Peñarol

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Peñarol
Escudo-club-atletico-penarol.png
Full name Club Atlético Peñarol
Nickname(s) Manyas
Aurinegros (Gold and Blacks)
Carboneros (Coalmen)
Mirasoles (Sunflowers)
Founded 28 September 1891; 123 years ago (1891-09-28)[1]
as CURCC
Ground Estadio Centenario
Ground Capacity 65,235[2]
Chairman Juan Pedro Damiani
Manager Paolo Montero (interim)
League Primera División
2012–13 1st
Website Club home page

Club Atlético Peñarol (Spanish pronunciation: [kluβ aˈtletiko peɲaˈɾol] ( ); English: Peñarol Athletic Club) —also known as Carboneros, Aurinegros and (familiarly) Manya— is an Uruguayan sports club from Montevideo. Founded as the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club (CURCC) on 28 September 1891, the club changed its name to Club Atlético Peñarol in 1913.[1] The name "Peñarol" comes from the Peñarol neighbourhood on the outskirts of Montevideo.[3] Throughout its history the club has also participated in other sports, such as basketball[4] and cycling.[5] Its focus has always been on football, a sport in which the club excels,[6] having never been relegated from the top division.

Peñarol holds the record for the most professional Uruguayan Primera División championships, with 49 trophies, including championships won as CURCC; having won the most Uruguayan championships in history (49 amateur and professional trophies).[7] Peñarol also won the Uruguayan championship of the Federación Uruguaya de Football in 1924 and the Consejo Provisorio (Provisional Council) cup in 1926, giving the club a total of 49 Uruguayan Primera División championships.[7] In international competition, Peñarol is the third-highest Copa Libertadores winner with five victories[8] and holds the record for Intercontinental Cup victories with three.[9] In September 2009, the club was chosen as the South American Club of the Century by the IFFHS.[6]

History[edit]

Amateur era (1891–1931)[edit]

old handbill advertising association-football game
Handbill advertising game between Peñarol (CURCC) and Albion in 1900

Club Atlético Peñarol was founded on 28 September 1891 by employees of the British-owned Central Uruguay Railway Company of Montevideo (CUR), which had operated in Uruguay since 1878.[3] Of the company's 118 employees 72 were British, 45 were Uruguayan and one was German.[10] The club was known as CURCC or Peñarol—the latter from the Peñarol neighbourhood, about 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) from Montevideo,[3] whose name in turn derived from an Italian city. The club's first president Frank Henderson, who remained in that position until 1899.[11]

In 1892, the CURCC shifted its focus from cricket and rugby to football.[12] The football club's first game was against a team of students from the English high school and ended with a 2–0 victory.[10] In 1895, Uruguayan footballer Julio Negrón was chosen as the team's first non-British captain.[13]

In 1900 the CURCC was one of four charter members of the Uruguay Association Football League,[14] making its debut in official competition on 10 June against Albion Football Club and winning 2–1.[15] The club won its first Uruguayan championship that year, repeating in 1901, 1905 and 1907. In 1906 Charles W. Bayne took over the railroad, and refused to sponsor the football team due to financial and work issues. Conflict between the company and the football club led to the severance of their relationship in 1913.[16]

Old team photo, with half the players sitting and half standing
1905 CURCC team

In 1908, the club left the Uruguayan league after the league rejected their request to replay a game with F.C. Dublín. CURCC had lost 2–3 on the road, and believed their poor showing was due to refereeing mistakes caused by pressure from rabid home fans.[14] Back in competition the following year, relations between the CUR and the club became frostier after fans burned a train car used for rival teams.

A year after the club's 1911 Uruguayan championship, the club attempted reforms to its policies. Proposals included greater participation by non-CUR players and a name change to "CURCC Peñarol". In June 1913, the proposals were rejected; the company wanted to distance itself from the club's local reputation. The CURCC approved a November sale of the football club, and on 13 December 1913 the club separated completely from the company (but kept the name "CURCC Peñarol").[17]

Peñarol documents
1914 letter from the Uruguayan League, approving the club's name change
Uruguayan document acknowledging Peñarol as successor of the CURCC
Blue-and-gold banner
Banner awarded by FIFA for the club's 120th anniversary, September 2011

CURCC Peñarol is the official continuation of the club founded in 1891, a version accepted by FIFA, UEFA and Conmebol. The club was congratulated on its 120th anniversary in September 2011 by presidents Joseph Blatter, Michel Platini[18] and Nicolás Leoz.[19] However, Nacional fans contend that CURCC Peñarol was distinct from the older club.[10]

On 12 March 1914 CURCC changed its name to Club Atlético Peñarol,[10] a change submitted to the Uruguayan Football League two days later and approved the following day.[10] During its first years under the new name Peñarol was not successful, although a new stadium (Las Acacias) opened on 19 May 1916.[20] The club won its first two league titles under the new name in 1918 and 1920.

