Demographics of Winnipeg

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Population history
Year Pop. ±%
1871 241 —    
1881 7,995 +3217.4%
1891 26,529 +231.8%
1901 42,540 +60.4%
1911 136,035 +219.8%
1921 179,097 +31.7%
1931 218,785 +22.2%
1941 221,969 +1.5%
1951 235,710 +6.2%
1961 265,420 +12.6%
1966 257,005 −3.2%
1971 246,246 −4.2%
1976 560,874 +127.8%
1981 564,373 +0.6%
1986 592,551 +5.0%
1991 616,790 +4.1%
1996 618,477 +0.3%
2001 619,544 +0.2%
2006 633,451 +2.2%
2011 663,617 +4.8%
The drastic population increase between 1971 and 1976 was due in part to Winnipeg's amalgamation in 1972.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

The demographics of Winnipeg reveal the city to be a typically Canadian one based around multiculturalism and a diversity of languages. The city is also prominent in the size and ratio of its Aboriginal population, which plays an important part in the city's makeup. About 11% of Winnipeggers are Aboriginal which vastly exceeds the national average of 4.3%.

Population[edit]

As of the Canada 2011 Census there were 663,617 people living in Winnipeg proper,[7] with approximately 730,018 living in the Winnipeg CMA.[8] The median age of the population is 39 years old,[9] 38 for men and 40 for women

Languages[edit]

In 2011, Tagalog was officially the second most common mother tongue in Winnipeg, accounting for about 5% of the population,[10] followed by French which is the mother-tongue for about 4% of the population.

Ethnic diversity[edit]

2011[edit]

Ethnic Origins[11][12]
Population Percentage
English 137,075 20.7
Scottish 113,465 17.1
Canadian 108,955 16.4
German 105,910 16.0
Ukrainian 98,860 14.9
Irish 85,800 12.9
French 85,025 12.8
Filipino 58,255 9.0

The Aboriginal community is large in Winnipeg. Winnipeg not only has the highest percentage of Aboriginals (11.1%) for any major Canadian city (population 100,000+),[13] but also has the highest total number of Aboriginals living off of the reserves in one city, despite only being the 7th largest city in Canada. There are 72,335 who live in Winnipeg as of 2011, approximately 20,000 more than 10 years ago. That number is more than 30,000 more Aboriginals than the second city with 41,985, which is Edmonton. Winnipeg also has the highest Metis population in both percentage (6.3%) and numbers (41,235), and the 4th highest First Nations percentage (4.6%), however the most in numbers (29,485).

Winnipeg also has the largest Filipino community ratio (8.7%) for any major Canadian city, however the city of Toronto has more Filipinos by total population (132,445) than Winnipeg (56,400). Winnipeg's Filipino population is largely concentrated in the West End and North End areas of the city. The neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Arlington Street is 45% Filipino,[14] and the neighborhood around Sargent Avenue and Wall Street is 47% Filipino.[15][16]

Winnipeg also has the largest multiracial population of any large Canadian city - if Metis people are included in the counting. Metis people are of a mixed race background, however are not categorized with the "more than one visible minority" category on the 2011 National Household Survey, they have their own category. Nonetheless, there are 45,005 people of mixed race backgrounds in Winnipeg, making that both the highest ratio (6.9%) and in total numbers (Toronto is second with 42,795).

Visible minority and Aboriginal population[17][18][19]
Population group Population (2011)  % of total population (2011) Population (2006)  % of total population (2006)
White 438,470 67.5% 460,045 73.5%
Visible minority group South Asian 22,940 3.5% 15,080 2.4%
Chinese 14,975 2.3% 12,660 2%
Black 17,410 2.7% 14,200 2.3%
Filipino 56,400 8.7% 36,820 5.9%
Latin American 6,475 1% 5,390 0.9%
Arab 2,670 0.4% 2,115 0.3%
Southeast Asian 6,990 1.1% 5,325 0.9%
West Asian 1,970 0.3% 1,885 0.3%
Korean 2,690 0.4% 2,065 0.3%
Japanese 1,400 0.2% 1,725 0.3%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 1,495 0.2% 1,585 0.3%
Multiple visible minorities 3,770 0.6% 3,060 0.5%
Total visible minority population 139,190 21.4% 101,910 16.3%
Aboriginal group First Nations 29,485 4.6% 24,950 4%
Métis 41,235 6.3% 37,385 6%
Inuit 370 0.1% 280 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 530 0.1% 770 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identities 745 0.1% 355 0.1%
Total Aboriginal population 72,335 11.1% 63,745 10.2%
Total population 649,995 100% 625,700 100%

Racial history[edit]

