Demographics of Nova Scotia

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Nova Scotia (Latin for New Scotland; Scottish Gaelic: Alba Nuadh; French: Nouvelle-Écosse) is a Canadian province located on Canada's southeastern coast. It is the most populous province in the Atlantic Canada, and its capital, Halifax, is a major economic centre of the region. Nova Scotia is the second smallest province in Canada, with an area of 55,284 km². Its population of 921,727[1] makes it the fourth least populous province of the country.

Population[edit]

Nova Scotia is the seventh most populous province in Canada with an estimated 921,727 residents as of 2011. It accounts for 3 percent of the population of Canada. The population density is approximately 17.2 persons/km². Roughly 60% of the population live in rural parts of the province.

Regional municipalities[edit]

Nova Scotia has three regional municipalities.

Name Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Cape Breton 97,398 102,250 −4.7 2,433.35 40.0
Halifax 390,096 372,679 4.7 5,490.28 71.1
Queens 10,917 11,177 −2.3 2,392.85 4.6
Total regional municipalities 498,411 486,106 2.5 10,316.48 48.3

Towns[edit]

Nova Scotia has 30 towns, not including the former Town of Canso that dissolved to become part of Guysborough County on July 1, 2012.[3]

Towns of Nova Scotia
Name Population
(2011)[2]
Population
(2006)[2]
Change
(%)[2]
Area
(km²)[2]
Population
density[2]
Amherst 9,717 9,505 2.2 12.02 808.4
Annapolis Royal 481 444 8.3 2.04 235.8
Antigonish 4,524 4,236 6.8 5.15 879.2
Berwick 2,454 2,454 0 6.66 368.6
Bridgetown 949 972 −2.4 3.54 267.8
Bridgewater 8,241 7,944 3.7 13.6 605.8
Clark's Harbour 820 860 −4.7 2.9 282.7
Digby 2,152 2,092 2.9 3.14 686.1
Hantsport 1,159 1,191 −2.7 2.13 544.6
Kentville 6,094 5,815 4.8 17.35 351.2
Lockeport 588 646 −9 2.32 253.4
Lunenburg 2,313 2,317 −0.2 4.01 576.9
Mahone Bay 943 904 4.3 3.13 301.4
Middleton 1,749 1,829 −4.4 5.44 321.6
Mulgrave 794 879 −9.7 17.81 44.6
New Glasgow 9,562 9,455 1.1 9.93 963.3
Oxford 1,151 1,178 −2.3 10.76 106.9
Parrsboro 1,305 1,401 −6.9 14.88 87.7
Pictou 3,437 3,813 −9.9 7.94 432.9
Port Hawkesbury 3,366 3,517 −4.3 8.11 414.8
Shelburne 1,686 1,879 −10.3 9 187.3
Springhill 3,868 3,941 −1.9 11.15 346.8
Stellarton 4,485 4,717 −4.9 8.99 498.8
Stewiacke 1,438 1,421 1.2 17.67 81.4
Trenton 2,616 2,741 −4.6 6 435.7
Truro 12,059 11,765 2.5 37.63 320.5
Westville 3,798 3,805 −0.2 14.39 264
Windsor 3,785 3,709 2 9.06 417.8
Wolfville 4,269 3,772 13.2 6.45 661.7
Yarmouth 6,761 7,162 −5.6 10.56 640.3
Total towns 106,564 106,364 0.2 283.76 375.5

Population centres[edit]

The Halifax population centre is the largest urban area in Nova Scotia. Statistics Canada recognizes a total of 37 population centres in the province.[4]

Population centres of Nova Scotia
Rank Population centre Size group Population in 2011  Population in 2006 
1 Halifax Large urban 297,943 285,480
2 Cape Breton - Sydney Medium 31,597 32,496
3 Truro Small 23,261 22,376
4 New Glasgow Small 20,609 20,876
5 Glace Bay Small 19,076 19,968
6 Kentville Small 14,234 13,552
7 Sydney Mines Small 14,135 15,315
8 Amherst Small 9,811 9,598
9 New Waterford Small 8,942 9,661
10 Bridgewater Small 8,310 8,021
11 Yarmouth Small 6,761 7,162
12 Kingston - Greenwood Small 6,595 6,528
13 Antigonish Small 5,084 4,712
14 Wolfville Small 4,269 3,772
15 Windsor Small 4,095 3,986
16 Enfield Small 3,892 3,415
17 Springhill Small 3,868 3,941
18 Lake Echo Small 3,562 3,467
19 Pictou Small 3,437 3,813
20 Port Hawkesbury Small 3,366 3,517
21 Liverpool Small 2,653 2,759
22 Berwick Small 2,504 2,524
23 Lunenburg Small 2,313 2,317
24 Digby Small 2,152 2,097
25 Hammonds Plains Road Small 1,840 3,124
26 Middleton Small 1,749 1,829
27 Shelburne Small 1,686 1,879
28 Still Water Lake Small 1,677 855
29 Lantz Small 1,533 1,626
30 Brookside Small 1,531 1,824
31 Chester Small 1,529 1,496
32 Inverness Small 1,387 1,464
33 Hantsport Small 1,377 1,432
34 Parrsboro Small 1,305 1,401
35 Oxford Small 1,151 1,178
36 Hayes Subdivision Small 1,090 1,053
37 Bridgetown Small 1,014 1,082

