly used by services from Clapham Junction. In the early 1990s these were filled in and the southbound platform loop closed, with a shorter platform on the southbound main line built over the loop - longer southbound trains now cross to the northbound loop to stop. The land behind the southbound platform was sold for redevelopment.
In the event of nuclear war seeming imminent, the station was the designated London muster point for staff in transit to the Central Government War Headquarters (Codenamed "Burlington").
Before Eurostar transferred in November 2007 to St Pancras International, Eurostar trains passed through the station going from Waterloo International station to North Pole depot, and the station was a backup terminus for the services should Waterloo International have become unusable with immigration facilities were maintained there.
The planned Regional Eurostar and Nightstar (train) services were to call at platform 2 to undertake border control procedures. The services to Plymouth and Swansea were scheduled to change motive power from a class 92 to a class 37/6 here.
The link to the Great Western Main Line at North Pole Junction, three miles to the north, avoiding Paddington station, meant that the station was to play an important role in the Cold War should a nuclear exchange have seemed likely. Secret plans entailed use of the station, in the prelude to a nuclear war, to evacuate several thousand civil servants to the Central Government War Headquarters underground bunker in Wiltshire.
The ticket office was refurbished in 2011 with the upholstered seating, plants and lighting removed. A new double door entrance directly from the ticket office to the platform was installed and the old adjoining covered entrance was bricked up. People were still able to reach the footbridge from the alleyway by the side of the building and through the metal gate adjacent to it, avoiding a longer walk via the platforms. In 2012 the refurbished ticket office was closed and the entrance to the toilets from there blocked off. A new ticket office resembling a small Portakabin was built on the platform opposite the District line platform and the gate to the footbrige padlocked. The public toilets were made accessible from the doors to platform 2.
In summer 2012, Transport for London said they wanted to introduce ticket gates at the station to combat fare dodgers, which would remove access to the footbridge used by local residents for years. Both the councils within whose boundaries this station falls have stated that they intend to challenge this loss of an established right of way. The plan to remove access to the footbridge was abandoned in April 2013 and instead, ticket gates would be introduced to divide the station and bridge into two separate lanes.
Motorail trains, which carried passengers to many parts of the country, used to terminate here. In the London Midland Region timetable for 1970-71 services are shown to Perth, Stirling, Carlisle, St Austell, Totnes, Newton Abbot and Fishguard (connecting with the ferry for Rosslare).
The railway forms a borough boundary, with the southbound platform in the Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea, the northbound and London Underground platforms in the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham.
The station appears in some National Rail maps and timetables as Kensington Olympia but on London Underground maps and station signage as Kensington (Olympia) (also used on the latest National Rail "London Connections" map). The variant with brackets is in the London Railway Atlas, published by Ian Allan in 2009. On the dot matrix indicators on District line trains, the station is shown as Olympia. Although over-painted, 'Addison Road Station' appears sculpted into a wall on the eastern pedestrian exit from the station.
The London Overground services in trains per hour are:
- 4 northbound to Willesden Junction, of which 2 continue to Stratford.
- 4 southbound to Clapham Junction.
The shuttle to Earl's Court and High Street Kensington runs at weekends and during major exhibitions on weekdays. A very limited service also operates during the early morning and evening each weekday. There is no service New Year's Eve or New Year's Day when these days fall on or partly on a weekend.
For a period before December 2011 the District line had an irregular short shuttle service of two or three trains per hour to High Street Kensington via Earl's Court. One late evening train ran daily from Kensington (Olympia) to Upminster.
- "TFL: Standard Tube Map" (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2008". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Station usage". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 17 January 2011. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- For the 1908 London Underground Map see commons.
- Glover, J. London's Overground, Hersham, Ian Allan, 2012, pp35-36
- Cherry, B.; Pevsner, N. (2002). The Buildings of England, London 3: The North West. London: Yale University Press. p. 223.
- "Train services from Brighton withdrawn". The Argus. 12 October 2008.
- "Cross Country Train Services to and from Brighton".
- "The Torrington Milk Train". SVS Films. 21 January 2012.
- U.K. Government War Book 1962 National Archives Reference CAB 175/13.
- Hennessy, Peter (2010). The Secret State : Preparing for the Worst 1945-2010 (2nd ed.). London: Penguin Books. p. 275. ISBN 9780141044699.
- London Railway Atlas, J. Brown (Ian Allan, 2009)
- "Belgian Branch Line News 1996". Ccl.kuleuven.be. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- The Committee Office, House of Commons. "House of Commons - Environment, Transport and Regional Affairs - Fifth Report". Parliament.the-stationery-office.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "1960s: Cold War cabinet seeks headquarters to withstand nuclear war". The Times. 30 December 2008. Retrieved 31 March 2011.
- "Page 5". Subbrit.org.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "TfL backs down over plan to ban residents using footbridge Read more: Fulham Chronicle http://www.fulhamchronicle.co.uk/fulham-and-hammersmith-news/local-fulham-and-hammersmith-news/2013/04/15/tfl-backs-down-over-plan-to-ban-residents-using-footbridge-82029-33177288/#ixzz2RmknqI5Q". Retrieved 2013-04-28.
- "Kensington Olympia Station". Disused Stations. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- London Midland Passenger Timetable 4 May 1970 – 2 May 1971, pp.51-53.
- By kpmarek No real name given + Add Contact (2 May 2009). "Olympia Motorail Car Park | Flickr - Photo Sharing!". Flickr. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "London Kensington Car Rental". Europcar. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "National Rail Enquiries — Maps". Nationalrail.co.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-02.
- "North London Line/West London Line timetable from 22nd May 2011." (PDF). Retrieved 2011-07-02.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kensington Olympia station.|
- Train times and station information for Kensington (Olympia) station from National Rail
- Kensington Olympia, Subterranea Britannica disused station project. Extensive history of the station, and the West London Line.
- Kensington station 1st site (never used) and 2nd site (1844, 1862-4). From SubBrit.
|Preceding station||London Overground||Following station|
|West London Line||
towards Clapham Junction
Milton Keynes - South Croydon
Olympia to Wandsworth Road
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards High Street Kensington
Line open, station closed
|West London Line||West Brompton
Line and station open
Line and station closed
Line and station open
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|