Enoshima Electric Railway
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|Industry||Transportation (Tram, Transit bus)/Real estate|
|Founded||December 25, 1900|
|Headquarters||Fujisawa, Kanagawa, Japan|
The Enoshima Electric Railway or Enoden (江ノ島電鉄 Enoshima dentetsu?) connects Kamakura Station in Kamakura with Fujisawa Station in Fujisawa, Kanagawa Prefecture, Japan. Stations en route include Hase, the stop closest to Kōtoku-in, the temple with the colossal outdoor statue of Amida Buddha. The railway is fully owned by the Odakyu Group of companies.
The (first) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. opened the line in 1902, featuring the tightest curves on a 1067mm gauge line in Japan, 28m radius.
The company went through a series of ownership changes: Yokohama Electric Railway Co. in 1911, Tokyo Electric Power Co. in 1921, (second) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. in 1926, Tokyu Corporation in 1938, Enoshima Kamakura Tourist Co. in 1949, and Odakyu Electric Railway Co. in 1953. The (third) Enoshima Electric Railway Co. was formed in 1981 as a subsidiary of Odakyu.
Route and operations
The route is 10 kilometers (6.2 mi) long and has a rail gauge of 1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in). It is single-track; however, five of the route's fifteen stations are double-tracked, allowing for the operation of bidirectional traffic. Included in the route is a short (450 m) section of street running between Koshigoe and Enoshima stations. Trains are electrically powered from 600 V DC overhead lines. The section from Kamakura Station to Koshigoe is in the city of Kamakura; that from Enoshima to Fujisawa Station is in the city of Fujisawa.
- Kamakura Station (also served by JR East Yokosuka Line)
- Wadazuka Station
- Yuigahama Station
- Hase Station
- Gokurakuji Station
- Inamuragasaki Station
- Shichirigahama Station
- Kamakura-Kōkō-Mae Station
- Koshigoe Station
- Enoshima Station (a short walk from Katase-Enoshima Station and Shonan Enoshima Station)
- Shōnankaigankōen Station
- Kugenuma Station
- Yanagikōji Station
- Ishigami Station
- Fujisawa Station (also served by JR East Tōkaidō Main Line, Odakyu Electric Railway's Odakyū Enoshima Line
- Type 500
- Type 300
- Type 1000
- Type 2000
- Type 10
- Type 20
Enoden also operates bus service in the area.
This article incorporates material from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
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