In November 1922 the Asociación Uruguaya de Fútbol (AUF) disqualified Peñarol because the club played an exhibition game with the Racing Club de Avellaneda, a club affiliated with the Asociación Amateurs de Football in Argentina and not the Asociación Argentina de Football.[21] Peñarol and other clubs then organised a new league, the Federación Uruguaya de Football, and the club won the 1924 championship.[21] The league was short-lived; Peñarol won the 1926 Copa del Consejo Provisorio, triggering a merger between the AUF and the FUF.[22]

After its first European tour in 1927, Peñarol won the Uruguayan championship in 1928 and 1929; the following year, the club defeated Olimpia 1–0 in its first game at the Centenario Stadium in Montevideo.

Professional era (1932–present)[edit]

Man in football kit and beret, with his arms crossed
Severino Varela won the Uruguayan championship in 1938.

In 1932, Peñarol and River Plate played the first game of the professional era. Peñarol won the first Uruguayan professional championship with 40 points, five more than runners-up Rampla Juniors.[23] After placing second in 1933 and 1934, the club won four consecutive league tournaments between 1935 and 1938; they also won the 1936 Torneo Competencia.

The club stayed in second place until 1944, when Peñarol again won the Uruguayan Championship (defeating Nacional in a two-game final, 0–0 and 3–2).[24] In 1945 the club retained the title, with Nicolás Falero and Raúl Schiaffino the top goal scorers of the playoffs with 21 apiece.[25] Peñarol was again victoious in 1949, four points ahead of runner-up Nacional with Óscar Míguez the top scorer.[26]

After placing second in 1950, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship the following year;[27] this was also the start of the Palacio Peñarol's four-year construction. During the 1950s, the club also won national championships in 1953,[28] 1954,[29] 1958[30] and 1959.[31]

Victorious football players with fans
Peñarol won the 1966 Copa Libertadores.

Their 1959 championship qualified Peñarol for the recently created Copa Libertadores, an international competition then known as the Copa de Campeones de América. Peñarol won the first two tournaments, beating Olimpia of Paraguay in 1960[32] and Palmeiras of Brasil in 1961.[33] That year the club won its first Intercontinental Cup, defeating Benfica of Portugal 2–1 in the third game.[34] Peñarol won three more league titles (1960, 1961 and 1962), for five consecutive championships.

After a quiet year in 1963, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship in 1964 and 1965 and the Copa Libertadores in 1966, defeating River Plate 4–2.[35] That year the club won its second Intercontinental Cup, defeating Real Madrid 2–0 in Centenario Stadium and Santiago Bernabéu.[36] During the next few years the club won national championships in 1967 and 1968 and the Intercontinental Champions' Supercup in 1969 (a tournament with South American Intercontinental Cup winners). Peñarol had the longest undefeated run in Uruguayan league history: 56 games, from 3 September 1966 to 14 September 1968.[37] Copa Libertadores all-time top scorer Alberto Spencer played for Peñarol at this time.

In 1970 the club again reached the Libertadores final again, losing to Estudiantes de La Plata. The club set a tournament record for greatest goal difference, defeating Valencia of Venezuela 11–2. With Fernando Morena as the team's star, the club won the Uruguayan championship for three consecutive years, from 1973–75. After placing second in 1976 and 1977, Peñarol won again in 1978. That year, Morena set two records: most goals scored in a Uruguayan season (36)[38] and most goals scored in a single game (seven, against Huracán Buceo on 16 July).[39] The 1970s ended with another championship in 1979. Morena was top scorer in the Uruguayan tournament six straight times, and top Copa Libertadores scorer in 1974 and 1975.

