Demographics of Ottawa

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Map of Ottawa showing the francophone concentrations

In 2011, the population of the city of Ottawa was 883,391, an 8.8% increase from 2006.[1] The population of the census metropolitan area was 1,215,735.[2]

Population history[edit]

Current boundaries
Year Pop. ±%
1901 101,102 —    
1911 123,417 +22.1%
1921 152,868 +23.9%
1931 174,056 +13.9%
1941 206,367 +18.6%
1951 246,298 +19.3%
1956 287,244 +16.6%
1961 358,410 +24.8%
1966 413,695 +15.4%
1971 471,931 +14.1%
1976 520,533 +10.3%
1981 546,849 +5.1%
1986 606,639 +10.9%
1991 678,147 +11.8%
1996 721,136 +6.3%
2001[N 1] 774,072 +7.3%
2006 812,129 +4.9%
2011 883,391 +8.8%
Sources:[3][4][5][6][7][8][9]
Former boundaries
Year Pop. ±%
1871 21,545 —    
1881 27,412 +27.2%
1891 44,154 +61.1%
1901 59,928 +35.7%
1911 87,062 +45.3%
1921 107,843 +23.9%
1931 126,872 +17.6%
1941 154,951 +22.1%
1951 202,045 +30.4%
1956 222,129 +9.9%
1961 268,206 +20.7%
1966 290,741 +8.4%
1971 302,341 +4.0%
1976 304,462 +0.7%
1981 295,163 −3.1%
1986 300,763 +1.9%
1991 313,987 +4.4%
1996 323,340 +3.0%
2001[N 1] 337,031 +4.2%
Sources:[11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

Age and sex[edit]

In 2001, females made up 51.2% of the amalgamated Ottawa population, while the median age of the population was 36.7 years of age.[18] Youths under 15 years of age comprised 18.9% of the total population, while those of retirement age (65 years and older) comprised 11.4%.[18]

Migration and immigration[edit]

Between 1987 and 2002, 131,816 individuals relocated to the city, which represents 75% of the population growth for that period.[19] Foreign immigration plays a significant role in Ottawa's population growth.[20] Foreign born residents make up 23.4 percent of Ottawa's population, in which many come from the United Kingdom, China, India, United States, Lebanon, Africa, Somalia, Iran, the Philippines, Vietnam, and Haiti.

Languages[edit]

Bilingualism in Ottawa became official policy in 2002, making all municipal services available in both of Canada's official languages (Canadian English and Canadian French).[21] Nearly 300,000 people, or 37% of Ottawa's population, can speak both languages,[8] As such it is the largest city in Canada with both English and French as co-official languages.[22] Those who identify their mother tongue as English constitute 62.4 percent, while those with French as their mother tongue make up 14.2 percent of the population. In terms of respondents' knowledge of one or both official languages, 59.9 percent and 1.5 percent of the population have knowledge of English only and French only, respectively; while 37.2 percent have knowledge of both official languages. An additional 20.4 percent list languages other than English and French as their mother tongue. These include Arabic (3.2%), Chinese languages (3.0%), Spanish (1.2%), Italian (1.1%), and many others.[1]

The Algonquian languages have been spoken for centuries by the Indigenous peoples and subsequently by the French coureurs des bois and voyageurs of the Ottawa valley during the 1600s and 1700s.[23] Starting in the mid-1800s, Irish settlers of the Ottawa valley develop a distinct dialect referred to as "Ottawa Valley Twang".[24] Traces of "Valley Twang" although rare, can still be heard in the valley's more isolated areas.[25]

Ethnicities, visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Members of visible minority groups (non-white/European) constitute 23.7 percent, while those of Aboriginal origin make up 2.1% of the total population. The largest visible minority groups are: Black Canadians: 5.7%, Chinese Canadians: 4.0%, South Asians: 3.9%, and Arabs: 3.7%. Smaller groups include Southeast Asians, Filipinos, Latin Americans, and West Asians.[1]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population[26][27][28]
Population group Population (2011)  % of total population (2011) Population (2006)  % of total population (2006)
White 643,755 74.2% 627,300 78.3%
Visible minority group South Asian 33,805 3.9% 26,510 3.3%
Chinese 34,855 4% 30,760 3.8%
Black 49,650 5.7% 39,070 4.9%
Filipino 10,530 1.2% 7,115 0.9%
Latin American 10,255 1.2% 8,075 1%
Arab 32,340 3.7% 24,105 3%
Southeast Asian 13,650 1.6% 10,395 1.3%
West Asian 7,590 0.9% 6,055 0.8%
Korean 2,250 0.3% 2,115 0.3%
Japanese 2,005 0.2% 1,685 0.2%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 2,130 0.2% 1,620 0.2%
Multiple visible minorities 6,100 0.7% 4,215 0.5%
Total visible minority population 205,155 23.7% 161,720 20.2%
Aboriginal group First Nations 10,310 1.2% 6,575 0.8%
Métis 6,405 0.7% 4,495 0.6%
Inuit 705 0.1% 605 0.1%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 585 0.1% 415 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 175 0% 165 0%
Total Aboriginal population 18,180 2.1% 12,250 1.5%
Total population 867,090 100% 801,270 100%