Population of Nova Scotia since 1851[edit]

Year Population  % change Rank*
5-year 10-year
1851 276,854
3
1861 330,857 19.5
1871 387,800 17.2
1881 440,572 13.6
1891 450,396 2.2
1901 459,574 2.0
1911 492,338 7.1
4
1921 523,837 6.4
7
1931 512,846 2.1
1941 577,962 12.7
1951 642,584 11.2
Year Population  % change Rank*
5-year 10-year
1956 694,717 8.1
7
1961 737,007 6.1 14.7
1966 756,039 2.6 8.8
1971 788,965 4.4 7.0
1976 828,570 5.0 9.6
1981 847,442 2.3 7.4
1986 873,175 3.0 5.4
1991 899,942 3.1 6.2
1996 909,282 1.0 4.1
2001 908,007 0.1 0.9
2006 913,462 0.6 2.8

Source: Statistics Canada [1][5]
* among provinces.
** Preliminary 2006 census estimate.

Visible minorities and Aboriginals[edit]

Visible minority and Aboriginal population (Canada 2006 Census)
Population group Population  % of total population
White 841,230 93.2%
Visible minority group
Source:[6]
South Asian 3,810 0.4%
Chinese 4,305 0.5%
Black 19,230 2.1%
Filipino 700 0.1%
Latin American 955 0.1%
Arab 4,505 0.5%
Southeast Asian 815 0.1%
West Asian 775 0.1%
Korean 795 0.1%
Japanese 500 0.1%
Visible minority, n.i.e. 260 0%
Multiple visible minority 1,035 0.1%
Total visible minority population 37,685 4.2%
Aboriginal group
Source:[7]
First Nations 15,240 1.7%
Métis 7,680 0.9%
Inuit 320 0%
Aboriginal, n.i.e. 830 0.1%
Multiple Aboriginal identity 100 0%
Total Aboriginal population 24,175 2.7%
Total population 903,090 100%

Languages[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census showed a population of 913,462.
Of the 899,270 singular responses to the census question concerning mother tongue the most commonly reported languages were:

1. English 832,105 92.53%
2. French 32,540 3.62%
3. Arabic 4,425 0.49%
4. Algonquian languages 4,120 0.46%
Mi'kmaq 4,060 0.45%
5. German 4,045 0.45%
6. Chinese languages 3,370 0.37%
Mandarin 595 0.07%
Cantonese 505 0.06%
7. Dutch 2,440 0.27%
8. Polish 1,570 0.17%
9. Spanish 1,305 0.15%
10. Greek 1,035 0.12%
11. Italian 905 0.10%
12. Korean 860 0.10%
13. Persian 715 0.08%
14. Serbo-Croatian languages 670 0.07%
Croatian 250 0.03%
Serbo-Croatian 235 0.03%
Bosnian 95 0.01%
Serbian 85 0.01%
15. Scandinavian languages 615 0.07%
Danish 235 0.03%
Norwegian 175 0.02%
Icelandic 120 0.01%
Swedish 80 0.01%
16. Russian 585 0.06%
17. Portuguese 560 0.06%
18. Urdu 550 0.06%
19. Vietnamese 500 0.06%
20. Ukrainian 440 0.05%
21. Panjabi 420 0.05%
22. Tagalog 415 0.05%
23. Hindi 410 0.05%
24. Bengali 395 0.04%
25. Hungarian 340 0.04%
26. Celtic languages 330 0.04%
Gaelic languages 305 0.03%
27. Japanese 290 0.03%
28. Gujarati 220 0.02%
29. Czech 180 0.02%
30. Romanian 170 0.02%

There were also 145 single-language responses for Turkish; 140 for Non-verbal languages (Sign languages); 125 for Malay; 120 for Bantu languages; 100 for Kurdish; 100 for Slovak; and 95 for Estonian. In addition, there were also 105 responses of English and a non-official language; 25 of French and a non-official language; 495 of English and French; and 10 of English, French, and a non-official language. Figures shown are for the number of single language responses and the percentage of total single-language responses.[8]

Migration[edit]

Immigration[edit]

The 2006 Canadian census counted a total of 45,195 immigrants living in Nova Scotia.
The most commonly reported origins for these immigrants were: [9]

Country Immigrants
1. United Kingdom 11,665
2. United States 7,960
3. Germany 2,850
4. Netherlands 1,830
5. China 1,740
6. India 1,440
7. Lebanon 1,265
8. Poland 970
9. Kuwait 780
10. Egypt 675
11. former Yugoslavia 670
12. Greece 545
13. Italy 540
14. France 530
15. Iran 520
16. Pakistan 450
17. South Korea 430
18. Ireland (Eire) 425
19. Philippines 420
20. Vietnam 375

There were also 365 immigrants from Australia; 320 from South Africa; 280 from Hong Kong; 255 from Saudi Arabia; 245 from Iraq and from Trinidad and Tobago; 225 from Hungary and from Russia; 220 from Portugal; 215 from Switzerland; 210 from Denmark; and 205 from Belize.