Player trying to head the ball into the goal
Peñarol in a friendly match with Real Madrid in the Santiago Bernabéu, August 2010

After beginning the 1980s with a third-place finish in 1981, Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship with Fernando Morena and Rubén Paz (the tournament's top scorer). The next season the club again won the Copa Libertadores, defeating Cobreloa of Chile 1–0 on a goal from Fernando Morena[40] (the tournament's top scorer with seven goals) in the game's final minutes. Later that year the club won the Uruguayan championship and its third Intercontinental Cup, defeating Aston Villa 2–0.[41]

First game of the final round of the 2011 Libertadores, against Santos

Despite financial problems during the 1980s, Peñarol won the national championship in 1985 and 1986, and a fifth Copa Libertadores in 1987. The club defeated América de Cali 1–0 with a goal by Diego Aguirre in the final seconds of extra time, when a tie would have gone to the Colombians on the goal differential.[42] It was the third Copa Libertadores won by Peñarol at the Nacional de Chile, following victories in 1966 and 1982.

Peñarol celebrated its hundredth anniversary in 1991, despite a controversy ignited by archrivals Club Nacional de Football concerning Peñarol's 1913 name change. With Pablo Bengoechea and the young Antonio Pacheco on the team and Gregorio Pérez behind the bench, Peñarol again won the Uruguayan championship five straight times (199397).[7] The club also reached the Copa Conmebol final in 1994 and 1995, rounding out the century with a national championship in 1999 (defeating Nacional 2–1 in the final, despite Julio Ribas on the bench).

The next year, Peñarol lost the Uruguayan championship final against Nacional; many of the team's players were jailed after a tournament fight.[43] Peñarol won the national championship again in 2003 for Diego Aguirre, defeating Nacional in the final. The club did not win another national title until the 2009–10 season, when it won the Clausura tournament with 14 victories in 15 games (12 of them in a row). In the Clausura final, Peñarol defeated Nacional 2–1. The championship qualified the team for the Libertadores 2011, where Peñarol reached the final with Santos.[44]

Crest and colors[edit]

Badge[edit]

Throughout the club's history minor changes have been made to its symbols, but it has kept its original colors. The shield and flag were designed by architect Constante Facello and consist of five black stripes, four yellow stripes and eleven yellow stars on a black background (representing the eleven players).[45]

Bandera-club-atletico-penarol.png
Escudo-club-atletico-penarol.png

Badge evolution[edit]

ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO-6.png
ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO-7.png
ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO-3.jpg
ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO.png
ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO-2.png
ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO-4.png
ANTIGUO ESCUDO PEÑAROL MONTEVIDEO-5.png
Escudo-club-atletico-penarol.png

Kit[edit]

Antique yellow locomotive with engineer
The Rocket locomotive inspired Peñarol's colors.

Since its founding, Peñarol's colors have been yellow and black. They were inspired by the Rocket locomotive designed by George Stephenson, which won an award in 1829.[11]

The first jersey was a plain shirt, divided into four square sections which alternated black and yellow.[46] A variant had two vertical halves (black on the right and black-and-yellow stripes on the left), with black shorts and socks. Peñarol's official jersey (black and yellow stripes) dates back to 1911[47] and has been worn almost continuously, with only slight variations.[48]

1891–96
1896–1905
1905–10
1911–present

The first alternate uniform is believed to have been a squared jersey, similar to the club's first main shirt but with orange instead of yellow. In 1984 a jersey with horizontal stripes (instead of vertical) was worn, and 1987 featured a yellow jersey with black shorts. Other alternate uniforms (used recently) have been completely black, grey or yellow. Special jerseys have been worn for international friendlies, especially during the 1960s. The CURCC's main uniform (with two halves, one plain and one striped) is used as a third uniform. On 4 February 2013 all-black and all-yellow alternate uniforms were introduced.[49]

1891
1984
(1) See below
1995–09
2004–08
2010–11
1996–97, 1999,[note 5] 2001, 2009–11
Notes
  • (1) 1987–09, 2011–present

Facilities[edit]

Stadium[edit]

Small grandstand, seen from the side
Estadio José Pedro Damiani, used for Peñarol's reserve matches
Large football pitch, with surrounding grandstands
Estadio Centenario, Peñarol's home ground

Peñarol's stadium is the José Pedro Damiani, also known as Las Acacias. It was bought in 1913 and inaugurated on 19 April 1916 with a 3–1 victory over Nacional.[51] The stadium's gate was that of the former Estadio Pocitos, Peñarol's first stadium where the first goal in the history of the FIFA World Cup was scored in 1930.[52]

The stadium is in the Marconi neighbourhood of Montevideo. Its pitch is of 37,949 square metres (408,480 sq ft), and it has a capacity of 12,000.[51] Because Peñarol is not allowed to play there,[53] the club home ground is the city owned Estadio Centenario. Opened on 18 July 1930, the Centenario stadium is located in Parque Batlle and can hold 65,235.[2]

On 28 September 2012, the club proposed a 40,000-capacity stadium in the outskirts of Montevideo, about 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) from the Aeropuerto Internacional de Carrasco.[54] Broke ground finally came in December, 2013. Construction is expected to be finished by June, 2015.