Winnipeg Racial Demographics History [20]
Racial Group 1996

%

1996

number

2001

%

2001

number

2006

%

2006

number

2011

%

2011

number

White 81% 495,485 77.9% 473,920 73.5% 460,045 67.5% 438,470
Visible Minority 11.9% 72,690 13.5% 81,910 16.3% 101,910 21.4% 139,190
Black 1.6% 9,845 1.9% 11,275 2.3% 14,200 2.7% 17,410
East Asian1 2.2% 13,560 2.2% 13,390 2.7% 16,750 2.9% 19,065
Latin America 0.6% 3,890 0.7% 4,500 0.9% 5,390 1.0% 6,475
South Asian 1.9% 11,330 2.0% 12,165 2.4% 15,080 3.5% 22,940
Southeast Asian2 4.9% 29,725 5.8% 35,030 6.7% 42,145 9.8% 63,390
West Asian & Arab 0.3% 1,600 0.3% 1,880 0.6% 4,000 0.7% 4,640
Multiracial3 0.2% 1,305 0.3% 1,710 0.5% 3,060 0.6% 3,770
Other 0.2% 1,435 0.3% 1,960 0.3% 1,585 0.2% 1,495
Aboriginal4 7.1% 43,460 8.6% 52,420 10.2% 63,745 11.1% 72,335
First Nations 3.2% 19,535 3.6% 22,070 4.0% 24,950 4.6% 29,485
Métis 3.7% 22,730 4.8% 29,010 6.0% 37,385 6.3% 41,235
  1. Includes the markings of; Chinese, Japanese and Korean
  2. Includes the markings of; Filipino and Southeast Asian
  3. Does not include the marking of; Metis
  4. Includes all Aboriginal markings; First Nations, Metis, Inuit (Inuk), Multiple Aboriginals and Other Aboriginals

Immigration[edit]

According to the 2011 National Household Survey,[12] in the past 10 years (2001 to 2011), Winnipeg has had 62,200 immigrants, which is just under 10% of the population (9.6%). Most of which (44,780) came in the last 5 years.

Immigrants by Place of Birth to Winnipeg (2006 to 2011) [12]
Rank Country Population # % of immigrants
1 Philippines 21,360 47.7%
2 India 5,625 12.6%
3 China 2,420 5.4%
4 South Korea 1,065 2.4%
5 Nigeria 865 1.9%
6 Ukraine 735 1.6%
7 United States of America 600 1.3%
8 Ethiopia 580 1.3%
9 Pakistan 560 1.3%
10 Israel 505 1.1%

Religions[edit]

In 2001, 21% of Winnipeg was not religious,[20] which has increased by about 8 percent in 10 years, as in 2011 28.7% of the population was not religious.

Religions In Winnipeg [21]
Religion Population Percent of Population
Christian 414,270 63.73%
Hindu 6,795 1.05%
Buddhist 6,260 0.96%
Jewish 10,535 1.62%
Muslim 11,230 1.73%
Sikh 9,800 1.51%
Traditional (Aboriginal) Spirituality 1,775 0.27%
Other Religion 2,835 0.44%
No Religion 186,510 28.69%
Total Population 650,000 100%

About 32% of males in Winnipeg are not religious, while about 26% of females are non-religious.[21]

Income[edit]

The 2011 National Household Survey data showed that Winnipeg's after-tax median household income was $50,537.[19] This marking was slightly lower than the national average ($54,098),[22] although is still in the bottom 10 of lowest median incomes in Canada.[23] A study in 2013 showed that Winnipeg had two of the three poorest postal-code areas in all of Canada (R3A and R3B, both located in the inner-city) in regards to family income, in fact the two poorest that are located in cities (the poorest was a First Nations reserve in the Cape Breton area).[24]

8,610 of Winnipeg's residents (who earn income) make and keep over $100,000 a year, which is 1.7% of the population. This ratio is higher nationally, at 2.6%.

The gender differences in income were less in Winnipeg by about 9% compared to the national medians. The median income for a male in Winnipeg is $31,300, where as for a female the median is $23,739. This means a male on average makes about 31.9% more money than a female. This ratio is 40.5% nation-wide.

Education[edit]

According to the 2011 National Household survey,[19] for those aged 25 to 64;

  • 12.7% had no diploma, degree or certificate
  • 87.3% had a high school diploma (or equivalent too)
  • 62.1% had a post-secondary education
    • 34.0% had a university education
    • 28.1% had a non-university education (trades, colleges, apprenticeships, etc.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1], Censuses 1871–1931
  2. ^ [2], Census 1941–1951
  3. ^ [3], Census 1961
  4. ^ [4], Canada Year Book 1974: Censuses 1966, 1971
  5. ^ [5], Canada Year Book 1988: Censuses 1981, 1986
  6. ^ [6], Census 1991–2006
  7. ^ "Winnipeg city population profile". Census Canada. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  8. ^ "Winnipeg CMA population profile". Census Canada. Retrieved January 8, 2013. 
  9. ^ [7], "Census - Population (Winnipeg 2011)"
  10. ^ http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/manitoba/story/2012/10/24/mb-census-tagalog-language-winnipeg.html
  11. ^ "Winnipeg City". Ethnocultural Portrait of Canada Highlight Tables, 2006 Census. Statistics Canada. Retrieved 28 December 2009. 
  12. ^ a b c http://www12.statcan.gc.ca/nhs-enm/2011/dp-pd/prof/details/page.cfm?Lang=E&Geo1=CSD&Code1=4611040&Data=Count&SearchText=Winnipeg&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&A1=All&B1=All&Custom=&TABID=1
  13. ^ Racial Demographics of Canadian Cities
  14. ^ NHS Profile, 0029.00, Manitoba, 2011, Statistics Canada
  15. ^ NHS Profile, 0030.00, Manitoba, 2011, Statistics Canada
  16. ^ Petz, Sarah. Filipinos find a home in Winnipeg as family ties drive immigration in Manitoba, National Post, May 29, 2014.
  17. ^ [8], Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  18. ^ [9], Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Census Subdivision
  19. ^ a b c [10], National Household Survey (NHS) Profile, 2011
  20. ^ a b [11], Winnipeg Census Profiles
  21. ^ a b [12], Religion Section of NHS (Winnipeg)
  22. ^ NHS Profile of Canada
  23. ^ Canada's poorest cities
  24. ^ Canada's richest and poorest neighborhoods by postal code

External links[edit]