Religion[edit]

In the 2011 Canadian census, 65.4 percent of the population belonged to Christian denominations, the most common being Roman Catholicism at 38.4%. Non-Christian religions are also very well established in Ottawa, the largest being Islam: 6.7%, Hinduism: 1.4%, Buddhism: 1.3%, and Judaism: 1.2%. Those with no religious affiliation represent 22.8%.[1]

Religions in Ottawa-Gatineau
(only religions with more than 1% of the population listed)
Religion  %
Christianity 65.4%
    Roman Catholicism 38.4%
    Anglicanism 6.5%
    United Church 6.2%
    Christian Orthodox 2.0%
    Presbyterianism 1.5%
    Baptist 1.2%
    Pentacostal 1.1%
Islam 6.7%
Hinduism 1.4%
Buddhism 1.3%
Judaism 1.2%
No religion 22.8%

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b In early 2001, the Province of Ontario dissolved the former City of Ottawa by amalgamating it with eleven other municipalities to form a new City of Ottawa. The 1996 adjusted population of the amalgamated city published in the 2001 census was 721,136,[7] while the population of the dissolved former City of Ottawa in 2001 was 337,031.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=3506008&Data=Count&SearchText=Ottawa&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&GeoLevel=PR&GeoCode=3506008&TABID=1
  2. ^ http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CMA&Code1=505&Data=Count&SearchText=Ottawa%20-%20Gatineau&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&GeoLevel=PR&GeoCode=505&TABID=1
  3. ^ http://ottawa.ca/en/city-hall/get-know-your-city/statistics-and-economic-profile/data-handbook/population/4-population
  4. ^ http://www.geologyontario.mndmf.gov.on.ca/mndmfiles/pub/data/imaging/OFR5218/OFR5218.pdf
  5. ^ http://archive.org/stream/1976928311978engfra/1976928311978engfra_djvu.txt
  6. ^ "Search Censuses". Statistics Canada. 2012-07-04. Retrieved 2013-03-18. 
  7. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles – Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  8. ^ a b "Community Profiles from the 2006 Census – Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2010-12-06. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  9. ^ "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2006 and 2011 censuses — 100% data". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2010-02-10. 
  10. ^ "2001 Community Profiles – Ottawa, Ontario (City / Dissolved)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2011-04-17. 
  11. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1871–1951". Ninth Census of Canada, 1951. Volume I: Population, General Charactertics. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1953. pp. 6–39. 
  12. ^ "Table 6: Population by census subdivisions, 1901–1961". 1961 Census of Canada. Series 1.1: Historical, 1901–1961. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Dominion Bureau of Statistics. 1963. pp. 6–41. 
  13. ^ "Table 2: Population of Census Subdivisions, 1921–1971". 1971 Census of Canada. Census Subdivisions (Historical). Volume I: Population, Geographic Distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1972. pp. 2–70. 
  14. ^ "Table 3: Population for census divisions and subdivisions, 1971 and 1976". 1976 Census of Canada. Census Divisions and Subdivisions, Ontario. Volume I: Population. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1977. 
  15. ^ "Table 4: Population and Total Occupied Dwellings, for Census Divisions and Subdivisions, 1976 and 1981". 1981 Census of Canada. Provincial series, Ontario. Volume II: Population, Geographic distributions. Ottawa: Statistics Canada. 1982. 
  16. ^ "E-STAT – Search Censuses". Statistics Canada. 2011-04-06. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  17. ^ "1996 Community Profiles – Ottawa (City), Ontario". Statistics Canada. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  18. ^ a b "2001 Community Profiles – Ottawa, Ontario (City)". Statistics Canada. 2007-02-01. Retrieved 2011-04-17. 
  19. ^ "2006 City of Ottawa Health Status Report". Ottawa Public Health. 2006. Retrieved 2011-10-07. 
  20. ^ "Population". City of Ottawa. 2001–2011. Retrieved 2011-05-24. 
  21. ^ "Bilingualism Policy". City of Ottawa. 2011. Retrieved 2011-07-22. 
  22. ^ Jenny Cheshire (1991). English around the world: sociolinguistic perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-521-39565-6. Retrieved 4 June 2011. 
  23. ^ Peter Bakker (1997). A language of our own: the genesis of Michif, the mixed Cree-French language of the Canadian Métis. Oxford University Press US. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-19-509711-5. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  24. ^ Keshen 2001, pp. 227.
  25. ^ Jenny Cheshire (1991). English around the world: sociolinguistic perspectives. Cambridge University Press. p. 134. ISBN 978-0-521-39565-6. Retrieved 1 July 2011. 
  26. ^ [1], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  27. ^ [2], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  28. ^ [3], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011