Palacio Peñarol[edit]

Yellow, multi-story building with cars parked in front
Outside of the Palacio Peñarol

The Palacio Peñarol, in downtown Montevideo, is the club's headquarters and basketball stadium. It was opened on 21 June 1955;[55] and is located. The Palacio has 3,896 square metres (41,940 sq ft) in addition to basketball, it is home the club's museum and offices.[56] After the October 2010 collapse of the Cilindro Municipal, the Palacio Peñarol became an important venue for Uruguayan basketball.[57]

Complejo Deportivo Washington Cataldi[edit]

The Complejo Deportivo Washington Cataldi, commonly known as Los Aromos, is a training ground for the main team.[58] In Villa Los Aromos of Barros Blancos, in the Canelones department, Los Aromos was bought in 1945; under the direction of architect José Donato, it was built in two years.[59]

Centro de Alto Rendimiento[edit]

For the club's 118th anniversary, the Centro de Alto Rendimiento was inaugurated. The new facility, which opened on 28 September 2009, includes five football pitches, a weight room and a gymnasium with artificial turf.[60]

Frank Henderson School[edit]

The Frank Henderson School, named in honor of the club's first president, is a few kilometers away from the Centro de Alto Rendimiento. It was built to develop the club's young players, and houses those who come from other areas.[61]

Supporters[edit]

Fans at a match

In Uruguayan football, loyalty to Peñarol or Nacional divides the country. The clubs are evenly matched, and have a large fan base. Many surveys of public opinion have been conducted, but none have been conclusive. In 1993 the Factum consulting firm reported that Peñarol was the favorite team of 41 percent of football fans, while 38 percent supported Nacional.[13] Factum conducted another survey in 2006, confirming its previous results: Peñarol with 45 percent and Nacional with 35 percent.[62]

MPC Consultants surveyed 9,000 Uruguayans; Peñarol had 45 percent of the supporters, and Nacional 38 percent. An online survey on the webpage Sportsvs.com showed Nacional with 50.35 percent and Peñarol with 49.45 percent.[63]

Since its formation, Peñarol's barra brava has been involved in violence against other clubs and the Uruguayan police. Incidents provoked by these fans have cost Peñarol 31 points since 1994; the penalties cost the team three tournaments (Apertura 1994,[64] Clausura 1997[65] and Clausura 2002).[66]

Fan club[edit]

In 2010 the club attempted to increase its fan base to improve its sustainability. During Clausura 2010 promotions were offered, marketing managers hired and the peñas (local fan clubs) encouraged. The campaign was successful; in February 2013 the club had over 62,000 members, the largest fan club in Uruguay.[67]

Rivalries[edit]

Main article: Uruguayan Clásico
Player kicking a ball, with crowded stands in background
Gastón Ramírez taking free kick against Nacional in the second final of the 2009–10 Uruguayan Primera División season

The Uruguayan Derby between Peñarol and Nacional goes back to 1900, the oldest football rivalry outside the British Islands.[68] The first game ever played was on 15 July 1900 and ended 2–0 in favor of CURCC. Peñarol was ahead at first, but Nacional caught up during the late 1910s. This rivalry continued; Nacional took the lead by fourteen games in 1948, and would not surrender it until the late 1970s (except briefly in 1968). Since then, Peñarol has been the leader; its longest lead was 26 games in January 2004.[69] Including the amateur and professional eras, league and friendly games, the teams have met 511 times in the past with 182 victories to Peñarol, 166 to Nacional and 163 ties.[69]

A notable game for Peñarol fans is occurred on 9 October 1949 in the Uruguayan Cup first round, and is known as the Clásico de la fuga (the "escape derby"). At the end of the first half Peñarol was leading 2–0, but at halftime Nacional decided not to return. While Peñarol fans believe that Nacional did not want to be defeated by a Peñarol team known as the Máquina del 49 ("Machine of 49"), Nacional supporters claim it was a protest against poor officiating.[70]

