Coleslaw

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"Cole slaw" redirects here. For other uses, see Cole slaw (disambiguation).
coleslaw
Alternative names
Slaw
Type Side dish
Place of origin
Netherlands, Germany, Poland, Sweden
Main ingredients
fine shredded raw cabbage; vinaigrette (acetic acid (vinegar essence) or vinegar, vegetable oil, salt) or mayonnaise
Cookbook:coleslaw  coleslaw

Coleslaw (often labeled and read as Cole slaw) is a salad consisting primarily of finely-shredded raw cabbage[1] and dressed most commonly with a vinaigrette salad dressing. Prepared in this manner, coleslaw can be pickled for up to four weeks if it is stored in an airtight container.[2] Another way to make coleslaw is to use foods that already contain vinaigrette: mayonnaise, for example, is commonly used, but it lowers the shelf-life and raises the glycemic index as it is a high-carbohydrate food.

Variations[edit]

There are many variations of the recipe, which include the addition of other ingredients such as red cabbage, pepper, shredded carrots, onion, grated cheese, pineapple, or apple, mixed with a salad dressing such as mayonnaise or cream. A variety of seasonings, such as celery seed, may be added. The cabbage may come in finely minced pieces, shredded strips, or small squares. Other slaw variants include broccoli slaw, which uses shredded raw broccoli in place of the cabbage. Cream, sour cream, or buttermilk are also popular additions.

Germany[edit]

A German "Krautsalat" in Munich

Italy[edit]

Coleslaw with cooked ham and sliced pepper (julienne cut) in Italy is called "Insalata Capricciosa" (capricious salad).

Sweden[edit]

In Sweden, a traditional coleslaw made with a vinaigrette consisting of vinegar or acetic acid (vinegar essence), vegetable oil, salt, and seasonings is classically served with pizza and known as "pizza salad" (pizza salad).[3] Another vegan recipe adds carrots and leeks and is called "vecko salad" (week salad) for its notable durability.

United Kingdom[edit]

In the United Kingdom, coleslaw almost always contains carrot and red onion in addition to cabbage. Some variations include nuts such as walnuts and dried fruits such as sultanas or raisins.[citation needed]

United States[edit]

In the United States, coleslaw often contains buttermilk, mayonnaise or mayonnaise substitutes[citation needed], and carrot, although many regional variations exist, and recipes incorporating prepared mustard or vinegar without the dairy and mayonnaise are also common. Barbecue slaw, also known as red slaw, is made using ketchup and vinegar rather than mayonnaise.[4] It is an essential part of "Lexington style" North Carolina barbecue.[5] Vinegar-based coleslaw is commonly served at Barberton chicken restaurants.

Use[edit]

Coleslaw is generally eaten as a side dish with foods such as fried chicken and barbecued meats and may be accompanied by French fries or potato salad as another side dish. It is commonly included in fish fries in the United States. It also may be used as a sandwich ingredient, being placed on barbecue sandwiches, hamburgers, and hot dogs along with chili and hot mustard. A vinegar-based coleslaw is the signature ingredient to a Primanti Brothers sandwich. Coleslaw also is used on a variant of the Reuben sandwich, with coleslaw substituting for the sauerkraut; the sandwich is commonly called a Rachel to differentiate it from the Reuben.

Health effects[edit]

Benefits[edit]

Vegan coleslaw has an extremely low glycemic index (cabbage 10) and glycemic load (cabbage 0.58) and is rich in fiber.[6]

Disadvantages[edit]

Excessive consumption of cabbage may lead to increased intestinal gas which causes bloating and flatulence due to the trisaccharide raffinose, which the small intestines cannot break down.[7]

History[edit]

The 1770 recipe book The Sensible Cook: Dutch Foodways in the Old and New World contains a recipe attributed to the author's Dutch landlady, who mixed thin strips of cabbage with melted butter, vinegar, and oil. Coleslaw as it is most commonly prepared is only about 250 years old. This is because Mayonnaise was a mid-18th-century invention.

The term "coleslaw" arose in the 18th century as an anglicisation of the Dutch term "koolsla" ("kool" in Dutch rhymes with "cole") or "koolsalade" which means "cabbage salad".[needs copy edit][8] The term "cold slaw" was used until 1860.[citation needed]

The discovery of the term "cole" referred to "kale". "Cole" comes from latin colis.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Notes

  1. ^ "Coleslaw – Definition and More from the Free Merriam-Webster Dictionary". Merriam Webster. Retrieved August 2011. 
  2. ^ http://www.justapinch.com/recipes/salad/other-salad/pickled-cabbage-salad.html
  3. ^ http://www.spisa.nu/3.15101/recept/pizza salad/
  4. ^ ABC News, (2009-06-05). "Lexington Red Slaw" WLS-TV/DT Chicago, IL. Accessed 2009-06-24.
  5. ^ Mercuri, Becky (2007-03-05). The Great American Hot Dog Book: Recipes and Side Dishes from Across America. Gibbs Smith. p. 76. ISBN 9781423600220. Retrieved 21 April 2012. 
  6. ^ Glycemic Index: From Research to Nutrition Recommendations?. Copenhagen: Nordic Council of Ministers. 2005. ISBN 92-893-1256-4. TemaNord2005:589. 
  7. ^ St. John, Tina (5 June 2011). "Can You Eat Too Much Sauerkraut?". Livestrong.com. Retrieved 24 June 2013. 
  8. ^ Perelman, Deb. (2007-08-08) "Coleslaw: You Could Be a Star". NPR. Accessed 2009-06-24.

External links[edit]

  • Media related to Coleslaw at Wikimedia Commons
  • Coleslaw at Wikibook Cookbooks
  • The dictionary definition of coleslaw at Wiktionary