Dalaman

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Dalaman
District center
Turkish sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) tree grove near Dalaman
Turkish sweetgum (Liquidambar orientalis) tree grove near Dalaman
Location of Dalaman district within Muğla Province.
Location of Dalaman district within Muğla Province.
Dalaman is located in Turkey
Dalaman
Dalaman
Location of Dalaman district within Muğla Province.
Coordinates: 36°46′N 28°48′E / 36.767°N 28.800°E / 36.767; 28.800Coordinates: 36°46′N 28°48′E / 36.767°N 28.800°E / 36.767; 28.800
Country  Turkey
Region Mediterranean[1]
Province Muğla
Government
 • Mayor Sedat Yılmaz (MHP)
Area[2]
 • District 621.86 km2 (240.10 sq mi)
Elevation 15 m (49 ft)
Population (2012)[3]
 • Urban 24,807
 • District 34,839
 • District density 56/km2 (150/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+3)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Area code(s) (+90) 252
Licence plate 48
Website Dalaman Municipality
Governorship of Dalaman

Dalaman is a district, as well as the central town of that district, situated on the southwestern coast of Turkey, in the Muğla Province.

Dalaman Stream (Dalaman çayı) forms much of the western border of the district, where its neighbors are Köyceğiz and Ortaca districts. The town of Dalaman is located in the coastal plain, whereas the rest of the district – towards Fethiye district on the coast and towards the high mountains on the northern border to Denizli Province – is upland, dominated by the valleys of the Dalaman Stream's eastern tributaries.

Dalaman is known for its international airport which serves as a gateway to the tourists who visit this part of Turkey every year, heading especially to seaside resorts to the west and east of Dalaman such as Marmaris, Fethiye, Köyceğiz, Dalyan, Ölüdeniz and Hisarönü. Dalaman Airport (IATA: DLMICAO: LTBS) is small in comparison to other airports in Turkey, has parking spaces for 14 jet aircraft and is served by many operators. Turkish Airlines offer daily flights to Turkey's commercial and financial capital Istanbul and serves as a seasonal base for other airlines notably Onur Air, Pegasus Airlines and Free Bird Airlines. A new international airport terminal has recently been opened.

Apart from aviation activities, Dalaman plays host to one of Turkey's biggest open prisons where less dangerous prisoners are sent as part of their rehabilitation programme. A state farm is present in Dalaman. Agriculture, particularly citrus fruits, plays an important role in the local economy, since it is situated in a fertile plain at sea level.

Alexandria railway station[edit]

In 1906, the Alexandria railway station was built by mistake in Dalaman. The building still exists and serves today as the headquarters of the state farm. The year before the construction (1905), Abbas Hilmi Pasha (then Khedive of Egypt) had acquired a large part of the fertile plain and had decided to set up a plantation in the region.

He had ordered the plans and the material for his projected residence here to his architects in France, at the same as the plans and the material for a railway station for Alexandria in Egypt. Unfortunately, the two simultaneous shipments were misdirected, the materials for his residence heading towards Egypt, and those for the Alexandria railway station ending up in Dalaman. Since it was going to be too costly to re-ship everything to the right destination, the station was built in Dalaman anyway, with even a few miles of purposeless railway track.

Climate[edit]

Dalaman has a hot Mediterranean climate. Summers are long and dry whilst winters are short and cool. Dalaman is a very sunny place throughout the whole of the year.

Climate data for Dalaman
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77)
31.0
(87.8)
34.0
(93.2)
38.0
(100.4)
43.5
(110.3)
48.5
(119.3)
43.1
(109.6)
42.0
(107.6)
39.0
(102.2)
32.8
(91)
25.0
(77)
48.5
(119.3)
Average high °C (°F) 15.8
(60.4)
16.1
(61)
18.5
(65.3)
21.8
(71.2)
26.3
(79.3)
31.5
(88.7)
33.9
(93)
33.9
(93)
31.1
(88)
26.7
(80.1)
21.3
(70.3)
17.0
(62.6)
24.49
(76.08)
Average low °C (°F) 5.6
(42.1)
5.8
(42.4)
7.0
(44.6)
9.6
(49.3)
13.5
(56.3)
17.8
(64)
20.7
(69.3)
20.6
(69.1)
17.2
(63)
13.3
(55.9)
9.4
(48.9)
6.9
(44.4)
12.28
(54.11)
Record low °C (°F) −4.0
(24.8)
−5.3
(22.5)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.0
(32)
6.1
(43)
9.7
(49.5)
13.0
(55.4)
14.0
(57.2)
7.8
(46)
4.2
(39.6)
−1.5
(29.3)
−1.3
(29.7)
−5.3
(22.5)
Precipitation mm (inches) 191.2
(7.528)
147.5
(5.807)
91.0
(3.583)
51.6
(2.031)
25.1
(0.988)
8.0
(0.315)
2.8
(0.11)
1.9
(0.075)
20.4
(0.803)
70.7
(2.783)
159.6
(6.283)
211.4
(8.323)
981.2
(38.629)
Avg. rainy days 12.2 10.8 9.0 7.4 4.3 2.2 1.4 1.5 2.1 5.0 8.8 12.1 76.8
 % humidity 64 63 64 66 66 57 57 59 56 61 66 67 62.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 158.1 156.8 213.9 237 300.7 342 365.8 347.2 300 244.9 183 151.9 3,001.3
Source #1: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [4]
Source #2: Weather2 [5]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://img25.imageshack.us/img25/1804/akdenizbolgesifizikihar.jpg
  2. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  3. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  4. ^ http://www.dmi.gov.tr/veridegerlendirme/il-ve-ilceler-istatistik.aspx?m=DALAMAN
  5. ^ http://www.myweather2.com/Holiday-Destinations/Turkey/Dalaman/climate-profile.aspx?month=1

External links[edit]