On 23 April 1987 Peñarol and Nacional were tied 1–1 with 22 minutes remaining when three Peñarol players (José Perdomo, José Herrera and Ricardo Viera) were ejected after a foul and subsequent protests. Peñarol then had to face a full Nacional team with only eight players on the pitch. With eight minutes remaining Diego Aguirre set up Jorge Cabrera, who scored the winning goal. This win by the aurinegro was known as the Clásico de los 8 contra 11 (the "8 against 11 derby").[71]

Peñarol and Nacional have faced each other in the final game of the Uruguayan Championship twelve times, with Peñarol winning eight. The most recent was in May 2010, when Peñarol won the championship 2–1.[69]

Manyas: The Movie[edit]

In early October 2011 Manyas: The Movie, a documentary about Peñarol's fans, was released in Uruguay. Produced by Kafka Films and Sacromonte and directed by Andrés Benvenuto, the film features interviews with fans, football journalists, psychologists and politicians.[72] Manyas: The Movie was deemed of cultural interest by the Culture and Education Ministry of Uruguay and of ministerial interest by Uruguay's Ministry of Tourism and Sport.[72] The film had the most-successful premiere of any Uruguayan film,[73] selling 13,000 tickets during its first weekend[74] and 30,000 over its first fifteen days.[75]

Giant flag[edit]

After raising $35,000 in raffles and donations, on 12 April 2011 Peñarol fans unveiled the largest flag ever unfurled in a stadium. The flag, 309 metres (1,014 ft) long and 46 metres (151 ft) wide for a surface area of 14,124 square metres (152,030 sq ft), covered one-and-a-half grandstands in Centenario Stadium.[76]

Huge black-and-gold flag
Giant flag displayed Centenario Stadium in Montevideo

Players[edit]

First-team squad[edit]

Players in uniform, posing for photographers
Peñarol players posing for photographers before 2013 Copa Libertadores preliminary game against Vélez Sarsfield

As of 23 August 2014

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 Argentina GK Pablo Migliore
2 Uruguay DF Baltasar Silva
3 Uruguay DF Fabrizio Buschiazzo
4 Uruguay DF Gonzalo Viera
5 Uruguay MF Marcel Novick
6 Brazil DF Diogo Silvestre
7 Uruguay FW Hernán Novick
8 Uruguay MF Antonio Pacheco
9 Uruguay FW Carlos Núñez
10 Uruguay MF Jorge Rodríguez
11 Uruguay FW Fabián Estoyanoff
12 Uruguay GK Washington Aguerre
13 Uruguay DF Damián Macaluso
14 Uruguay MF Sebastián Píriz
15 Uruguay MF Kevin Méndez
16 Uruguay MF Sergio Órteman
No. Position Player
17 Uruguay FW Marcelo Zalayeta
18 Uruguay DF Pablo Lima
19 Uruguay FW Juan Manuel Olivera
20 Uruguay DF Andrés Rodales
21 Uruguay FW Jonathan Rodríguez
22 Uruguay DF Darío Rodríguez
23 Uruguay DF Carlos Valdez
24 Uruguay DF Emiliano Albín
25 Uruguay GK Leandro Gelpi
26 Uruguay DF Emilio MacEachen
27 Uruguay GK Gastón Guruceaga
28 Uruguay FW Gabriel Leyes
29 Uruguay MF Nahitán Nández
30 Uruguay MF Alejandro Silva
Australia MF Blake Ricciuto

Noted players[edit]

Player cropped from team photo
With 58 goals, Alberto Spencer is the club's top scorer in international competition.

Néstor Gonçalves has the most official games in the club's history (571 matches, between 28 April 1957 and 28 November 1970. The team's all-time top scorers in the Primera División are Fernando Morena (203), Alberto Spencer (113) and Óscar Míguez (107). Morena's (whose 230 goals—203 with Peñarol and 27 with River Plate—make him the highest-scoring player in the Uruguayan League) 440 goals with Peñarol are a record as well. He scored the most goals in a single Uruguayan season (36 in 1978), and is the club's second-best goal scorer in international competition with 37 goals (behind Alberto Spencer, who scored 58 goals between 1960 and 1970). Spencer and Morena are the top scorers in Copa Libertadores history,[77] with 48 and 37 goals respectively for Peñarol.[note 8]

