Finchley Road tube station

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Finchley Road
London Underground
Finchley Road tube station MMB 01.jpg
Finchley Road is located in Greater London
Finchley Road
Finchley Road
Location of Finchley Road in Greater London
Location Finchley Road
Local authority Camden
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 4
Fare zone 2
OSI Finchley Road & Frognal [1]
London Underground annual entry and exit
2009 Decrease 9.30 million[2]
2010 Decrease 8.85 million[3]
2011 Increase 8.98 million[4]
2012 Increase 9.37 million[4]
Key dates
1879 Opened (MR)
1939 Start (Bakerloo line)
1 August 1941 Goods yard closed[5]
1979 End (Bakerloo line)
1979 Start (Jubilee line)
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°32′50″N 0°10′49″W / 51.5472°N 0.18027°W / 51.5472; -0.18027

Finchley Road tube station is a London Underground station at the corner of Finchley Road and Canfield Gardens in the London Borough of Camden, North London. It is on the Jubilee line, between West Hampstead and Swiss Cottage and on the Metropolitan line between Baker Street and Wembley Park. It is in Travelcard Zone 2.

The station is adjacent to the O2 Shopping Centre. It serves the Frognal and South Hampstead areas. It is also a five-minute walk from the Finchley Road & Frognal station on the London Overground's North London Line, and this is marked as an official out-of-system interchange.

History[edit]

The station entrance.

The station was opened on 30 June 1879 by the Metropolitan Railway (MR, now the Metropolitan line) on its extension from its now closed station at St. John's Wood (a different station from the current St. John's Wood Jubilee Line station). The station was rebuilt in 1914 with entrances incorporated into a new parade of shops.

By the mid-1930s the Metropolitan Line was suffering from congestion on its main routes from north London caused by the limited capacity of its tracks between Finchley Road and Baker Street stations. To alleviate this congestion new sections of deep tube tunnels were bored between Finchley Road and Baker Street to carry some of the traffic from the Stanmore branch and stations south of Wembley Park. These new tunnels opened on 20 November 1939 and from that date Finchley Road station was also served by Bakerloo line trains running from Baker Street using the new tunnels. The Bakerloo Line services were subsequently transferred to the Jubilee line when that line commenced operation on 1 May 1979.

Finchley Road was also the name of a nearby Midland Railway station which closed in 1927. The remains of these platforms are visible from Thameslink trains running on the Midland Main Line.

Analysis of earth removed when tunnelling towards the station revealed that its site was the southern limit of a glacier which covered Britain in one of the Ice Ages, as illustrated in episode 3 (Ice Age) of the BBC series British Isles: A Natural History[6]

Services[edit]

Looking north along the Jubilee Line platforms.
Finchley Road entrance in 1978

Finchley Road is served by London underground Jubilee and Metropolitan line services. The Jubilee line, which is a stopping (or local) service, operates a service frequency of 16 tph (trains per hour) between Stanmore and Stratford Regional. The Metropolitan Line offers a variety of fast (or rapid), semi-fast and stopping services from Aldgate and Baker Street to the north-west of London.

Finchley Road is on London bus routes 13, 82, 113, 187, 268, C11 and night routes N13, N113.

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Stanmore
Jubilee line
towards Stratford
Metropolitan line
towards Baker Street or Aldgate
Peak periods only
No regular service
  Former and disused services  
Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
towards Stanmore
Bakerloo line
Stanmore branch
Metropolitan line
towards Baker Street or Aldgate
Peak periods only

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Out of Station Interchanges" (Microsoft Excel). Transport for London. May 2010. Archived from the original on 2012-03-12. 
  2. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2009". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  3. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  4. ^ a b "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2013. Retrieved 15 April 2014. 
  5. ^ Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be - freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News (London Underground Railway Society) (591): 175–183. ISSN 0306-8617. 
  6. ^ "British Isles: A Natural History". BBC. Archived from the original on 2004-09-15. 

External links[edit]