Enoshima Electric Railway

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Enoshima Electric Railway Co.,Ltd.
江ノ島電鉄株式会社
Type Public
Industry Transportation (Tram, Transit bus)/Real estate
Founded December 25, 1900
Headquarters Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan
Employees 415 (2011)[1]
Website www.enoden.co.jp

The Enoshima Electric Railway or Enoden (江ノ島電鉄 Enoshima dentetsu?) connects Kamakura Station in Kamakura with Fujisawa Station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Stations en route include Hase, the stop closest to Kōtoku-in, the temple with the colossal outdoor statue of Amida Buddha. The railway is fully owned by the Odakyu Group of companies.

History[edit]

The (first) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. opened the line in 1902, featuring the tightest curves on a 1067mm gauge line in Japan, 28m radius.

The company went through a series of ownership changes: Yokohama Electric Railway Co. in 1911, Tokyo Electric Power Co. in 1921, (second) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. in 1926, Tokyu Corporation in 1938, Enoshima Kamakura Tourist Co. in 1949, and Odakyu Electric Railway Co. in 1953. The (third) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. was formed in 1981 as a subsidiary of Odakyu.

Route and operations[edit]

The route is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). It is single-track; however, five of the route's fifteen stations are double-tracked, allowing for the operation of bidirectional traffic. Included in the route is a short (450 m) section of street running between Koshigoe and Enoshima stations. Trains are electrically powered from 600 V DC overhead lines. The section from Kamakura Station to Koshigoe is in the city of Kamakura; that from Enoshima to Fujisawa Station is in the city of Fujisawa.

Stations[edit]

Enoshima Station
Gokurakuji Station

Rolling stock[edit]

Type 500

As of 2013, Enoden had the following six types of EMUs. Trains are normally made up of two two-car units.[2]

  • Type 500
  • Type 300
  • Type 1000
  • Type 2000
  • Type 10
  • Type 20

Buses[edit]

Enoden operates buses from stations like Kamakura

Enoden also operates bus service in the area.

Popular culture[edit]

The Enoden features briefly but crucially in the 1963 Akira Kurosawa film High and Low.

References[edit]

This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  1. ^ "江ノ島電鉄株式会社:会社案内". Retrieved March 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "江ノ島電鉄:車両図鑑". Retrieved March 10, 2013. 

External links[edit]