Peñarol has made a large contribution to the Uruguayan national football team. Three Peñarol players were on the Uruguayan team which played Argentina in 1905.[78] Five Peñarol players were on the Uruguayan squad which won the 1930 FIFA World Cup: goalkeeper Miguel Capuccini, defender Juan Peregrino Anselmo and midfielders Lorenzo Fernández, Álvaro Gestido and Carlos Riolfo Secco.[79] Peñarol had nine players on the Uruguayan squad which won the 1950 FIFA World Cup: goalkeeper Roque Máspoli, defenders Juan Carlos González and Washington Ortuño, midfielders Juan Schiaffino and Obdulio Varela and forwards Ernesto Vidal, Julio César Britos, Óscar Míguez and Alcides Ghiggia.[79] Schiaffino and Ghiggia scored the team's two goals in the Maracanazo, the final game against Brasil.[80] Peñarol is the only club which has represented Uruguay in all its World Cup appearances.[81]

Managers[edit]

While there is no hard information about managers in the amateur era of Uruguayan football, Peñarol has had a total of 62 coaches during its professional era. The first manager was Leonardo de Luca, who coached the team for two years and won the Uruguayan Championship (the first professional tournament in Uruguay) in 1932.

Of these 62 managers, 53 were Uruguayan; two were Hungarian (Emérico Hirschl and Bela Guttman), two Scottish (John Harley and Randolph Galloway), one Serbian (Ljupko Petrović), two Brazilian (Osvaldo Brandao and Dino Sani), one from Chile (Mario Tuane) and two from Argentina (Jorge Kistenmacher and César Luis Menotti).

Hugo Bagnulo and Gregorio Pérez have coached Peñarol the longest, leading the first team for eight seasons: Bagnulo for four stints and Pérez for five. Athuel Velásquez had the longest uninterrupted coaching period for Peñarol (five straight years, between 1935 and 1940). Bagnulo has the most Uruguayan championships (five); Pérez and Velásquez follow, with four each. In international competition Roberto Scarone was the most successful manager, winning two Copa Libertadores and an Intercontinental Cup with Peñarol.[82][83]

Professional-era managers[edit]

Caretaker managers in italics

Current staff[edit]

  • Coach: Jorge Fossati
  • Assistant coaches: Leonardo Martins, Gonzalo Gutiérrez
  • Trainers: Sebastián Avelino, Sebastián Roquero
  • Goalkeepers' coach: Óscar Ferro
  • Physiotherapist: Sebastián Arbiza
  • Kinesiologists: Miguel Domínguez, Héctor Peña

Administration[edit]

1891 photo of mustachioed man
Frank Henderson, first president of the CURCC

During a meeting presided over by Roland Moor on 28 September 1891, it was stipulated that responsibility for the Central Uruguay Railway Cricket Club would belong to the principal administrator of the Central Uruguay Railway Company of Montevideo. The first president of the club was Frank Henderson, who remained in that office until 1899.[11]

After Henderson CUR administrators remained as chairmen of the sports club until 1906, when Charles W. Bayne took over the CUR. Bayne refused to sponsor the CURCC because of vandalism by fans and absenteeism by workers. He was replaced by CUR employee Roland Moor.[16]

Conflicts remained between the company and the sports club, which resulted in the separation of CURCC's football section from the company and a name change to Club Atlético Peñarol.[16] Jorge Clulow, an Englishman with Uruguayan nationality, was chosen chairman of the club; he remained in office from 1914 to 1915.[82][84]

Presidents[edit]

  • 1891–99: Frank Henderson
  • 1899–05: Frank Hudson
  • 1906–08: Roland C.J. Moor
  • 1909–13: Percy Sedgfield
  • 1914–15: Jorge H. Clulow
  • 1916–17: Francisco Simón
  • 1918: Félix Polleri
  • 1919: César Batlle Pacheco
  • 1920: Félix Polleri
  • 1921–28: Julio María Sosa
  • 1929: Arturo Abella
  • 1930–31: Luis Giorgi
  • 1932: Juan Antonio Scasso
  • 1933–34: Alberto Demichelli
  • 1934: Pedro Viapina
  • 1935–36: Luis Giorgi
  • 1937: Francisco Tochetti
  • 1938: Alberto Mantrana Garín
   
  • 1939: Eduardo Alliaume
  • 1940: Francisco Tochetti
  • 1941–42: Bolívar Baliñas
  • 1942: Álvaro Macedo
  • 1943: Armando Lerma
  • 1944–48: Constante Turturiello
  • 1949–51: Eduardo Alliaume
  • 1952–55: José Buzzetti
  • 1956: Raúl Previtali
  • 1957: Eduardo Alliaume
  • 1958–72: Gastón Güelfi
  • 1973–84: Washington Cataldi
  • 1985–86: Carlos José Lecueder
  • 1987–90: José Pedro Damiani
  • 1991–92: Washington Cataldi
  • 1993–07: José Pedro Damiani
  • 2008–: Juan Pedro Damiani[82]
   