Internal migration[edit]

A total of 101,035 people moved to Nova Scotia from other parts of Canada between 1996 and 2006 while 110,335 people moved in the opposite direction. These movements resulted in a net outmigration of 11,925 people to Alberta and 4,120 to Ontario; as well as a net influx of 4,690 people from Newfoundland and Labrador and 2,930 from New Brunswick. During this period there was a net outmigration of 835 francophones to Quebec and 340 to Alberta; and a net influx of 575 anglophones from Quebec and 145 francophones from New Brunswick. (All net inter-provincial movements of more than 500 persons and official minority movements of more than 100 persons are given.)[10][11]

Religion[edit]

According to the 2001 census 36.5% of Nova Scotians were Roman Catholic, while 15.9% belonged to the United Church of Canada and 13.4% were Anglican. About 10.6% of the population identified as Baptist, 2.5% as Presbyterian, 1.7% as simply Protestant, 1.2% as Lutheran, 1.1% as simply Christian, and 1.0% as Pentecostal. 0.5% of the population reported belonging to the Jehovah's Witnesses, and 0.4% to the Salvation Army; while 0.4% identified as Muslim, 0.3% as Mormon, 0.2% as Wesleyan, 0.2% as Jewish, 0.2% as Greek Orthodox, 0.2% as Buddhist, and 0.2% as Seventh-day Adventist. 11.6% said they had no religion.[12]

Employment[edit]

As of November 2009, the unemployment rate is 9.2 percent.[13]

Income[edit]

Median Household Income
By County By Community
Rank County 2006
1 Halifax County $54,108
2 Hants County $49,630
3 Antigonish County $49,581
Nova Scotia $46,605
4 Inverness County $45,687
5 Kings County $44,744
6 Victoria County $44,134
7 Pictou County $43,475
8 Lunenburg County $43,257
9 Colchester County $42,782
10 Yarmouth County $41,744
11 Shelburne County $40,514
12 Cape Breton County $40,451
13 Richmond County $40,188
14 Queens County $39,972
15 Cumberland County $38,433
16 Digby County $38,284
17 Annapolis County $37,024
18 Guysborough County $34,894
Rank Community 2006
1 Halifax Regional Municipality $54,129
2 Hantsport $49,283
3 Port Hawkesbury $48,141
Nova Scotia $46,605
4 Kentville $44,164
5 Berwick $43,730
6 Trenton $43,687
7 Pictou $41,905
8 Stewiacke $41,787
9 Cape Breton Regional Municipality $41,257
10 Middleton $40,351
11 Mulgrave $40,339
12 Stellarton $40,252
13 Bridgewater $40,123
14 New Glasgow $39,979
15 Westville $38,262
16 Bridgetown $38,248
17 Antigonish $38,100
18 Lunenburg $37,822
19 Oxford $37,734
20 Truro $37,056
21 Springhill $36,995
22 Wolfville $36,979
23 Amherst $36,539
24 Annapolis Royal $36,480
25 Mahone Bay $36,374
26 Clark's Harbour $35,830
27 Shelburne $35,341
28 Windsor $34,414
29 Lockeport $33,854
30 Yarmouth $31,584
31 Canso $30,502
32 Digby $28,551
33 Parrsboro $27,472


Gross domestic product[edit]

Nova Scotia GDP is presently approximately $33 billion (Can) annually.

See also[edit]

NS
Canadian Provinces and Territories
Demographics of Canada's provinces and territories

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Canada's population. Statistics Canada. Last accessed September 28, 2006.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2011 and 2006 censuses (Nova Scotia)". Statistics Canada. December 18, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Decision NSUARB-MB-10-2". Nova Scotia Utility and Review Board. January 19, 2012. Retrieved January 29, 2013. 
  4. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada, provinces and territories, and population centres, 2011 and 2006 censuses: Nova Scotia. Statistics Canada.
  5. ^ Population urban and rural, by province and territory (Nova Scotia). Statistics Canada, 2005.
  6. ^ Scotia&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Community Profiles from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  7. ^ Scotia&SearchType=Begins&SearchPR=01&B1=All&Custom=, Aboriginal Population Profile from the 2006 Census, Statistics Canada - Province/Territory
  8. ^ Detailed Mother Tongue (186), Knowledge of Official Languages (5), Age Groups (17A) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  9. ^ Immigrant Status and Period of Immigration (8) and Place of Birth (261) (2006 Census)
  10. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2006 Census)
  11. ^ Province or Territory of Residence 5 Years Ago (14), Mother Tongue (8), Age Groups (16) and Sex (3) (2001 census)
  12. ^ Religion (95A), Age Groups (7A)
  13. ^ http://www.gov.ns.ca/finance/publish/lmm/LMM0911.pdf Unemployment rate