Honorary

Board members 2011–14[edit]

Smiling man in a suit
Juan Pedro Damiani, club president

The most recent elections took place in November 2011. Juan Pedro Damiani remained as president of the club, with 58 percent of the votes. Aside from the president, ten other board members were elected. While the list "10" obtained seven board positions, the "2809" took three, and the "2011" one.[85][86]

Position Name
President Juan Pedro Damiani
Vice President Edgar Welker
General secretary Gervasio Gedanke
Pro Secretary Ricardo Rachetti
Treasurer Walter Pereyra
Pro Treasurer Rodolfo Catino
Honorary accountant Juan Fernández Methol
General institutional coordinator Carlos Casarotti
Advisors Julio Luis Sanguinetti
Daniel Viñas
Isaac Alfie
Carlos Scherchener
AUF delegates Jorge Barrera
Jorge Campomar
Sports manager Carlos Sánchez[87]
Marketing manager Pablo Nieto[88]
General manager Álvaro Alonso[88]
Ombudsman Fernando Morena[89]

Statistics[edit]

Amateur era[edit]

Old team photo, with players around a trophy
1900 CURCC team

Peñarol played 26 seasons of the Uruguay Association Football League, from its creation in 1900 until the end of the amateur era in 1931 (absent 1923–26, when the club was disaffiliated from the AUF).[90] During this period Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship nine times, with its best years in 1900 and 1905[91] (when the club won the championship without conceding any points). Peñarol was undefeated in 1901,[92] 1903[93] and 1907.[note 10][94] Its worst year was 1908; the team left the league after ten games, forfeiting the other eight.[95] Peñarol's largest goal difference in a game during its amateur era was in 1903, when they defeated Triunfo 12–0.[96]

The club placed second in 1923 (when they scored a record 100 goals), and won in 1924; its most impressive victory was a 10–0 win over Roberto Cherry during the cancelled 1925 season.[96]

Professional era[edit]

Peñarol was the first club in the world to win the Intercontinental Cup a third time.

Since the beginning of the professional era in 1932, Peñarol and Nacional are the only teams who have played every season for the Uruguayan championship.[note 11][97] Peñarol has the most Uruguayan League titles (winning 38 times between 1932 and 2013) and the greatest number of undefeated championships (1949, 1954, 1964, 1967, 1968, 1975 and 1978).[98] Its best performances were in 1949 and 1964, seasons when the team scored 94.44 percent of possible points; its worst season was 2005–06, when it finished in 16th place after winning 32.32 percent of possible points.[99] A 12-point deduction given the team by the AUF because of unrest after a game with Cerro relegated them to that position.[100]

Peñarol's best victory was a 9–0 win against Rampla Juniors in 1962; its worst defeat was 0–6 against Nacional. On the international scene, its best result was an 11–2 win over Valencia of Venezuela on 15 March 1970; its worst was against Olimpia of Paraguay, a 0–6 loss on 10 December 1990 during the Supercopa Sudamericana.

Peñarol holds a number of national and international records. The club has the longest undefeated run in the Uruguayan league: 56 games, from 3 September 1966 to 14 September 1968.[37] This is also the longest undefeated run in South American professional football (second place if amateur leagues are counted).[101]

It was the first club to win the Copa Libertadores de América undefeated, in 1960.[102] Peñarol has the greatest number of appearances in the Copa Libertadores (40),[103] and the most appearances in the finals (10).[103] The club holds the record for the biggest win (11–2 against Valencia),[102] and the biggest goal difference in a two-leged elimination (defeating Everest from Ecuador 5–0 and 9–1).[102] Peñarol is one of the teams with five Intercontinental Cup appearances, the first to reach that number.

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

The 1911 team that won its last title as the CURCC.

International[edit]

Other international honours[edit]

South American Club of the Century[edit]

Football-shaped trophy, mounted on a base
Trophy awarded by the IFFHS.

In 2009, the International Federation of Football History & Statistics released a list of the best clubs of the 20th century on each continent. The organization awarded points for each victory in a quarterfinal or higher in international competition. Peñarol was the number-one team in South America, above Independiente of Argentina and Nacional of Uruguay.

Ten Best 20th-Century Clubs
Rank Team Country Points
1 Peñarol Uruguay 531
2 Independiente Argentina 426.5
3 Nacional Uruguay 414
4 River Plate Argentina 404.25
5 Olimpia Paraguay 337
6 Boca Juniors Argentina 312
7 Cruzeiro Brazil 295.5
8 São Paulo Brazil 242
9 América de Cali Colombia 220
10 Palmeiras Brazil 213

Other sports[edit]

Basketball[edit]

Peñarol's basketball records date back to the late 1920s, when Club Piratas was formed; in 1931, it became Peñarol.[4] Its first league game (in the fourth division of Uruguayan basketball) was played in 1940. By 1943 the team, playing in the first division for Ramón Esnal, finished third. The following year Peñarol won the Federal Championship, a tournament attracting the best basketball teams in Montevideo; in 2003, the league changed its name to Liga Uruguaya de Basketball.

In 1945, Peñarol jumped from the Uruguayan Basketball Federation to play in a new league;[4] when the upstart league failed, the club rejoined the federation in 1947. In 1952 Peñarol again won the Federal Championship, winning the Winter Tournament in 1953 and 1955.[110] After a low period (with relegation in 1968), Peñarol won the Uruguayan Championship in 1973, 1978, and 1979;the latter was the first professional tournament in league history.[4] In 1982 the club enjoyed its most successful season, winning the Federal Championship and [4] the Winter Tournament[110] The club also won the Campeonato Sudamericano de Clubes in 1983. In 1985 the club was relegated, beginning a downward spiral which ended with its expulsion from the league in 1997.[4]

Cycling[edit]

Peñarol has participated in the Vuelta Ciclista del Uruguay (Tour of Uruguay) since it began in 1939. Although the team rode well during its early years, it was not until the ninth edition (in 1952) that a Peñarol cyclist would win the race (Dante Sudatti, with an overall time of 48 hours, 38 minutes and 38 seconds). Peñarol cyclists also won the general classification 1953 and 1956; in the latter year, the club won the team championship.

After again winning the team championship in 1959, Peñarol would only win one individual championship in 1964. The team later improved, winning three individual titles in a row from 1989 to 1991 and the team victory in 1990 and 1991. 2002 was the fourth year that the club won both the individual and team classifications.[5] Peñarol has competed in other road races, including José María Orlando's 1990 victory in the Rutas de América.[111]

Futsal[edit]

Peñarol began playing futsal in 1968. During its first two decades, the club won on the national and international levels (including a victory in the 1987 World Interclub Championship). In 1995 FIFA took over the sport, and Peñarol began competing in AUF tournaments. The team won the first three Uruguayan Championships (1995, 1996, and 1997), also finishing at the top in 1999 and 2004. It won another three consecutive tournaments in 2010, 2011 and 2012.[112]

Beach soccer[edit]

In January 2013 Peñarol inaugurated officially its beach soccer section.[113] Diego Monserrat, goalkeeper of the Uruguayan national team for many years, was the institution's first coach in this sport, while also goalkeeper Felipe Fernández was the club's first captain.[113] On the second half of the same month, Peñarol won one of the three groups of five teams, that formed the qualification tournament to the "Super Liga", name given to the Uruguayan Championship of the discipline.[114] After victories on quarterfinals and semifinals, Peñarol was declared champion of the tournament without the need of a final, after the other semifinal was suspended.[115]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Worn against Club Atlético Atlanta of Argentina.
  2. ^ Worn against Club Guaraní of Paraguay.
  3. ^ Worn against Estudiantes de La Plata of Argentina.
  4. ^ Worn against FK Inter Bratislava.
  5. ^ 108 aniversary vs San Lorenzo.
  6. ^ 120 aniversary vs San Lorenzo.
  7. ^ 123 aniversary vs River Plate.
  8. ^ Alberto Spencer scored 54 times in the Copa Libertadores, 48 with Peñarol and 6 with Barcelona.
  9. ^ Year denotes receipt of award
  10. ^ Moreover, in 1903 CURCC did not lose during the regular season, but lost the tiebreaker final against Nacional 2–3.
  11. ^ In 1948 the tournament was cancelled because of a player strike.
  12. ^ CP for "Consejo Provisorio", an unification tournament after the FUF was dissolved and its clubs returned to the AUF.
  13. ^ a b c d Established before CONMEBOL was created, this Cup was organized by the Argentine and Uruguayan Associations, between teams that belonged to them.
  14. ^ Fourth oldest club cup, organized by the Indian Association and played between Indian clubs and other invited ones.

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External links[edit]